Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,757
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Year Published: 2021

Chemical connectivity and multi-element composition of groundwater in depressional wetlands

Little is known about the element composition of groundwater along flow paths between wetlands. What is known is based on a few major elements, such as Na and Ca. We examined the spatial and temporal variation of elements in a depressional-wetland, groundwater-flow system in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota, USA. Wetlands of the region...

Yuan, Yuxiang; Zhu, Xiaoyan; Mushet, David M; Solensky, Matthew J.; Otte, Marinus L.

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Year Published: 2021

Decision analysis of barrier placement and targeted removal to control invasive carp in the Tennessee River Basin

Controlling range expansion of invasive carp (specifically Hypophthalmichthys spp.) on the Tennessee River is important to conserve the ecological and economic benefits provided by the river. We collaborated with State and Federal agencies (the stakeholder group) to develop a decision framework and decision support model to evaluate strategies to...

van der Burg, Max Post; Smith, David R.; Cupp, Aaron R.; Rogers, Mark W.; Chapman, Duane C.
Post van der Burg, M., Smith, D.R., Cupp, A.R., Rogers, M.W., and Chapman, D.C., 2021, Decision analysis of barrier placement and targeted removal to control invasive carp in the Tennessee River Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1068, 18 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211068.

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Year Published: 2021

The contribution of land cover change to the decline of honey yields in the Northern Great Plains

Decreased availability of forage, as well as increased pesticide exposure, are important factors in the decline of honey bee health. Here, we isolate land cover transitions and their effect on honey production at 160 commercial apiaries in the Northern Great Plains. We found that land cover changes from 2008 to 2012 caused an annual decline in...

Smith, David; Davis, Amélie Y.; Hitaj, Claudia; Hellerstein, Dan; Preslicka, Amanda; Kirkpatrick, Emma; Mushet, David M; Lonsdorf, Eric

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Year Published: 2021

Repeated large-scale mechanical treatment of invasive Typha under increasing water levels promotes floating mat formation and wetland methane emissions

Invasive species management typically aims to promote diversity and wildlife habitat, but little is known about how management techniques affect wetland carbon (C) dynamics. Since wetland C uptake is largely influenced by water levels and highly productive plants, the interplay of hydrologic extremes and invasive species is...

Johnson, Olivia Fayne; Panda, Abha; Lishawa, Shane C.; Lawrence, Beth A.

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Year Published: 2021

The importance of wilderness to wolf (Canis lupus) survival and cause-specific mortality over 50 years

We assessed the relative importance of wilderness to gray wolf (Canis lupus) population dynamics over 50 years in a population that 1) was long extant (i.e., not reintroduced or recolonized), 2) was not subject to harvest in our study area until recently, and 3) used both wilderness and adjacent, mainly public, non-wilderness. We analyzed the...

Barber-Meyer, Shannon; Wheeldon, Tyler; Mech, L. David

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Year Published: 2021

U.S. Geological Survey—Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center 2019–20 research activity report

The mission of Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center is to provide scientific information needed to conserve and manage the Nation’s natural capital for current and future generations, with an emphasis on migratory birds, Department of the Interior trust resources, and ecosystems of the Nation’s interior. This report provides an overview of...

Sherfy, Mark H.
Sherfy, M.H., ed., 2021, U.S. Geological Survey—Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center 2019–20 research activity report: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1481, 67 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1481.

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Year Published: 2021

Substantial hysteresis in emergent temperature sensitivity of global wetland CH4 emissions

Wetland methane (CH4) emissions (FCH4) are important in global carbon budgets and climate change assessments. Currently, FCH4 projections rely on prescribed static temperature sensitivity that varies among biogeochemical models. Meta-analyses have proposed a consistent FCH4 temperature dependence across spatial scales for use in models;...

Chang, Kuang-Yu; Riley, William J.; Knox, Sara H.; Jackson, Robert B.; McNicol, Gavin; Poulter, Benjamin; Aurela, Mika; Baldocchi, Dennis; Bansal, Sheel; Bohrer, Gil; Campbell, David I.; Cescatti, Alessandro; Chu, Housen; Delwiche, Kyle B.; Desai, Ankur R.; Euskirchen, Eugenie S.; Goeckede, Matthias; Friborg, Thomas; Hemes, Kyle S.; Hirano, Takashi; Iwata, Hiroki; Helbig, Manuel; Keenan, Trevor F.; Kang, Minseok; Krauss, Ken; Lohila, Annalea; Mitra, Bhaskar; Mammarella, Ivan; Miyata, Akira; Nilsson, Mats B.; Oechel, Walter C.; Noormets, Akso; Peichl, Matthias; Reba, Michele L.; Rinne, Janne; Papale, Dario; Runkle, Benjamin R. K.; Ryu, Youngryel; Sachs, Torsten; Schäfer, Karina VR; Schmid, Hans Peter; Shurpali, Narasinha; Sonnentag, Oliver; Tang, Angela C.I.; Torn, Margaret S.; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina; Trotta, Carlo; Ueyama, Masahito; Vargas, Rodrigo; Vesala, Timo; Windham-Myers, Lisamarie; Zhang, Zheng; Zona, Donatella

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Year Published: 2021

Balancing the need for seed against invasive species risks in prairie habitat restorations

Adequate diversity and abundance of native seed for large-scale grassland restorations often require commercially produced seed from distant sources. However, as sourcing distance increases, the likelihood of inadvertent introduction of multiple novel, non-native weed species as seed contaminants also increases. We created a model to determine an...

Larson, Jennifer L; Larson, Diane L.; Venette, Robert

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Year Published: 2021

Identifying dominant environmental predictors of freshwater wetland methane fluxes across diurnal to seasonal time scales

While wetlands are the largest natural source of methane (CH4) to the atmosphere, they represent a large source of uncertainty in the global CH4 budget due to the complex biogeochemical controls on CH4 dynamics. Here we present, to our knowledge, the first multi-site synthesis of how predictors of CH4 fluxes (FCH4) in freshwater...

Knox, Sarah; Bansal, Sheel; McNicol, Gavin; Schafer, Karina; Sturtevant, Cove; Ueyama, Masahito; Valach, Alex; Baldocchi, Denis; Delwiche, Kyle B.; Desai, Ankur R.; Euskirchen, Eugenie S.; Liu, Jinxun; Lohila, Annalea; Malhotra, Avni; Melling, Lulie; Riley, William; Runkle, Benjamin R. K.; Turner, Jessica; Vargas, Rodrigo; Zhu, Qing; Alto, Tuula; Fluet-Chouinard, Etienne; Goeckede, Mathias; Melton, Joe; Sonnentag, Oliver; Vesala, Timo; Ward, Eric; Zhang, Zheng; Feron, Sarah; Ouyang, Zutao; Tang, Angela C I; Alekseychik, Pavel; Aurela, Mika; Bohrer, Gil; Campbell, David I.; Chen, Jiquan; Chu, Housen; Dalmagro, Higo; Goodrich, Jordan P.; Gottschalk, Pia; Hirano, Takashi; Iwata, Hiroki; Jurasinski, Gerald; Kang, Minseok; Koebsch, Franziska; Mammarella, Ivan; Nilsson, Mats B.; Ono, Keisuke; Peichl, Matthias; Peltola, Olli; Ryu, Youngryel; Sachs, Torsten; Sakabe, Ayaka; Sparks, Jed; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina; Vourlitis, George; Wong, Guan X; Windham-Myers, Lisamarie; Poulter, Benjamin; Jackson, Robert B.

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Year Published: 2021

The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

Keys to Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus) management include providing open grasslands with sparse-to-moderate herbaceous and litter cover and a woody component and allowing occasional burning or moderate grazing. Lark Sparrows have been reported to use habitats with 10–63 centimeters (cm) average vegetation height, 10–54 percent grass cover, 9–...

Shaffer, Jill A.; Igl, Lawrence D.; Johnson, Douglas H.; Sondreal, Marriah L.; Goldade, Christopher M.; Parkin, Barry D.; Euliss, Betty R.
Shaffer, J.A., Igl, L.D., Johnson, D.H., Sondreal, M.L., Goldade, C.M., Parkin, B.D., and Euliss, B.R., 2021, The effects of management practices on grassland birds—Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus), chap. DD of Johnson, D.H., Igl, L.D., Shaffer, J.A., and DeLong, J.P., eds., The effects of management practices on grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1842, 16 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1842DD.

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Year Published: 2021

U.S. Geological Survey migratory bird science, 2020–21

Bird conservation as an endeavor engages a broad range of partners and a coordinated effort across State and Federal agencies, nongovernment organizations, universi­ties and, at times, international partnerships. To understand information needs and respond to the many challenges in bird conservation, U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scien­tists...

Pearse, Aaron T.; Sherfy, Mark H.; Wimer, Mark; Khalil, Mona; Wiltermuth, Mark
Pearse, A.T., Sherfy, M.H., Wimer, M., Khalil, M., and Wiltermuth, M.T., 2021, U.S. Geological Survey migratory bird science, 2020–21: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1480, 131 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1480.

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Year Published: 2021

Migrating whooping cranes avoid wind-energy infrastructure when selecting stopover habitat

Electricity generation from renewable-energy sources has increased dramatically worldwide in recent decades. Risks associated with wind-energy infrastructure are not well understood for endangered whooping cranes or other vulnerable crane populations. From 2010 to 2016, we monitored 57 whooping cranes with remote-telemetry devices in the United...

Pearse, Aaron T.; Metzger, Kristine L.; Brandt, David A.; Shaffer, Jill; Bidwell, Mark T.; Harrell, Wade C.
Pearse, A.T., K.L. Metzger, D.A. Brandt, J.A. Shaffer. M.T. Bidwell, and W. Harrell. 2021. Migrating whooping cranes avoid wind-energy infrastructure when selecting stopover habitat. Ecological Applications. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.2324