Washington Water Science Center

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Filter Total Items: 697
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Year Published: 2019

Naturally occurring uranium in groundwater in northeastern Washington State

Uranium is a radioactive element (radionuclide) that occurs naturally in rock, soil, and water, usually in low concentrations. Radionuclides are unstable atoms with excess energy and as radionuclides decay, they emit radiation. The uranium decay sequence also includes other radionuclides of concern such as radium and radon. This fact sheet...

Kahle, Sue C.
Kahle, S.C., 2019, Naturally occurring uranium in groundwater in northeastern Washington State: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3069, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193069.

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Year Published: 2019

A conceptual framework for the identification and characterization of lacustrine spawning habitats for native lake charr Salvelinus namaycush

Lake charr Salvelinus namaycush are endemic to the formerly glaciated regions of North America and spawn primarily in lakes, unlike most other Salmoninae. Spawning habitats for lake charr are thought to be characterized by relatively large substrate particle sizes which provide sufficient interstitial spaces for egg incubation, but...

Riley, Stephen; Marsden, J. E.; Ridgway, M. S.; Konrad, Christopher; Farha, Steve A.; Thomas R. Binder; Trevor A. Middel; Esselman, Peter; Charles C. Krueger

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Year Published: 2019

Analysis of groundwater response to tidal fluctuations, Operable Unit 1, Naval Base Kitsap, Keyport, Washington

Chlorinated volatile organic compounds have affected groundwater beneath a former 9-acre landfill at Operable Unit 1 (OU 1) of Naval Base Kitsap (NBK) Keyport, in Keyport, Washington. The landfill was the primary disposal area for domestic and industrial waste generated by NBK Keyport from the 1930s through 1973. Naval Facilities Engineering...

Opatz, Chad C.; Dinicola, Richard S.
Opatz, C.C., and Dinicola, R.S., 2019, Analysis of groundwater response to tidal fluctuations, Operable Unit 1, Naval Base Kitsap, Keyport, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019-1098, 36 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191098.

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Year Published: 2019

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and metals in ambient sediment at mussel biomonitoring sites, Puget Sound, Washington

Caged mussels used as biomonitors can provide insights about ambient contaminant assemblages and spatial patterns, sources of contaminants, and contaminant exposure risks for consumers of wild and farmed mussels. This study explored the potential role of ambient sediment in the uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated...

Takesue, Renee K.; Campbell‐Swarzenski, Pamela L.; Conn, Kathleen E.
Takesue, R.K., Campbell, P.L., and Conn, K.E., 2019, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and metals in ambient sediment at mussel biomonitoring sites, Puget Sound, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1087, 15 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191087.

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Year Published: 2019

Survey of bioaccessible pyrethroid insecticides and sediment toxicity in urban streams of the northeast United States

Pyrethroids are a class of widely-used insecticides that can be transported from terrestrial applications to aquatic systems via runoff and tend to sorb to organic carbon in sediments. Pyrethroid occurrence is detrimental to stream ecosystems due to toxicity to sediment-dwelling invertebrates which are particularly at risk of pyrethroid exposure...

Huff-Hartz, Kara E.; Nutile, Samuel A.; Fung, Courtney Y.; Sinche, Federico L.; Moran, Patrick W.; Van Metre, Peter C.; Nowell, Lisa H.; Lydy, Michael J.

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Year Published: 2019

Estimating minimum streamflow from measurements at ungauged sites in regions with streamflow‐gauging networks

Estimation of low flows in rivers continues to be a vexing problem despite advances in statistical and process‐based hydrological models. We develop a method to estimate minimum streamflow at seasonal to annual timescales from measured streamflow based on regional similarity in the deviations of daily streamflow from minimum streamflow for a...

Konrad, Christopher

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Year Published: 2019

Seasonal precipitation influences streamflow vulnerability to the 2015 drought in the western United States

Streamflow was exceptionally low in the spring and summer of 2015 across much of the western United States because of a regional drought that exploited the sensitivity of both snow- and rain-dominant rivers. Streamflow during 2015 was examined at 324 gauges in the region to assess its response to the amount, form, and seasonal timing of...

Konrad, Christopher
Konrad, C.P., 2019: Seasonal Precipitation Influences Streamflow Vulnerability to the 2015 Drought in the Western United States. J. Hydrometeor., 20, 1261–1274, https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-18-0121.1

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Year Published: 2019

Data management plan for the U.S. Geological Survey Washington Water Science Center

The primary mission of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Water Mission Area is to collect and disseminate reliable, impartial, and timely information needed to understand the water resources of the Nation, including data on streamflow, groundwater, water quality, water use, and availability. Management of data throughout the entire data lifecycle...

Conn, Kathleen E.; Mastin, Mark C.; Long, Andrew J.; Dinicola, Richard S.; Barton, Cynthia
Conn, K.E., Mastin, M.C., Long, A.J., Dinicola, R.S., and Barton, C., 2019, Data management plan for the U.S. Geological Survey Washington Water Science Center : U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019-1049, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191049.

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Year Published: 2019

Sediment storage and transport in the Nooksack River basin, northwestern Washington, 2006–15

The Nooksack River is a dynamic gravel-bedded river in northwestern Washington, draining off Mount Baker and the North Cascades into Puget Sound. Working in cooperation with the Whatcom County Flood Control Zone District, the U.S. Geological Survey studied topographic, hydrologic, and climatic data for the Nooksack River basin to document recent...

Anderson, Scott W.; Konrad, Christopher P.; Grossman, Eric E.; Curran, Christopher A.
Anderson, S.W., Konrad, C.P., Grossman, E.E., and Curran, C.A., 2019, Sediment storage and transport in the Nooksack River basin, northwestern Washington, 2006–15: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019-5008, 43 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195008.

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Year Published: 2019

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the Pacific sand lance, Puget Sound, Washington

Forage fish are small, abundant, schooling planktivores that form a critical link in marine food webs by transferring energy from plankton up to birds, fishes, and marine mammals. Forage fishes in Puget Sound include the iconic Pacific herring as well as lesser known species such as surf smelt and the Pacific sand lance. There are significant...

Liedtke, Theresa; Conn, Kathleen; Dinicola, Richard; Takesue, Renee
Liedtke, T., K. Conn, R. Dinicola, and R. Takesue. 2019. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the Pacific sand lance, Puget Sound, Washington. Page 50 in PSEMP Toxics Work Group. 2019. 2018 Salish Sea Toxics Monitoring Synthesis: A Selection of Research. C.A. James, R. Jordan, M. Langness, J. Lanksbury, D. Lester, S. O’Neill, K. Song, and C. Sullivan, eds. Puget Sound Ecosystem Monitoring Program. Tacoma, WA.

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Year Published: 2019

The natural wood regime in rivers

The natural wood regime forms the third leg of a tripod of physical processes that supports river science and management, along with the natural flow and sediment regimes. The wood regime consists of wood recruitment, transport, and storage in river corridors. Each of these components can be characterized in terms of magnitude, frequency, rate,...

Wohl, Ellen; Kramer, Natalie; Ruiz-Villanueva, Virgina; Scott, Daniel; Comiti, F.; Gurnell, Angela M; Piegay, Herve; Lininger, Katherine B.; Jaeger, Kristin; Walters, David; Fausch, Kurt D.

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Year Published: 2019

Downstream‐propagating channel responses to decadal‐scale climate variability in a glaciated river basin

Regional climate is an important control on the rate of coarse sediment mobilization and transport in alpine river systems. Changes in climate are then expected to cause a cascade of geomorphic responses, including adjustments in downstream channel morphology. However, the mechanics and sensitivity of channel response to short‐term climate...

Anderson, Scott W.; Konrad, Christopher P.