Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 461
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Year Published: 2015

Richness, diversity, and similarity of arthropod prey consumed by a community of Hawaiian forest birds.

We evaluated the diet richness, diversity, and similarity of a community of seven endemic and two introduced passerine birds by analyzing the composition of arthropod prey in fecal samples collected during 1994–1998 at Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge, Hawai‘i Island. Most prey fragments were identified to order, but we also...

Banko, Paul C.; Peck, Robert W.; Brinck, Kevin W.; Leonard, David L.
Banko, P.C., R.W. Peck, K. W. Brinck, D. L. Leonard. 2015. Richness, diversity, and similarity of arthropod prey consumed by a community of Hawaiian forest birds. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report HCSU-066. Hawai`i Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i at Hilo, 38 pp.

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Year Published: 2015

Two tickets to paradise: multiple dispersal events in the founding of hoary bat populations in Hawai'i

The Hawaiian islands are an extremely isolated oceanic archipelago, and their fauna has long served as models of dispersal in island biogeography. While molecular data have recently been applied to investigate the timing and origin of dispersal events for several animal groups including birds, insects, and snails, these questions have been largely...

Russell, Amy L.; Pinzari, Corinna A.; Vonhof, Maarten J.; Olival, Kevin J.; Bonaccorso, Frank
Russell AL, Pinzari CA, Vonhof MJ, Olival KJ, Bonaccorso FJ (2015) Two Tickets to Paradise: Multiple Dispersal Events in the Founding of Hoary Bat Populations in Hawai'i. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0127912.

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Year Published: 2015

Avian malaria in Hawaiian forest birds: Infection and population impacts across species and elevations

Wildlife diseases can present significant threats to ecological systems and biological diversity, as well as domestic animal and human health. However, determining the dynamics of wildlife diseases and understanding the impact on host populations is a significant challenge. In Hawai‘i, there is ample circumstantial evidence that introduced...

Samuel, Michael D.; Woodworth, Bethany L.; Atkinson, Carter T.; Hart, P. J.; LaPointe, Dennis

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Year Published: 2015

Long-term monitoring of endangered Laysan ducks: Index validation and population estimates 1998–2012

Monitoring endangered wildlife is essential to assessing management or recovery objectives and learning about population status. We tested assumptions of a population index for endangered Laysan duck (or teal; Anas laysanensis) monitored using mark–resight methods on Laysan Island, Hawai’i. We marked 723 Laysan ducks between 1998 and...

Reynolds, Michelle H.; Courtot, Karen; Brinck, Kevin W.; Rehkemper, Cynthia; Hatfield, Jeffrey
Reynolds, M.H., K.N. Courtot, K.W. Brinck, C.L. Rehkemper, and J.S. Hatfield. 2015. Long-Term Monitoring of Endangered Laysan Ducks: Index Validation and Population Estimates 1998–2012. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management, 6(1).

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Year Published: 2015

Book review: Restoring paradise: Rethinking and rebuilding nature in Hawaii

The native ecosystems of Hawai‘i have been severely degraded by the introduction of herbivorous mammals and a myriad of invasive plant species. Left unmanaged, most natural areas would continue along a trajectory towards domination by nonnative species; however, several projects have undertaken the daunting task of ecological restoration,...

Hess, Steven C.
Hess, S.C. 2015. Book reviews: Restoring Paradise: Rethinking and Rebuilding Nature in Hawai‘i. Pacific Conservation Biology 21: 168–171

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Year Published: 2015

Book review: Flight ways: Life and loss at the edge of extinction.

In less than 200 pages, Thom van Dooren aims in his ambitious book, Flight Ways, to reconnect humans empathetically with the rest of the planet's inhabitants, but especially vanishing species. This is asking a lot, but he succeeds—or at least makes great strides—using evocative storytelling and compelling discourse. A number of...

Banko, Paul C.
Banko, P.C. 2015. Book review of Flight ways: life and loss at the edge of extinction. Journal of Field Ornithology. 86: 180-182.

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Year Published: 2015

Behavior of the Hawaiian Hawaiian Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) at wind turbines and its distribution across the North Ko'olau Mountains, O'ahu

We studied the landscape distribution of endemic Hawaiian hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) on the north Ko‘olau Mountains of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i, from May 2013 to May 2014, while simultaneously studying their behavior at wind turbines within the broader landscape. This research aimed to assess the risk that wind turbines pose to bats on the...

Gorresen, P.M.; Cryan, Paul M.; Huso, Manuela M.P.; Hein, Cris D.; Schirmacher, Michael; Johnson, Jessica H.; Montoya-Aiona, Kristina; Brinck, Kevin W.; Bonaccorso, Frank
Gorresen, P.M., P.M. Cryan, M.M. Huso, C.D. Heln, M.R. Schirmacher, J.A. Johnson, K.M. Montoya-Aiona, K.W. Brinck, and F.J. Bonaccorso. 2015. Behavior of the Hawaiian Hawaiian Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus ) at wind turbines and its distribution across the North Ko`olau Mountains , O`ahu. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report. TR HSCU-064. University of Hawai`i at Hilo, 73 pp.

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Year Published: 2015

Global phylogeography of the avian malaria pathogen Plasmodium relictum based on MSP1 allelic diversity

Knowing the genetic variation that occurs in pathogen populations and how it is distributed across geographical areas is essential to understand parasite epidemiology, local patterns of virulence, and evolution of host-resistance. In addition, it is important to identify populations of pathogens that are evolutionarily independent and thus ‘...

Hellgren, Olof; Atkinson, Carter T.; Bensch, Staffan; Albayrak, Tamer; Dimitrov, Dimitar; Ewen, John G.; Kim, Kyeong Soon; Lima, Marcos R.; Martin, Lynn; Palinauskas, Vaidas; Ricklefs, Robert; Sehgal, Ravinder N. M.; Gediminas, Valkiunas; Tsuda, Yoshio; Marzal, Alfonso
Hellgren, O., Atkinson, C. T., Bensch, S., Albayrak, T., Dimitrov, D., Ewen, J. G., Kim, K. S., Lima, M. R., Martin, L., Palinauskas, V., Ricklefs, R., Sehgal, R. N. M., Valkiūnas, G., Tsuda, Y. and Marzal, A. 2015. Global phylogeography of the avian malaria pathogen Plasmodium relictum based on MSP1 allelic diversity. Ecography, 38: 001-009.

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Year Published: 2015

Foraging range movements of the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus semotus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)

We documented nightly movements of Hawaiian hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) on the island of Hawai’i. Based on data from 28 radiotagged individuals mean foraging range (FR) was 230.7±72.3 ha, core-use area (CUA) was 25.5±6.9 ha (or 11.1% of mean FR), and the mean long axis (LAX) across the FR was 3,390.8±754.3 m....

Bonaccorso, Frank J.; Todd, Christopher M.; Miles, Adam C.; Gorresen, P. Marcos
Bonaccorso, F.J., Todd, C.M., Miles, A.C., and Gorresen, P.M. 2015. Foraging range movements of the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus semotus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Journal of Mammalogy, 96(1): 64-71.

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Year Published: 2015

Peregrine falcon predation of endangered Laysan teal and Laysan Finches on remote Hawaiian atolls

We report the first records of Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) predation on endangered Laysan teal (or duck; Anas laysanensis) and predation on endangered Laysan finches (Telespiza cantans). At Midway Atoll, vagrant Peregrine falcons killed ≥4% of a newly translocated Laysan teal population in 2006 and ≥2% in 2008. On Laysan Island...

Reynolds, Michelle H.; Nash, Sarah A.B.; Courtot, Karen

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Year Published: 2015

Home range use and movement patterns of non-native feral goats in a tropical island montane dry landscape

Advances in wildlife telemetry and remote sensing technology facilitate studies of broad-scale movements of ungulates in relation to phenological shifts in vegetation. In tropical island dry landscapes, home range use and movements of non-native feral goats (Capra hircus) are largely unknown, yet this information is important to help guide the...

Chynoweth, Mark W.; Lepczyk, Christopher A.; Litton, Creighton M.; Hess, Steve C.; Kellner, James; Cordell, Susan
Chynoweth MW, Lepczyk CA, Litton CM, Hess SC, Kellner JR, Cordell S (2015) Home Range Use and Movement Patterns of Non-Native Feral Goats in a Tropical Island Montane Dry Landscape. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0119231. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0119231

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Year Published: 2015

Vegetation and non-native ungulate monitoring at the Big Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex 2010–2014.

The Hakalau Forest Unit (HFU) of Big Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex (BINWRC) has intensively managed feral cattle (Bos taurus) and pigs (Sus scrofa) and monitored non-native ungulate presence and distribution during surveys of all managed areas since 1988. We: 1) provide results from recent ungulate surveys at HFU to determine current...

Hess, Steven C.; Leopold, Christina R.; Kendall, Steven J.
Leopold, C. R., S.C. Hess, and S.J. Kendall. 2015. Vegetation and non-native ungulate monitoring at the Big Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex 2010–2014. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report. TR HCSU-0062. University of Hawaii at Hilo, 31 pp.