Michael Johannes Osland, Ph.D.



Ph.D., Ecology, Duke University,  2009

B.A., Biology, Willamette University, 2000


2011-Present    Research Ecologist, U.S. Geological Survey, Wetland and Aquatic Research Center, Louisiana, USA

2009-2011        Postdoctoral Research Scientist, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Gulf Ecology Division, Florida, USA

2006-2007        Fulbright Fellow; via the Organization for Tropical Studies, Costa Rica

2003-2009        Graduate Student, Duke University, North Carolina, USA

2000-2003        U.S. Peace Corps Volunteer, Agroforestry, El Salvador


In broad terms, my research examines the response of ecosystems to changing conditions and the implications for conservation and restoration. Much of my current research focuses on wetland ecosystems at the dynamic interface between land and ocean: mangrove forests, salt marshes, and salt flats.


Updated publication list and links available on my google scholar page.


Yando, E. S., Osland, M. J., Jones, S. F. & Hester, M. W. 2019. Jumpstarting coastal wetland restoration: a comparison of marsh and mangrove foundation species. Restoration Ecologyhttps://doi.org/10.1111/rec.12963.

Enwright, N. M., Wang, L., Borchert, S. M., Day, R. H., Feher, L. C. & Osland, M. J. 2019. Advancing barrier island habitat mapping using landscape position information and elevation uncertainty. Progress in Physical Geography: Earth and Environment, https://doi.org/10.1177/0309133319839922.

Enwright, N. M., Wang, L., Wang, H., Osland, M. J., Feher, L. C., Borchert, S. M. & Day, R. H. 2019. Modeling barrier island habitats using landscape position information. Remote Sensing, 11, 97

Osland MJ, Hartmann AM, Day RH, Ross MH, Hall CT, Feher LC, Vervaeke WC. 2019. Microclimate influences mangrove range expansion in response to changing macroclimate. Estuaries and Coasts, 42, 1084-1096.


Carter L, Terando A, Dow K, Hiers K, Kunkel KE, Lascurain A, Marcy D, Osland M, Schramm P. 2018. Southeast. in Reidmiller DR, Avery CW, Easterling DR, Kunkel KE, Lewis KLM, Maycock TK, and Stewart BC, eds.. Impacts, Risks, and Adaptation in the United States: Fourth National Climate Assessment, Volume II: Washington, DC, USA, U.S. Global Change Research Program.

Osland MJ, Feher LC, López-Portillo J, Day RH., Suman DO, Guzmán Menéndez JM, Rivera-Monroy VH. 2018. Mangrove forests in a rapidly changing world: global change impacts and conservation opportunities along the Gulf of Mexico coast. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 214, 120-140.

Osland MJ, Gabler CA, Grace JB, Day RH, McCoy ML, McLeod JL, From AS, Enwright NM, Feher LC, Stagg CL, Hartley SB. 2018. Climate and plant controls on soil organic matter in coastal wetlands. Global Change Biology, 24, 5361-5379.

Osland MJ, Middleton, BA. 2018. Tropical wetlands in the Anthropocene: the critical role of wet-dry cycles. Solutions, 9.

Cavanaugh KC, Osland MJ, Bardou R, Hinijosa-Arango G, López-Vivas JM, Parker JD, Rovai AS. 2018. Sensitivity of mangrove range limits to climate variability. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 27, 925-935.

Borchert SM, Osland MJ, Enwright NM, Griffith KT. 2018. Coastal wetland adaptation to sea-level rise: quantifying the potential for landward migration and coastal squeeze in northern Gulf of Mexico estuaries. Journal of Applied Ecology, 55, 2876-2887.

Yando ES, Osland MJ, Hester MW. 2018. Microspatial ecotone dynamics at a shifting range limit: plant-soil variation across salt marsh-mangrove interfaces. Oecologia, 187, 319-331.

Enwright NM, Wang L, Borchert SM, Day RH, Feher LC, Osland MJ. 2018. The impact of lidar elevation uncertainty on mapping intertidal habitats on barrier islands. Remote Sensing, 10, article 5.


Feher LC, Osland MJ, Griffith KT,  JB Grace, RJ Howard, CL Stagg, NM Enwright, KW Krauss, CA Gabler, RH Day, and K Rogers. 2017. Linear and nonlinear effects of temperaturer and precipitation on ecosystem properties in tidal saline wetlands. Ecosphere, 8, article e01956.

Osland, MJ, KT Griffith, JC Larriviere, LC Feher, DR Cahoon, NM Enwright, DA Oster, JM Tirpak, MS Woodrey, R Collini, JJ Baustian, JL Breithaupt, JA Cherry, JR Conrad, N Cormier, CA Coronado-Molina, JF Donoghue, SA Graham, JW Harper, MW Hester, RJ Howard, KW Krauss, DE Kroes, RR Lane, KL McKee, IA Mendelsshon, BA Middleton, JA Moon, SC Piazza, NM Rankin, FH Sklar, GD Steyer, KM Swanson, CM Swarzenski, WC Vervaeke, JM Willis, and KV Wilson. 2017. Assessing coastal wetland vulnerability to sea-level rise along the northern Gulf of Mexico coast: gaps and opportunities for developing a coordinated regional sampling network, PLOS ONE, 12, article e0183431.

Rivera-Monroy, VH, MJ Osland, JW Day, S Ray, AS Rovai, RH Day, and J Mukherjee. 2017. Advancing mangrove macroecology. Pages 347-381 in VH Rivera-Monroy, SY Lee, E Kristensen, and RR Twilley, editors. Mangrove ecosystems: a global biogeographic perspective. Springer, New York, New York, USA.

Chen L, Wang W, Li QQ, Zhang Y, Yang S, Osland MJ, Huang J, Peng C. 2017. Mangrove species’ responses to winter air temperature extremes in China. Ecosphere, 8, Article e01865.

Osland MJ, Feher LC, Griffith KT, Cavanaugh KC, Enwright NM, Day RH, Stagg CL, Krauss KW, Howard RJ, Grace JB, Rogers K. 2017. Climatic controls on the global distribution, abundance, and species richness of mangrove forests. Ecological Monographs, 87, 341-359.

Enwright N, Borchert SM, Day RH, Feher LC, Osland MJ, Wang L, Wang H (2017) Barrier island habitat map and vegetation survey—Dauphin Island, Alabama, 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1083, 17 p.

Osland MJ, Day RH, Hall CT, Brumfield MD, Dugas JL, Jones WR. 2017. Mangrove expansion and contraction at a poleward range limit: climate extremes and land-ocean temperature gradients. Ecology, 98, 125-137.

Krauss KW, Cormier N, Osland MJ, Kirwan ML, Stagg CL, Nestlerode JA, Russell MJ, From AS, Spivak AC, Dantin DD, Harvey JE, Almario AE. 2017. Created mangrove wetlands store belowground carbon and surface elevation change enables them to adjust to sea-level rise. Scientific Reports, 7, 1030.

Gabler CA, Osland MJ, Grace JB, Stagg CL, Day RH, Hartley SB, Enwright NM, From AS, McCoy ML, McLeod JL. 2017. Macroclimatic change expected to transform coastal wetland ecosystems this century. Nature Climate Change, 7, 142-147.


Yando ES, Osland MJ, Willis JM, Day RH, Krauss KW, Hester MW. 2016. Salt marsh-mangrove ecotones: using structural gradients to investigate the effects of woody plant encroachment on plant-soil interactions and ecosystem carbon pools. Journal of Ecology, 104, 1020-1031.

Osland MJ, Enwright NM, Day RH, Gabler CA, Stagg CL, Grace JB. 2016. Beyond just sea-level rise: considering macroclimatic drivers within coastal wetland vulnerability assessments to climate change. Global Change Biology, 22, 1-11.

Lovelock CE, Krauss KW, Osland MJ, Reef R, Ball MC. 2016. The physiology of mangrove trees with changing climate. In: Tropical tree physiology: adaptations and responses in a changing environment (eds Goldstein G, Santiago LS), pp. 149-179, Springer, New York, New York, USA.

Enwright NM, Griffith KT, Osland MJ. 2016. Barriers to and opportunities for landward migration of coastal wetlands with sea-level rise. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14, 307-316.


Osland MJ, Day RH, From AS, McCoy ML, McLeod JL, Kelleway JJ. 2015. Life stage influences the resistance and resilience of black mangrove forests to winter climate extremes. Ecosphere, 6:Article 160.

Enwright NM, Griffith KT, Osland MJ. 2015. Incorporating future change into current conservation planning—Evaluating tidal saline wetland migration along the U.S. Gulf of Mexico coast under alternative sea-level rise and urbanization scenarios, U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 969.


Osland MJ, Enwright N, Stagg CL. 2014. Freshwater availability and coastal wetland foundation species: ecological transitions along a rainfall gradient. Ecology, 95, 2789-2802.

Osland MJ, Day RH, Larriviere JC, From AS. 2014. Aboveground allometric models for freeze-affected black mangroves (Avicennia germinans): equations for a climate sensitive mangrove-marsh ecotone. PLOS ONE, 9, Article e99604.


Russell M, Teague A, Alvarez F, Dantin D, Osland M, Harvey J, Nestlerode J, Rogers J, Jackson L, Pilant D, Genthner F, Lewis M, Spivak A, Harwell M, Neale A. 2013. Neighborhood scale quantification of ecosystem goods and services.  pp 50, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Gulf Ecology Division, Gulf Breeze, Florida, EPA/600/R-13/295, November 2013.

Osland MJ, Enwright N, Day RH, Doyle TW. 2013. Winter climate change and coastal wetland foundation species: salt marshes vs. mangrove forests in the southeastern United States. Global Change Biology, 19, 1482-1494.


Osland MJ, Spivak AC, Nestlerode JA, Lessmann JM, Almario AE, Heitmuller PT, Russell MJ, Krauss KW, Alvarez F, Dantin DD, Harvey JE, From AS, Cormier N, Stagg CL. 2012. Ecosystem development after mangrove wetland creation: plant-soil change across a 20-year chronosequence. Ecosystems, 15, 848-866.


Osland MJ, González E, Richardson CJ. 2011. Restoring diversity after cattail expansion: disturbance, resilience, and seasonality in a tropical dry wetland. Ecological Applications, 21, 715-728.

Osland MJ, González E, Richardson CJ. 2011. Coastal freshwater wetland plant community response to seasonal drought and flooding in northwestern Costa Rica Wetlands, 31, 641-652.


Osland MJ, Pahl JW, Richardson CJ. 2009. Native bamboo (Arundinaria gigantea (Walter) Muhl., Poaceae) establishment and growth after the removal of an invasive non-native shrub (Ligustrum sinense Lour., Oleaceae): implications for restoration. Castanea, 74, 247-258.

Osland MJ (2009). Managing invasive plants during wetland restoration: the role of disturbance, plant strategies, and environmental filters. Ph.D. Dissertation. Duke University, Durham, NC.