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Data Releases

The data collected and the techniques used by USGS scientists should conform to or reference national and international standards and protocols if they exist and when they are relevant and appropriate. For datasets of a given type, and if national or international metadata standards exist, the data are indexed with metadata that facilitates access and integration.

Filter Total Items: 12150

Chronology of recent volcanic activity on the Island of Hawai‘i, Hawaii

The youngest and largest island in the State of Hawaii—the Island of Hawai‘i—is formed by five volcanoes, three of which have erupted within recent geologic history: Mauna Loa, Kīlauea, and Hualālai. This data release provides a chronology for activity and impacts at Mauna Loa, Kīlauea, and Hualālai over approximately the past two and a half centuries. This data release includes a word document, “

Geological mapping coordinates, and zircon geochemistry, geochronology and isotope geochemistry data, Bobcat Hills, California

This dataset contains geologic mapping coordinates, and geochemical, geochronologic, and isotopic data collected for shonkinite dikes and zircons from Bobcat Hills, California, USA. See accompanying G-Cubed publication described in the "Larger Work" section of this metadata file for a detailed description of this dataset.

MODFLOW 6 model used to simulate groundwater flow in the Harney Basin, southeastern Oregon

A three-dimensional groundwater flow model, MODFLOW 6, was developed to provide a better understanding of the hydrogeology of the Harney Basin, southeastern Oregon. The model was used to investigate the historical groundwater-level decline and storage loss associated with anthropogenic groundwater demands. The model was calibrated to 1930 through 2018 conditions. This USGS data release contains al

Response of natural phytoplankton communities from Green Bay (Lake Michigan) and Maumee Bay (Lake Erie) to laboratory manipulations of nutrient and trace metal availability during late summer 2018

Microcystins (MC) are a class of cyanotoxins produced by many cyanobacteria taxa. Although toxic to metazoans, the evolution of microcystin pre-dates the appearance of metazoans, and so MC did not originate as a toxin to potential metazoan grazers. One hypothesized functional role of microcystin is the management and acquisition of metals, several of which form complexes with MC intracellularly. M

Biofouling and mussel growth from mussels deployed in Great Lakes embayments (2013-2016)

Many taxa of North American unionid mussels are imperiled due to biofouling by invasive dreissenid mussels. Here, we report on biofouling rates of unionid mussels suspended in cages during the growing season in nearshore embayments in Lake Erie (2013-2016), Lake Michigan (Green Bay 2016, Grand Traverse Bay 2015) and Lake Huron (Saginaw Bay 2015). Mussels were deployed in early summer (late May or

Water chemistry and biological data of Rainbow Trout following aquatic exposure to weathered wildland fire retardants after application to substrate

We investigated whether the length of time fire chemical weathers on a terrestrial substrate before mixing into aquatic environments alters the chemical’s toxicity when encountered by juvenile rainbow trout. We also looked at whether the type of substrate where the chemical is applied affects its toxicity to juvenile rainbow trout after mixing into water. Two fire chemicals (Phos Chek LC95A-R and

Permethrin concentrations on sawgrass collected from National Key Deer Refuge in 2015

Sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense) samples were collected from marshes on five different keys (Big Pine, Torch, Ramrod, Cudjoe, and Sugarloaf Keys) within National Key Deer Refuge in January and June of 2015 and analyzed for contamination by the mosquito control insecticide permethrin. Permethrin was detected on 17 of 57 samples collected in January while it was detected on 40 of 56 samples collected i

Data and model archive used to model and map lithium concentrations in groundwater sources of drinking water in the conterminous United States

This data release contains data used to develop models and maps that estimate the occurrence of lithium in groundwater used as drinking water throughout the conterminous United States. An extreme gradient boosting model was developed to estimate the most probable lithium concentration category (≤4, >4 to ≤10, >10 to ≤30, or >30 µg/L). The model uses lithium concentration data from wells located th

U.S. Geological Survey National Produced Waters Geochemical Database (ver. 3.0, December 2023)

During hydrocarbon production, water is typically co-produced from the geologic formations producing oil and gas. Understanding the composition of these produced waters is important to help investigate the regional hydrogeology, the source of the water, the efficacy of water treatment and disposal plans, potential economic benefits of mineral commodities in the fluids, and the safety of potential

Bathymetry of Buckhorn Lake, Kentucky, May 2023

These data are bathymetry (lake bottom elevation) in XYZ format (Easting, Northing, Elevation), generated from the May 30–June 1, 2023, bathymetric survey of Buckhorn Lake, Kentucky, from the dam to CR-1475 (19.5 miles total reach length). Hydrographic data were collected using a RESON 210 kHz NaviSound single-beam echosounder (SBES) with a Hemisphere A222 integrated global navigation satellite sy

Movement Data for Migrating Geese Over the Northeast Pacific Ocean, 2018-2021

This dataset consists of one table with a record (row) for each goose location and columns containing location information and covariates. The dataset was used in an analysis of altitude selection and flight propensity in an accompanying paper (Weiser et al. 2024) and is being provided here to allow replication of that analysis. Goose locations (latitude, longitude, and altitude) were collected wi

DNA sequences used to analyze evolutionary rates of genes in bats

The dataset consists of sets of orthologous gene sequences obtained from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI, and from Cornman and Cryan (2022). Sequences derive from twelve bat species that are representative of bat diversity and for which high-quality gene models have been annotated. Each gene set was codon aligned and subsequently trimmed as needed for