Natural Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 5,782
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Year Published: 2020

A high-resolution seismic catalog for the initial 2019 Ridgecrest Earthquake sequence: Foreshocks, aftershocks, and faulting complexity

I use template matching and precise relative relocation techniques to develop a high-resolution earthquake catalog for the initial portion of the 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence, from July 4-16, encompassing the foreshock sequence and the first 10+ days of aftershocks following the Mw 7.1 mainshock. Using 13,525 routinely cataloged events as...

Shelly, David R.

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Year Published: 2020

U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Science Center

The mission of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earthquake Science Center is to collect a wide range of data on earthquakes, faults, and crustal deformation; conduct research to increase our understanding of earthquake source processes, occurrence, and effects; and synthesize this knowledge into probabilistic seismic hazard assessments,...

Hickman, Stephen H.
This publication is available at https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/fs20193067. After the Digital Object Identifier and product metadata have been registered by Crossref, the official URL will be https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193067.

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Year Published: 2020

Establishing high-frequency noise baselines to 100 Hz based on millions of power spectra from IRIS MUSTANG

Advances in seismic instrumentation have enabled data to be recorded at increasing sample rates. This has in turn created a need to establish higher-frequency baselines for assessing data quality, as the widely-used New High (NHNM) and Low Noise Models (NLNM) of Peterson (1993) do not extend to frequencies above 10 Hz. To provide a baseline for...

Wolin, Emily; McNamara, Daniel

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Year Published: 2020

Thresholds for post-wildfire debris flows: Insights from the Pinal Fire, Arizona, USA

Wildfire significantly alters the hydrologic properties of a burned area, leading to increases in overland flow, erosion, and the potential for runoff-generated debris flows. The initiation of debris flows in recently burned areas is well-characterized by rainfall intensity-duration (ID) thresholds. However, there is currently a paucity of data...

Raymond, Carissa A; McGuire, Luke A.; Youberg, Ann M.; Staley, Dennis M.; Kean, Jason W.

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Year Published: 2020

USGS near-real-time products-and their use-for the 2018 Anchorage earthquake

In the minutes to hours after a major earthquake, such as the recent 2018 Mw">Mw 7.1 Anchorage event, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) produces a suite of interconnected earthquake products that provides diverse information ranging from basic earthquake source parameters to loss estimates. The 2018 Anchorage earthquake is the first...

Thompson, Eric M.; McBride, Sara; Hayes, Gavin P.; Allstadt, Kate; Wald, Lisa; Wald, David J.; Knudsen, Keith L.; Worden, Charles; Marano, Kristin; Jibson, Randall W.; Grant, Alex

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Year Published: 2020

Anatomy of a caldera collapse: Kīlauea 2018 summit seismicity sequence in high resolution

The 2018 Kīlauea eruption and caldera collapse generated intense cycles of seismicity tied to repeated large seismic (Mw ~5) collapse events associated with magma withdrawal from beneath the summit. To gain insight into the underlying dynamics and aid eruption response, we applied waveform-based earthquake detection and double-difference location...

Shelly, David R.; Thelen, Weston

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Year Published: 2020

Ground-motion amplification in Cook Inlet region, Alaska from intermediate-depth earthquakes, including the 2018 MW=7.1 Anchorage earthquake

We measure pseudospectral and peak ground motions from 44 intermediate‐depth Mw≥4.9">Mw≥4.9 earthquakes in the Cook Inlet region of southern Alaska, including those from the 2018 Mw">Mw 7.1 earthquake near Anchorage, to identify regional amplification features (⁠0.1–5  s">0.1...

Moschetti, Morgan P.; Thompson, Eric M.; Rekoske, John; Hearne, Mike; Powers, Peter M.; McNamara, Daniel E.; Tape, Carl

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Year Published: 2020

Maximum entropy derived statistics of sound speed structure in a fine-grained sediment inferred from sparse broadband acoustic measurements on the New England continental shelf

Marginal probability distributions for parameters representing an effective sound-speed structure of a fine-grained sediment are inferred from a data ensemble maximum entropy method that utilizes a sparse spatially distributed set of received pressure time series resulting from multiple explosive sources in a shallow-water ocean environment...

Knobles, David P.; Wilson, Preston S.; Goff, J.A.; Wan, L.; Buckingham, M.J.; Chaytor, Jason; Badiey, Mohsen

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Year Published: 2019

Communicating hazards—A social science review to meet U.S. Geological Survey needs

This report is for U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)—and any other—hazard scientists who want to improve the understanding and use of their scientific information, particularly by non-experts. In order for people to use science, they need to understand it. The highly technical, specialized nature of scientific information makes that difficult,...

Milch, Kerry F.; Perry, Suzanne C.; Bruce, Jennifer L.
Milch, K.F., Perry, S.C., and Bruce, J.L., 2019, Communicating hazards—A social science review to meet U.S. Geological Survey needs: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1449, 67 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1449.

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Year Published: 2019

Seismic evaluation of shallow-depth structure, faulting, and groundwater variations across the Dos Palmas Preserve, Riverside County, California

IntroductionDos Palmas Preserve is a Colorado Desert oasis and wetland in Riverside County, California, located near the base of the Orocopia Mountains and northeast of the Salton Sea. The original source of water for the oasis was artesian springs that developed at the base of the Orocopia Mountains, but more abundant water supplies were later...

Catchings, Rufus D.; Goldman, Mark R.; Chan, Joanne H.; Sickler, Robert R.; Rymer, Michael J.; Criley, Coyn J.
Catchings, R.D., Goldman, M.R., Chan, J.H., Sickler, R.R., Rymer, M.J., and Criley, C.J., 2020, Seismic evaluation of shallow-depth structure, faulting, and groundwater variations across the Dos Palmas Preserve, Riverside County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1130, 21 p., https://doi.org/ 10.3133/ofr20191130.

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Year Published: 2019

U.S. Geological Survey EDMAP Program—Training the next generation of geologic mappers

Detailed geologic maps are the basis of nearly every Earth-science investigation and can be used for natural hazard mitigation, resource identification and exploration, infrastructure planning, and more. A component of the congressionally mandated National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program, EDMAP is a partnership among the U.S. Geological...

Ackerman, Abby; McPhee, Darcy K.
Ackerman, A., and McPhee, D.K., 2019, U.S. Geological Survey EDMAP Program—Training the next generation of geologic mappers: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3059, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193059.

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Year Published: 2019

The August 2018 Kaktovik earthquakes: Active tectonics in northeastern Alaska revealed With InSAR and seismology

The largest earthquakes recorded in northern Alaska (Mw 6.4 and Mw 6.0) occurred ~6 hours apart on August 12, 2018 in the northeastern Brooks Range. The earthquakes were captured by Sentinel-1 InSAR satellites and Earthscope Transportable Array seismic data, giving insight into the little-known active tectonic processes of Arctic Alaska, obscured...

Gaudreau, E.; Nissen, E.K.; Bergman, Eric A.; Benz, Harley M.; Tan, F.; Karasözen, E.