Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 454
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Year Published: 2015

Dim ultraviolet light as a means of deterring activity by the Hawaiian hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus semotus

Widespread bat fatalities at industrial wind turbines are a conservation issue with the potential to inhibit efficient use of an abundant source of energy. Bat fatalities can be reduced by altering turbine operations, but such curtailment decreases turbine efficiency. If additional ways of reducing bat fatalities at wind turbines were available...

Gorresen, P. Marcos; Cryan, Paul M.; Dalton, David C.; Wolf, Sandy; Johnson, Jessica A.; Todd, Christopher M.; Bonaccorso, Frank J.
Gorresen, P.M., P.M. Cryan, D. Dalton, J. Johnson, C. Todd, S. Wolf, and F.J. Bonaccorso. 2015. Dim ultraviolet light as a means of deterring activity by the Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus). Endangered Species Research 28:249-257.

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Year Published: 2015

Large-scale range collapse of Hawaiian forest birds under climate change and the need 21st century conservation options

Hawaiian forest birds serve as an ideal group to explore the extent of climate change impacts on at-risk species. Avian malaria constrains many remaining Hawaiian forest bird species to high elevations where temperatures are too cool for malaria's life cycle and its principal mosquito vector. The impact of climate change on Hawaiian forest birds...

Fortini, Lucas B.; Vorsino, Adam E.; Amidon, Fred A.; Paxton, Eben H.; Jacobi, James D.
Fortini, L.B., A.E. Vorsino, F.A. Amidon, E.H. Paxton, J.D. Jacobi. 2015. Large-Scale Range Collapse of Hawaiian Forest Birds under Climate Change and the Need 21st Century Conservation Options. PLOS ONE, 10: e0140389

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Year Published: 2015

Will the effects of sea-level rise create ecological traps for Pacific Island seabirds?

More than 18 million seabirds nest on 58 Pacific islands protected within vast U.S. Marine National Monuments (1.9 million km2). However, most of these seabird colonies are on low-elevation islands and sea-level rise (SLR) and accompanying high-water perturbations are predicted to escalate with climate change. To understand how SLR may impact...

Reynolds, Michelle H.; Courtot, Karen; Berkowitz, Paul; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Moore, Janet; Flint, Elizabeth
Reynolds, M.H., K.N. Courtot, P. Berkowitz, C.D. Storlazzi, J. Moore, and E. Flint. 2015. Will the Effects of Sea-Level Rise Create Ecological Traps for Pacific Island Seabirds? PLOS ONE.

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Year Published: 2015

Efforts to eradicate yellow crazy ants on Johnston Atoll: Results from Crazy Ant Strike Team IX, December 2014-June 2015

The ecologically destructive yellow crazy ant (YCA; Anoplolepis gracilipes) was first detected on Johnston Atoll in January 2010. Within eight months, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service had mobilized its first crazy ant strike team (CAST), a group of biologists dedicated to testing and identifying insecticidal baits to be used to eradicate the ant...

Banko, Paul C.; Peck, Robert W.; Donmoyer, Kevin; Kropidlowski, Stephan; Pollock, Amanda
Peck, Robert W., P. C. Banko, K. Donmoyer, S. Kropidlowski and A. Pollock. 2015. Efforts to eradicate yellow crazy ants on Johnston Atoll: Results from Crazy Ant Strike Team IX, December 2014-June 2015. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report HCSU-067. Hawai`i Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i at Hilo.

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Year Published: 2015

Will a warmer and wetter future cause extinction of native Hawaiian forest birds?

Isolation of the Hawaiian archipelago produced a highly endemic and unique avifauna. Avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum), an introduced mosquito-borne pathogen, is a primary cause of extinctions and declines of these endemic honeycreepers. Our research assesses how global climate change will affect future malaria risk and native bird populations....

Liao, Wei; Timm, Oliver Elison; Zhang, Chunxi; Atkinson, Carter T.; LaPointe, Dennis; Samuel, Michael D.

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Year Published: 2015

Book review: Mosquito eradication: The story of killing Campto

In 1826, the paradise that was the Hawaiian Islands was changed forever when the first mosquito species was accidentally introduced to the island of Maui. Though it has not lived up to its potential as a vector of human disease in the islands, Culex quinquefasciatus and the avian pathogens it transmits laid waste to...

Lapointe, Dennis
LaPointe, Dennis. 2015. Book review of Mosquito Eradication: The Story of Killing Campto. American Entomologist, 61: 192-192.

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Year Published: 2015

Modeling the complex impacts of timber harvests to find optimal management regimes for Amazon tidal floodplain forests

At the Amazon estuary, the oldest logging frontier in the Amazon, no studies have comprehensively explored the potential long-term population and yield consequences of multiple timber harvests over time. Matrix population modeling is one way to simulate long-term impacts of tree harvests, but this approach has often ignored common impacts of tree...

Fortini, Lucas B.; Cropper, Wendell P.; Zarin, Daniel J.
Fortini, L.B., W.P. Cropper, Jr., D.J. Zarin. 2015. Modeling the Complex Impacts of Timber Harvests to Find Optimal Management Regimes for Amazon Tidal Floodplain Forests. PLOS ONE, 10: e0136740.

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Year Published: 2015

Richness, diversity, and similarity of arthropod prey consumed by a community of Hawaiian forest birds.

We evaluated the diet richness, diversity, and similarity of a community of seven endemic and two introduced passerine birds by analyzing the composition of arthropod prey in fecal samples collected during 1994–1998 at Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge, Hawai‘i Island. Most prey fragments were identified to order, but we also...

Banko, Paul C.; Peck, Robert W.; Brinck, Kevin W.; Leonard, David L.
Banko, P.C., R.W. Peck, K. W. Brinck, D. L. Leonard. 2015. Richness, diversity, and similarity of arthropod prey consumed by a community of Hawaiian forest birds. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report HCSU-066. Hawai`i Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i at Hilo, 38 pp.

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Year Published: 2015

Two tickets to paradise: multiple dispersal events in the founding of hoary bat populations in Hawai'i

The Hawaiian islands are an extremely isolated oceanic archipelago, and their fauna has long served as models of dispersal in island biogeography. While molecular data have recently been applied to investigate the timing and origin of dispersal events for several animal groups including birds, insects, and snails, these questions have been largely...

Russell, Amy L.; Pinzari, Corinna A.; Vonhof, Maarten J.; Olival, Kevin J.; Bonaccorso, Frank
Russell AL, Pinzari CA, Vonhof MJ, Olival KJ, Bonaccorso FJ (2015) Two Tickets to Paradise: Multiple Dispersal Events in the Founding of Hoary Bat Populations in Hawai'i. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0127912.

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Year Published: 2015

Avian malaria in Hawaiian forest birds: Infection and population impacts across species and elevations

Wildlife diseases can present significant threats to ecological systems and biological diversity, as well as domestic animal and human health. However, determining the dynamics of wildlife diseases and understanding the impact on host populations is a significant challenge. In Hawai‘i, there is ample circumstantial evidence that introduced...

Samuel, Michael D.; Woodworth, Bethany L.; Atkinson, Carter T.; Hart, P. J.; LaPointe, Dennis

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Year Published: 2015

Long-term monitoring of endangered Laysan ducks: Index validation and population estimates 1998–2012

Monitoring endangered wildlife is essential to assessing management or recovery objectives and learning about population status. We tested assumptions of a population index for endangered Laysan duck (or teal; Anas laysanensis) monitored using mark–resight methods on Laysan Island, Hawai’i. We marked 723 Laysan ducks between 1998 and...

Reynolds, Michelle H.; Courtot, Karen; Brinck, Kevin W.; Rehkemper, Cynthia; Hatfield, Jeffrey
Reynolds, M.H., K.N. Courtot, K.W. Brinck, C.L. Rehkemper, and J.S. Hatfield. 2015. Long-Term Monitoring of Endangered Laysan Ducks: Index Validation and Population Estimates 1998–2012. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management, 6(1).

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Year Published: 2015

Book review: Restoring paradise: Rethinking and rebuilding nature in Hawaii

The native ecosystems of Hawai‘i have been severely degraded by the introduction of herbivorous mammals and a myriad of invasive plant species. Left unmanaged, most natural areas would continue along a trajectory towards domination by nonnative species; however, several projects have undertaken the daunting task of ecological restoration,...

Hess, Steven C.
Hess, S.C. 2015. Book reviews: Restoring Paradise: Rethinking and Rebuilding Nature in Hawai‘i. Pacific Conservation Biology 21: 168–171