Washington Water Science Center

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Filter Total Items: 737
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Year Published: 2021

Contrasting mobilization of elements in contact with sediment from Lake Roosevelt and the Upper Columbia River, Washington, USA

Trace element contamination is known to be widely present in sediment of Lake Roosevelt and the riverine reach of the Columbia River in Washington State, USA due to discharges from several smelters and numerous mines dating back to the mid-1800's. In this study, the concentrations of aqueous elements in contact with bed sediment from the lake and...

Paulson, Anthony; Cox, Stephen E.

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Year Published: 2020

Variable-density groundwater flow and contaminant transport, Operable Unit 1, Naval Base Kitsap, Keyport, Washington

Chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs) have migrated to groundwater beneath a former 9-acre landfill at Operable Unit 1 (OU-1) on Naval Base Kitsap, which was active from the 1930s through 1973 on the Keyport Peninsula, in Kitsap County, Washington. Biodegradation of CVOCs at OU-1 limits the mass of dissolved-phase CVOCs in groundwater...

Yager, Richard M.; Welch, Wendy B.; Headman, Alexander; Dinicola, Richard S.
Yager, R.M., Welch, W.B., Headman, A., and Dinicola, R.S., 2020, Variable-density groundwater flow and contaminant transport, Operable Unit 1, Naval Base Kitsap, Keyport, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5066, 58 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205066.

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Year Published: 2020

Understanding the relationship between stream metabolism and biological assemblages

Biological assemblages are commonly used for assessing stream health, but there is increased interest among the freshwater research community in incorporating measures of stream function, such as metabolism, to strengthen stream-health assessments. Presently, there is limited information about the relationships between stream metabolism and...

Munn, Mark D.; Sheibley, Rich W.; Waite, Ian R.; Meador, Michael

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Year Published: 2020

Accounting for temporal variability of streamflow in estimates of travel time

Retention, processing, and transport of solutes and particulates in stream corridors are influenced by the travel time of streamflow through stream channels, which varies dynamically with discharge. The effects of streamflow variability across sites and over time cannot be addressed by time-averaged models if parameters are based solely on the...

Konrad, Christopher P.; Schmadel, Noah; Harvey, Judson; Schwarz, Gregory E.; Gomez-Velez, Jesus; Boyer, Elizabeth W.; Scott, Durelle

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Year Published: 2020

Coarse sediment dynamics in a large glaciated river system: Holocene history and storage dynamics dictate contemporary climate sensitivity

The gravel-bedded White River drains a 1279 km2 basin in Washington State, with lowlands sculpted by continental glaciation and headwaters on an actively glaciated stratovolcano. Chronic aggradation along an alluvial fan near the river’s mouth has progressively reduced flood conveyance. In order to better understand how forecasted climate...

Anderson, Scott W.; Jaeger, Kristin

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Year Published: 2020

Contaminants in fish and shellfish in the Stillaguamish River and Port Susan marine areas, Washington

The greater Port Susan area of Central Puget Sound, Washington, is home to some of the Stillaguamish Tribe’s fishing, hunting, and gathering areas since time immemorial. It is also a popular sport and commercial fishing area for the public. Large shellfish beds lie in the Port Susan and Stillaguamish estuary and several Pacific salmon species...

Moran, Patrick; Perez, Franchesca; McBride, Dave
Moran, P.W., McBride, D., and Perez, F., 2020, Contaminants in fish and shellfish in the Stillaguamish River and Port Susan marine areas, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020-3043, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203043.

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Year Published: 2020

FLOwPER user guide—For collection of FLOw PERmanence field observations

The accurate mapping of streams and their streamflow conditions in terms of presence or absence of surface water is important to both understanding physical, chemical, and biological processes in streams and to managing land, water, and ecological resources. This document describes a field form, FLOwPER (FLOw PERmanence), available within a mobile...

Jaeger, Kristin L.; Burnett, Jonathan; Heaston, Emily D.; Wondzell, Steve M.; Chelgren, Nathan; Dunham, Jason B.; Johnson, Sherri; Brown, Mike
Jaeger, K.L., Burnett, J., Heaston, E.D., Wondzell, S.M., Chelgren, N., Dunham, J.B., Johnson, S., and Brown, M., 2020, FLOwPER user guide—For collection of FLOw PERmanence field observations: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1075, 40 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201075.

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Year Published: 2020

Evaluation of the Washington State Department of Transportation stormwater monitoring and effectiveness program for 2014–19

The U.S. Geological Survey was asked by the Washington State Department of Transportation to provide technical assistance as a third-party reviewer of their stormwater effectiveness monitoring program during the transition between the completion of the 2014 Washington State Department of Ecology permit requirements and start of the new 2019...

Senter, Craig A.; Sheibley, Richard W.
Senter, C.A., and Sheibley, R.W., 2020, Evaluation of the Washington State Department of Transportation stormwater monitoring and effectiveness program for 2014–19: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1079, 11 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201079.

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Year Published: 2020

Legacy and current-use toxic contaminants in Pacific sand lance (Ammodytes personatus) from Puget Sound, Washington

Forage fish are primary prey for seabirds, fish and marine mammals. Elevated levels of pollutants in Puget Sound, Washington salmon and killer whale tissues potentially could be sufficiently high to elicit adverse effects and hamper population recovery efforts. Contaminant transfer and biomagnification of the toxic compounds measured in this study...

Conn, Kathleen E.; Liedtke, Theresa L.; Takesue, Renee K.; Dinicola, Richard S.

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Year Published: 2020

Land-cover and climatic controls on water temperature, flow permanence, and fragmentation of Great Basin stream networks

The seasonal and inter-annual variability of flow presence and water temperature within headwater streams of the Great Basin of the western United States limit the occurrence and distribution of coldwater fish and other aquatic species. To evaluate changes in flow presence and water temperature during seasonal dry periods, we developed spatial...

Gendaszek, Andrew S.; Dunham, Jason B.; Torgersen, Christian E.; Hockman-Wert, David P; Heck, Michael; Thorson, Justin Martin; Mintz, Jeffrey Michael; Allai, Todd

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Year Published: 2020

Quality Assurance Project Plan: Status and trends monitoring of small streams in the Puget Lowlands ecoregion for Stormwater Action Monitoring (SAM)

This Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) details a long term status and trends monitoring study for small streams in the Puget Lowland as part of Stormwater Action Monitoring (SAM) program. SAM is the regional stormwater monitoring program funded by the Phase I Municipal Stormwater permit and the Western Washington Phase II Municipal Stormwater...

Song, Keunyea; Sheibley, Rich W.
Song, K. and Sheibley, R.W., 2020, Quality Assurance Project Plan - Status and Trends Monitoring of Small Streams in the Puget Lowlands Ecoregion for Stormwater Action Monitoring (SAM), Washington State Department of Ecology publication number 20-10-015, Olympia, WA, 59p.

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Year Published: 2020

Using saline or brackish aquifers as reservoirs for thermal energy storage, with example calculations for direct-use heating in the Portland Basin, Oregon, USA

Tools to evaluate reservoir thermal energy storage (RTES; heat storage in slow-moving or stagnant geochemically evolved permeable zones in strata that underlie well-connected regional aquifers) are developed and applied to the Columbia River Basalt Group (CRBG) beneath the Portland Basin, Oregon, USA. The performance of RTES for heat storage and...

Van Houten, Boz; Burns, Erick; Bershaw, John; Williams, Colin F.; Wells, Ray E; Uddenberg, Matt W; Scanlon, Darby P; Cladouhos, Trenton T; Van Houten, Boz