Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center

Publications

Scienctific literature and information products produced by Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center staff

Featured USGS Series

Featured USGS Series

Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center—2020 Annual Report.  The 2020 annual report highlights accomplishments, includes a list of publications, and summarizes the work of the center and each of the science groups.

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Sound Waves

Sound Waves

Coastal and Marine Research News from Across the USGS

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Filter Total Items: 1,571
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Year Published: 2022

Elevated levels of radiocarbon in methane dissolved in seawater reveal likely local contamination from nuclear powered vessels

Measurements of the natural radiocarbon content of methane (14C-CH4) dissolved in seawater and freshwater have been used to investigate sources and dynamics of methane. However, during investigations along the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Ocean Margins of the United States, as well as in the North American Great Lakes, some samples revealed...

Joung, D.J.; Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Southon, J.; Kessler, John D.

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Year Published: 2021

Recent nitrogen storage and accumulation rates in mangrove soils exceed historic rates in the urbanized San Juan Bay Estuary (Puerto Rico, United States)

Tropical mangrove forests have been described as “coastal kidneys,” promoting sediment deposition and filtering contaminants, including excess nutrients. Coastal areas throughout the world are experiencing increased human activities, resulting in altered geomorphology, hydrology, and nutrient inputs. To effectively manage and sustain coastal...

Wigand, Cathleen; Oczkowski, Autumn; Branoff, Benjamin; Eagle, Meagan; Hanson, Alana; Martin, Rose M.; Balogh, Stephen; Miller, Kenneth; Huertas, Evelyn; Loffredo, Joseph; Watson, Elizabeth

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Year Published: 2021

Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 5.1 user guide

The Digital Shoreline Analysis System version 5 software is an add-in to Esri ArcGIS Desktop version 10.4–10.7 that enables a user to calculate rate-of-change statistics from a time series of vector shoreline positions. The Digital Shoreline Analysis System provides an automated method for establishing measurement locations, performs rate...

Himmelstoss, Emily A.; Henderson, Rachel E.; Kratzmann, Meredith G.; Farris, Amy S.
Himmelstoss, E.A., Henderson, R.E., Kratzmann, M.G., and Farris, A.S., 2021, Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) version 5.1 user guide: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1091, 104 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211091.

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Year Published: 2021

Modeling marsh dynamics using a 3-D coupled wave-flow-sediment model

Salt marshes are dynamic biogeomorphic systems that respond to external physical factors, including tides, sediment transport, and waves, as well as internal processes such as autochthonous soil formation. Predicting the fate of marshes requires a modeling framework that accounts for these processes in a coupled fashion. In this study, we...

Kalra, Tarandeep S.; Ganju, Neil Kamal; Aretxabaleta, Alfredo; Carr, Joel A.; Defne, Zafer; Moriarty, Julia

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Year Published: 2021

Contribution of deep-sourced carbon from hydrocarbon seeps to sedimentary organic carbon: Evidence from radiocarbon and stable isotope geochemistry

Sulfate-driven anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) limits the release of methane from marine sediments and promotes the formation of carbonates close to the seafloor in seepage areas along continental margins. It has been established that hydrocarbon seeps are a source of methane, dissolved inorganic carbon...

Feng, Dong; Pohlman, John; Peckmann, Jorn; Sun, Yuedong; Hu, Yu; Roberts, Harry; Chen, Duofu

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Year Published: 2021

Earthquake magnitude distributions on northern Caribbean faults from combinatorial optimization models

On-fault earthquake magnitude distributions are calculated for northern Caribbean faults using estimates of fault slip and regional seismicity parameters. Integer programming, a combinatorial optimization method, is used to determine the optimal spatial arrangement of earthquakes sampled from a truncated Gutenberg-Richter distribution that...

Geist, Eric L.; ten Brink, Uri S.

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Year Published: 2021

Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center—2020 annual report

The 2020 annual report of the U.S. Geological Survey Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center highlights accomplishments of 2020, includes a list of 2020 publications, and summarizes the work of the center, as well as the work of each of its science groups. This product allows readers to gain a general understanding of the focus areas of the...

Ernst, Sara
Ernst, S., 2021, Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center—2020 annual report: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1487, 36 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1487.

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Year Published: 2021

Isolating detrital and diagenetic signals in magnetic susceptibility records from methane-bearing marine sediments

Volume-dependent magnetic susceptibility (κ) is commonly used for paleoenvironmental reconstructions in both terrestrial and marine sedimentary environments where it reflects a mixed signal between primary deposition and secondary diagenesis. In the marine environment, κ is strongly influenced by the abundance of ferrimagnetic minerals regulated...

Johnson, Joel P. L.; Phillips, Stephen C.; Clyde, William; Giosan, Liviu; Torres, Marta E.

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Year Published: 2021

Labeling poststorm coastal imagery for machine learning: Measurement of interrater agreement

Classifying images using supervised machine learning (ML) relies on labeled training data—classes or text descriptions, for example, associated with each image. Data-driven models are only as good as the data used for training, and this points to the importance of high-quality labeled data for developing a ML model that has predictive skill....

Goldstein, Evan B.; Buscombe, Daniel D.; Lazarus, Eli D.; Mohanty, Somya; Rafique, Shah N.; Anarde, K A; Ashton, Andrew D; Beuzen, Tomas; Castagno, Katherine A.; Cohn, Nicholas; Conlin, Matthew P.; Ellenson, Ashley; Gillen, Megan; Hovenga, Paige A.; Over, Jin-Si R.; Palermo, Rose V.; Ratlif, Katherine; Reeves, Ian R; Sanborn, Lily H.; Straub, Jessamin A.; Taylor, Luke A.; Wallace, Elizabeth J.; Warrick, Jonathan; Wernette, Phillipe Alan; Williams, Hannah E

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Year Published: 2021

Hydrate formation on marine seep bubbles and the implications for water column methane dissolution

Methane released from seafloor seeps contributes to a number of benthic, water column, and atmospheric processes. At seafloor seeps within the methane hydrate stability zone, crystalline gas hydrate shells can form on methane bubbles while the bubbles are still in contact with the seafloor or as the bubbles begin ascending through the water column...

Fu, Xiaojing; Waite, William F.; Ruppel, Carolyn D.

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Year Published: 2021

Discrete sample introduction module for quantitative and isotopic analysis of methane and other gases by cavity ring-down spectroscopy

Carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) are natural and anthropogenic products that play a central role in the global carbon cycle and regulating Earth’s climate. Applications utilizing laser absorption spectroscopy, which continuously measure concentrations and stable isotope ratios of these greenhouse gases, are routinely employed to measure the...

Pohlman, John; Casso, Michael; Magen, Cedric; Bergeron, Emile M.

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Year Published: 2021

Modeling morphodynamics of coastal response to extreme events: What shape are we in?

This review focuses on recent advances in process-based numerical models of the impact of extreme storms on sandy coasts. Driven by larger-scale models of meteorology and hydrodynamics, these models simulate morphodynamics across the Sallenger storm-impact scale, including swash, collision, overwash, and inundation. Models are becoming both wider...

Sherwood, Christopher R.; van Dongeren, Ap; Doyle, James; Hegermiller, Christie; Hsu, T.J.; Kalra, Tarandeep S.; Olabarrieta, Maitane; Penko, Allison; Rafati, Yashar; Roelvink, Dano; van der Lugt, Marlies; Veeramony, Jay; Warner, John C.