Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,605
Year Published: 2019

Multi-element fingerprinting of waters to evaluate connectivity among depressional wetlands

Establishing the connectivity among depressional wetlands is important for their proper management, conservation and restoration. In this study, the concentrations of 38 elements in surface water and porewater of depressional wetlands were investigated to determine chemical and hydrological connectivity of three hydrological types:...

Yuan, Yuxiang; Zhu, Xiaoyan; Mushet, David M.; Otte, Marinus L.
Yuan, Y. Zhu, ., Mushet, D.M., and Otte, M.L. 2018. Multi-element fingerprinting of waters to evaluate connectivity among depressional wetlands: Ecological Indicators https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.10.033

Year Published: 2019

Mortality in Aransas-Wood Buffalo Whooping Cranes: Timing, location, and causes

For long-lived species with low fecundity rates, population growth rate can be sensitive to changes in annual survival. Understanding where, when, and why animals die provides useful information for prioritizing conservation practices designed to increase survival. As part of a satellite tracking study, we identified 19 confirmed and suspected...

Pearse, Aaron T.; Brandt, David; Hartup, Barry K.; Bidwell, Mark T.
Pearse, A.T., D.A. Brandt, B.K. Hartup, and M.T. Bidwell. 2018. Mortality in Aransas-Wood Buffalo whooping cranes: timing, location, and causes. In J.B. French, S.J. Converse, and J.E. Austin, editors. Whooping Cranes: Biology and Conservation. Biodiversity of the World: Conservation from Genes to Landscapes. Academic Press, San Diego, CA

Year Published: 2019

Revisiting the historic distribution and habitats of the Whooping Crane

The endangered Whooping Crane (Grus americana) historically had a wide distribution that covered diverse ecoregions across North America while retaining consistent habitat preferences within each ecoregion. We reevaluate the historic information compiled by Robert Porter Allen in 1952 and added 74 other records. Based on the ecological...

Austin, Jane E.; Hayes, Matthew A.; Barzen, Jeb A.
Austin, J.E., Hayes, M.A., Barzen, J.A. 2018. Revisiting the historic distribution and habitats of the whooping crane. In: J.B. French, Converse, S.J., and Austin, J.E., editors. Whooping Cranes: Biology and Conservation. Biodiversity of the World: Conservation from Genes to Landscapes. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. p 25-88.

Year Published: 2018

The Pothole Hydrology-Linked Systems Simulator (PHyLiSS)—Development and application of a systems model for prairie-pothole wetlands

The North American Prairie Pothole Region covers about 770,000 square kilometers of the United States and Canada (including parts of 5 States and 3 provinces: North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Minnesota, Iowa, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Alberta). The Laurentide Ice Sheet shaped the landscape of the region about 12,000 to 14,000 years ago. The...

McKenna, Owen P.; Mushet, David M.; Scherff, Eric J.; Mclean, Kyle I.; Mills, Christopher T.
McKenna, O.P., Mushet, D.M., Scherff, E.J., McLean, K.I., and Mills, C.T., 2018, The Pothole Hydrology-Linked Systems Simulator (PHyLiSS)—Development and application of a systems model for prairie-pothole wetlands: U.S. Geological Survey Report 2018–1165, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181165.

Year Published: 2018

Distance models as a tool for modelling detection probability and density of native bumblebees

Effective monitoring of native bee populations requires accurate estimates of population size and relative abundance among habitats. Current bee survey methods, such as netting or pan trapping, may be adequate for a variety of study objectives but are limited by a failure to account for imperfect detection. Biases due to imperfect detection could...

McNeil, Darin J.; Otto, Clint R. V.; Moser, Erin L.; Urban-Mead, Katherine R.; King, David E.; Rodewald, Amanda D.; Larkin, Jeffrey L.

Year Published: 2018

Adaptive management in native grasslands managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service—Implications for grassland birds

Burning and grazing are natural processes in native prairies that also serve as important tools in grassland management to conserve plant diversity, to limit encroachment of woody and invasive plants, and to maintain or improve prairies. Native prairies managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) in the Prairie Pothole Region of the...

Igl, Lawrence D.; Newton, Wesley E.; Grant, Todd A.; Dixon, Cami S.
Igl, L.D., Newton, W.E., Grant, T.A., and Dixon, C.S., 2018, Adaptive management in native grasslands managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service—Implications for grassland birds: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1152, 61 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181152.

Year Published: 2018

Emerging themes from the ESA symposium entitled “Pollinator nutrition: Lessons from bees at individual to landscape levels”

No abstract available.

Corby-Harris, Vanessa; Bowsher, Julia H.; Carr-Markell, Morgan; Carroll, Mark J.; Centrella, Mary; Cook, Steven C.; Couvillon, Margaret; DeGrandi-Hoffman, Gloria; Dolezal, Adam; Jones, Julia C.; Mogren, Christina; Otto, Clint R. V.; Lau, Pierre; Rangel, Juliana; Schurch, Roger; St. Clair, Ashley

Year Published: 2018

Chapter 13: Terrestrial wetlands

1. The assessment of terrestrial wetland carbon stocks has improved greatly since the First State of the Carbon Cycle Report (CCSP 2007) because of recent national inventories and the development of a U.S. soils database. Terrestrial wetlands in North America encompass an estimated 2.2 million km2, which constitutes about 37% of the global wetland...

Kolka, Randall; Trettin, Carl; Tang, Wenwu; Krauss, Ken W.; Bansal, Sheel; Drexler, Judith; Wickland, Kimberly P.; Chimner, Rodney A.; Hogan, Dianna; Pindilli, Emily; Benscoter, Brian; Tangen, Brian; Kane, Evan S.; Bridgham, Scott; Richardson, Curtis

Year Published: 2018

Synthesis

Cranes have a close relationship with arable and pastoral agriculture that goes back hundreds, presumably thousands of years. The landscapes and ecoregions important to cranes are also those areas most conducive to agriculture. Thus, cranes and humans are attracted to the same landscapes and will therefore have futures that remain co-mingled. As...

Morrison, Kerryn L.; Austin, Jane E.
Morrison KL, and Austin JE. 2018. Synthesis. Chapter 9 in Austin, JE, Morrison KL, and Harris JT, editors. 2018. Cranes and Agriculture: A Global Guide for Sharing the Landscape. Baraboo, Wisconsin, USA: International Crane Foundation. p 180-182.

Year Published: 2018

Threats to cranes related to agriculture

The greatest threats to cranes worldwide are related to agricultural activities. They include direct losses of wetlands or grasslands; altered wetland hydrology due to water control systems such as dams or irrigation ditches; fire; direct and indirect impacts from agricultural chemicals; human disturbances; disease risks where cranes congregate in...

Austin, Jane E.
Austin JE. 2018. Threats to cranes related to agriculture. In: Austin, JE, Morrison KL, and Harris JT, editors. 2018. Cranes and Agriculture: A Global Guide for Sharing the Landscape. Baraboo, Wisconsin, USA: International Crane Foundation. p 83-116.

Year Published: 2018

Methods to reduce conflicts between cranes and farmers

Alternative methods to reduce conflicts between cranes and farmers range from relatively simple, inexpensive disturbance methods to changes in land use at a landscape scale. Visual and acoustics disturbance methods can be useful for small fields or gardens but require frequent changes to prevent habituation by the cranes. Changes in farming...

Austin, Jane E.; Sundar, K. S. Gopi
Austin JE, and Sundar KSG. 2018. Methods to reduce conflicts between cranes and farmers. Chapter 6 in Austin, JE, Morrison KL, and Harris JT, editors. 2018. Cranes and Agriculture: A Global Guide for Sharing the Landscape. Baraboo, Wisconsin, USA: International Crane Foundation. p 117-141.

Year Published: 2018

Introduction to "Cranes and Agriculture: A handbook for cranes and humans sharing the landscape"

No abstract available.

Austin, Jane E.; Morrison, Kerryn; Harris, James T.
Austin JE, Morrison K, and Harris JT. 2018. Introduction: Agriculture and cranes on the landscape. In: Austin, JE, Morrison KL, and Harris JT, editors. 2018. Cranes and Agriculture: A Global Guide for Sharing the Landscape. Baraboo, Wisconsin, USA: International Crane Foundation. p 10-17.