Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 454
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Year Published: 2017

Influence of restored koa in supporting bird communities

Deforestation of Hawaiian forests has adversely impacted native wildlife, including forest birds, bats and arthropods. Restoration activities have included reforestation with the native koa (Acacia koa), a dominant canopy tree species that is easy to propagate, has high survivorship, and has fast growth rates. We review recent research describing...

Camp, Richard J.; Paxton, Eben H.; Yelenik, Stephanie G.
Camp, R. J., E. H. Paxton, and S. G. Yelenik. 2017. Influence of restored koa in supporting bird communities. Pages 56–61 in Acacia koa in Hawai‘i: facing the future. Proceedings of the 2016 Koa Symposium, Hilo, Hawai‘i, 05 October 2016.

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Year Published: 2017

Changes in vocal repertoire of the Hawaiian crow, Corvus hawaiiensis,from past wild to current captive populations

For most avian species, social behaviour is critically important for survival and reproductive success. Many social behaviours in birds are culturally transmitted, and as bird populations decline across the globe, important elements of these behaviours may be lost. The Hawaiian crow or 'alalā, Corvus hawaiiensis, is a socially complex avian...

Tanimoto, Ann M.; Hart, Patrick J.; Pack, Adam A.; Switzwer, Richard; Banko, Paul C.; Ball, Donna L.; Sebastian-Gonzalez, Esther; Komarczyk, Lisa; Warrington, Miyako H.
Tanimoto, A. M., P. J. Hart, A. A. Pack, R. Switzer, P. C. Banko, D. L. Ball, E. Sebastián-González, L. Komarczyk, and M. H. Warrington. 2017. Changes in vocal repertoire of the Hawaiian crow, Corvus hawaiiensis, from past wild to current captive populations. Animal Behaviour 123:427-432.

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Year Published: 2016

A Tour de Force by Hawaii's invasive mammals: establishment, takeover, ecosystem restoration through eradication

Invasive mammals, large and small, have irreversibly altered Hawaii's ecosystems in numerous cases through unnatural herbivory, predation, and the transmission of zoonotic diseases, thereby causing the disproportionate extinction of flora and fauna that occur nowhere else on Earth. The control and eradication of invasive mammals is the single most...

Hess, Steve C.
Hess, S. C. 2016. A Tour de Force by Hawaii's invasive mammals: establishment, takeover, ecosystem restoration through eradication. Pages 361–367 in 27th Vertebrate Pest Conference. University of California, Davis, Newport Beach, California, USA.

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Year Published: 2016

Aging and sexing guide to the forest birds of Hawai‘i Island

We banded birds in Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge from 2012 to 2016, collecting photographs of birds and making detailed observations on coloration, morphology, and molting patterns. While we believe the criteria in this guide are applicable to forest birds across Hawai’i Island, as well as on other Hawaiian islands for ‘Apapane, ‘I‘iwi,...

Paxton, Eben H.; McLaughlin, Rachelle; Levins, Stephanie; VanderWerf, Eric; Lancaster, Nolan
Paxton, E. H., R. McLaughlin, S. Levins, E. A. VanderWerf, and N. Lancaster. 2016. Aging and sexing guide to the forest birds of Hawai‘i Island. Hawai`i Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report HCSU-TR079, University of Hawai'i at Hilo, Hilo. Available: http://dspace.lib.hawaii.edu/handle/10790/2928

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Year Published: 2016

Federal collaboration in science for invasive mammal management in U.S. National Parks and Wildlife Refuges of the Pacific Islands

Some of the most isolated islands in the Pacific Ocean are home to US National Parks and Wildlife Refuges. These islands are known for flora and fauna that occur nowhere else, but also for invasive species and other factors which have resulted in the disproportionate extinction of native species. The control of invasive mammals is the single most...

Conner, L.M.; Smith, M.D.; Hess, Steven C.; Hu, Darcy; Loh, Rhonda; Banko, Paul C.
Hess, S. C., D. Hu, R. Loh, P.C. Banko. 2016. Federal collaboration in science for invasive mammal management in U.S. national parks and wildlife refuges of the Pacific Islands. Pages 5–18 in Proceedings of the 16th Wildlife Damage Management Conference, L.M. Conner and M.D. Smith, editors.

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Year Published: 2016

Genetic variation and structure in remnant population of critically endangered Melicope zahlbruckneri

The distribution and amount of genetic variation within and between populations of plant species are important for their adaptability to future habitat changes and also critical for their restoration and overall management. This study was initiated to assess the genetic status of the remnant population of Melicope zahlbruckneri–a critically...

Raji, J. A.; Atkinson, Carter T.
Raji, J.A. and C.T. Atkinson. 2016. Genetic variation and structure in remnant population of critically endangered Melicope zahlbruckneri. Journal of Biodiversity and Endangered Species 4:1–8. Available: https://www.esciencecentral.org/journals/genetic-variation-and-structure-in-remnant-population-of-criticallyendangered-melicope-zahlbruckneri-2332-2543-1000175.php?aid=83908

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Year Published: 2016

Collapsing avian community on a Hawaiian island

The viability of many species has been jeopardized by numerous negative factors over the centuries, but climate change is predicted to accelerate and increase the pressure of many of these threats, leading to extinctions. The Hawaiian honeycreepers, famous for their spectacular adaptive radiation, are predicted to experience negative responses to...

Paxton, Eben H.; Camp, Richard J.; Gorresen, P. Marcos; Crampton, Lisa H.; Leonard, David L.; VanderWerf, Eric
Paxton, E. H., R. J. Camp, P. M. Gorresen, L. H. Crampton, D. L. Leonard Jr., and E. A. VanderWerf. 2016. Collapsing avian community on a Hawaiian island. Science Advances 2:e1600029. URL: http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/2/9/e1600029

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Year Published: 2016

State-space modeling of population sizes and trends in Nihoa Finch and Millerbird

Both of the 2 passerines endemic to Nihoa Island, Hawai‘i, USA—the Nihoa Millerbird (Acrocephalus familiaris kingi) and Nihoa Finch (Telespiza ultima)—are listed as endangered by federal and state agencies. Their abundances have been estimated by irregularly implemented fixed-width strip-transect sampling from 1967 to 2012, from...

Gorresen, P. Marcos; Brinck, Kevin W.; Camp, Richard J.; Farmer, Chris; Plentovich, Sheldon M.; Banko, Paul C.
Gorresen, P. M., K. W. Brinck, R. J. Camp, C. Farmer, S. M. Plentovich, and P. C. Banko. 2016. State-space modeling of population sizes and trends in Nihoa Finch and Millerbird. Condor 118:542–557.

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Year Published: 2016

A tour de force by Hawaii’s invasive mammals: Establishment, takeover, and ecosystem restoration through eradication

Invasive mammals have irreversibly altered ecosystems of Hawai‘i and other tropical Pacific islands in numerous cases through novel herbivory, predation, and diseases, thereby causing the disproportionate extinction of flora and fauna that occur nowhere else on Earth. The control and eradication of invasive mammals is the single most...

Hess, Steve C.
Hess, S. C. 2016. A tour de force by Hawaii’s invasive mammals: establishment, takeover, and ecosystem restoration through eradication. Mammal Study 41:47–60.

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Year Published: 2016

First record of the common sandpiper for the Hawaiian Islands

With a breeding range spanning Eurasia and a winter range extending from Africa to Australasia, the Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) is indeed the common and familiar sandpiper of the Old World. It is the Old World counterpart of the Spotted Sandpiper (A. macularius) of the Americas and its only congener. The Spotted Sandpiper is a vagrant to...

Pratt, Thane K.
Pratt, T. K., R. E. David, and E. H. Paxton. 2016. First Record of the common sandpiper for the Hawaiian Islands. Western Birds 47:167–169.

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Year Published: 2016

Acoustic surveys of Hawaiian Hoary Bats in Kahikinui Forest Reserve and Nakula Natural Area Reserve on the Island of Maui

The Kahikinui Forest Reserve and the adjoining Nakula Natural Area Reserve (KFR-NNAR) was established in 2011 as a conservation area on the leeward slope of Haleakalā Volcano on the island of Maui to protect unique natural features and endangered species including the Hawaiian hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus semotus. We recorded bat vocalizations...

Todd, Christopher M.; Pinzari, Corinna A.; Bonaccorso, Frank
Todd, C. M., C. A. Pinzari, and F. J. Bonaccorso. 2016. Acoustic surveys of Hawaiian hoary bats in Kahikinui Forest Reserve and Nakula Natural Area Reserve on the island of Maui. Technical Report 78, Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Hilo, Hilo, Hawaii.

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Year Published: 2016

Changes in habitat use and distribution of mouflon in the Kahuku Unit of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park

European mouflon sheep (Ovis gmelini musimon) were introduced to Kahuku Ranch on Hawai‘i Island in 1968 and 1974 for trophy hunting and have been detrimental to the native ecosystem by trampling, bark stripping, and browsing vegetation. In 2003, Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park acquired Kahuku Ranch and managers began removing mouflon. The...

Palupe, Bronson; Leopold, Christina R.; Hess, Steven C.; Faford, Jonathan K.; Pacheco, Dexter; Judge, Seth W.