Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,769
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Year Published: 2021

Pollinator communities vary with vegetation structure and time since management within regenerating timber harvests of the Central Appalachian Mountains

Native pollinator populations across the United States are increasingly threatened by a multitude of ecological stressors. Although the drivers behind pollinator population declines are varied, habitat loss/degradation remains one of the most important threats. Forested landscapes, where the impacts of habitat loss/degradation are minimized, are...

Mathis, Codey L.; McNeil, Darin J.; Lee, Monica R.; Grozinger, Christina M.; King, David I.; Otto, Clint R. V.; Larkin, Jeffery A.

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Year Published: 2021

FLUXNET-CH4: A global, multi-ecosystem database and analysis of methane seasonality from freshwater wetlands

Methane (CH4) emissions from natural landscapes constitute roughly half of global CH4 contributions to the atmosphere, yet large uncertainties remain in the absolute magnitude and the seasonality of emission quantities and drivers. Eddy covariance (EC) measurements of CH4 flux are ideal for constraining ecosystem-scale CH4 emissions...

Delwiche, Kyle B.; Knox, Sarah; Malhotra, Avni; Fluet-Chouinard, Etienne; McNicol, Gavin; Feron, Sarah; Ouyang, Zutao; Papale, Dario; Trotta, Carlo; Canfora, Eleonora; Cheah, You-Wei; Christianson, Danielle; Alberto, Ma. Carmelita R.; Alekseychik, Pavel; Aurela, Mika; Baldocchi, Dennis; Bansal, Sheel; Billesbach, David P.; Bohrer, Gil; Bracho, Rosvel; Buchmann, Nina; Campbell, David I.; Celis, Gerardo; Chen, Weinan; Chen, Jiquan; Chu, Housen; Dalmagro, Higo J; Dengel, Sigrid; Desai, Ankur R.; Detto, Matteo; Dolman, Han; Eichelmann, Elke; Euskirchen, Eugenie S.; Famulari, Daniela; Fuchs, Kathrin; Goeckede, Mathias; Gogo, Sébastien; Gondwe, Mangaliso J; Goodrich, Jordan P.; Gottschalk, Pia; Graham, Scott L.; Heimann, Martin; Helbig, Manuel; Helfter, Carole; Hemes, Kyle S.; Hirano, Takashi; Hollinger, David; Hörtnagl, Lukas; Iwata, Hiroki; Jacotot, Adrien; Jansen, Joachim; Jurasinski, Gerald; Kang, Minseok; Kasak, Kuno; King, John; Klatt, Janina; Koebsch, Franziska; Krauss, Ken; Lai, Derrick Y.F.; Lohila, Annalea; Mammarella, Ivan; Marchesini, Luca B; Manca, Giovanni; Matthes, Jaclyn H; Maximov, Trofim; Merbold, Lutz; Mitra, Bhaskar; Morin, Timothy H.; Nemitz, Eiko; Nilsson, Mats B.; Niu, Shuli; Oechel, Walter C.; Oikawa, Patricia Y.; Ono, Keisuke; Peichl, Matthias; Peltola, Olli; Reba, Michele L.; Richardson, Andrew D.; Riley, William; Runkle, Benjamin RK; Ryu, Youngryel; Sachs, Torsten; Sakabe, Ayaka; Sanchez, Camilo Rey; Schuur, Edward A.G.; Schäfer, Karina VR; Sonnentag, Oliver; Sparks, Jed P.; Stuart-Haëntjens, Ellen; Sturtevant, Cove; Sullivan, Ryan C.; Szutu, Daphne J.; Thom, Jonathan E; Torn, Margaret S.; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina; Turner, Jessica; Ueyama, Masahito; Valach, Alex C.; Vargas, Rodrigo; Varlagin, Andrej; Vazquez-Lule, Alma; Verfaillie, Joseph G.; Vesala, Timo; Vourlitis, George L; Ward, Eric; Wille, Christian; Wohlfahrt, Georg; Xhuan Wong, Guan; Zhang, Zhen; Zona, Donatella; Windham-Myers, Lisamarie; Poulter, Benjamin; Jackson, Robert B.

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Year Published: 2021

Wetlands

During the last decades, soil organic carbon (SOC) attracted the attention of a much wider array of specialists beyond agriculture and soil science, as it was proven to be one of the most crucial components of the earth’s climate system, which has a great potential to be managed by humans. Soils as a carbon pool are one of the key factors in...

Tangen, Brian; Bansal, Sheel

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Year Published: 2021

Climate change scenario planning for resource stewardship at Wind Cave National Park

This report explains scenario planning as a climate change adaptation tool in general, then describes how it was applied to Wind Cave National Park as the second part of a pilot project to dovetail climate change scenario planning with National Park Service (NPS) Resource Stewardship Strategy development. In the orientation phase, Park and...

Runyon, Amber N.; Schuurman, Gregor W.; Miller, Brian W.; Symstad, Amy; Hardy, Amanda

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Year Published: 2021

Preserving soil organic carbon in prairie wetlands of central North America

Wetlands of the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) in the Great Plains of central North America are numerous, densely distributed, and have highly productive plant and animal communities (Photo 49). When in a natural, unaltered condition, these wetlands store relatively large amounts of organic carbon in their soils (Photo 50). Human alterations, such...

Bansal, Sheel; Tangen, Brian

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Year Published: 2021

Chemical connectivity and multi-element composition of groundwater in depressional wetlands

Little is known about the element composition of groundwater along flow paths between wetlands. What is known is based on a few major elements, such as Na and Ca. We examined the spatial and temporal variation of elements in a depressional-wetland, groundwater-flow system in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota, USA. Wetlands of the region...

Yuan, Yuxiang; Zhu, Xiaoyan; Mushet, David M; Solensky, Matthew J.; Otte, Marinus L.

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Year Published: 2021

Decision analysis of barrier placement and targeted removal to control invasive carp in the Tennessee River Basin

Controlling range expansion of invasive carp (specifically Hypophthalmichthys spp.) on the Tennessee River is important to conserve the ecological and economic benefits provided by the river. We collaborated with State and Federal agencies (the stakeholder group) to develop a decision framework and decision support model to evaluate strategies to...

van der Burg, Max Post; Smith, David R.; Cupp, Aaron R.; Rogers, Mark W.; Chapman, Duane C.
Post van der Burg, M., Smith, D.R., Cupp, A.R., Rogers, M.W., and Chapman, D.C., 2021, Decision analysis of barrier placement and targeted removal to control invasive carp in the Tennessee River Basin: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1068, 18 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211068.

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Year Published: 2021

Be a wolf researcher! Wolf pup ethogram

Ethology is the study of behavior, and an ethogram is a list of behaviors, typically of a single species. For this ethogram we have selected a few representative behaviors that pups will exhibit during various growth phases, and therefore, this ethogram is not exhaustive. You will likely observe behaviors not detailed in this booklet (be sure to...

Schmidt, Lori J.; Barber-Meyer, Shannon; Raspberry, D. Ann

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Year Published: 2021

The contribution of land cover change to the decline of honey yields in the Northern Great Plains

Decreased availability of forage, as well as increased pesticide exposure, are important factors in the decline of honey bee health. Here, we isolate land cover transitions and their effect on honey production at 160 commercial apiaries in the Northern Great Plains. We found that land cover changes from 2008 to 2012 caused an annual decline in...

Smith, David; Davis, Amélie Y.; Hitaj, Claudia; Hellerstein, Dan; Preslicka, Amanda; Kirkpatrick, Emma; Mushet, David M; Lonsdorf, Eric

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Year Published: 2021

Repeated large-scale mechanical treatment of invasive Typha under increasing water levels promotes floating mat formation and wetland methane emissions

Invasive species management typically aims to promote diversity and wildlife habitat, but little is known about how management techniques affect wetland carbon (C) dynamics. Since wetland C uptake is largely influenced by water levels and highly productive plants, the interplay of hydrologic extremes and invasive species is...

Johnson, Olivia Fayne; Panda, Abha; Lishawa, Shane C.; Lawrence, Beth A.

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Year Published: 2021

The importance of wilderness to wolf (Canis lupus) survival and cause-specific mortality over 50 years

We assessed the relative importance of wilderness to gray wolf (Canis lupus) population dynamics over 50 years in a population that 1) was long extant (i.e., not reintroduced or recolonized), 2) was not subject to harvest in our study area until recently, and 3) used both wilderness and adjacent, mainly public, non-wilderness. We analyzed the...

Barber-Meyer, Shannon; Wheeldon, Tyler; Mech, L. David

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Year Published: 2021

Land conversion and pesticide use degrade forage areas for honey bees in America’s beekeeping epicenter

A diverse range of threats have been associated with managed bee declines globally. Recent increases of two known threats, land-use change and pesticide use, have resulted from agricultural expansion and intensification notably in the top honey producing state in the United States (U.S.): North Dakota. This study investigated the dual threat from...

Blenau, Wolfgang; Dixon, Dan J.; Zheng, Haochi; Otto, Clint R. V.