New York Water Science Center

Publications

New York Water Science Center publications

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Filter Total Items: 455
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Year Published: 2016

Patterns of diel variation in nitrate concentrations in the Potomac River

The Potomac River is a large source of N to Chesapeake Bay, where reducing nutrient loads is a focus of efforts to improve trophic status. Better understanding of NO3– loss, reflected in part by diel variation in NO3– concentrations, may refine model predictions of N loads to the Bay. We analyzed 2 y of high-frequency NO3– sensor data in the...

Burns, Douglas A.; Miller, Matthew P.; Pellerin, Brian; Capel, Paul D.
Douglas Burns, Matthew Miller, Brian Pellerin, and Paul Capel, 2016, Patterns of diel variation in nitrate concentrations in the Potomac River: Freshwater Science, 35(4):1117-1132. DOI: 10.1086/688777

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Year Published: 2016

Groundwater quality in the Lake Champlain and Susquehanna River basins, New York, 2014

In a study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, groundwater samples were collected from 6 production wells and 7 domestic wells in the Lake Champlain Basin and from 11 production wells and 9 domestic wells in the Susquehanna River Basin in New York. All samples...

Scott, Tia-Marie; Nystrom, Elizabeth A.; Reddy, James E.
Scott, T.-M., Nystrom, E.A., and Reddy, J.E., 2016, Groundwater quality in the Lake Champlain and Susquehanna River basins, New York, 2014: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1153, 33 p., appendixes, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161153.

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Year Published: 2016

Acid rain and its environmental effects: Recent scientific advances

The term ‘acid rain’ refers to atmospheric deposition of acidic constituents that impact the earth as rain, snow, particulates, gases, and vapor. Acid rain was first recognized by Ducros (1845) and subsequently described by the English chemist Robert Angus Smith (Smith, 1852) whose pioneering studies linked the sources to industrial emissions and...

Burns, Douglas A.; Aherne, Julian; Gay, David A.; Lehmann, Christopher M.B.
Douglas A. Burns, Julian Aherne, David A. Gay, Christopher M.B. Lehmann, 2016, Acid rain and its environmental effects: Recent scientific advances: Atmospheric Environment. 146, pages 1-4.

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Year Published: 2016

Regional meteorological drivers and long term trends of winter-spring nitrate dynamics across watersheds in northeastern North America

This study evaluated the contribution of winter rain-on-snow (ROS) events to annual and seasonal nitrate (N-NO3) export and identified the regional meteorological drivers of inter-annual variability in ROS N-NO3 export (ROS-N) at 9 headwater streams located across Ontario, Canada and the northeastern United States. Although on average only 3.3 %...

Crossman, Jill; Eimers, M Catherine; Casson, Nora J.; Burns, Douglas A.; Campbell, John L.; Likens, Gene E; Mitchell, Myron J; Nelson, Sarah J.; Shanley, James B.; Watmough, Shaun A.; Webster, Kara L
Crossman, J., Catherine Eimers, M., Casson, N.J., Burns, D.A., Campbell, J.L., Likens, G.E., Mitchell, M.J., Nelson, S.J., Shanley, J.B., Watmough, S.A., Webster, K.L., (2016) Regional meteorological drivers and long term trends of winter-spring nitrate dynamics across watersheds in northeastern North America, Biogeochemistry (2016) 130: 247-265. doi:10.1007/s10533-016-0255-z

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Year Published: 2016

Effects of seasonal drawdowns on fish assemblages in sections of an impounded river-canal system in upstate New York

The Mohawk River and New York State Barge Canal run together as a series of permanent and temporary impoundments for most of the distance between Rome and Albany, New York. The downstream or lower section is composed of two permanent impoundments, the middle section of a series of temporary (seasonal) impoundments, and the upper section of a...

George, Scott D.; Baldigo, Barry P.; Wells, Scott M
Scott D. George, Barry P. Baldigo & Scott M. Wells (2016) Effects of Seasonal Drawdowns on Fish Assemblages in Sections of an Impounded River–Canal System in Upstate New York, Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 145:6, 1348-1357, DOI: 10.1080/00028487.2016.1223751

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Year Published: 2016

Bathymetric survey and estimation of storage capacity of lower Sixmile Creek reservoir, Ithaca, New York

During 2015, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the City of Ithaca, New York, and the New York State Department of State, conducted a bathymetric survey of the lower Sixmile Creek reservoir in Tompkins County, New York. A former water-supply reservoir for the City of Ithaca, the reservoir is no longer a functional component of Ithaca’...

Wernly, John F.; Zajd, Jr., Henry J.; Coon, William F.
Wernly, J.F., Zajd, H.J., Jr., and Coon, W.F., 2016, Bathymetric survey and estimation of storage capacity of lower Sixmile Creek reservoir, Ithaca, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2016–1157, 13 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ofr20161157.

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Year Published: 2016

Assessing condition of macroinvertebrate communities and sediment toxicity in the St. Lawrence River at Massena Area-of-Concern

In 1972, the USA and Canada agreed to restore the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Great Lakes ecosystem under the first Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. In subsequent amendments, part of the St. Lawrence River at Massena, New York and segments of three tributaries, were designated as an Area of Concern (AOC) due to the...

Duffy, Brian T.; Baldigo, Barry P.; Smith, Alexander J.; George, Scott D.; David, Anthony M.
Brian T. Duffy, Barry P. Baldigo, Alexander J. Smith, Scott D. George, Anthony M. David, Assessing condition of macroinvertebrate communities and sediment toxicity in the St. Lawrence River at Massena Area-of-Concern, Journal of Great Lakes Research, Volume 42, Issue 4, August 2016, Pages 910-919, ISSN 0380-1330,

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Year Published: 2016

Toxicity of bed sediments from the Niagara River Area of Concern and tributaries, New York, to Chironomus dilutus and Hyalella azteca, 2014-15

The Niagara River was designated as an Area of Concern in 1987 on both the United States and Canadian sides of the international boundary line because past industrial discharges and hazardous waste sites had caused extensive degradation of aquatic habitats. The degradation of the “benthos”, or the benthic macroinvertebrate community, was...

George, Scott D.; Baldigo, Barry P.; Duffy, Brian T.
George, S.D., Baldigo, B.P., and Duffy, B.T., 2016, Toxicity of bed sediments from the Niagara River Area of Concern and tributaries, New York, to Chironomus dilutus and Hyalella azteca, 2014–15: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1016, 8 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1016.

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Year Published: 2016

Streamflow and estimated loads of phosphorus and dissolved and suspended solids from selected tributaries to Lake Ontario, New York, water years 2012–14

This report presents results of the evaluation and interpretation of hydrologic and water-quality data collected as part of a cooperative program between the U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Streamflow, phosphorus, and solids dissolved and suspended in stream water were the focus of monitoring by the U.S....

Hayhurst, Brett A.; Fisher, Benjamin N.; Reddy, James E.
Hayhurst, B.A., Fisher, B.N., and Reddy, J.E., 2016, Streamflow and estimated loads of phosphorus and dissolved and suspended solids from selected tributaries to Lake Ontario, New York, water years 2012–14: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016–5084, 34 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165084.

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Year Published: 2016

The impact of onsite wastewater disposal systems on groundwater in areas inundated by Hurricane Sandy in New York and New Jersey

Coastal onsite wastewater disposal systems (OWDS) were inundated by Hurricane Sandy's storm tide. This study compares the shallow groundwater quality (nutrients, pharmaceuticals, and hormones) downgradient of OWDS before and after Hurricane Sandy, where available, and establishes a baseline for wastewater influence on groundwater in coastal...

Fisher, Irene; Phillips, Patrick J.; Colella, Kaitlyn; Fisher, Shawn C.; Tagliaferri, Tristen N.; Foreman, William T. ; Furlong, Edward T.

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Year Published: 2016

Comparison of wastewater-associated contaminants in the bed sediment of Hempstead Bay, New York, before and after Hurricane Sandy

Changes in bed sediment chemistry of Hempstead Bay (HB) have been evaluated in the wake of Hurricane Sandy, which resulted in the release of billions of liters of poorly-treated sewage into tributaries and channels throughout the bay. Surficial grab samples (top 5 cm) collected before and (or) after Hurricane Sandy from sixteen sites in HB...

Fisher, Shawn C.; Phillips, Patrick J.; Brownawell, Bruce J.; Browne, James

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Year Published: 2016

Regional variability in bed-sediment concentrations of wastewater compounds, hormones and PAHs for portions of coastal New York and New Jersey impacted by hurricane Sandy

Bed sediment samples from 79 coastal New York and New Jersey, USA sites were analyzed for 75 compounds including wastewater associated contaminants, PAHs, and other organic compounds to assess the post-Hurricane Sandy distribution of organic contaminants among six regions. These results provide the first assessment of wastewater compounds,...

Phillips, Patrick J.; Gibson, Cathy A; Fisher, Shawn C.; Fisher, Irene; Reilly, Timothy J.; Smalling, Kelly L. ; Romanok, Kristin M. ; Foreman, William T. ; ReVello, Rhiannon C.; Focazio, Michael J.; Jones, Daniel K.
Phillips, P.J., Gibson, C.A., Fisher, S.C., Fisher, I.J., Reilly, T.J., Smalling, K.L., Romanok, K.M., Foreman, W.T., ReVello, R.C., Focazio, M.J., and Jones, D.K., 2016, Regional variability in bed-sediment concentrations of wastewater compounds, hormone and PAHs for portions of coastal New York and New Jersey impacted by Hurricane Sandy: Marine Pollution Bulletin, v. 107, no. 2, pp. 489–498, doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.04.050.