Volcano Hazards Program Office

Publications

Filter Total Items: 2,214
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Year Published: 2020

Geologic map of the Paeroa Fault block and surrounding area, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand

The Taupo Volcanic Zone (TVZ), New Zealand, is the most productive area of explosive silicic volcanism in the world. Faulted early and middle Pleistocene volcanic products are generally concealed beneath voluminous, generally unfaulted, younger volcanic products. An exception is the southeast margin of the TVZ where the two parallel, northeast-...

Downs, Drew T.; Leonard, Graham S.; Wilson, Colin J. N.; Rowland, Julie V
Downs, D.T., Leonard, G.S., Wilson, C.J.N., and Rowland, J.V., 2020, Geologic map of the Paeroa Fault block and surrounding area, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1021, scale 1:50,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201021.

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Year Published: 2020

A post-eruption study of gases and thermal waters at Okmok Volcano, Alaska

We report here on the first focused study of gas discharges and thermal spring waters at Okmok Volcano since the 2008 phreatomagmatic eruptions. Results include the first compositional gas data from Okmok with minimal air contamination and the first data on magmatic carbon in Okmok spring waters. Chemical and isotopic analyses of the waters and...

Bergfeld, Deborah; Evans, William C.; Hunt, Andrew; Lopez, Taryn; Schaefer, Janet

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Year Published: 2020

Have humans influenced volcanic activity on the lower East Rift Zone of Kīlauea Volcano? A publication review

Since the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, the topic of whether commercial developments not only caused the eruption to occur in the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ), but also caused its high eruption rate has been a subject of public discussion. We review Kīlauea Volcano publications from the past several decades and show that the eruptive behavior...

Kauahikaua, James P.; Trusdell, Frank A.
Kauahikaua, J. and Trusdell, F., 2020, Have humans influenced volcanic activity on the lower East Rift Zone of Kīlauea Volcano? A publication review: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1017, 17 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201017.

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Year Published: 2020

Preliminary analyses of volcanic hazards at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i, 2017–2018

From 2017 to 2018, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) responded to ongoing and changing eruptions at Kīlauea Volcano as part of its mission to monitor volcanic processes, issue warnings of dangerous activity, and assess volcanic hazards. To formalize short-term hazards assessments—and, in some cases, issue...

Neal, Christina A.; Anderson, Kyle R.
Neal, C.A., and Anderson, K.R., 2020, Preliminary analyses of volcanic hazards at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i, 2017–2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1002, 34 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201002.

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Year Published: 2020

Six-axis ground motion measurements of caldera collapse at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi - More data, more puzzles?

Near‐field recordings of large earthquakes and volcano‐induced events using traditional seismological instrumentation often suffer from unaccounted effects of local tilt and saturation of signals. Recent hardware advances have led to the development of the blueSeis‐3A, a very broadband, highly sensitive rotational motion sensor. We installed this...

Wassermann, Joachim; Bernauer, Felix; Shiro, Brian; Johanson, Ingrid; Guattari, Frederic; Igel, Heiner

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Year Published: 2020

Phase equilibrium of a high-SiO2, andesite at fO2 = RRO: Implications for Augustine volcano and other high-fO2 arc andesites

Understanding the impact of magmatic plumbing systems on explosive volcanic activity is important for hazard management. This study describes phase equilibria experiments using a high-silica andesite (HSA; SiO2 = 62.5 wt%) from the 2006 eruption of Augustine Volcano, Alaska. Experiments were conducted under H2O saturated conditions, f02...

De Angelis, Sarah H.; Larsen, Jessica F.; Coombs, Michelle L.; Utley, James E. P.; Dunn, Andrew P.

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Year Published: 2020

High-resolution imaging of hydrothermal heat flux using optical and thermal Structure-from-Motion photogrammetry

Quantifying hydrothermal heat flux at meter-scale resolution over N0.25 km2 is required to bridge in-situ heat flux and satellite-based measurements. We advance a methodology that blends ground-based daytime optical and nighttime thermal infrared (TIR) imagery using Structure-from-Motion photogrammetry to map radiant hydrothermal heat flux over...

Lewis, Aaron; Robert Sare; Lewicki, Jennifer L.; Hilley, George

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Year Published: 2020

Constraints on eruption processes and event masses for the 2016–2017 eruption of Bogoslof volcano, Alaska, through evaluation of IASI satellite SO2 masses and complementary datasets

Bogoslof volcano, Alaska, experienced at least 70 explosive eruptions between 12 December 2016 and 31 August 2017. Due to its remote location and limited local monitoring network, this eruption was monitored and characterized primarily using remote geophysical and satellite techniques. SO2 emissions from Bogoslof were persistently detected by...

Lopez, Taryn; Clarisse, Lieven; Schwaiger, Hans; Van Eaton, Alexa R.; Loewen, Matthew W.; Fee, David; Lyons, John J.; Wallace, Kristi; Searcy, Cheryl; Wech, Aaron; Haney, Matthew M.; Schneider, David; Graham, Nathan

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Year Published: 2020

An experimental investigation of interaction between andesite and hyperacidic volcanic lake water

Alteration in magmatic-hydrothermal systems leads to distinct changes in rock texture and mineralogy, and a strong redistribution of elements between fluid and rock. Here, we experimentally interacted andesite scoria with hyperacidic, high-sulfidation style fluids from Kawah Ijen volcano (Indonesia) at 25 and 100˚C, seeking to reproduce the...

van Hinsberg, Vincent ; Berlo, Kim ; Lowenstern, Jacob B.

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Year Published: 2020

Petrologic insights into rift zone magmatic interactions from the 2011 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi

The high frequency of historical eruptions at Kīlauea Volcano presents an exceptional opportunity to address fundamental questions related to the transport, storage, and interaction of magmas within rift zones. The Nāpau Crater area on Kīlauea’s East Rift Zone (ERZ) experienced nine fissure eruptions within 50 years (1961–2011). Most of the magma...

Walker, Brett H.; Garcia, Michael O.; Orr, Tim R.

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Year Published: 2020

Using conceptual models to relate multiparameter satellite data to subsurface volcanic processes in Latin America

Satellite data have been extensively used to identify volcanic behavior. However, the physical subsurface processes causing any individual manifestation of activity can be ambiguous. We propose a classification scheme for the cause of unrest that simultaneously considers three multiparameter satellite observations. The scheme is based on...

Reath, Kevin; Pritchard, Matthew; Biggs, Juliet; Andrews, Ben; Ebmeier, Susi; Bagnardi, Marco; Girona, Tarsilo; Lundgren, Paul; Lopez, Taryn; Poland, Michael P.

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Year Published: 2020

Assessment of leachable elements in volcanic ashfall: A review and evaluation of a standardized protocol for ash hazard characterization

Volcanic ash presents a widespread and common hazard during and after eruptions. Complex interactions between solid ash surfaces and volcanic gases lead to the formation of soluble salts that may be mobilized in aqueous environments. A variety of stakeholders may be concerned about the effects of ash on human and animal health, drinking water...

Stewart, Carol; Damby, David; Tomasek, Ines; Horwell, Claire J.; Plumlee, Geoffrey S.; Armienta, Maria Aurora; Hinojosa, Maria Gabriela Ruiz; Appleby, Moya; Delmelle, Pierre; Cronin, Shane; Ottley, Christopher J; Oppenheimer, Clive; Morman, Suzette A.