Natural Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 6,123
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Year Published: 2020

Calibration analysis and noise estimates of WWSSN Station ALQ (Albuquerque, New Mexico)

World‐Wide Standardized Seismograph Network (WWSSN) records contain daily calibration pulses that can be used to retrieve the magnification as well as the response of the instrument for a given day record. We analyze a select number of long‐period vertical (LPZ) records from WWSSN station ALQ (Albuquerque, New Mexico). Although we find that the...

Ringler, Adam T.; Wilson, David C.; Wolin, Emily; Storm, Tyler; Sandoval, L. D.

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Year Published: 2020

Plate boundary localization, slip-rates and rupture segmentation of the Queen Charlotte Fault based on submarine tectonic geomorphology

Linking fault behavior over many earthquake cycles to individual earthquake behavior is a primary goal in tectonic geomorphology, particularly across an entire plate boundary. Here, we examine the 1150-km-long, right-lateral Queen Charlotte-Fairweather fault system using comprehensive multibeam bathymetry data acquired along the Queen Charlotte...

Brothers, Daniel; Miller, Nathaniel C.; Vaughn Barrie; Haeussler, Peter; H. Gary Greene; Andrews, Brian D.; Olaf Zielke; Dartnell, Peter

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Year Published: 2020

Maximum entropy derived statistics of sound speed structure in a fine-grained sediment inferred from sparse broadband acoustic measurements on the New England continental shelf

Marginal probability distributions for parameters representing an effective sound-speed structure of a fine-grained sediment are inferred from a data ensemble maximum entropy method that utilizes a sparse spatially distributed set of received pressure time series resulting from multiple explosive sources in a shallow-water ocean environment...

Knobles, David P.; Wilson, Preston S.; Goff, J.A.; Wan, L.; Buckingham, M.J.; Chaytor, Jason; Badiey, Mohsen

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Year Published: 2020

Sedimentary evidence of prehistoric distant-source tsunamis in the Hawaiian Islands

Over the past 200 years of written records, the Hawaiian Islands have experienced tens of tsunamis generated by earthquakes in the subduction zones of the Pacific "Ring of Fire" (e.g., Alaska-Aleutian, Kuril-Kamchatka, Chile, and Japan). Mapping and dating anomalous beds of sand and silt deposited by tsunamis in low-lying areas along Pacific...

La Selle, Seanpaul; Richmond, Bruce M.; Jaffe, Bruce E.; Nelson, Alan; Griswold, Frances; Arcos, Maria E.M.; Chague, Catherine; Bishop, James M.; Bellanova, Piero; Kane, Haunani H.; Lunghino, Brent D.; Gelfenbaum, Guy R.

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Year Published: 2020

Organic geochemical investigation of far‐field tsunami deposits of the Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i

Far‐field tsunami deposits observed in the Kahana Valley, O'ahu, Hawai'i (USA), were investigated for their organic‐geochemical content. During short high‐energy events, (tsunamis and storms) organic and chemical components are transported with sediment from marine to terrestrial areas. This study investigates the use of anthropogenic based...

Bellanova, Piero; Frenken, Mike; Richmond, Bruce M.; Schwarzbauer, Jan; La Selle, Seanpaul; Griswold, Frances; Jaffe, Bruce E.; Nelson, Alan R.; Reicherter, Klaus

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Year Published: 2019

Temperature model in support of the U.S. Geological Survey National Crustal Model for seismic hazard Ssudies

The U.S. Geological Survey National Crustal Model (NCM) is being developed to assist with earthquake hazard and risk assessment by supporting estimates of ground shaking in response to an earthquake. The period-dependent intensity and duration of shaking depend upon the three-dimensional seismic velocity, seismic attenuation, and density...

Boyd, Oliver S.
Boyd, O.S., 2020, Temperature model in support of the U.S. Geological Survey National Crustal Model for seismic hazard studies: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1121, 15 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191121.

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Year Published: 2019

Communicating hazards—A social science review to meet U.S. Geological Survey needs

This report is for U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)—and any other—hazard scientists who want to improve the understanding and use of their scientific information, particularly by non-experts. In order for people to use science, they need to understand it. The highly technical, specialized nature of scientific information makes that difficult,...

Milch, Kerry F.; Perry, Suzanne C.; Bruce, Jennifer L.
Milch, K.F., Perry, S.C., and Bruce, J.L., 2019, Communicating hazards—A social science review to meet U.S. Geological Survey needs: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1449, 67 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1449.

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Year Published: 2019

Seismic evaluation of shallow-depth structure, faulting, and groundwater variations across the Dos Palmas Preserve, Riverside County, California

IntroductionDos Palmas Preserve is a Colorado Desert oasis and wetland in Riverside County, California, located near the base of the Orocopia Mountains and northeast of the Salton Sea. The original source of water for the oasis was artesian springs that developed at the base of the Orocopia Mountains, but more abundant water supplies were later...

Catchings, Rufus D.; Goldman, Mark R.; Chan, Joanne H.; Sickler, Robert R.; Rymer, Michael J.; Criley, Coyn J.
Catchings, R.D., Goldman, M.R., Chan, J.H., Sickler, R.R., Rymer, M.J., and Criley, C.J., 2020, Seismic evaluation of shallow-depth structure, faulting, and groundwater variations across the Dos Palmas Preserve, Riverside County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1130, 21 p., https://doi.org/ 10.3133/ofr20191130.

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Year Published: 2019

Proposed multi-period response spectra and ground motion requirements of the 2020 Recommended Provisions and ASCE 7-22

This paper summarizes a comprehensive set of proposals to the Provisions Update Committee of the Building Seismic Safety Council that would incorporate multi-period response spectra (MPRS) in the 2020 edition of the NEHRP Recommended Seismic Provisions for New Buildings and Other Structures (2020 NEHRP Provisions) and related proposals to the ASCE...

Kircher, Charles A; Rezaeian, Sanaz; Luco, Nicolas

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Year Published: 2019

Some experiments in extreme-value statistical modeling of magnetic superstorm intensities

In support of projects for forecasting and mitigating the deleterious effects of extreme space-weather storms, an examination is made of the intensities of magnetic superstorms recorded in the Dst index time series (1957-2016). Modified peak-over-threshold and solar-cycle, block-maximum sampling of the Dst time series are performed to obtain compi-...

Love, Jeffrey J.

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Year Published: 2019

U.S. Geological Survey EDMAP Program—Training the next generation of geologic mappers

Detailed geologic maps are the basis of nearly every Earth-science investigation and can be used for natural hazard mitigation, resource identification and exploration, infrastructure planning, and more. A component of the congressionally mandated National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program, EDMAP is a partnership among the U.S. Geological...

Ackerman, Abby; McPhee, Darcy K.
Ackerman, A., and McPhee, D.K., 2019, U.S. Geological Survey EDMAP Program—Training the next generation of geologic mappers (ver. 1.1, July 2020): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3059, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193059.

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Year Published: 2019

Earthquakes, ShakeMap

ShakeMap® is an open-source software program employed to automatically produce a suite of maps and products that portray the geographical extent and severity of potentially damaging shaking following an earthquake. ShakeMap’s primary purpose is to provide post-earthquake situational awareness for emergency management and response as well as damage...

Wald, David J.; Worden, Charles; Thompson, Eric M.; Hearne, Mike