Utah Water Science Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 874
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Year Published: 2019

Groundwater Conditions in Utah, Spring of 2018

This is the fifty-fifth in a series of annual reports that describe groundwater conditions in Utah. Reports in this series, published cooperatively by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Utah Department of Natural Resources, Division of Water Rights, and the Utah Department of Environmental Quality, Division of Water...

Smith, Lincoln; Birken, Adam S.; Klebba, Phillip H.; Jones, Katherine K.; Derrick, V. Noah ; Downhour, Paul; Eacret, Robert J.; Gibson, Travis L.; Slaugh, Bradley A.; Whittier, Nickolas R.; Douglas, Brandon P.; LaBonte, Douglas V.; Fisher, Martel J.

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Year Published: 2019

The role of baseflow in dissolved solids delivery to streams in the Upper Colorado River Basin

Salinity has a major effect on water users in the Colorado River Basin, estimated to cause almost $300 million per year in economic damages. The Colorado River Basin Salinity Control Program implements and manages projects to reduce salinity loads, investing millions of dollars per year in irrigation upgrades, canal projects, and other...

Schwarz, Gregory; Hirsch, Robert M.; Susong, David; Rumsey, Christine; Miller, Matthew P.; Schwarz, Gregory; Hirsch, Robert M.; Susong, David D.

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Year Published: 2018

Assessment of managed aquifer recharge at Sand Hollow Reservoir, Washington County, Utah, updated to conditions through 2016

Sand Hollow Reservoir in Washington County, Utah, was completed in March 2002 and is operated primarily for managed aquifer recharge by the Washington County Water Conservancy District. From 2002 through 2016, surface-water diversions of about 256,000 acre-feet (acre-ft) to Sand Hollow Reservoir have allowed the reservoir to remain nearly full...

Marston, Thomas M.; Nelson, Nora C.
Marston, T.M., and Nelson, N.C., 2018, Assessment of managed aquifer recharge at Sand Hollow Reservoir, Washington County, Utah, updated to conditions through 2016: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1140, 38 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181140.

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Year Published: 2018

Stream‐centric methods for determining groundwater contributions in karst mountain watersheds

Climate change influences on mountain hydrology are uncertain, but likely to be mediated through changes in subsurface hydrologic residence times and flowpaths. The heterogeneity of karst aquifers add complexity in assessing the resiliency of these water sources to perturbation, suggesting a clear need to quantify contributions from and losses to...

Neilson, Bethany; Tennant, Hyrum; Barnes, Michelle; Stout, Trinity; Miller, Matthew P.; Gabor, Rachel S.; Jameel, Yusef; Millington, Mallory; Gelderloos, Andrew; Bowen, Gabriel J.; Brooks, Paul D.
Neilson, B.T., H. Tennant, T.L. STout, M. Miller, R.S. Gabor, Y. Jameel, M. Millington, A. Gelderloos, G. Bowen, and P. Brooks, 2018, Stream-centric methods for determining groundwater contributions in karst mountain watersehds: Water Resources Research, doi:10.1029/2018WR022664.

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Year Published: 2018

Effects of groundwater withdrawals from the Hurricane Fault zone on discharge of saline water from Pah Tempe Springs, Washington County, Utah

Pah Tempe Springs, located in Washington County, Utah, contribute about 95,000 tons of dissolved solids annually along a 1,500-foot gaining reach of the Virgin River. The river gains more than 10 cubic feet per second along the reach as thermal, saline springwater discharges from dozens of orifices located along the riverbed and above the river on...

Gardner, Philip M.
Gardner, P.M., 2018, Effects of groundwater withdrawals from the Hurricane Fault zone on discharge of saline water from Pah Tempe Springs, Washington County, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5040, 41 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185040.

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Year Published: 2017

Groundwater model of the Great Basin carbonate and alluvial aquifer system version 3.0: Incorporating revisions in southwestern Utah and east central Nevada

The groundwater model described in this report is a new version of previously published steady-state numerical groundwater flow models of the Great Basin carbonate and alluvial aquifer system, and was developed in conjunction with U.S. Geological Survey studies in Parowan, Pine, and Wah Wah Valleys, Utah. This version of the model is GBCAAS v. 3.0...

Brooks, Lynette E.
Brooks, L.E., 2017, Groundwater model of the Great Basin carbonate and alluvial aquifer system version 3.0: Incorporating revisions in southwestern Utah and east central Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5072, 77 p., 2 appendixes, https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175072.

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Year Published: 2017

Estimating discharge and nonpoint source nitrate loading to streams from three end‐member pathways using high‐frequency water quality data

The myriad hydrologic and biogeochemical processes taking place in watersheds occurring across space and time are integrated and reflected in the quantity and quality of water in streams and rivers. Collection of high‐frequency water quality data with sensors in surface waters provides new opportunities to disentangle these processes and quantify...

Miller, Matthew P.; Tesoriero, Anthony J.; Hood, Krista; Terziotti, Silvia; Wolock, David M.

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Year Published: 2017

Water resources of Parowan Valley, Iron County, Utah

Parowan Valley, in Iron County, Utah, covers about 160 square miles west of the Red Cliffs and includes the towns of Parowan, Paragonah, and Summit. The valley is a structural depression formed by northwest-trending faults and is, essentially, a closed surface-water basin although a small part of the valley at the southwestern end drains into the...

Marston, Thomas M.
Marston, T.M., 2017, Water resources of Parowan Valley, Iron County, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5033, 45 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175033.

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Year Published: 2017

Streamflow investigations on a reach of Hobble Creek near Springville, Utah

The Central Utah Water Conservancy District (CUWCD) is proposing to deliver supplemental flow to Hobble Creek from Strawberry Reservoir through the Mapleton-Springville Lateral pipeline. A substantial portion of the supplemental water is intended to benefit June Sucker recovery and other fish and wildlife along Hobble Creek. The objective of this...

Gerner, Steven J.
Gerner, S.J., 2017, Streamflow investigations on a reach of Hobble Creek near Springville, Utah: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1084, 9 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171084.

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Year Published: 2017

Inputs and internal cycling of nitrogen to a causeway influenced, hypersaline lake, Great Salt Lake, Utah, USA

Nitrogen inputs to Great Salt Lake (GSL), located in the western USA, were quantified relative to the resident nitrogen mass in order to better determine numeric nutrient criteria that may be considered at some point in the future. Total dissolved nitrogen inputs from four surface-water sources entering GSL were modeled during the 5-year study...

Naftz, David L.
Naftz, D.L., 2017, Inputs and internal cycling of nitrogen to a causeway influenced, hypersaline lake, Great Salt Lake, Utah, USA: Aquatic Geochemistry, vol. 23, no. 3, p. 199–216.

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Year Published: 2017

Variability of dissolved organic carbon in precipitation during storms at the Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory

Organic compounds are removed from the atmosphere and deposited to the earth's surface via precipitation. In this study, we quantified variations of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in precipitation during storm events at the Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory, a forested watershed in central Pennsylvania (USA). Precipitation samples were...

Iavorivska , Lidiia; Boyer, Elizabeth W.; Grimm, Jeffrey W.; Miller, Matthew P.; DeWalle, David R.; Davis, Kenneth J.; Kaye, Margot W.

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Year Published: 2017

Effect of salinity on mercury methylating benthic microbes and their activities in Great Salt Lake, Utah

Surface water and biota from Great Salt Lake (GSL) contain some of the highest documented concentrations of total mercury (THg) and methylmercury (MeHg) in the United States. In order to identify potential biological sources of MeHg and controls on its production in this ecosystem, THg and MeHg concentrations, rates of Hg(II)-methylation and MeHg...

Boyd, Eric S.; Yu, Ri-Qing; Barkay, Tamar; Hamilton, Trinity L.; Baxter, Bonnie K.; Naftz, David L.; Marvin-DiPasquale, Mark
Boyd, E. S., Yu, R. Q., Barkay, T., Hamilton, T. L., Baxter, B. K., Naftz, D. L., & Marvin-DiPasquale, M. (2017). Effect of salinity on mercury methylating benthic microbes and their activities in Great Salt Lake, Utah. Science of The Total Environment, Volumes 581–582, p.495–506.