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Datasets of Groundwater-Quality and Select Quality-Control Data from the National Water-Quality Assessment Project, January 2017 through December 2019

December 1, 2020

Groundwater-quality data were collected from 983 wells as part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Project of the U.S. Geological Survey National Water-Quality Program and are included in this report. The data were collected from six types of well networks: principal aquifer study networks, which are used to assess the quality of groundwater used for public water supply; land-use study networks, which are used to assess land-use effects on shallow groundwater quality; major aquifer study networks, which are used to assess the quality of groundwater used for domestic supply; enhanced trends networks, which are used to evaluate the time scales during which groundwater quality changes; vertical flow-path study networks, which are used to evaluate changes in groundwater quality from shallow to deeper depths; and modeling support studies, which are used to provide data to support groundwater modeling. Groundwater samples were analyzed for a large number of water-quality indicators and constituents, including major ions, nutrients, trace elements, volatile organic compounds, pesticides, radionuclides, microbiological indicators, and some special interest constituents (arsenic speciation, chromium [VI] and perchlorate). Most of the data included were collected from wells that were sampled between January 2017 and December 2019. Microbiological indicator data for networks sampled in 2016 are included in this data release. These groundwater quality networks are described in a U.S. Geological Survey Data Series report DS####, which is available at, and the results are in this data release. Data for quality-control samples collected in 2017 through 2019 also are included in this data release. Data from samples collected between 2012 and 2016 are associated with networks described in previous reports in this data series (Arnold and others, 2016a and b; 2017a and b; 2018a and b; and 2020a and b). There are 24 data tables included in this data release and they are referenced as tables 1 through 14 and appendix tables 5-11 through 5-20 in the larger work citation (see supplemental information for descriptions). Two tables summarizing well depth and open interval are included in the data series report and were derived from table 1 in this data release. A separate table named DSR_2017-19_Description_of_Data_Fields.txt describes the 405 unique fields contained in the 24 data tables.