Eastern Ecological Science Center

Fish and Wildlife Disease Investigation and Surveillance

Filter Total Items: 49
Date published: September 30, 2021
Status: Active

Decision Science Support for SARS-CoV-2 Risk to North American Bats

The Eastern Ecological Science Center is working closely with federal, state, and tribal partners to help inform decisions that reduce the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission from humans to North American wildlife, including bats.

Date published: September 17, 2021
Status: Active

Decision science support for Chronic Wasting Disease

Eastern Ecological Science Center adds the decision analytical skill set to the existing body of USGS expertise on Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD), in support of our sister DOI agencies.

Date published: May 4, 2020
Status: Active

Hazard and Risk of Anticoagulant Rodenticides to Predatory and Scavenging Wildlife

Invasive mammalian predators are the most damaging group of animals affecting global biodiversity.  When introduced on remote islands, alien rodent species can devastate local biota and have been linked to approximately 30% of all extinctions. In addition, rodents can also consume and spoil crops, and serve as disease vectors that affect humans.  Starting in the 20th century,...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Immune System Changes and Susceptibility to Disease in Birds Exposed to Environmental Contaminants

Disease dynamics in wildlife are commonly related to changes or increases in environmental stressors that are placed upon an animal. Environmental pollutants are known to affect the immune system of wildlife, resulting in impaired resistance to infection and potential increases in disease outbreaks.

In collaboration with: Jill Jenkins, Ph.D USGS Wetland and Aquatic Research Center;...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Effects of Short Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) on developing birds

The Challenge: Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) are complex technical mixtures of polychlorinated n-alkanes used in lubricants and coolants in metalworking, as flame retardants, and in paints, adhesives, sealants, textiles and polymeric materials, plastics and rubber. SCCPs are of concern because they are globally transported, bioaccumulate in wildlife and humans, and are...

Date published: April 7, 2020
Status: Active

Do pesticide coatings on agricultural seeds pose a threat to earthworms and to the birds that eat them?

Earthworms are a vital part of a healthy, functioning soil ecosystem and are also an important protein-rich food source for wildlife, including many species of birds and mammals. In an agricultural setting, the presence of earthworms can increase crop yields by 25%, but can also expose earthworms to pesticides. Seed treatment is the principal application method for neonicotinoid insecticides,...

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Terrestrial wildlife and legacy oil mining on National Wildlife Refuges

Amphibian surveys are being conducted on select National Wildlife Refuges with active and/or legacy oil mining to determine species relative distribution and their risk to short- and long-term effects from exposure to crude oil and its byproducts.

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Produced water from Marcellus Shale and amphibians

Research biologists at the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center (PWRC) are conducting a series of scientific studies on the potential effects of wastewater from hydraulic fracturing activities on terrestrial wildlife. Findings will help in assessing proposals for managing recycling and distribution of large volumes of flowback and produced waters generated by methods of oil and gas...

Date published: March 18, 2020
Status: Active

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Seaduck Challenge Study

This project seeks to improve our understanding of the susceptibility and pathogenesis of pertinent strains of avian influenza viruses in diving duck species.

Date published: March 17, 2020
Status: Active

Avian Influenza Surveillance in Waterfowl in the Atlantic Flyway

This project seeks to quantify the strains and prevalence of avian influenza viruses circulating in wild waterfowl across the Atlantic Flyway, and allow comparison with the nations other flyways.

Date published: March 16, 2020
Status: Active

Pathogens in the Aquatic Environment – Waterfowl, Avian Influenza

This project focuses on understanding the prevalence and strains of avian influenza viruses in the aquatic environment and how this compares to those circulating within wild birds in the same area.

Date published: March 13, 2020
Status: Active

USGS Wild Bird Avian Influenza Program – Studies from Endemic Regions of Eurasia

This project focuses on tracking wild birds throughout Eurasia via satellite telemetry to better understand their spatiotemporal movement patterns, relationship to domestic birds, and potential role in the spread, persistence, and amplification of avian influenza viruses.