Washington Water Science Center

Publications

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Filter Total Items: 714
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Year Published: 2019

Sediment storage and transport in the Nooksack River basin, northwestern Washington, 2006–15

The Nooksack River is a dynamic gravel-bedded river in northwestern Washington, draining off Mount Baker and the North Cascades into Puget Sound. Working in cooperation with the Whatcom County Flood Control Zone District, the U.S. Geological Survey studied topographic, hydrologic, and climatic data for the Nooksack River basin to document recent...

Anderson, Scott W.; Konrad, Christopher P.; Grossman, Eric E.; Curran, Christopher A.
Anderson, S.W., Konrad, C.P., Grossman, E.E., and Curran, C.A., 2019, Sediment storage and transport in the Nooksack River basin, northwestern Washington, 2006–15: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019-5008, 43 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195008.

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Year Published: 2019

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the Pacific sand lance, Puget Sound, Washington

Forage fish are small, abundant, schooling planktivores that form a critical link in marine food webs by transferring energy from plankton up to birds, fishes, and marine mammals. Forage fishes in Puget Sound include the iconic Pacific herring as well as lesser known species such as surf smelt and the Pacific sand lance. There are significant...

Liedtke, Theresa; Conn, Kathleen; Dinicola, Richard; Takesue, Renee
Liedtke, T., K. Conn, R. Dinicola, and R. Takesue. 2019. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the Pacific sand lance, Puget Sound, Washington. Page 50 in PSEMP Toxics Work Group. 2019. 2018 Salish Sea Toxics Monitoring Synthesis: A Selection of Research. C.A. James, R. Jordan, M. Langness, J. Lanksbury, D. Lester, S. O’Neill, K. Song, and C. Sullivan, eds. Puget Sound Ecosystem Monitoring Program. Tacoma, WA.

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Year Published: 2019

The natural wood regime in rivers

The natural wood regime forms the third leg of a tripod of physical processes that supports river science and management, along with the natural flow and sediment regimes. The wood regime consists of wood recruitment, transport, and storage in river corridors. Each of these components can be characterized in terms of magnitude, frequency, rate,...

Wohl, Ellen; Kramer, Natalie; Ruiz-Villanueva, Virgina; Scott, Daniel; Comiti, F.; Gurnell, Angela M; Piegay, Herve; Lininger, Katherine B.; Jaeger, Kristin; Walters, David; Fausch, Kurt D.

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Year Published: 2019

Downstream‐propagating channel responses to decadal‐scale climate variability in a glaciated river basin

Regional climate is an important control on the rate of coarse sediment mobilization and transport in alpine river systems. Changes in climate are then expected to cause a cascade of geomorphic responses, including adjustments in downstream channel morphology. However, the mechanics and sensitivity of channel response to short‐term climate...

Anderson, Scott W.; Konrad, Christopher P.

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Year Published: 2019

Relationships between diatom metrics based on species nutrient traits and agricultural land use

We assessed how diatom metrics were related to different ranges of agricultural land use. Diatom assemblage composition, nutrients, and landscape characteristics were determined at 232 sites in eight agriculturally dominated study areas of the continental United States. Two regional groups based on differences in diatom relations to human...

Pillsbury, Robert; Stevenson, R. Jan; Munn, Mark D.; Waite, Ian R.

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Year Published: 2019

Groundwater and surface-water data collection for Mason County, western Washington, 2016–18

Groundwater levels and surface water flow measurements were collected from August 2016 to September 2018 to provide the Mason Conservation District and other stakeholders with basic knowledge of existing water resources in Mason County, Washington. Additionally, the data were collected with the intent of contributing to informed decision making...

Tecca, Alison E.; Frans, Lonna M.
Tecca, A.E., and Frans, L.M., 2019, Groundwater and surface-water data collection for Mason County, western Washington, 2016–18: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1106, 26 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1106.

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Year Published: 2019

Probability of streamflow permanence model (PROSPER): A spatially continuous model of annual streamflow permanence throughout the Pacific Northwest

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has developed the PRObability of Streamflow PERmanence (PROSPER) model, a GIS raster-based empirical model that provides streamflow permanence probabilities (probabilistic predictions) of a stream channel having year-round flow for any unregulated and minimally-impaired stream channel in the Pacific Northwest...

Jaeger, Kristin; Sando, Thomas R.; McShane, Ryan R.; Dunham, Jason B.; Hockman-Wert, David; Kaiser, Kendra E; Hafen, Konrad; Risley, John; Blasch, Kyle

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Year Published: 2019

Uncertainty in quantitative analyses of topographic change: Error propagation and the role of thresholding

Topographic surveys inevitably contain error, introducing uncertainty into estimates of volumetric or mean change based on the differencing of repeated surveys. In the geomorphic community, uncertainty has often been framed as a problem of separating out real change from apparent change due purely to error, and addressed by removing measured...

Anderson, Scott W.

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Year Published: 2018

Morphodynamic evolution following sediment release from the world’s largest dam removal

Sediment pulses can cause widespread, complex changes to rivers and coastal regions. Quantifying landscape response to sediment-supply changes is a long-standing problem in geomorphology, but the unanticipated nature of most sediment pulses rarely allows for detailed measurement of associated landscape processes and evolution. The intentional...

Ritchie, Andrew C.; Warrick, Jonathan; East, Amy E.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Stevens, Andrew W.; Bountry, Jennifer A.; Randle, Timothy J.; Curran, Christopher A.; Hilldale, Robert C.; Duda, Jeffrey J.; Miller, Ian M.; Pess, George R.; Eidam, Emily; Foley, Melissa M.; McCoy, Randall; Ogston, Andrea S.

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Year Published: 2018

Analysis of groundwater response to tidal fluctuations, Site 10 Naval Magazine Indian Island, Port Hadlock, Washington

Site 10 at Naval Magazine Indian Island is an approximately 3.7-acre inactive landfill. The site was used as the primary landfill for the island from about 1945 until the mid-1970s, receiving paints, batteries, trash, and materials. In a memorandum to Washington State Department of Ecology, Naval Facilities Engineering Command Northwest (NAVFAC NW...

Opatz, Chad C.; Dinicola, Richard S.
Opatz, C.C., and Dinicola, R.S., 2018, Analysis of groundwater response to tidal fluctuations, Site 10 Naval Magazine Indian Island, Port Hadlock, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018-1192, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181192.

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Year Published: 2018

Simulation of groundwater storage changes in the Quincy Basin, Washington

The Miocene Columbia River Basalt Group and younger sedimentary deposits of lacustrine, fluvial, eolian, and cataclysmic-flood origins compose the aquifer system of the Quincy Basin in eastern Washington. Irrigation return flow and canal leakage from the Columbia Basin Project have caused groundwater levels to rise substantially in some areas....

Frans, Lonna M.; Kahle, Sue C.; Tecca, Alison E.; Olsen, Theresa D.
Frans, L.M., Kahle, S.C., Tecca, A.E., and Olsen, T.D., 2018, Simulation of groundwater storage changes in the Quincy Basin, Washington: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5162, 63 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185162.

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Year Published: 2018

Hydrology-driven chemical loads transported by the Green River to the Lower Duwamish Waterway near Seattle, Washington, 2013–17

The sediments in the Lower Duwamish Waterway Superfund site in Seattle, Washington, are contaminated with chemicals including metals such as arsenic, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (cPAHs), and dioxins/furans from decades of intense anthropogenic activities. The U.S. Geological Survey, in...

Conn, Kathleen E.; Black, Robert W.; Senter, Craig A.; Peterson, Norman T.; Vanderpool-Kimura, Ann
Conn, K.E., Black, R.W., Senter, C.A., Peterson, N.T., and Vanderpool-Kimura, A., 2018, Hydrology-driven chemical loads transported by the Green River to the Lower Duwamish Waterway near Seattle, Washington, 2013–17: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5133, 37 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185133.