Kimberly Wickland


I lead interdisciplinary studies that aim to increase our understanding of the complexities of ecosystem carbon cycling across terrestrial and aquatic environments; the impacts of climate, disturbance, and land use on carbon cycling and coupled biogeochemical cycles; and the implications of changing carbon dynamics for future climate and ecosystem conditions. I conduct field studies and complementary experimental laboratory studies of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) production, uptake, and emissions from terrestrial and aquatic systems, and the generation and fate of dissolved organic carbon (DOC). My research covers a large range of ecosystems, including wetlands, forest soils, tundra, lakes, streams, and rivers in temperate and northern high latitude regions. 


  • Ph.D.,University of Colorado-Boulder, 2006 (Geological Sciences)
  • M.A., University of Colorado-Boulder, 1997 (Environmental, Population, and Organismic Biology)
  • B.A., Miami University, 1992 (Zoology)

Professional Experience

  • Research Ecologist, Hydro-Eco Interactions Branch, Earth System Processes Division, Water Mission Area, Boulder, CO, US Geological Survey (2017 - present)
  • Research Ecologist, National Research Program, Boulder, CO, US Geological Survey (2000 - 2017)
  • Biologist/Ecologist, National Research Program, Denver, CO, US Geological Survey (1993-2000)

Professional Service

Academic Service

  • University of Colorado-Boulder Adjunct Appointments: Department of Geological Sciences; Environmental Studies Program.
  • Research Advisor and Thesis Committee member: Kathy Kelsey (Masters Degree, University of Colorado-Boulder, Geological Sciences, graduated 2012); Travis Drake (Masters Degree, University of Colorado-Boulder, ENVS Program, graduated 2014).
  • Thesis Committee member: John Crawford (Masters Degree, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Center for Limnology, graduated 2012); Emily Romano (Masters program, Northern Arizona University, Dept. of Biological Sciences, graduated 2018).
  • PhD Opponent: Kristina Backstrand (Stockholm University, Sweden, Geology and Geochemistry, 2008); Blaize Denfeld (Uppsala University, Sweden, Dept. of Ecology & Genetics - Limnology, 2016).

Honors and Awards

  • US Department of Interior Partners in Conservation Award (2010): Awarded to the USGS (9 Scientists) and the Yukon River Inter-tribal Watershed Council (9 members) for cooperative work on the Yukon River in association with the Indigenous Tribes/First Nations of the Yukon River Basin.
  • USGS Superior Service Award (2014): Awarded for work as a Coordinating Lead Author of the IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands.
  • US Department of Interior Unit Award for Excellence of Service (2017): Awarded to the USGS LandCarbon Team for work on biological carbon sequestration.
  • Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) Fellow (2017): Awarded for recognition of having achieved excellence in contributions to ASLO and the aquatic sciences.

Scientific Society Memberships

  • American Geophysical Union (AGU)
  • Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO)
  • Society of Wetland Scientists (SWS)

My Google Scholar Page


Bogard, M.J., Kuhn, C.D., Johnston, S.E., Striegl, R.G., Holtgrieve, G.W., Dornblaser, M.M., Spencer, R.G.M, Wickland, K.P., and Butman, D.E., 2019, Negligible cycling of terrestrial carbon in many lakes of the arid circumpolar landscape, Nature Geoscience, 12: 180-185, doi:10.1038/s41561-019-0299-5.

Lajtha, K., V. L. Bailey, K. McFarlane, K. Paustian, D. Bachelet, R. Abramoff, D. Angers, S. A. Billings, D. Cerkowniak, Y. G. Dialynas, A. Finzi, N. H. F. French, S. Frey, N. P. Gurwick, J. Harden, J. M. F. Johnson, K. Johnson, J. Lehmann, S. Liu, B. McConkey, U. Mishra, S. Ollinger, D. Paré, F. Paz Pellat, D. deB. Richter, S. M. Schaeffer, J. Schimel, C. Shaw, J. Tang, K. Todd-Brown, C. Trettin, M. Waldrop, T. Whitman, and K. Wickland, 2018: Chapter 12: Soils. In Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report. [Cavallaro, N., G. Shrestha, R. Birdsey, M. A. Mayes, R. G. Najjar, S. C. Reed, P. Romero-Lankao, and Z. Zhu (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 469-506, doi: 10.7930/SOCCR2.2018.Ch12

Kolka, R., C. Trettin, W. Tang, K. Krauss, S. Bansal, J. Drexler, K. Wickland, R. Chimner, D. Hogan, E. J. Pindilli, B. Benscoter, B. Tangen, E. Kane, S. Bridgham, and C. Richardson. 2018. Chapter 13: Terrestrial wetlands. In Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report. [Cavallaro, N., G. Shrestha, R. Birdsey, M. A. Mayes, R. G. Najjar, S. C. Reed, P. Romero-Lankao, and Z. Zhu (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 507-567,

Koch, J.C., Jorgenson, M.T., Wickland, K.P., Kanevskiy, M., and Striegl, R.G., 2018, Ice wedge degradation and stabilization impacts water budgets and nutrient cycling in arctic trough ponds, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosciences, 123, doi:10.1029/2018JG004528.

Wickland, K.P., Waldrop, M.P., Aiken, G.R., Koch, J.C., Jorgenson, M.T., and Striegl, R.G., 2018, Dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen release from boreal Holocene permafrost and seasonally frozen soils of Alaska, Environ. Res. Lett. 13, 065011, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aac4ad

Schuster, P.F., Schaefer, K.M., Aiken, G.R., Antweiler, R.C., Dewild, J.F., Gryziec, J.D., Gusmeroli, A., Hugelius, G., Jafarov, E., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Liu, L., Herman-Mercer, N., Mu, C., Roth, D.A., Schaefer, T., Striegl, R.G., Wickland, K.P., and Zhang, T, 2018, Permafrost stores a globally significant amount of mercury, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, doi:10.1002/2017GL075571.                              *AGU Press Release

Voss B. M., Wickland, K.P., Aiken, G.R., and Striegl, R.G, 2017, Biological and land use controls on the isotopic composition of aquatic carbon in the Upper Mississippi River Basin, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 31, doi:10.1002/2017GB005699.

Hamdan, L.J., and Wickland, K.P., 2016, Methane emissions from oceans, coasts, and freshwater habitats: new perspectives and feedbacks on climate, Limnol. Oceanogr. 61(S1), S3-S12, doi:10.1002/lno.10449.

Schadel, C.S., Bader, M.K.F., Schuur, E.A.G., Biasi, C., Bracho, R., Capek, P., De Baets, S., Diakova, K., Ernakovich, J., Estop-Aragones, C., Graham, D.E., Hartley, I.P., Iversen, C.M., Kane, E., Knoblauch, C., Lupascu, M., Martikainen, P.J., Natali, S.M., Norby, R.J., O'Donnell, J.A., Chowdhury, T.R., Santruckova, H., Shaver, G., Sloan, V.L., Treat, C.C., Turetsky, M.R., Waldrop, M.P., and Wickland, K.P., 2016, Potential carbon emissions dominated by carbon dioxide from thawed permafrost soils, Nature Climate Change 6, 950-953, doi:10.1038/nclimate3054

Eckley, C.S., M.T. Tate, C.-J. Lin, M. Gustin, S. Dent, C. Eagles-Smith, M.A. Lutz, K.P. Wickland, B. Wang, J.E. Gray, G.C. Edwards, D.P. Krabbenhoft, and D.B. Smith, 2016, Surface-air mercury fluxes across Western North America: a synthesis of spatial trends and controlling variables, Sci Total Environ., [Link]

Abbott, B.W., J.B. Jones, E.A.G. Schuur, F.S. Chapin III, W.B.Bowden, M.S. Bret-Harte, H.E. Epstein, M.D. Flannigan, T.K. Harms, T.N. Hollingsworth, M.C. Mack, A.D. McGuire, S.M. Natali, A.V. Rocha, S.E. Tank, M.R. Turetsky, J.E. Vonk, K.P. Wickland, and others, 2016, Biomass offsets little or non of permafrost carbon release from soils, streams, and wildfire: an expert assessment, Environ. Res. Lett. 11 034014. [Link]

Vonk, J.E., Tank, S.E., Bowden, W.B., Laurion, I., Vincent, W.F., Alekseychik, P., Amyot, M., Billet, M.F., Canario, J., Cory, R.M., Deshpande, B.N., Helbig, M., Jammet, M., Karlsson, J., Larouche, J., MacMillan, G., Rautio, M., Walter Anthony, K.M., and Wickland, K.P., 2015, Review and Syntheses: Effects of permafrost thaw on arctic aquatic ecosystems, Biogeosciences, 12, 7129-7167, doi:10.5194/bg-12-7129-2015. [Link]

Vonk, J.E., Tank, S.E., Mann, P.J., Spencer, R.G.M., Treat, C.C., Striegl, R.G., Abbott, B.W., and Wickland, K.P., 2015, Biodegradability of dissolved organic carbon in permafrost soils and waterways: a meta-analysis, Biogeosciences, 12, 6915-6930, doi:10.5194/bg-12-6915-2015. [Link]

Drake, T.W., Wickland, K.P., Spencer, R.G.M., McKnight, D.M., and Striegl, R.G., 2015, Ancient low-molecular-weight organic acids in permafrost fuel rapid carbon dioxide production upon thaw, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi:10.1073/pnas.1511705112. [Link]

Jorgenson, M.T., Kanevskiy, M., Shur, Y., Moskalenko, N., Brown, D.N.R., Wickland, K., Striegl, R., and Koch, J., 2015, Role of ground ice dynamics and ecological feedbacks in recent ice wedge degradation and stabilization, J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf., 120, doi:10.1002/2015JF003602. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., A.V. Krusche, R.K. Kolka, A.W. Kishimoto-Mo, R.A. Chimner, Y. Serengil, S. Ogle, N. Srivastava, 2014, Chapter 5: Inland Wetland Mineral Soils, In: IPCC 2014, 2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands, Hiraishi, T., Krug, T., Tanabe, K., Srivastava, N., Baasansuren, J., Fukuda, M. and Troxler, T.G. (eds). Published: IPCC, Switzerland. [Link]

Turetsky, M.R., Kotowska, A., Bubier, J., Dise, N.B., Crill, P., Hornibrook, E.R.C., Minkkinen, K., Moore, T.R., Myers-Smith, I.H., Nykanen, H., Olefeldt, D., Rinne, J., Saarnio, S., Shurpali, N., Tuittila, E.-S., Waddington, J.M., White, J.R., Wickland, K.P., and Wilmking, M., 2014, A synthesis of methane emissions from 71 northern, temperate, and subtropical wetlands, Global Change Biology, doi:10.1111/gcb.12580.[Link]

Tas, N., Prestat, E., McFarland, J.W., Wickland, K.P., Knight, R., Berhe, A.A., Jorgenson, T., Waldrop, M.P., and Jansson, J.K., 2014, Impact of fire on active layer and permafrost microbial communities and metagenomes in an upland Alaskan boreal forest, The ISME Journal, 8: 1904-1919doi:10.1038/ismej.2014.36. [Link]

Mu, C., Zhang, T., Schuster, P.F., Schaefer, K., Wickland, K.P., Repert, D.A., Liu, L., Schaefer, T., Cheng, G., 2014, Carbon and geochemical properties of cryosols on the North Slope of Alaska, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 100: 59-67. [Link]

Johnston, C.E., Ewing, S.A., Harden, J.W., Varner, R.K., Wickland, K.P., Koch, J.C., Fuller, C.C., Manies, K., and Jorgenson, M.T., 2014, Effect of permafrost thaw on CO2 and CH4 exchange in a western Alaska peatland chronosequence, Environ, Res. Lett. 9 (2014) 085004.[Link]

He, Y., Zhuang, Q., Harden, J.W., McGuire, A.D., Fan, Z., Liu, Y., and Wickland, K.P., 2014, The implications of microbial and substrate limitation for the fates of carbon in different organic soil horizon types of boreal forest ecosystems: a mechanistically based model analysis,Biogeosciences, 11, 4477-4491, doi:10.5194/bg-11-4477-2014. [Link]

Koch, J.C., Kikuchi, C.P., Wickland, K.P., and Shcuster, P., 2014, Runoff sources and flow paths in a partially burned, upland boreal catchment underlain by permafrost, Water Res. Research, doi:10.1002/2014WR015586. [Link]

Crawford, J.T., R.G. Striegl, K.P. Wickland, M.M. Dornblaser, and E.H. Stanley, 2013, Emissions of carbon dioxide and methane from a headwater stream network of interior Alaska, J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrg.20034. [Link]

E. A. G. Schuur, B. W. Abbott, W. B. Bowden, V. Brovkin, P. Camill, J. G. Canadell, J. P. Chanton, F. S. Chapin III, T. R. Christensen, P. Ciais, B. T. Crosby, C. I. Czimczik, G. Grosse,J. Harden, D. J. Hayes, G. Hugelius, J. D. Jastrow, J. B. Jones, T. Kleinen, C. D. Koven, G. Krinner, P. Kuhry, D. M. Lawrence, A. D. McGuire, S. M. Natali, J. A. O’Donnell, C. L. Ping,W. J. Riley, A. Rinke, V. E. Romanovsky, A. B. K. Sannel, C. Schädel, K. Schaefer, J. Sky, Z. M. Subin, C. Tarnocai, M. R. Turetsky, M. P. Waldrop, K. M. Walter Anthony, K. P. Wickland,C. J. Wilson and S. A. Zimov, 2013, Expert assessment of vulnerability of permafrost carbon to climate change, Climatic Change,10.1007/s10584-013-0730-7. [Link]

Jorgenson, M.T., J. Harden, M. Kanevskiy, J. O’Donnell, K. Wickland, S. Ewing, K. Manies, Q. Zhuan, Y. Shur, R. Striegl, J. Koch, 2013, Reorganization of vegetation, hydrology and soil carbon after permafrost degradation across heterogeneous boreal landscapes, Environ. Res. Lett., 8, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035017, 13p. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., G.R. Aiken, K. Butler, M.M. Dornblaser, R.G.M. Spencer, and R.G. Striegl, 2012, Biodegradability of dissolved organic carbon in the Yukon River and its tributaries: seasonality and importance of inorganic nitrogen, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, GB0E03, doi:10.1029/2012GB0004342. [Link]

Kelsey, K.C., Wickland, K.P., Neff, J.C., and Striegl, R.G, 2012, Variation in soil carbon dioxide at two spatial scales in a topographically complex boreal forest, Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 44(4): 457-468, doi: [Link]

Grosse, G., Harden, J., Turetsky, M., McGuire, A.D., Camill, P., Tarnocai, C., Frolking, S., Schuur, E.A.G. Jorgenson, T., Marchenko, S., Romanovsky, V., Wickland, K.P., N. French, N., Waldrop, M., Bourgeau-Chavez, L., and Striegl, R.G., 2011, Vulnerability of high-latitude soil organic carbon in North America to disturbance, Journal of Geophysical Research116, G00K06, doi:10.1029/2010JG001507. [Link]

O’Donnell, J.A., Jorgenson, M.T., Harden, J.W., McGuire, A.D., Kanevskiy, M.Z., and Wickland, K.P., 2011, The effects of permafrost thaw on soil hydrologic, thermal, and carbon dynamics in an Alaskan peatland, Ecosystems, doi:10.1007/s10021-011-9504-0,  17pp. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., Neff, J.C., and Harden, J.W., 2010, The role of soil drainage class in carbon dioxide exchange and decomposition in boreal black spruce (Picea mariana) forest stands, Canadian Journal of Forest Research40 (11): 2123-2134. [Link]

Waldrop, M.P., Wickland, K.P., White, R., Berhe, A.A., Harden, J.W., and Romanovsky, V.E., 2010, Molecular investigations into a globally important carbon pool: Permafrost-protected carbon in Alaskan soils, Global Change Biology16 (9): 2543-2554. [Link]

Fan, Z., Neff, J.C., and Wickland, K.P., 2010, Modeling the production, decomposition, and transport of dissolved organic carbon in boreal soils, Soil Science, v. 175, no. 5, p. 223-232.

Wickland, K.P., and Neff, J.C., 2008, Decomposition of soil organic matter from boreal black spruce forest: Environmental and chemical controls, Biogeochemistry, 87:29-47, doi:10.1007/s10533-007-9166-3. [Link]

Spencer, R.G., Aiken, G.R., Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., and Hernes, P.J., 2008, Seasonal and spatial variability in dissolved organic matter quantity and composition from the Yukon River basin, Alaska, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, v. 22, GB4002, doi:10.1029/2008GB003231. [Link]

Fan, Z., Neff, J.C., Harden, J.W., and Wickland, K.P., 2008, Boreal soil carbon dynamics under a changing climate -A model inversion approach, Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 113, G04016, doi:10.1029/2008JG000723. [Link]

Striegl, R.G., Dornblaser, M.M., Aiken, G.R., Wickland, K.P., and Raymond, P.A., 2007, Carbon export and cycling by the Yukon, Tanana, and Porcupine Rivers, Alaska, 2001-200, Water Resources Research, 43, W02411, doi:10.1029/2006WR005201. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., Neff, J.C., and Aiken, G.R., 2007, Dissolved organic carbon in Alaskan boreal forest: Sources, chemical characteristics, and biodegradability, Ecosystems, 10(8):1323-1340, doi:10.1007/s10021-007-9104-4. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., Neff, J.C., and Sachs, T., 2006, Effects of permafrost melting on CO2 and CH4 exchange of a poorly-drained black spruce lowland, Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 111, G02011, doi:10.1029/2005JG000099. [Link]

Striegl, R.G., Aiken, G.R., Dornblaser, M.M., Raymond, P.A., and Wickland, K.P., 2005, A decrease in discharge-normalized DOC export by the Yukon River during summer through autumn, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L21413, doi:10.1029/2005GL024413. [Link]

Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., Mast, M.A., and Clow, D.W., 2001, Carbon gas exchange at a southern Rocky Mountain wetland, 1996-1998,Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 15(2): 321-335. [Link]

Striegl, R.G., and K.P. Wickland, 2001, Soil respiration and photosynthetic uptake of carbon dioxide by ground-cover plants in four ages of jack pine forest, Can. J. For. Res., 31(9): 1540-1550, doi:10.1139/x01-092 [Link]

Striegl, R.G., Schindler, J.E., Wickland, K.P., Hudson, D.C., and Knight, G., 2000, Patterns of carbon dioxide and methane saturation in 34 Minnesota and Wisconsin Lakes, Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol., 27: 1424-1427.

Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., Schmidt, S.K., and Mast, M.A., 1999, Methane fluxes in subalpine wetland and unsaturated soils in the southern Rocky Mountains, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 13(1): 101-113. [Link]

Mast, M.A., Wickland, K.P., Striegl, R.G., and Clow, D.W., 1998, Winter fluxes of CO2 and CH4 from subalpine soils in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 12(4): 607-620. [Link]

Striegl, R.G., and Wickland, K.P., 1998, Effects of a clear-cut harvest on soil respiration on a jack pine-lichen woodland,Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28: 534-539.

Wickland, K.P., and Striegl, R.G., 1997, Measurements of soil carbon dioxide and methane concentrations and fluxes, and soil properties at four ages of jack pine forest in the Southern Study Area of the Boreal Ecosystem Atmosphere Study, Saskatchewan, Canada, 1993-95: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-49, 73 pp.