New England Water Science Center

Publications

The USGS Pubs Warehouse provides access to over 130,000 publications. This list of New England Water Science Center publications includes both official USGS publications and journal articles authored by our scientists. 

Filter Total Items: 576
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Year Published: 2020

Fluoride occurrence in United States groundwater

Data from 38,105 wells were used to characterize fluoride (F) occurrence in untreated United States (U.S.) groundwater. For domestic wells (n = 11,032), water from which is generally not purposely fluoridated or monitored for quality, 10.9% of the samples have F concentrations >0.7 mg/L (U.S. Public Health Service recommended optimal F...

McMahon, Peter B.; Brown, Craig J.; Johnson, Tyler D.; Belitz, Kenneth; Lindsey, Bruce D.

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Year Published: 2020

Groundwater chloride concentrations in domestic wells and proximity to roadways in Vermont, 2011–2018

The Vermont Department of Health and the U.S. Geological Survey analyzed the concentrations of chloride in groundwater samples collected from 4,319 domestic wells across Vermont between 2011 and 2018. Ninety of these wells were sampled twice and the remaining 4,229 were sampled once. This sample size represents approximately 4 percent of all wells...

Levitt, Joseph P.; Larsen, Sille L.
Levitt, J.P., and Larsen, S.L., 2020, Groundwater chloride concentrations in domestic wells and proximity to roadways in Vermont, 2011–2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1148, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191148.

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Year Published: 2020

Hydrogeologic framework and simulation of predevelopment groundwater flow, eastern Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates

Groundwater in eastern Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates is an important resource that is widely used for irrigation and domestic supplies in rural areas. The U.S. Geological Survey and the Environment Agency—Abu Dhabi cooperated on an investigation to integrate existing hydrogeologic information and to answer questions about regional...

Eggleston, Jack R.; Mack, Thomas J.; Imes, Jeffrey L.; Kress, Wade; Woodward, Dennis W.; Bright, Daniel J.
Eggleston, J.R., Mack, T.J., Imes, J.L., Kress, W., Woodward, D.W., and Bright, D.J., 2020, Hydrogeologic framework and simulation of predevelopment groundwater flow, eastern Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5158, 48 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185158.

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Year Published: 2020

Borehole‐scale testing of matrix diffusion for contaminated‐rock aquifers

A new method was developed to assess the effect of matrix diffusion on contaminant transport and remediation of groundwater in fractured rock. This method utilizes monitoring wells constructed of open boreholes in fractured rock to conduct backward diffusion experiments on chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) in groundwater. The...

Harte, Philip; Brandon, William C.

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Year Published: 2020

Hydrogeology and interactions of groundwater and surface water near Mill Creek and the Herring River, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, 2017–18

Groundwater levels and stream stage were monitored by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Friends of Herring River, at 19 sites in the Mill Creek Basin, a tributary of the Herring River in Wellfleet, Massachusetts, on outer Cape Cod, to provide baseline data prior to a proposed restoration of tidal flow to the Herring River estuary...

Mullaney, John R.; Barclay, Janet R.; Laabs, Kaitlin L. ; Lavallee, Katherine D.
Mullaney, J.R., Barclay, J.R., Laabs, K.L., and Lavallee, K.D., 2020, Hydrogeology and interactions of groundwater and surface water near Mill Creek and the Herring River, Wellfleet, Massachusetts, 2017–18: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5145, 60 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195145.

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Year Published: 2020

Passive seismic survey of sediment thickness, Dasht-e-Nawar basin, eastern Afghanistan

Exploration of water resources is needed for public supply, extraction of mineral resources, and economic development in Afghanistan. Remotely-sensed data are useful for identifying the general nature of surface sediments, however, “boots on the ground” geophysical surveys or drilling programs are needed to quantify the thickness of sediments or...

Mack, Thomas J.

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Year Published: 2020

Time scales of arsenic variability and the role of high-frequency monitoring at three water-supply wells in New Hampshire, USA

Groundwater geochemistry, redox process classification, high-frequency physicochemical and hydrologic measurements, and climate data were analyzed to identify controls on arsenic (As) concentration changes. Groundwater was monitored in two public-supply wells (one glacial aquifer and one bedrock aquifer), and one bedrock-aquifer domestic well in...

Degnan, James R.; Levitt, Joseph P.; Erickson, Melinda; Jurgens, Bryant C.; Lindsey, Bruce D.; Ayotte, Joseph D.

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Year Published: 2020

Low streamflow trends at human-impacted and reference basins in the United States

We present a continent-scale exploration of trends in annual 7-day low streamflows at 2482 U.S. Geological Survey streamgages across the conterminous United States over the past 100, 75, and 50 years (1916–2015, 1941–2015 and 1966–2015). We used basin characteristics to identify subsets of study basins representative of reference basins with...

Dudley, Robert; Hirsch, Robert M.; Archfield, Stacey A.; Blum, Annalise G.; Renard, Benjamin

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Year Published: 2019

Groundwater recharge estimates for Maine using a Soil-Water-Balance model—25-year average, range, and uncertainty, 1991 to 2015

To address the lack of information on the spatial and temporal variability of recharge to groundwater systems in Maine, a study was initiated in cooperation with the Maine Geological Survey to use the U.S. Geological Survey Soil-Water-Balance model to evaluate annual average potential recharge across the State over a 25-year period from 1991 to...

Nielsen, Martha G.; Westenbroek, Stephen M.
Nielsen, M.G., and Westenbroek, S.M., 2019, Groundwater recharge estimates for Maine using a Soil-Water-Balance model—25-year average, range, and uncertainty, 1991 to 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5125, 58 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195125.

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Year Published: 2019

Simulated water-table and pond-level responses to proposed public water-supply withdrawals in the Hyannis Ponds Wildlife Management Area, Barnstable, Massachusetts

The glacial kettle ponds in the Hyannis Ponds Wildlife Management Area in Barnstable, Massachusetts, support a community of rare and endangered plants. The ponds are hydraulically connected to the unconfined aquifer that underlies Cape Cod. The plants are adapted to the rise and fall of water levels in the ponds as the water table fluctuates in...

LeBlanc, Denis R.; McCobb, Timothy D.; Barbaro, Jeffrey R.
LeBlanc, D.R., McCobb, T.D., and Barbaro, J.R., 2019, Simulated water-table and pond-level responses to proposed public water-supply withdrawals in the Hyannis Ponds Wildlife Management Area, Barnstable, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5121, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195121.

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Year Published: 2019

Evaluating associations between environmental variables and Escherichia coli levels for predictive modeling at Pawtuckaway Beach in Nottingham, New Hampshire, from 2015 to 2017

From 2015 through 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services and the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services studied occurrences of high levels of Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria at the Pawtuckaway State Park Beach in Nottingham, New Hampshire. Historic data...

Coles, James F.; Kathleen F. Bush
Coles, J.F., and Bush, K.F., 2019, Evaluating associations between environmental variables and Escherichia coli levels for predictive modeling at Pawtuckaway Beach in Nottingham, New Hampshire, from 2015 to 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5111, 28 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195111.

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Year Published: 2019

Instructions for running the analytical code PAT (Purge Analyzer Tool) for computation of in-well time of travel of groundwater under pumping conditions

IntroductionUnderstanding the optimal time needed to purge a well while pumping to collect a representative groundwater sample requires an understanding of groundwater flow in wells (in-well flow). Parameters that affect in-well flow include the hydraulic properties of the aquifer, well construction, drawdown from pumping, and pump rate. The time...

Harte, P.T.; Huffman, B.J.; Perina, Tomas; Levine, Herb; Rojas-Mickelson, Daewon
Harte, P.T., Huffman, B.J., Perina, T., Levine, H., and Rojas-Mickelson, D., 2019, Instructions for running the analytical code PAT (Purge Analyzer Tool) for computation of in-well time of travel of groundwater under pumping conditions: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1104, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191104.