John Wesley Powell Center for Analysis and Synthesis

Publications

Filter Total Items: 162
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Year Published: 2020

The pervasive and multifaceted influence of biocrusts on water in the world’s drylands

The capture and use of water are critically important in drylands, which collectively constitute Earth's largest biome. Drylands will likely experience lower and more unreliable rainfall as climatic conditions change over the next century. Dryland soils support a rich community of microphytic organisms (biocrusts), which are critically important...

Eldridge, David J.; Reed, Sasha; Travers, Samantha K.; Bowker, Matthew A.; Maestre, Fernando T.; Ding, Jingyi; Havrilla, Caroline Ann; Rodriguez-Caballero, Emilio; Barger, Nichole N.; Weber, Bettina; Antoninka, Anita; Belnap, Jayne; Chaudhary, Bala V.; Faist, Akasha M.; Ferrenberg, Scott; Huber-Sannwald, Elisabeth; Issa, Oumarou M; Zhao, Y.

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Year Published: 2020

A not so sudden impact—Historical relations between conifers and insects can help predict damage by nonnative insects

The arrival and establishment of nonnative insects in North America is increasingly problematic. International trade has created opportunities to move wood products and nursery stock worldwide, which has increased the risk of insect introduction to regions or countries where they are not native. One group of researchers,...

Durden, Lekeah A.; Schulz, Ashley N.; Mech, Angela M.; Thomas, Kathryn A.
Durden, L.A., Schulz, A.N., Mech, A., and Thomas, K.A., 2020, A not so sudden impact—Historical relations between conifers and insects can help predict damage by nonnative insects: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020-3039, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203039.

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Year Published: 2020

Increased drought severity tracks warming in the United States’ largest river basin

Across the Upper Missouri River Basin, the recent drought of 2000 to 2010, known as the “turn-of-the-century drought,” was likely more severe than any in the instrumental record including the Dust Bowl drought. However, until now, adequate proxy records needed to better understand this event with regard to long-term variability have been lacking....

Martin, Justin; Pederson, Gregory T.; Woodhouse, Connie A.; Cook, Edward R.; McCabe, Gregory J.; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Wise, Erika K.; Erger, Patrick; Dolan, Larry S.; McGuire, Marketa; Gangopadhyay, Subhrendu; Chase, Katherine J.; Littell, Jeremy S.; Gray, Stephen; St. George, Scott; Friedman, Jonathan M.; Sauchyn, David J.; St. Jacques, Jeannine-Marie; King, John C.

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Year Published: 2020

Forecasting, detecting, and tracking volcanic eruptions from space

Satellite monitoring of volcanic activity typically includes four primary observations: (1) deformation and surface change, (2) gas emissions, (3) thermal anomalies, and (4) ash plumes. These phenomena are imaged by remote sensing data that span the electromagnetic spectrum, from microwave to ultraviolet energy and including visible and infrared...

Poland, Michael P.; Lopez, Taryn; Wright, Robert; Pavolonis, Michael J.

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Year Published: 2020

Biological soil crusts in ecological restoration: Emerging research and perspectives

Drylands encompass over 40% of terrestrial ecosystems and face significant anthropogenic degradation causing a loss of ecosystem integrity, services, and deterioration of social‐ecological systems. To combat this degradation, some dryland restoration efforts have focused on the use of biological soil crusts (biocrusts): complex communities of...

Antoninka, Anita; Faist, Akasha M.; Rodriguez-Caballero, Emilio; Young, Kristina E; Chaudhary, V Bala; Condon, Lea A.; Pyke, David A.

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Year Published: 2020

Disturbances drive changes in coral community assemblages and coral calcification capacity

Anthropogenic environmental change has increased coral reef disturbance regimes in recent decades, altering the structure and function of many coral reefs globally. In this study, we used coral community survey data collected from 1996 to 2015 to evaluate coral calcification capacity (CCC) dynamics with respect to recorded pulse disturbances for...

Courtney, Travis A.; Barnes, Brian B.; Chollett, Iliana; Elahi, Robin; Gross, Kevin; Guest, James R.; Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Lenz, Elizabeth A.; Nelson, Hanna R; Rogers, Caroline; Toth, Lauren T.; Andersson, Andreas J

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Year Published: 2020

HESS opinions: Beyond the long-term water balance: Evolving Budyko's supply–demand framework for the Anthropocene towards a global synthesis of land-surface fluxes under natural and human-altered watersheds

Global hydroclimatic conditions have been substantially altered over the past century by anthropogenic influences that arise from the warming global climate and from local/regional anthropogenic disturbances. Traditionally, studies have used coupling of multiple models to understand how land-surface water fluxes vary due to changes in global...

Sankarasubramanian, A.; Wang, Dingbao; Archfield, Stacey A.; Reitz, Meredith; Vogel, Richard M; Mazrooei, Amirhossein; Mukhopadhyaya, Sudarshana

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Year Published: 2020

Testing ecosystem accounting in the United States: A case study for the Southeast

Ecosystem accounts, as formalized by the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting Experimental Ecosystem Accounts (SEEA EEA), have been compiled in a number of countries, yet there have been few attempts to develop them for the U.S. We explore the potential for U.S. ecosystem accounting by compiling ecosystem extent, condition, and ecosystem...

Warnell, Katie; Russell, Marc J.; Rhodes, Charles; Bagstad, Kenneth J.; Olander, Lydia P; Nowak, David J.; Poudel, Rajendra; Glynn, Pierre D.; Hass, Julie L.; Hiribayashi, Satoshi; Ingram, Jane Carter; Matuszak, John; Oleson, Kirsten L. L.; Posner, Stephen M.; Villa, Ferdinando

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Year Published: 2020

Low threshold for nitrogen concentration saturation in headwaters increases regional and coastal delivery

River corridors store, convey, and process nutrients from terrestrial and upstream sources, regulating delivery from headwaters to estuaries. A consequence of chronic excess nitrogen loading, as supported by theory and field studies in specific areas, is saturation of the biogeochemically-mediated nitrogen removal processes that weakens the...

Schmadel, Noah; Harvey, Judson; Alexander, Richard; Boyer, Elizabeth W.; Schwarz, Gregory E.; Gomez-Velez, Jesus D.; Scott, Durelle; Konrad, Christopher

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Year Published: 2020

Storm impacts on phytoplankton community dynamics in lakes

In many regions across the globe, extreme weather events such as storms have increased in frequency, intensity, and duration due to climate change. Ecological theory predicts that such extreme events should have large impacts on ecosystem structure and function. High winds and precipitation associated with storms can affect lakes via short‐term...

Stockwell, Jason D.; Doubek, Jonathan P.; Adrian, Rita; Anneville, Orlane; Carey, Cayelan C.; Carvalho, Laurence; Frassl, Marieke A.; Domis, Lisette N. De Senerpont; Ibelings, Bas W; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Dur, Gaël; Lajeunesse, Marc J.; Lewandowska, Aleksandra M.; Llames , María E.; Matsuzaki, Shin-Ichiro S.; Nodine, Emily; Noges, Peeter; Patil, Vijay P.; Pomati, Francesco; Rinke, Karsten; Rudstam, Lars G.; Rusak, James A.; Salmaso, Nico; Seltmann, Christian T.; Straile, Dietmar; Thackeray, Stephen J.; Thiery, Wim; Urrutia‐Cordero, Pablo; Venail, Patrick; Verburg, Piet; Woolway, R. Iestyn; Zohary, Tamar; Andersen, Mikkel R.; Bhattacharya, Ruchi; Hejzlar, J.; Janatian, Nasime; Kpodonu, Alfred T. N. K. ; Williamson, Tanner J.; Wilson, Harriet

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Year Published: 2020

An open source database for the synthesis of soil radiocarbon data: ISRaD version 1.0

Radiocarbon is a critical constraint on our estimates of the timescales of soil carbon cycling that can aid in identifying mechanisms of carbon stabilization and destabilization and improve the forecast of soil carbon response to management or environmental change. Despite the wealth of soil radiocarbon data that have been reported over the past...

Lawrence, Corey R.; Beem-Miller, Jeffrey; Hoyt, Alison; Monroe, Grey; Sierra, Carlos; Stoner, Shane; Heckman, Katherine; Blankinship, Joseph; Crow, Susan; McNichol, Gavin; Trumbore, Susan; Levine, Paul; Vinduśková, Olga; Todd-Brown, Katherine; Rasmussen, Craig; Hicks Pries, Caitlin; Schadel, Christina; McFarlane, Karis; Doetterl, Sebastian; Hatté, Christine; He, Yujie; Treat, Claire C.; Harden, Jennifer W.; Torn, Margaret S; Estop-Aragonés, Cristian; Berhe, Asmeret A.; Keiluweit, Marco; Kuhnen, Agatha Della Rosa; Marin-Spiotta, Erika; Plante, Alain F.; Thompson, Aaron; Shi, Zheng; Schimel, Joshua P.; Vaughn, Lydia J.S. ; von Fromm, Sophie F.; Wagai, Rota

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Year Published: 2020

Using conceptual models to relate multiparameter satellite data to subsurface volcanic processes in Latin America

Satellite data have been extensively used to identify volcanic behavior. However, the physical subsurface processes causing any individual manifestation of activity can be ambiguous. We propose a classification scheme for the cause of unrest that simultaneously considers three multiparameter satellite observations. The scheme is based on...

Reath, Kevin; Pritchard, Matthew; Biggs, Juliet; Andrews, Ben; Ebmeier, Susi; Bagnardi, Marco; Girona, Tarsilo; Lundgren, Paul; Lopez, Taryn; Poland, Michael P.