Natural Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 5,629
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Year Published: 2019

Seasonal, tidal, and geomorphic controls on sediment export to Amazon River tidal floodplains

Mainstem–floodplain material exchange in the tidal freshwater reach of ma jor rivers may lead to significant sequestration of riverine sediment, but this zone remains understudied compared to adjacent fluvial and marine environ ments. This knowledge gap prompts investigation of floodplain-incising tidalchannels found along the banks of tidal...

Nowacki, Daniel J. ; Ogston, Andrea S.; Nittrouer, Charles A.; Fricke, Aaron; Asp, Nils; Souza Filho, Pedro Walfir M.
Nowacki, D.J., Ogston, A.S., Nittrouer, C.A., Fricke, A.T., Asp, N.E., 2019, Seasonal, tidal, and geomorphic controls on sediment export to Amazon River tidal floodplains: Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, v. 44, no. 9, 1846-1859 p doi:10.1002/esp.4616.

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Year Published: 2019

Improving earthquake forecasts during swarms with a duration model

Earthquake swarms present a challenge for operational earthquake forecasting because they are driven primarily by transient external processes, such as fluid flow, the behavior and duration of which are difficult to predict. In this study, we develop a swarm duration model to estimate how long a swarm is likely to last based on actuarial...

Llenos, Andrea L.; Van Der Elst, Nicholas

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Year Published: 2019

Results from the Department of the Interior Strategic Sciences Group Technical Support for the 2018 Kīlauea Eruption

On May 3, 2018 Hawai'i’s Kīlauea volcano erupted, ultimately covering 35 square kilometers (13.5 square miles) of land in lava, destroying over 700 homes in multiple subdivisions, and displacing over 2500 residents in the Puna District on the southeast flank of the volcano. Simultaneously, Kīlauea’s summit experienced its largest collapse in 200...

Ludwig, K.A.; Pennaz, Alice; Wilkins, Aleeza M.
Attribution: Natural Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

A revised continuous surface elevation model for modeling

A digital elevation model (DEM) is an essential component of any hydrodynamic model. The Delta Modeling Section (Section) has maintained a database of bathymetry soundings and levee surveys for decades and published a 10-meter (10m) DEM for the San Francisco Bay and Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta (Delta) (California Department of Water Resources...

Wang, Rueen-Fang; Ateljevich, Eli; Fregoso, Theresa A.; Jaffe, Bruce E.

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Year Published: 2019

Factors controlling landslide frequency-area distributions

A power‐law relation for the frequency–area distribution (FAD) of medium and large landslides (e.g. tens to millions of square meters) has been observed by numerous authors. But the FAD of small landslides diverges from the power‐law distribution, with a rollover point below which frequencies decrease for smaller landslides. Some studies conclude...

Tanyaş, Hakan; van Westen, Cees J.; Allstadt, Kate E.; Jibson, Randall W.

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Year Published: 2019

Slow-growing and extended-duration seismicity swarms: Reactivating joints or foliations in the Cahuilla Valley Pluton, Central Peninsular Ranges, Southern California

Three prolific earthquake swarms and numerous smaller ones have occurred since 1980 in the Mesozoic igneous plutonic rocks of the Perris block of the Peninsular Ranges, Southern California. The major swarms occurred in 1980–1981, 1983–1984, and 2016–2018, with the latest swarm still ongoing. These swarms have no clear mainshock, with the largest...

Hauksson, E.; Ross, Z.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.

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Year Published: 2019

Persistence of intense, climate-driven runoff late in Mars history

Mars is dry today, but numerous precipitation-fed paleo-rivers are found across the planet’s surface. These rivers’ existence is a challenge to models of planetary climate evolution. We report results indicating that, for a given catchment area, rivers on Mars were wider than rivers on Earth today. We use the scale (width and wavelength) of Mars...

Kite, Edwin S.; Mayer, David; Wilson, Sharon A.; Davis, Joel M.; Lucas, Antoine S.; Stucky de Quay, Gaia

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Year Published: 2019

Better approaches to managing drought in the American Southwest

The second in a series of USGS Southwest Region (SWR) “Science Exchange” annual workshops, focused on USGS drought science. The participants considered how extreme drought conditions are evolving in much of the American southwest, with an emphasis on integrated drought science planning at the USGS bureau and program levels. The increased need for...

Lambert, Patrick; Titus, Timothy N.; Ostroff, Andrea

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Year Published: 2019

Discovery of an extensive deep-sea fossil serpulid reef associated with a cold seep, Santa Monica Basin, California

Multi-beam mapping of the Santa Monica Basin in the eastern Pacific has revealed the existence of a number of elevated bathymetric features, or mounds, harboring cold seep communities. During 2013-2014, mounds at ~600 m water depth were observed for the first time and sampled by Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute’s ROV Doc Ricketts. Active...

Georgieva, Magdalena N; Paull, Charles K.; Little, Crispin TS; McGann, Mary; Sahy, Diana; Condon, Daniel; Lundsten, Lonny; Pewsey, Jack; Caress, David W; Vrijenhoek, Robert C
Georgieva, M.N., Paull, C.K., Little, C.T.S., McGann, M., Sahy, D., Condon, D., Lundsten, L., Pewsey, J., Caress, D.W., and Vrijenhoek, R.C., 2019, Discovery of an extensive deep-sea fossil serpulid reef associated with a cold seep, Santa Monica Basin, California: Frontiers in Marine Science, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00115.

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Year Published: 2019

Delayed dynamic triggering of disposal-induced earthquakes observed by a dense array in Northern Oklahoma

Recent increases in earthquake occurrence rates in Oklahoma have been linked to the injection of large volumes of saltwater, a byproduct of oil and gas extraction. Here we present a detailed study of remote earthquake triggering in an area of active injection‐induced seismicity in northern Oklahoma using data from the LArge‐n Seismic Survey in...

Pena Castro, A.; Dougherty, Sara L.; Harrington, R. M.; Cochran, Elizabeth S.

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Year Published: 2019

Characterizing the catastrophic 2017 Mud Creek Landslide, California, using repeat Structure-from-Motion (SfM) photogrammetry

Along the rugged coast of Big Sur, California, the Mud Creek landslide failed catastrophically on May 20, 2017 and destroyed over 400 m of scenic California State Highway 1. We collected structure-from-motion (SfM) photogrammetry data using airborne platforms that, when combined with existing airborne lidar data, revealed that the area exhibited...

Warrick, Jonathan A.; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Reid, Mark E.; Schmidt, Kevin M.; Logan, Joshua B.

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Year Published: 2019

Leakage and increasing fluid pressure detected in Oklahoma's wastewater disposal reservoir

The Arbuckle Group is the principal reservoir used for wastewater disposal in Oklahoma. In Osage County—a seismically quiet part of the state—continuous measurements of fluid pressure reveal that pressure in the reservoir is increasing by at least 5 kPa annually and sometimes at a much higher rate. Tidal analysis reveals that fluid level changes...

Barbour, Andrew; Xue, Lian; Roeloffs, Evelyn; Rubinstein, Justin