New York Water Science Center

Publications

New York Water Science Center publications

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Filter Total Items: 548
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Year Published: 2021

Overview and methodology for a study to identify fecal contamination sources using microbial source tracking in seven embayments on Long Island, New York

Between June 2018 and July 2019, the U.S. Geological Survey collaborated with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation to analyze water quality in seven embayments on Long Island, New York, for a study to examine fecal contamination using microbial source tracking. This report documents the approach, methodology, and quality-...

Tagliaferri, Tristen N.; Fisher, Shawn C.; Kephart, Christopher M.; Cheung, Natalie; Reed, Ariel P.; Welk, Robert J.
Tagliaferri, T.N., Fisher, S.C., Kephart, C.M., Cheung, N., Reed, A.P., and Welk, R.J., 2021, Overview and methodology for a study to identify fecal contamination sources using microbial source tracking in seven embayments on Long Island, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5033, 8 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215033.

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Year Published: 2021

Time-domain electromagnetic soundings and passive-seismic measurements for delineation of saline groundwater in the Genesee Valley-fill aquifer system, western New York, 2016–17

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, used noninvasive surface geophysics in the investigation of the distribution of saline groundwater in the valley-fill aquifer system of the Genesee River Valley near the former Retsof salt mine in western New York. In 1994, the Retsof salt...

Williams, John H.; Kappel, William M.; Johnson, Carole D.; White, Eric A.; Heisig, Paul M.; Lane, Jr., John W.
Williams, J.H., Kappel, W.M., Johnson, C.D., White, E.A., Heisig, P.M., and Lane, J.W., Jr., 2021, Time-domain electromagnetic soundings and passive-seismic measurements for delineation of saline groundwater in the Genesee valley-fill aquifer system, western New York, 2016–17: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021–5008, 25 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215008.

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Year Published: 2021

Delineation of the freshwater-saltwater interface on southwestern Long Island, New York, through use of surface and borehole geophysical methods

The U.S. Geological Survey used surface and borehole geophysical methods to delineate the freshwater-saltwater interface in coastal plain aquifers along the southwestern part of Long Island, New York. Over pumping of groundwater in the early 20th century combined with freshwater-saltwater interfaces at the coastline created saltwater intrusion in...

Stumm, Frederick; Como, Michael D.; Zuck, Marie A.

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Year Published: 2021

Regional target loads of atmospheric nitrogen and sulfur deposition for the protection of stream and watershed soil resources of the Adirondack Mountains, USA

Acidic deposition contributes to a range of environmental impacts across forested landscapes, including acidification of soil and drainage water, toxic aluminum mobilization, depletion of available soil nutrient cations, and impacts to forest and aquatic species health and biodiversity. In response to decreasing levels of acidic deposition, soils...

McDonnell, Todd C.; Driscoll, Charles T.; Sullivan, Timothy J.; Burns, Douglas A.; Baldigo, Barry P.; Shao, Shuai; Lawrence, Gregory B.

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Year Published: 2021

Machine-learning predictions of high arsenic and high manganese at drinking water depths of the glacial aquifer system, northern continental United States

Globally, over 200 million people are chronically exposed to arsenic (As) and/or manganese (Mn) from drinking water. We used machine-learning (ML) boosted regression tree (BRT) models to predict high As (>10 μg/L) and Mn (>300 μg/L) in groundwater from the glacial aquifer system (GLAC), which spans 25 states in the northern United States and...

Erickson, Melinda L.; Elliott, Sarah M.; Brown, Craig J.; Stackelberg, Paul; Ransom, Katherine Marie; Reddy, James E.; Cravotta, Charles A.

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Year Published: 2021

Considerations of variability and power for long-term monitoring of stream fish assemblages

Little attention has been given to optimizing statistical power for monitoring stream fish assemblages. We explored the relationship between temporal variability and statistical power using 34 metrics from fish community data collected annually at six sites over 10 years via electrofishing. Metric variability differed by the life stage and group...

George, Scott D.; Daniel Stich; Baldigo, Barry P.

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Year Published: 2021

Eastward expansion of Round Goby in New York: Assessment of detection methods and current range

The Round Goby Neogobius melanostomus has spread rapidly around the Great Lakes region since its introduction to North America in 1990. In 2014, a specimen was captured in the New York State Canal System west of Utica, prompting concerns that Round Goby would soon reach the ecologically and economically valuable watersheds of Lake...

George, Scott D.; Baldigo, Barry P.; Rees, Christopher B.; Bartron, Meredith L.; Winterhalter, Dylan R

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Year Published: 2021

Machine learning predicted redox conditions in the glacial aquifer system, northern continental United States

Groundwater supplies 50% of drinking water worldwide and 30% in the United States. Geogenic and anthropogenic contaminants can, however, compromise water quality, thus limiting groundwater availability. Reduction/oxidation (redox) processes and redox conditions affect groundwater quality by influencing the mobility and transport of common geogenic...

Erickson, Melinda L.; Elliott, Sarah M.; Brown, Craig J.; Stackelberg, Paul; Ransom, Katherine Marie; Reddy, James E.

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Year Published: 2021

Atmospheric nitrogen deposition in the Chesapeake Bay watershed: A history of change

The Chesapeake Bay watershed has been the focus of pioneering studies of the role of atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition as a nutrient source and driver of estuarine trophic status. Here, we review the history and evolution of scientific investigations of the role of atmospheric N deposition, examine trends from wet and dry deposition ...

Burns, Douglas A.; Bhatt, Gopal; Linker, Lewis; Bash, Jesse; Capel, Paul; Shenk, Gary Wynee

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Year Published: 2021

Spatial and temporal variability of nutrients and algae in the Republican River and Milford Lake, Kansas, June through November 2017 and May through November 2018

Milford Lake has been listed as impaired and designated hypereutrophic because of excessive nutrient loading, specifically biologically available orthophosphate. It is the largest lake by surface area in Kansas and is a reservoir built for purposes including water supply and recreation. In 2015, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (...

Leiker, Brianna M.; Abel, Justin R.; Graham, Jennifer L.; Foster, Guy M.; King, Lindsey R.; Stiles, Tom C.; Buley, Riley P.
Leiker, B.M., Abel, J.R., Graham, J.L., Foster, G.M., King, L.R., Stiles, T.C., and Buley, R.P., 2021, Spatial and temporal variability of nutrients and algae in the Republican River and Milford Lake, Kansas, June through November 2017 and May through November 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5135, 53 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205135.

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Year Published: 2021

Environmental and anthropogenic drivers of contaminants in agricultural watersheds with implications for land management

If not managed properly, modern agricultural practices can alter surface and groundwater quality and drinking water resources resulting in potential negative effects on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Exposure to agriculturally derived contaminant mixtures has the potential to alter habitat quality and negatively affect fish and other aquatic...

Smalling, Kelly; Devereux, Olivia H.; Gordon, Stephanie; Phillips, Patrick J.; Blazer, Vicki S.; Hladik, Michelle; Kolpin, Dana W.; Meyer, Michael T.; Sperry, Adam; Wagner, Tyler

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Year Published: 2021

Biological and chemical recovery of acidified Catskill Mountain streams in response to the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990

Decades of acidic deposition have adversely affected aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in acid-sensitive watersheds in parts of the eastern United States. The national Acid Rain Program (Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments - CAAA) helped reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) and resulted in sharp decreases...

Baldigo, Barry P.; George, Scott D.; Winterhalter, Dylan R; McHale, Michael