Michael Johannes Osland, Ph.D.

Biography

EDUCATION

Ph.D., Ecology, Duke University,  2009

B.A., Biology, Willamette University, 2000

PROFESSIONAL POSITIONS

2011-Present    Research Ecologist, U.S. Geological Survey, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Louisiana, USA

2009-2011        Postdoctoral Research Scientist, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Ecology Division, Florida, USA

2006-2007        Fulbright Fellow; via the Organization for Tropical Studies, Costa Rica

2003-2009        Graduate Student, Duke University, North Carolina, USA

2000-2003        U.S. Peace Corps Volunteer, Agroforestry, El Salvador

RESEARCH

In broad terms, my research examines the response of ecosystems to changing conditions and the implications for conservation and restoration. Much of my current research focuses on wetland ecosystems at the dynamic interface between land and ocean: mangrove forests, salt marshes, and salt flats.

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

Full publication list and links available on google scholar profile.

Osland MJ, Gabler CA, Grace JB, Day RH, McCoy ML, McLeod JL, From AS, Enwright NM, Feher LC, Stagg CL, Hartley SB. 2018. Climate and plant controls on soil organic matter in coastal wetlands. Global Change Biology, 24, 5361-5379.

Borchert, SM, Osland MJ, Enwright NM, and Griffith KT. 2018. Coastal wetland adaptation to sea-level rise: quantifying the potential for landward migration and coastal squeeze in northern Gulf of Mexico estuaries. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55, 2876-2887.

Osland MJ, Feher LC, Griffith KT, Cavanaugh KC, Enwright NM, Day RH, Stagg CL, Krauss KW, Howard RJ, Grace JB, Rogers K. 2017. Climatic controls on the global distribution, abundance, and species richness of mangrove forests. Ecological Monographs, 87, 341-359.

Gabler, CA, Osland MJ, Grace JB, Stagg CL, Day RH, Hartley SB, Enwright NM, From AS, McCoy ML, and McLeod JL. 2017. Macroclimatic change expected to transform coastal wetland ecosystems this century. Nature Climate Change, 7, 142-147.

Osland MJ, Day RH, Hall CT, Brumfield MD, Dugas JL, Jones WR. 2017. Mangrove expansion and contraction at a poleward range limit: climate extremes and land-ocean temperature gradients. Ecology, 98, 125-137.

Feher, LC, Osland MJ, Griffith KT, Grace JB, Howard RJ, Stagg CL, Enwright NM, Krauss KW, Gabler CA, Day RH, and Rogers K. 2017. Linear and nonlinear effects of temperature and precipitation on ecosystem properties in tidal saline wetlands. Ecosphere, 8, article e01956.

Osland MJ, Enwright NM, Day RH, Gabler CA, Stagg CL, Grace JB. 2016. Beyond just sea-level rise: considering macroclimatic drivers within coastal wetland vulnerability assessments to climate change. Global Change Biology, 22, 1-11.

Enwright, NM, Griffith KT, and Osland MJ. 2016. Barriers to and opportunities for landward migration of coastal wetlands with sea-level rise. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14, 307-316.

Yando, ES, Osland MJ, Willis JM, Day RH, Krauss KW, and Hester MW. 2016. Salt marsh-mangrove ecotones: using structural gradients to investigate the effects of woody plant encroachment on plant-soil interactions and ecosystem carbon pools. Journal of Ecology, 104, 1020-1031.

Osland MJ, Enwright N, Stagg CL. 2014. Freshwater availability and coastal wetland foundation species: ecological transitions along a rainfall gradient. Ecology, 95, 2789-2802.

Osland MJ, Enwright N, Day RH, Doyle TW. 2013. Winter climate change and coastal wetland foundation species: salt marshes vs. mangrove forests in the southeastern United States. Global Change Biology, 19, 1482-1494.

Osland MJ, Spivak AC, Nestlerode JA, Lessmann JM, Almario AE, Heitmuller PT, Russell MJ, Krauss KW, Alvarez F, Dantin DD, Harvey JE, From AS, Cormier N, Stagg CL. 2012. Ecosystem development after mangrove wetland creation: plant-soil change across a 20-year chronosequence. Ecosystems, 15, 848-866.

Osland MJ, González E, Richardson CJ. 2011. Restoring diversity after cattail expansion: disturbance, resilience, and seasonality in a tropical dry wetland. Ecological Applications, 21, 715-728.

Osland MJ, González E, Richardson CJ. 2011. Coastal freshwater wetland plant community response to seasonal drought and flooding in northwestern Costa Rica. Wetlands, 31, 641-652.