Natural Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 6,123
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Year Published: 2020

Using a dense seismic array to determine structure and site effects of the Two Towers earthflow in northern California

We deployed a network of 68 three-component geophones on the slow moving Two Towers earthflow in northern California. We compute horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratios (HVSRs) from the ambient seismic field. The HVSRs have two prominent peaks, one near 1.23 Hz and another between 4 and 8 Hz at most stations. The 1.23 Hz resonance is a property...

Thomas, Amanda M.; Spica, Zack; Bodmer, Miles; Schulz, William; Roering, Joshua J.

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Year Published: 2020

U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Science Center

The mission of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earthquake Science Center is to collect a wide range of data on earthquakes, faults, and crustal deformation; conduct research to increase our understanding of earthquake source processes, occurrence, and effects; and synthesize this knowledge into probabilistic seismic hazard assessments,...

Hickman, Stephen H.
This publication is available at https://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/fs20193067. After the Digital Object Identifier and product metadata have been registered by Crossref, the official URL will be https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193067.

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Year Published: 2020

Observations on the May 2019 Joffre Peak landslides, British Columbia

Two catastrophic landslides occurred in quick succession on 13 and 16 May 2019, from the north face of Joffre Peak, Cerise Creek, southern Coast Mountains, British Columbia. With headscarps at 2560 m and 2690 m elevation, both began as rock avalanches, rapidly transforming into debris flows along middle Cerise Creek, and finally into debris floods...

Friele, Pierre; Millard, Tom; Mitchell, Andrew; Allstadt, Kate; Menounos, Brian; Geertsema, Marten; Clague, John J.

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Year Published: 2020

Establishing high-frequency noise baselines to 100 Hz based on millions of power spectra from IRIS MUSTANG

Advances in seismic instrumentation have enabled data to be recorded at increasing sample rates. This has in turn created a need to establish higher-frequency baselines for assessing data quality, as the widely-used New High (NHNM) and Low Noise Models (NLNM) of Peterson (1993) do not extend to frequencies above 10 Hz. To provide a baseline for...

Wolin, Emily; McNamara, Daniel

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Year Published: 2020

Thresholds for post-wildfire debris flows: Insights from the Pinal Fire, Arizona, USA

Wildfire significantly alters the hydrologic properties of a burned area, leading to increases in overland flow, erosion, and the potential for runoff-generated debris flows. The initiation of debris flows in recently burned areas is well-characterized by rainfall intensity-duration (ID) thresholds. However, there is currently a paucity of data...

Raymond, Carissa A; McGuire, Luke A.; Youberg, Ann M.; Staley, Dennis M.; Kean, Jason W.

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Year Published: 2020

USGS near-real-time products-and their use-for the 2018 Anchorage earthquake

In the minutes to hours after a major earthquake, such as the recent 2018 Mw">Mw 7.1 Anchorage event, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) produces a suite of interconnected earthquake products that provides diverse information ranging from basic earthquake source parameters to loss estimates. The 2018 Anchorage earthquake is the first...

Thompson, Eric M.; McBride, Sara; Hayes, Gavin P.; Allstadt, Kate; Wald, Lisa; Wald, David J.; Knudsen, Keith L.; Worden, Charles; Marano, Kristin; Jibson, Randall W.; Grant, Alex R. R.

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Year Published: 2020

Anatomy of a caldera collapse: Kīlauea 2018 summit seismicity sequence in high resolution

The 2018 Kīlauea eruption and caldera collapse generated intense cycles of seismicity tied to repeated large seismic (Mw ~5) collapse events associated with magma withdrawal from beneath the summit. To gain insight into the underlying dynamics and aid eruption response, we applied waveform-based earthquake detection and double-difference location...

Shelly, David R.; Thelen, Weston

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Year Published: 2020

Present-day mass wasting in sulfate-rich sediments in the equatorial regions of Mars

Present-day topographic changes are observed on steep slopes in equatorial regions of Mars that are associated with sulfate-rich sediments. Hydrated sulfates are known to be present in many sedimentary deposits on Mars. We document volume changes in the form of mass movements and gullies over these regions. We have estimated erosion rates of ~12...

Thomas, Melissa F; McEwen, Alfred S.; Dundas, Colin M.

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Year Published: 2020

Ground-motion amplification in Cook Inlet region, Alaska from intermediate-depth earthquakes, including the 2018 MW=7.1 Anchorage earthquake

We measure pseudospectral and peak ground motions from 44 intermediate‐depth Mw≥4.9">Mw≥4.9 earthquakes in the Cook Inlet region of southern Alaska, including those from the 2018 Mw">Mw 7.1 earthquake near Anchorage, to identify regional amplification features (⁠0.1–5  s">0.1...

Moschetti, Morgan P.; Thompson, Eric M.; Rekoske, John; Hearne, Mike; Powers, Peter M.; McNamara, Daniel E.; Tape, Carl

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Year Published: 2020

Relaxing segmentation on the Wasatch Fault Zone: Impact on seismic hazard

The multisegment Wasatch fault zone is a well-studied normal fault in the western United States that has paleoseismic evidence of recurrent Holocene surface-faulting earthquakes. Along the 270-km-long central part of the fault, four primary structural complexities provide possible along-strike limits to these ruptures and form the basis for models...

Valentini, Alessandro; Duross, Christopher; Field, Edward H.; Gold, Ryan D.; Briggs, Richard W.; Visini, Francesco; Pace, Bruno

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Year Published: 2020

Holocene rupture history of the central Teton fault at Leigh Lake; Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming

Prominent scarps on Pinedale glacial surfaces along the eastern base of the Teton Range confirm latest Pleistocene to Holocene surface‐faulting earthquakes on the Teton fault, but the timing of these events is only broadly constrained by a single previous paleoseismic study. We excavated two trenches at the Leigh Lake site near the center of the...

Zellman, Mark; Duross, Christopher; Thackray, Glenn R.; Personius, Stephen; Reitman, Nadine G.; Mahan, Shannon A.; Brossy, Cooper

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Year Published: 2020

The mineral diversity of Jezero crater: Evidence for possible lacustrine carbonates on Mars

Noachian-aged Jezero crater is the only known location on Mars where clear orbital detections of carbonates are found in close proximity to clear fluvio-lacustrine features indicating the past presence of a paleolake; however, it is unclear whether or not the carbonates in Jezero are related to the lacustrine activity. This distinction is critical...

Horgan, Briony H. N.; Anderson, Ryan; Dromart, G.; Amador, Elena S.; Rice, Melissa S.