Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 454
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Year Published: 2015

Book review: Flight ways: Life and loss at the edge of extinction.

In less than 200 pages, Thom van Dooren aims in his ambitious book, Flight Ways, to reconnect humans empathetically with the rest of the planet's inhabitants, but especially vanishing species. This is asking a lot, but he succeeds—or at least makes great strides—using evocative storytelling and compelling discourse. A number of...

Banko, Paul C.
Banko, P.C. 2015. Book review of Flight ways: life and loss at the edge of extinction. Journal of Field Ornithology. 86: 180-182.

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Year Published: 2015

Behavior of the Hawaiian Hawaiian Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) at wind turbines and its distribution across the North Ko'olau Mountains, O'ahu

We studied the landscape distribution of endemic Hawaiian hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) on the north Ko‘olau Mountains of O‘ahu, Hawai‘i, from May 2013 to May 2014, while simultaneously studying their behavior at wind turbines within the broader landscape. This research aimed to assess the risk that wind turbines pose to bats on the...

Gorresen, P.M.; Cryan, Paul M.; Huso, Manuela M.P.; Hein, Cris D.; Schirmacher, Michael; Johnson, Jessica H.; Montoya-Aiona, Kristina; Brinck, Kevin W.; Bonaccorso, Frank
Gorresen, P.M., P.M. Cryan, M.M. Huso, C.D. Heln, M.R. Schirmacher, J.A. Johnson, K.M. Montoya-Aiona, K.W. Brinck, and F.J. Bonaccorso. 2015. Behavior of the Hawaiian Hawaiian Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus ) at wind turbines and its distribution across the North Ko`olau Mountains , O`ahu. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report. TR HSCU-064. University of Hawai`i at Hilo, 73 pp.

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Year Published: 2015

Global phylogeography of the avian malaria pathogen Plasmodium relictum based on MSP1 allelic diversity

Knowing the genetic variation that occurs in pathogen populations and how it is distributed across geographical areas is essential to understand parasite epidemiology, local patterns of virulence, and evolution of host-resistance. In addition, it is important to identify populations of pathogens that are evolutionarily independent and thus ‘...

Hellgren, Olof; Atkinson, Carter T.; Bensch, Staffan; Albayrak, Tamer; Dimitrov, Dimitar; Ewen, John G.; Kim, Kyeong Soon; Lima, Marcos R.; Martin, Lynn; Palinauskas, Vaidas; Ricklefs, Robert; Sehgal, Ravinder N. M.; Gediminas, Valkiunas; Tsuda, Yoshio; Marzal, Alfonso
Hellgren, O., Atkinson, C. T., Bensch, S., Albayrak, T., Dimitrov, D., Ewen, J. G., Kim, K. S., Lima, M. R., Martin, L., Palinauskas, V., Ricklefs, R., Sehgal, R. N. M., Valkiūnas, G., Tsuda, Y. and Marzal, A. 2015. Global phylogeography of the avian malaria pathogen Plasmodium relictum based on MSP1 allelic diversity. Ecography, 38: 001-009.

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Year Published: 2015

Foraging range movements of the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus semotus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)

We documented nightly movements of Hawaiian hoary bats (Lasiurus cinereus semotus) on the island of Hawai’i. Based on data from 28 radiotagged individuals mean foraging range (FR) was 230.7±72.3 ha, core-use area (CUA) was 25.5±6.9 ha (or 11.1% of mean FR), and the mean long axis (LAX) across the FR was 3,390.8±754.3 m....

Bonaccorso, Frank J.; Todd, Christopher M.; Miles, Adam C.; Gorresen, P. Marcos
Bonaccorso, F.J., Todd, C.M., Miles, A.C., and Gorresen, P.M. 2015. Foraging range movements of the endangered Hawaiian hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus semotus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Journal of Mammalogy, 96(1): 64-71.

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Year Published: 2015

Peregrine falcon predation of endangered Laysan teal and Laysan Finches on remote Hawaiian atolls

We report the first records of Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) predation on endangered Laysan teal (or duck; Anas laysanensis) and predation on endangered Laysan finches (Telespiza cantans). At Midway Atoll, vagrant Peregrine falcons killed ≥4% of a newly translocated Laysan teal population in 2006 and ≥2% in 2008. On Laysan Island...

Reynolds, Michelle H.; Nash, Sarah A.B.; Courtot, Karen

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Year Published: 2015

Home range use and movement patterns of non-native feral goats in a tropical island montane dry landscape

Advances in wildlife telemetry and remote sensing technology facilitate studies of broad-scale movements of ungulates in relation to phenological shifts in vegetation. In tropical island dry landscapes, home range use and movements of non-native feral goats (Capra hircus) are largely unknown, yet this information is important to help guide the...

Chynoweth, Mark W.; Lepczyk, Christopher A.; Litton, Creighton M.; Hess, Steve C.; Kellner, James; Cordell, Susan
Chynoweth MW, Lepczyk CA, Litton CM, Hess SC, Kellner JR, Cordell S (2015) Home Range Use and Movement Patterns of Non-Native Feral Goats in a Tropical Island Montane Dry Landscape. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0119231. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0119231

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Year Published: 2015

Vegetation and non-native ungulate monitoring at the Big Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex 2010–2014.

The Hakalau Forest Unit (HFU) of Big Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex (BINWRC) has intensively managed feral cattle (Bos taurus) and pigs (Sus scrofa) and monitored non-native ungulate presence and distribution during surveys of all managed areas since 1988. We: 1) provide results from recent ungulate surveys at HFU to determine current...

Hess, Steven C.; Leopold, Christina R.; Kendall, Steven J.
Leopold, C. R., S.C. Hess, and S.J. Kendall. 2015. Vegetation and non-native ungulate monitoring at the Big Island National Wildlife Refuge Complex 2010–2014. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report. TR HCSU-0062. University of Hawaii at Hilo, 31 pp.

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Year Published: 2015

Spring resource phenology and timing of songbird migration across the Gulf of Mexico

Migratory songbirds are advancing their arrival to breeding areas in response to climatic warming at temperate latitudes. Less is understood about the impacts of climate changes outside the breeding period. Every spring, millions of migrating songbirds that overwinter in the Caribbean and Central and South America stop to rest and refuel in the...

Paxton, Eben H.; Cohen, Emily B.; Németh, Zoltan; Zenzal, Theodore J.; Paxton, Kristina L.; Diehl, Robert H.; Moore, Frank R.
Cohen, E.B., Z. Nemeth, T.J. Zenzal, Jr., K.L. Paxton, R. Diehl, and E.H. Paxton. 2015. Spring resource phenology and timing of songbird migration across the Gulf of Mexico. In: Studies in Avian Biology, Edition: No. 47. Phenological synchrony and bird migration: Changing climate and seasonal resources in North America, Eds: Eric M. Wood, Jherime L. Kellermann, CRC Press, London. pp.63-82.

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Year Published: 2015

Farallon de Medinilla seabird and Tinian moorhen analyses

This report assesses the trends in brown booby (Sula leucogaster), masked booby (S. dactylatra), and red-footed booby (S. sula) counts collected on Farallon de Medinilla and Mariana common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus guami) counts on Tinian, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to help elucidate patterns in bird numbers. During either...

Camp, Richard J.; Leopold, Christina R.; Brinck, Kevin W.; Juola, Franz
Camp, R.J., C. Leopold, K.W. Brinck, and F. Juola. 2014. Farallon de Medinilla seabird and Tinian moorhen analyses. Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report. TR HCSU-0060, 44 pp.

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Year Published: 2015

Anatomy of an eradication effort: Removing Hawaii's illegally introduced axis deer

In February 2011, a rancher in the rural southern part of Hawaii Island reported a large mammal on her land. Her call mobilized several agencies led by the Big Island Invasive Species Committee (BIISC), a partnership to prevent, detect, and control the establishment and spread of invasive species, to sit up and take notice. Agency biologists...

Hess, Steven C.; Muise, Jake; Schipper, Jan

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Year Published: 2015

Microsatellite variation and rare alleles in a bottlenecked Hawaiian Islands endemic: implications for reintroductions

Conservation of genetic biodiversity in endangered wildlife populations is an important challenge to address since the loss of alleles and genetic drift may influence future adaptability. Reintroduction aims to re-establish species to restored or protected ecosystems; however, moving a subset of individuals may result in loss of gene variants...

Reynolds, Michelle H.; Pearce, John M.; Lavretsky, Philip; Seixas, Pedro P.; Courtot, Karen
Reynolds, M.H., J.M. Pearce, P. Lavretsky, P.P. Seixas, & K.N. Courtot. 2015. Microsatellite variation and rare alleles in a bottlenecked Hawaiian Islands endemic: implications for reintroductions. Endangered Species Research. 28: 117-122.

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Year Published: 2015

An assessment of arthropod prey resources at Nakula Natural Area Reserve, a potential site of reintroduction for Kiwikiu (Pseudonestor xanthophrys) and Maui `Alauahio (Parareomyza montana).

Hawaiian forest birds have declined dramatically since humans arrived in the archipelago. Birds from all foraging guilds have been affected but insectivorous species are currently at greatest risk of extinction. On the island of Maui, populations and ranges of the insectivorous kiwikiu (Maui parrotbill; Pseudonestor xanthophrys) and Maui ‘...

Banko, Paul C.; Peck, Robert W.; Cappadonna, Justin; Steele, Claire; Leonard, David L.; Mounce, Hanna L.; Becker, Dusti; Swinnerton, Kirsty
Peck, R.W., P.C. Banko, J. Cappadonna, C. Steele, D.L. Leonard, H.L. Mounce, C.D. Becker, and K. Swinnerton. 2015. An assessment of arthropod prey resources at Nakula Natural Area Reserve, a potential site of reintroduction for Kiwikiu (Pseudonestor xanthophrys) and Maui `Alauahio (Parareomyza montana). Hawaii Cooperative Studies Unit Technical Report. TR HCSU-0059, 43 pp.