Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center (FRESC)

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,596
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Year Published: 2019

Removal of cattle grazing correlates with increases in vegetation productivity and in abundance of imperiled breeding birds

Livestock grazing is the most prevalent land use practice in the western United States and a widespread cause of degradation of riparian vegetation. Riparian areas provide high-quality habitat for many species of declining migratory breeding birds. We analyzed changes in vegetation and bird abundance at a wildlife refuge in southeastern Oregon...

Poessel, Sharon; Hagar, Joan; Haggerty, Patricia; Katzner, Todd E.

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Year Published: 2019

Developing and optimizing shrub parameters representing sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) ecosystems in the Northern Great Basin using the Ecosystem Demography (EDv2.2) model

Ecosystem dynamic models are useful for understanding ecosystem characteristics over time and space because of their efficiency over direct field measurements and applicability to broad spatial extents. Their application, however, is challenging due to internal model uncertainties and complexities arising from distinct qualities of the ecosystems...

Pandit, Karun; Dasthi, Hamid; Glenn, Nancy; Flores, Alejandro; Maguire, Kaitlin C.; Shinneman, Douglas; Flerchinger, Gerald; Fellow, Aaron

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Year Published: 2019

Riparian soil nitrogen cycling and isotopic enrichment in response to a long-term salmon carcass manipulation experiment

Pacific salmon acquire most of their biomass in the ocean before returning to spawn and die in coastal streams and lakes, thus providing subsidies of marine‐derived nitrogen (MDN) to freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. Recent declines in salmon abundance have raised questions of whether managers should mitigate for losses of salmon MDN...

Feddern, Megan; Holtgrieve, Gordon W.; Perakis, Steven; Hart, Julia A.; Ro, Hyejoo; Quinn, Tom

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Year Published: 2019

Occupancy patterns in a reintroduced fisher population during reestablishment

Monitoring population performance in the years following species reintroductions is key to assessing population restoration success and evaluating assumptions made in planning species restoration programs. From 2008–2010 we translocated 90 fishers (Pekania pennanti) from British Columbia, Canada, to Washington's Olympic Peninsula, USA, providing...

Happe, Patricia J.; Jenkins, Kurt; Mccaffery, Rebecca; Lewis, J. C.; Pilgrim, Kristine; Schwartz, Michael K.

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Year Published: 2019

Pre‐fire vegetation drives post‐fire outcomes in sagebrush ecosystems: Evidence from field and remote sensing data

Understanding the factors that influence vegetation responses to disturbance is important because vegetation is the foundation of food resources, wildlife habitat, and ecosystem properties and processes. We integrated vegetation cover data derived from field plots and remotely sensed Landsat images in two focal areas over a 37‐yr period (1979–2016...

Barker, Brittany S.; Pilliod, David; Rigge, Matthew; Homer, Collin G.

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Year Published: 2019

Lead exposure of red-shouldered hawks during the breeding season in the central Appalachians, USA

Lead is toxic to humans and wildlife. Most studies of lead exposure of raptors focus on the winter, non-breeding season when they scavenge heavily. We evaluated blood lead concentrations (BLCs) of red-shouldered hawks (Buteo lineatus) during the non-scavenging season in the eastern United States. BLCs of 53 of 70 hawks were above the limit of...

Katzner, Todd E.

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Year Published: 2019

Characteristics of feeding sites of California Condors (Gymnogyps californianus) in the human-dominated landscape of Southern California

Wildlife conservation is often improved by understanding the movement ecology of species and adapting management strategies to dynamic conditions associated with movement. Despite a remarkable recovery over the past 30 year, the establishment of self-sustaining populations of California Condors (Gymnogyps californianus) has been challenging in the...

Hall, Jonathan C.; Braham, Melissa A.; Nolan, Lee Ann; Conley, Jamison; Brandt, Joseph; Mendenhall, Laura C.; Lanzone, Michael J.; McGann, Andrew J.; Katzner, Todd E.

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Year Published: 2019

Modeling control of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) in a shallow lake–wetland system

The introduction of Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio) into North American waterways has led to widespread alteration of aquatic ecosystems. Control of this invader has proven extremely difficult due to its capacity for rapid population growth. To help understand how Common Carp can potentially be controlled we developed a population dynamics model (...

Pearson, James B; Dunham, Jason B.; Bellmore, J Ryan; Lyons, Donald E.

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Year Published: 2019

Integration of eDNA-based biological monitoring within the US Geological Survey’s national streamgage network

This study explores the feasibility and utility of integrating environmental DNA (eDNA) assessments of species occurrences into the United States (U.S.) Geological Survey’s national streamgage network. We used an existing network of five gages in southwest Idaho to explore the type of information that could be gained as well as the associated...

Pilliod, David; Laramie, Matthew; McCoy, Dorene; Maclean, Scott

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Year Published: 2019

Designing multi-scale hierarchical monitoring frameworks for wildlife to support management: A sage-grouse case study

Population monitoring is integral to the conservation and management of wildlife; yet, analyses of population demographic data rarely consider processes occurring across spatial scales, potentially limiting the effectiveness of adaptive management. Therefore, we developed a method to identify hierarchical levels of organization (i.e., populations...

O'Donnell, Michael S.; Edmunds, David R.; Aldridge, Cameron L.; Heinrichs, Julie; Coates, Peter S.; Prochazka, Brian G.; Hanser, Steven E.

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Year Published: 2019

Status of Pacific martens (Martes caurina) on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington

Pacific martens (Martes caurina) remain common in montane regions of the Pacific states, yet their distribution and status on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington, is uncertain. Between 1968– 2008, six reliable marten detections exist; a dead juvenile female (2008) indicates martens were reproducing on the Peninsula within the last decade. To assess...

Morozumi, C. N.; Howell, B. L.; Happe, P. J.; Jenkins, Kurt J.; Pilgrim, K. L.; Schwartz, M. K.; Moriarty, K. M.; Aubry, K. B.

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Year Published: 2019

Anticoagulant rodenticides in Strix owls indicate widespread exposure in west coast forests

Exposure of nontarget wildlife to anticoagulant rodenticides (AR) is a global conservation concern typically centered around urban or agricultural areas. Recently, however, the illegal use of ARs in remote forests of California, USA, has exposed sensitive predators, including the federally threatened northern spotted owl (Strix occidentalis...

Wiens, David; Dilione, Krista E.; Eagles-Smith, Collin A.; Herring, Garth; Lesmeister, Damon B.; Gabriel, Mourad W.; Wengert, Greta; Simon, David C.