Washington Water Science Center

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Filter Total Items: 715
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Year Published: 2020

Contaminants in fish and shellfish in the Stillaguamish River and Port Susan marine areas, Washington

The greater Port Susan area of Central Puget Sound, Washington, is home to some of the Stillaguamish Tribe’s fishing, hunting, and gathering areas since time immemorial. It is also a popular sport and commercial fishing area for the public. Large shellfish beds lie in the Port Susan and Stillaguamish estuary and several Pacific salmon species...

Moran, Patrick; Perez, Franchesca; McBride, Dave
Moran, P.W., McBride, D., and Perez, F., 2020, Contaminants in fish and shellfish in the Stillaguamish River and Port Susan marine areas, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020-3043, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203043.

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Year Published: 2020

FLOwPER user guide—For collection of FLOw PERmanence field observations

The accurate mapping of streams and their streamflow conditions in terms of presence or absence of surface water is important to both understanding physical, chemical, and biological processes in streams and to managing land, water, and ecological resources. This document describes a field form, FLOwPER (FLOw PERmanence), available within a mobile...

Jaeger, Kristin L.; Burnett, Jonathan; Heaston, Emily D.; Wondzell, Steve M.; Chelgren, Nathan; Dunham, Jason B.; Johnson, Sherri; Brown, Mike
Jaeger, K.L., Burnett, J., Heaston, E.D., Wondzell, S.M., Chelgren, N., Dunham, J.B., Johnson, S., and Brown, M., 2020, FLOwPER user guide—For collection of FLOw PERmanence field observations: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1075, 40 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201075.

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Year Published: 2020

Evaluation of the Washington State Department of Transportation stormwater monitoring and effectiveness program for 2014–19

The U.S. Geological Survey was asked by the Washington State Department of Transportation to provide technical assistance as a third-party reviewer of their stormwater effectiveness monitoring program during the transition between the completion of the 2014 Washington State Department of Ecology permit requirements and start of the new 2019...

Senter, Craig A.; Sheibley, Richard W.
Senter, C.A., and Sheibley, R.W., 2020, Evaluation of the Washington State Department of Transportation stormwater monitoring and effectiveness program for 2014–19: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1079, 11 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201079.

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Year Published: 2020

Legacy and current-use toxic contaminants in Pacific sand lance (Ammodytes personatus) from Puget Sound, Washington

Forage fish are primary prey for seabirds, fish and marine mammals. Elevated levels of pollutants in Puget Sound, Washington salmon and killer whale tissues potentially could be sufficiently high to elicit adverse effects and hamper population recovery efforts. Contaminant transfer and biomagnification of the toxic compounds measured in this study...

Conn, Kathleen E.; Liedtke, Theresa L.; Takesue, Renee K.; Dinicola, Richard S.

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Year Published: 2020

Land-cover and climatic controls on water temperature, flow permanence, and fragmentation of Great Basin stream networks

The seasonal and inter-annual variability of flow presence and water temperature within headwater streams of the Great Basin of the western United States limit the occurrence and distribution of coldwater fish and other aquatic species. To evaluate changes in flow presence and water temperature during seasonal dry periods, we developed spatial...

Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Dunham, Jason B.; Torgersen, Christian E.; Hockman-Wert, David P; Heck, Michael; Thorson, Justin Martin; Mintz, Jeffrey Michael; Allai, Todd

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Year Published: 2020

Quality Assurance Project Plan: Status and trends monitoring of small streams in the Puget Lowlands ecoregion for Stormwater Action Monitoring (SAM)

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) details a long term status and trends monitoring study for small streams in the Puget Lowland as part of Stormwater Action Monitoring (SAM) program. SAM is the regional stormwater monitoring program funded by the Phase I Municipal Stormwater permit and the Western Washington Phase II Municipal Stormwater...

Song, Keunyea; Sheibley, Rich W.
Song, K. and Sheibley, R.W., 2020, Quality Assurance Project Plan - Status and Trends Monitoring of Small Streams in the Puget Lowlands Ecoregion for Stormwater Action Monitoring (SAM), Washington State Department of Ecology publication number 20-10-015, Olympia, WA, 59p.

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Year Published: 2020

Using saline or brackish aquifers as reservoirs for thermal energy storage, with example calculations for direct-use heating in the Portland Basin, Oregon, USA

Tools to evaluate reservoir thermal energy storage (RTES; heat storage in slow-moving or stagnant geochemically evolved permeable zones in strata that underlie well-connected regional aquifers) are developed and applied to the Columbia River Basalt Group (CRBG) beneath the Portland Basin, Oregon, USA. The performance of RTES for heat storage and...

Van Houten, Boz; Burns, Erick; Bershaw, John; Williams, Colin F.; Wells, Ray E; Uddenberg, Matt W; Scanlon, Darby P; Cladouhos, Trenton T; Van Houten, Boz

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Year Published: 2020

Evidence for rapid gut clearance of microplastic polyester fibers fed to Chinook Salmon: A tank study

Marine and freshwater plastic pollution is a challenging issue receiving large amounts of research and media attention. Yet, few studies have documented the impact of microplastic ingestion to aquatic organisms. In the Pacific Northwest, Chinook salmon are a culturally and commercially significant fish species. The presence of marine and...

Spanjer, Andrew; Liedtke, Theresa L.; Conn, Kathleen E.; Weiland, Lisa K.; Black, Robert W.; Nathan Godfrey

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Year Published: 2020

Streambed scour of salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) and steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) redds in the South Fork Tolt River, King County, Washington

Prior to emergence as fry, salmonid embryos incubating within gravel nests called “redds” are vulnerable to substrate mobilization and lowering of the streambed, a process termed “streambed scour,” during floods. Water managers regulating discharge in salmonid-bearing rivers need information about the magnitude of discharge during which the scour...

Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Ablow, Elizabeth; Marks, Derek
Gendaszek, A.S., Ablow, E., and Marks, D., 2020, Streambed scour of salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) and steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) redds in the South Fork Tolt River, King County, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5044, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205044.

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Year Published: 2020

Microplastics in Lake Mead National Recreation Area, USA: Occurrence and biological uptake

Microplastics are an environmental contaminant of growing concern, but there is a lack of information about microplastic distribution, persistence, availability, and biological uptake in freshwater systems. This is especially true for large river systems like the Colorado River that spans multiple states through mostly rural and agricultural land...

Baldwin, Austin K.; Spanjer, Andrew; Rosen, Michael R.; Thom, Theresa

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Year Published: 2020

Legacy and current‐use contaminants in sediments alter macroinvertebrate communities in southeastern US Streams

Sediment contamination of freshwater streams in urban areas is a recognized and growing concern. As a part of a comprehensive regional stream‐quality assessment, stream‐bed sediment was sampled from streams spanning a gradient of urban intensity in the Piedmont ecoregion of the southeastern United States. We evaluated relations between a broad...

Moran, Patrick W.; Kemble, Nile E.; Waite, Ian R.; Mahler, Barbara; Nowell, Lisa H.; Van Metre, Peter C.

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Year Published: 2020

Spectral analysis to quantify the response of groundwater levels to precipitation—Northwestern United States

Persistent atmospheric patterns that lead to wet and dry seasons and droughts over periods of months to decades and longer-term climate change over periods of decades to millennia affect groundwater resources. Changes in groundwater storage and the resulting groundwater discharge from most aquifers is relatively slow and steady compared to the...

Long, Andrew J.; Konrad, Christopher P.
2020–1007