New York Water Science Center

Publications

New York Water Science Center publications

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Filter Total Items: 501
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Year Published: 2020

Arsenic and uranium occurrence in private wells in Connecticut, 2013–18—A spatially weighted and bedrock geology assessment

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Connecticut Department of Public Health, conducted a study to determine the presence of arsenic and uranium in private drinking water wells in Connecticut. Samples were collected during 2013–18 from wells completed in 115 geologic units, with 2,433 samples analyzed for arsenic and 2,191 samples...

Gross, Eliza L.; Brown, Craig J.
Gross, E.L., and Brown, C.J., 2020, Arsenic and uranium occurrence in private wells in Connecticut, 2013–18—a spatially weighted and bedrock geology assessment: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1111, 13 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201111.

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Year Published: 2020

Aquifer transmissivity in Nassau, Queens, and Kings Counties, New York, estimated from specific-capacity tests at production wells

As part of a cooperative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation to evaluate the sustainability of Long Island’s sole-source aquifer system, the transmissivities of four aquifers were estimated from specific-capacity tests at 447 production wells in Nassau, Queens, and Kings...

Williams, John H.; Woodley, Madison; Finkelstein, Jason S.
Williams, J.H., Woodley, M., and Finkelstein, J.S., 2020, Aquifer transmissivity in Nassau, Queens, and Kings Counties, New York, estimated from specific-capacity tests at production wells: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1108, 7 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201108.

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Year Published: 2020

Transmissivity estimated from brief aquifer tests of domestic wells and compared with bedrock lithofacies and position on hillsides in the Appalachian Plateau of New York

Procedures for undertaking and analyzing recovery from aquifer tests of 13 to 132 seconds (described in reports cited herein) were applied to 51 domestic drilled wells that penetrated bedrock outside major valleys in the part of the Appalachian Plateau of New York drained by the Susquehanna River. Transmissivities calculated from these tests...

Randall, Allan D.; Mills, Andrew C.
Randall, A.D., and Mills, A.C., 2020, Transmissivity estimated from brief aquifer tests of domestic wells and compared with bedrock lithofacies and position on hillsides in the Appalachian Plateau of New York: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5087, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205087.

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Year Published: 2020

Distribution of selected hydrogeologic characteristics of the upper glacial and Magothy aquifers, Long Island, New York

The Pleistocene- and Cretaceous-age sediments underlying Long Island, New York, compose an important sole-source aquifer system that is nearly 2,000 feet thick in some areas. Sediment characteristics of importance for water supply include water-transmitting properties—horizontal and vertical hydraulic conductivity—and the distribution of lignite,...

Walter, Donald A.; Finkelstein, Jason S.
Walter, D.A., and Finkelstein, J.S., 2020, Distribution of selected hydrogeologic characteristics of the upper glacial and Magothy aquifers, Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5023, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205023.

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Year Published: 2020

Use of time domain electromagnetic soundings and borehole electromagnetic induction logs to delineate the freshwater/saltwater interface on southwestern Long Island, New York, 2015–17

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, used surface and borehole geophysical methods to delineate the freshwater/saltwater interface in coastal plain aquifers along the southwestern part of Long Island, New York. Over pumping of groundwater in the early 20th century combined...

Stumm, Frederick; Como, Michael D.; Zuck, Marie A.
Stumm, F., Como, M.D., and Zuck, M.A., 2020, Use of time domain electromagnetic soundings and borehole electromagnetic induction logs to delineate the freshwater/saltwater interface on southwestern Long Island, New York, 2015–17: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1093, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201093.

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Year Published: 2020

Assessment of water quality and fecal contamination sources at Hook Pond, East Hampton, New York

SummaryThe U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Village of East Hampton, New York, conducted a 1-year study from August 2017 to August 2018 to provide data necessary to improve understanding of the sources of nutrients and pathogens to Hook Pond watershed to allow for possible mitigation or reduction of loads. Chronic eutrophication and...

Fisher, Shawn C.; McCarthy, Brendan A.; Kephart, Christopher M.; Griffin, Dale W.
Fisher, S.C., McCarthy, B.A., Kephart, C.M., and Griffin, D.W., 2020, Assessment of water quality and fecal contamination sources at Hook Pond, East Hampton, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5071, 58 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205071.

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Year Published: 2020

Compilation of mercury data and associated risk to human and ecosystem health, Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Wisconsin

Mercury is an environmentally ubiquitous neurotoxin, and its methylated form presents health risks to humans and other biota, primarily through dietary intake. Because methylmercury bioaccumulates and biomagnifies in living tissue, concentrations progressively increase at higher trophic positions in ecosystem food webs. Therefore, the greatest...

Burns, Douglas A.
Burns, D.A., 2020, Compilation of mercury data and associated risk to human and ecosystem health, Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, Wisconsin: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1095, 19 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201095.

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Year Published: 2020

Pesticides and their degradates in groundwater reflect past use and current management strategies, Long Island, New York, USA

Long Island, New York, has a mix of urban/suburban to agricultural/horticultural land use and nearly 3 million residents that rely on a sole-source aquifer for drinking water. The analysis of shallow groundwater (<40 m below land surface) collected from 54 monitoring wells across Long Island detected 53 pesticides or pesticide degradates....

Fisher, Irene; Phillips, Patrick J.; Bayraktar, Banu; Chen, Shirley; McCarthy, Brendan A.; Sandstrom, Mark W.

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Year Published: 2020

Reversal of forest soil acidification in the northeastern United States and eastern Canada: Site and soil factors contributing to recovery

As acidic deposition has decreased across Eastern North America, forest soils at some sites are beginning to show reversal of soil acidification. However, the degree of recovery appears to vary and is not fully explained by deposition declines alone. To assess if other site and soil factors can help to explain degree of recovery from acid...

Hazlett, P.W.; Emilson, C.E.; Lawrence, Gregory B.; Fernandez, I.J.; Ouimet, R.; Bailey, S.W.

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Year Published: 2020

The impact of lime additions on mercury dynamics in stream chemistry and macroinvertebrates: A comparison of watershed and direct stream addition management strategies

Acid deposition has declined across eastern North America and northern Europe due to reduced emissions of sulfur and nitrogen oxides. Ecosystem recovery has been slow with limited improvement in surface water chemistry. Delayed recovery has encouraged acid-neutralization strategies to accelerate recovery of impaired biological communities. Lime...

Millard, Geoffrey D.; Riva-Murray, Karen; Burns, Douglas A.; Montesdeoca, Mario S.; Driscoll, Charles T.

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Year Published: 2020

Statewide assessment of karst aquifers in New York with an inventory of closed-depression and focused-recharge features

Karst is a landscape formed from the dissolution of soluble rock or rock containing minerals that are easily dissolved from within the rock. The landscape is characterized by sinkholes, caves, losing streams, springs, and underground drainage systems, which rapidly move water through the karst. The two forms of karst in New York State include...

Kappel, William M.; Reddy, James E.; Root, Jonathan C.
Kappel, W.M., Reddy, J.E., and Root, J.C., 2020, Statewide assessment of karst aquifers in New York with an inventory of closed-depression and focused-recharge features: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5030, 74 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205030.

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Year Published: 2020

Mercury in fish from streams and rivers in New York State: Spatial patterns, temporal changes, and environmental drivers

Mercury (Hg) concentrations in freshwater fish across the state of New York frequently exceed guidelines considered harmful to humans and wildlife, but statewide distribution and temporal changes are not well known for the state’s streams and rivers. We analyzed existing data to describe recent spatial patterns, identify key environmental drivers...

Riva-Murray, Karen; Richter, Wayne; Razavi, N Roxanna; Burns, Douglas A.; Cleckner, Lisa B; Burton, Mark; George, Scott D.; Freehafer, Douglas A.