Natural Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 5,629
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Year Published: 2019

Offshore shallow structure and sediment distribution, Point Sur to Point Arguello, central California

This publication consists of three map sheets that display shallow geologic structure, along with sediment distribution and thickness, for an about 225-km-long offshore section of the central California coast between Point Sur and Point Arguello. Each map sheet includes three maps, at scales of either 1:150,000 or 1:200,000, as well as a set of...

Johnson, Samuel Y.; Hartwell, Stephen R.; Watt, Janet T.; Beeson, Jeffrey W.; Dartnell, Peter
Johnson, S.Y., Hartwell, S.R., Watt, J.T., Beeson, J.W., and Dartnell, P., 2019, Offshore shallow structure and sediment distribution, Point Sur to Point Arguello, central California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1158, 3 sheets, scales 1:150,000 and 1:200,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181158.

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Year Published: 2019

Effects of infiltration characteristics on the spatial-temporal evolution of stability of an interstate highway embankment

Infiltration-induced landslides are among the most common natural disasters threatening modern civilization, but conventional methods for studying the triggering mechanisms and predicting the occurrence of these slides are limited by incomplete consideration of underlying physical processes and the lack of precision inherent in limit-equilibrium...

Hinds, Eric; Lu, Ning; Mirus, Benjamin B.; Wayllace, Alexandra

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Year Published: 2019

Heat flow in the Western Arctic Ocean (Amerasian Basin)

From 1963 to 1973 the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) measured heat flow at 356 sites in the Amerasian Basin (Western Arctic Ocean) from a drifting ice island (T-3). The resulting measurements, which are unevenly distributed on Alpha-Mendeleev Ridge (AMR) and in Canada and Nautilus basins, greatly expand available heat flow data for the Arctic Ocean...

Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Lachenbruch, A.H.; Hutchinson, Deborah; Munroe, Robert; Mosher, David

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Year Published: 2019

Report from the Ice and Climate Evolution Science Analysis group (ICE-SAG)

This document is the final report of the Ice and Climate Evolution Science Analysis Group (ICESAG) that was formed by the Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group (MEPAG) as part of its preparations for the upcoming NASA Planetary Science Decadal Survey for 2023 through 2032 (see §1). Through telecons, one face-to-face meeting, and discussions with...

Putzig, Than; Diniega, Serina; Dundas, Colin M.; Titus, Timothy N.

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Year Published: 2019

Depth determination of the 2010 El Mayor‐Cucapah earthquake sequence (M ≥ 4.0)

The 2010 MW 7.2 El Mayor‐Cucapah earthquake ruptured a zone of ~120 km in length in northern Baja California. The geographic distribution of this earthquake sequence was well constrained by waveform relocation. The depth distribution, however, was poorly determined as it is near the edge of, or outside, the Southern California Seismic...

Yu, C.; Hauksson, E.; Zhan, Z.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.; Helmberger, D.

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Year Published: 2019

Petrologic and mineral physics database for use with the U.S. Geological Survey National Crustal Model

We present a petrologic and mineral physics database as part of the U.S. Geological Survey National Crustal Model (NCM). Each of 209 geologic units, 134 of which are currently part of the geologic framework within the NCM, was assigned a mineralogical composition according to generalized classifications with some refinement for specific geologic...

Sowers, Theron; Boyd, Oliver S.
Sowers, T., and Boyd, O.S., 2019, Petrologic and mineral physics database for use with the U.S. Geological Survey National Crustal Model: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1035, 17 p.,https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191035.

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Year Published: 2019

A combinatorial approach to determine earthquake magnitude distributions on a variable slip-rate fault

Combinatorial methods are used to determine the spatial distribution of earthquake magnitudes on a fault whose slip rate varies along strike. Input to the problem is a finite sample of earthquake magnitudes that span 5 kyr drawn from a truncated Pareto distribution. The primary constraints to the problem are maximum and minimum values around the...

Geist, Eric L.; Parsons, Thomas E.

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Year Published: 2019

Satellite observations of surface deformation at the Coso Geothermal Field, California

Surface deformation time series and rates are identified at the Coso Geothermal Field (CGF) and surrounding areas by applying interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) to satellite scenes from Envisat (June 2004 ̶ October 2010) and Sentinel (November 2014 – April 2018). The measurements are done in the line of sight (LOS) to each...

Eneva, Mariana; Barbour, Andrew; Adams, David; Hsiao, Vicky; Blake, Kelly; Falorni, Giacomo; Locatelli, Roberto

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Year Published: 2019

Landscape change associated with the upper Scenic Drive landslide, La Honda, California, January 10–June 28, 2017

La Honda, California, is a small town in unincorporated San Mateo County, located on the west edge of the San Francisco Peninsula in the Santa Cruz Mountains, between San Francisco and San Jose. The Scenic Drive area of La Honda has experienced several past episodes of landslide motion, which were documented in 1998, 2005, and 2006. This report...

Pickering, Alexandra J.; Prentice, Carol S.; DeLong, Stephen B.
Pickering, A.J., Prentice, C.S., and DeLong, S.B., 2019, Landscape change associated with the upper Scenic Drive landslide, La Honda, California, January 10–June 28, 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1024, 17 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:400, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191024.

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Year Published: 2019

Coastal and marine science of the U.S. Geological Survey in Woods Hole, Massachusetts

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, is one of three centers serving the mission of the USGS Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program (CMHRP). Since its authorization by Congress in 1962, the CMHRP has served as the primary Federal program for marine geology and...

Ernst, Sara
Ernst, S., 2019, Coastal and marine science of the U.S. Geological Survey in Woods Hole, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey General Information Product 191, 16 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/gip191.

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Year Published: 2019

Determining Moho depth beneath sedimentary basins using regional Pn multiples

The study of the Moho beneath thick sedimentary basins involving natural earthquakes is challenging, as low‐velocity materials often cause strong reverberations that mask Moho signals. Here, we develop a method to determine the depth of the Moho by taking advantage of the presence of the sediments. The method utilizes the first Pn crustal multiple...

Yu, C.; Zhan, Z.; Hauksson, E.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.; Helmberger, D.

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Year Published: 2019

Widespread initiation, reactivation, and acceleration of landslides in the northern California Coast Ranges due to extreme rainfall

Episodically to continuously active slow-moving landslides are driven by precipitation. Climate change, which is altering both the frequency and magnitude of precipitation world21 wide, is therefore predicted to have a major impact on landslides. Here we examine the behavior of hundreds of slow-moving landslides in northern California in...

Handwerger, Alexander L.; Fielding, Eric J.; Huang, Mong-Han; Bennett, Georgina L.; Liang, Cunren; Schulz, William