Washington Water Science Center

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Filter Total Items: 709
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Year Published: 2020

Land-cover and climatic controls on water temperature, flow permanence, and fragmentation of Great Basin stream networks

The seasonal and inter-annual variability of flow presence and water temperature within headwater streams of the Great Basin of the western United States limit the occurrence and distribution of coldwater fish and other aquatic species. To evaluate changes in flow presence and water temperature during seasonal dry periods, we developed spatial...

Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Dunham, Jason B.; Torgersen, Christian E.; Hockman-Wert, David P; Heck, Michael; Thorson, Justin Martin; Mintz, Jeffrey Michael; Allai, Todd

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Year Published: 2020

Using saline or brackish aquifers as reservoirs for thermal energy storage, with example calculations for direct-use heating in the Portland Basin, Oregon, USA

Tools to evaluate reservoir thermal energy storage (RTES; heat storage in slow-moving or stagnant geochemically evolved permeable zones in strata that underlie well-connected regional aquifers) are developed and applied to the Columbia River Basalt Group (CRBG) beneath the Portland Basin, Oregon, USA. The performance of RTES for heat storage and...

Van Houten, Boz; Burns, Erick; Bershaw, John; Williams, Colin F.; Wells, Ray E; Uddenberg, Matt W; Scanlon, Darby P; Cladouhos, Trenton T; Van Houten, Boz

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Year Published: 2020

Evidence for rapid gut clearance of microplastic polyester fibers fed to Chinook Salmon: A tank study

Marine and freshwater plastic pollution is a challenging issue receiving large amounts of research and media attention. Yet, few studies have documented the impact of microplastic ingestion to aquatic organisms. In the Pacific Northwest, Chinook salmon are a culturally and commercially significant fish species. The presence of marine and...

Spanjer, Andrew; Liedtke, Theresa L.; Conn, Kathleen E.; Weiland, Lisa K.; Black, Robert W.; Nathan Godfrey

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Year Published: 2020

Streambed scour of salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) and steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) redds in the South Fork Tolt River, King County, Washington

Prior to emergence as fry, salmonid embryos incubating within gravel nests called “redds” are vulnerable to substrate mobilization and lowering of the streambed, a process termed “streambed scour,” during floods. Water managers regulating discharge in salmonid-bearing rivers need information about the magnitude of discharge during which the scour...

Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Ablow, Elizabeth; Marks, Derek
Gendaszek, A.S., Ablow, E., and Marks, D., 2020, Streambed scour of salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) and steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) redds in the South Fork Tolt River, King County, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5044, 20 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205044.

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Year Published: 2020

Microplastics in Lake Mead National Recreation Area, USA: Occurrence and biological uptake

Microplastics are an environmental contaminant of growing concern, but there is a lack of information about microplastic distribution, persistence, availability, and biological uptake in freshwater systems. This is especially true for large river systems like the Colorado River that spans multiple states through mostly rural and agricultural land...

Baldwin, Austin K.; Spanjer, Andrew; Rosen, Michael R.; Thom, Theresa

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Year Published: 2020

Legacy and current‐use contaminants in sediments alter macroinvertebrate communities in southeastern US Streams

Sediment contamination of freshwater streams in urban areas is a recognized and growing concern. As a part of a comprehensive regional stream‐quality assessment, stream‐bed sediment was sampled from streams spanning a gradient of urban intensity in the Piedmont ecoregion of the southeastern United States. We evaluated relations between a broad...

Moran, Patrick W.; Kemble, Nile E.; Waite, Ian R.; Mahler, Barbara; Nowell, Lisa H.; Van Metre, Peter C.

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Year Published: 2020

Spectral analysis to quantify the response of groundwater levels to precipitation—Northwestern United States

Persistent atmospheric patterns that lead to wet and dry seasons and droughts over periods of months to decades and longer-term climate change over periods of decades to millennia affect groundwater resources. Changes in groundwater storage and the resulting groundwater discharge from most aquifers is relatively slow and steady compared to the...

Long, Andrew J.; Konrad, Christopher P.
2020–1007

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Year Published: 2020

Microplastic concentrations in two Oregon bivalve species: Spatial, temporal, and species variability

Microplastics are an ecological stressor with implications for ecosystem and human health when present in seafood. We quantified microplastic types, concentrations, anatomical burdens, geographic distribution, and temporal differences in Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) and Pacific razor clams (Siliqua patula) from 15 Oregon coast, U.S.A. sites...

Baechler, Britta; Granek, Elise F.; Hunter, Matthew G.; Conn, Kathleen E.

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Year Published: 2019

Assessment of existing groundwater quality data in the Green-Duwamish watershed, Washington

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) provided technical support to the Washington Department of Ecology (Ecology) in their assessment of the role groundwater plays in contributing pollutant loading to the Green-Duwamish River near Seattle, Washington. Ecology is developing watershed hydrology models of the Green-Duwamish watershed, and need...

Senter, Craig A.; Conn, Kathleen E.; Black, Robert W.; Welch, Wendy B.; Fasser, Elisabeth T.
Senter, C.A., Conn, K.E., Black, R.W., Welch, W.B., and Fasser, E.T., 2020, Assessment of existing groundwater quality data in the Green-Duwamish watershed, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019-1131, 35 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191131.

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Year Published: 2019

Preliminary assessment of shallow groundwater chemistry near Goodell Creek, North Cascades National Park, Washington

Goodell Creek is located within North Cascades National Park and is high-quality habitat for Chinook salmon, which are listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. The creation of a levee near the mouth of the creek where it enters the Skagit River has cut off the historical flood plain from the active channel. There is an effort to...

Sheibley, Rich W.; Foreman, James R.
Sheibley, R.W., and Foreman, J.R., 2019, Preliminary assessment of shallow groundwater chemistry near Goodell Creek, North Cascades National Park, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1144, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191144.

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Year Published: 2019

Naturally occurring uranium in groundwater in northeastern Washington State

Uranium is a radioactive element (radionuclide) that occurs naturally in rock, soil, and water, usually in low concentrations. Radionuclides are unstable atoms with excess energy and as radionuclides decay, they emit radiation. The uranium decay sequence also includes other radionuclides of concern such as radium and radon. This fact sheet...

Kahle, Sue C.
Kahle, S.C., 2019, Naturally occurring uranium in groundwater in northeastern Washington State: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3069, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193069.

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Year Published: 2019

A conceptual framework for the identification and characterization of lacustrine spawning habitats for native lake charr Salvelinus namaycush

Lake charr Salvelinus namaycush are endemic to the formerly glaciated regions of North America and spawn primarily in lakes, unlike most other Salmoninae. Spawning habitats for lake charr are thought to be characterized by relatively large substrate particle sizes which provide sufficient interstitial spaces for egg incubation, but...

Riley, Stephen; Marsden, J. E.; Ridgway, M. S.; Konrad, Christopher; Farha, Steve A.; Thomas R. Binder; Trevor A. Middel; Esselman, Peter; Krueger, Charles C.