Volcano Hazards Program Office

Publications

Filter Total Items: 2,114
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Hydrogen isotopes in high 3He/4He submarine basalts: Primordial vs. recycled water and the veil of mantle enrichment

The hydrogen isotope value (δD) of water indigenous to the mantle is masked by the early degassing and recycling of surface water through Earth's history. High 3He/4He ratios in some ocean island basalts, however, provide a clear geochemical signature of deep, primordial mantle that has been isolated within the Earth'...

Loewen, Matthew W.; Graham, David W.; Bindeman, Ilya N.; Lupton, John E.; Garcia, Michael O.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

The 2018 rift eruption and summit collapse of Kilauea Volcano

In 2018, Kīlauea Volcano experienced its largest lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption and caldera collapse in at least 200 years. After collapse of the Pu'u 'Ō'ō vent on 30 April, magma propagated downrift. Eruptive fissures opened in the LERZ on 3 May, eventually extending ~6.8 km. A 4 May earthquake (M6.9) produced ~5 m of fault slip. Lava...

Neal, Christina A.; Brantley, Steven; Antolik, Loren; Babb, Janet; Burgess, Matthew K.; Cappos, Michael; Chang, Jefferson; Conway, Sarah; Desmither, Liliana; Dotray, Peter; Elias, Tamar; Fukunaga, Pauline; Fuke, Steven; Johanson, Ingrid; Kamibayashi, Kevan; Kauahikaua, James P.; Lee, R. Lopaka; Pekalib, S.; Miklius, Asta; Shiro, Brian; Swanson, Don; Nadeau, Patricia; Zoeller, Michael H.; Okubo, P.; Parcheta, Carolyn; Patrick, Matthew R.; Tollett, William; Trusdell, Frank A.; Younger, Edward (Frank); Montgomery-brown, Emily; Anderson, Kyle R.; Poland, Michael P.; Ball, Jessica L.; Bard, Joseph A.; Coombs, Michelle L.; Dietterich, Hannah R.; Kern, Christoph; Thelen, Weston; Cervelli, Peter; Orr, Tim R.; Houghton, Bruce F.; Gansecki, Cheryl; Hazlett, Richard; Lundgren, Paul; Diefenbach, Angela K.; Lerner, Allan; Waite, Greg; Kelly, Peter J.; Clor, Laura E.; Werner, Cynthia; Burgess, Matthew; Mulliken, Katherine; Fisher, Gary

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Insights into the mechanisms of phreatic eruptions from continuous high frequency volcanic gas monitoring: Rincón de la Vieja volcano, Costa Rica

Understanding the trigger mechanisms of phreatic eruptions is key to mitigating the effects of these hazardous but poorly forecastable volcanic events. It has recently been established that high-rate volcanic gas observations are potentially very suitable to identifying the source processes driving phreatic eruptions, and to eventually detecting...

Battaglia, Angelo; de Moor, J. Maarten; Aiuppa, Alessandro; Avard, Geoffroy; Bakkar, Henriette; Bitetto, Marcello; Mora Fernández, M. M.; Kelly, Peter J.; Giudice, Gaetano; Delle Donne, Dario; Villalobos, Hairo

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Warming effects of spring rainfall increase methane emissions from thawing permafrost

Methane emissions regulate the near‐term global warming potential of permafrost thaw, particularly where loss of ice‐rich permafrost converts forest and tundra into wetlands. Northern latitudes are expected to get warmer and wetter, and while there is consensus that warming will increase thaw and methane emissions, effects of increased...

Neumann, Rebecca B.; Moorberg, C.J.; Lundquist, J.D.; Turner, J.C.; Waldrop, Mark P.; McFarland, Jack W.; Euskirchen, E.S.; Edgar, C.W.; Turetsky, M.R.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Eruption and fountaining dynamics of selected 1985–1986 high fountaining episodes at Kīlauea volcano, Hawai'i, from quantitative vesicle microtexture analysis

Tephra from the early Hawaiian fountaining episodes of the ongoing eruption of Pu'u 'Ō'ō in the East Rift Zone (ERZ) of Kīlauea provides an opportunity to study the vesicle microtextures of pyroclasts erupted from a single vent over a prolonged period of time. We report the results of microtextural analysis of pyroclasts from five...

Holt, S. J.; Carey, R. J.; Houghton, B. F.; Orr, Tim R.; McPhie, J.; Feig, S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Thermal, deformation, and degassing remote sensing time-series (A.D. 2000-2017) at the 47 most active volcanoes in Latin America: Implications for volcanic systems

Volcanoes are hazardous to local and global populations, but only a fraction are continuously monitored by ground-based sensors. For example, in Latin America, more than 60% of Holocene volcanoes are unmonitored, meaning long-term multi-parameter datasets of volcanic activity are rare and sparse. We use satellite observations of degassing, thermal...

Reath, Kevin; Pritchard, Matthew; Poland, Michael P.; Delgado, F.; Carn, S.; Coppola, D.; Andrews, B. J.; Ebmeier, S.K.; Rumpf, Mary (Elise); Henderson, S.; Baker, S.; Lundgren, P.; Wright, R. Erik; Biggs, J.; Lopez, T.; Wauthier, C.; Moruzzi, S.; Alcott, A.; Wessels, Rick; Griswold, Julia P.; Ogburn, Sarah E.; Loughlin, S. C.; Meyer, F.; Vaughan, R. Greg; Bagnardi, M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Seismic and acoustic signatures of surficial mass movements at volcanoes

Surficial mass movements, such as debris avalanches, rock falls, lahars, pyroclastic flows, and outburst floods, are a dominant hazard at many volcanoes worldwide. Understanding these processes, cataloging their spatio-temporal occurrence, and detecting, tracking, and characterizing these events would advance the science of volcano monitoring and...

Allstadt, Kate E.; Matoza, Robin S; Lockhart, Andrew; Moran, Seth C.; Caplan-Auerbach, Jacqueline; Haney, Matthew M.; Thelen, Weston; Malone, Stephen D.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

A repeating event sequence alarm for monitoring volcanoes

A major challenge in volcanology is forecasting eruptions. Repeating earthquake sequences may precede volcanic eruptions or lava dome growth and collapse, providing an opportunity for short-term eruption forecasting. I develop an automated repeating earthquake sequence detector and near real-time alarm to send alerts when an in-progress sequence...

Tepp, Gabrielle

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Gas and ash emissions associated with the 2010–present activity of Sinabung Volcano, Indonesia

Sinabung Volcano (Sumatra, Indonesia) awoke from over 1200 years of dormancy with multiple phreatic explosions in 2010. After a period of quiescence, Sinabung activity resumed in 2013, producing frequent explosions, lava dome extrusion, and pyroclastic flows from dome collapses, becoming one of the world's most active volcanoes and displacing over...

Primulyana, Sofyan; Kern, Christoph; Lerner, Allan; Saing, Ugan; Kunrat, Syegi; Alfianti, Hilma; Marlia, Mitha

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Joint 3-D tomographic imaging of Vp, Vs and Vp/Vs and hypocenter relocation at Sinabung volcano, Indonesia from November to December 2013

We conducted travel time tomography using P- and S-wave arrival times of volcanic-tectonic (VT) events that occurred between November and December 2013 to determine the three-dimensional (3D) seismic velocity structure (Vp, Vs, and Vp/Vs) beneath Sinabung volcano, Indonesia in order to delineate geological subsurface structure and to enhance our...

Nugraha, Andri Dian; Indrastuti, Novianti; Kusnandar, Ridwan; Gunawan, Hendra; McCausland, Wendy A.; Aulia, Atin Nur; Harlianti, Ulvienin

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

Twenty years (1990–2010) of geodetic monitoring of Galeras volcano (Colombia) from continuous tilt measurements.

Galeras - an andesitic stratovolcano part of the Galeras Volcanic Complex - is one of the most active volcanoes in Colombia. Historic activity is centered on a small-volume cone inside the youngest amphitheater, which breaches the west flank of the volcano. At least 30 confirmed eruption periods have been recorded in the past 480 years, with...

Narvaez Medina, Lourdes; Arcos, Dario F; Battaglia, Maurizio

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2019

A 15-year catalog of more than 1 million low-frequency earthquakes: Tracking tremor and slip along the deep San Andreas Fault

Low-frequency earthquakes (LFEs) are small, rapidly recurring slip events that occur on the deep extensions of some major faults. Their collective activation is often observed as a semi-continuous signal known as tectonic (or non-volcanic) tremor. This manuscript presents a catalog of more than 1 million LFEs detected along the central San...

Shelly, David R.