Land Change Science Program

Publications

Listed here are the most recent publications, reports and articles by the Land Change Science program.

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Filter Total Items: 431
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Year Published: 2018

Change in dominance determines herbivore effects on plant biodiversity

Herbivores alter plant biodiversity (species richness) in many of the world’s ecosystems, but the magnitude and the direction of herbivore effects on biodiversity vary widely within and among ecosystems. One current theory predicts that herbivores enhance plant biodiversity at high productivity but have the opposite effect at low productivity. Yet...

Koerner, Sally E.; Smith, Melinda D.; Burkepile, Deron E.; Hanan, Niall P.; Avolio, Meghan L.; Collins, Scott L.; Knapp, Alan K.; Lemoine, Nathan P.; Forrestel, Elisabeth J.; Eby, Stephanie; Thompson, Dave I.; Aguado-Santacruz, Gerardo A.; Anderson, John P.; Anderson, T. Michael; Angassa, Ayana; Bagchi, Sumanta; Bakker, Elisabeth S.; Bastin, Gary; Baur, Lauren E.; Beard, Karen H.; Beever, Erik A.; Bohlen, Patrick J.; Boughton, Elizabeth H.; Canestro, Don; Cesa, Ariela; Chaneton, Enrique; Cheng, Jimin; D'Antonio, Carla M.; Deleglise, Claire; Dembélé, Fadiala; Dorrough, Josh; Eldridge, David J.; Fernandez-Going, Barbara; Fernández-Lugo, Silvia; Fraser, Lauchlan H.; Freedman, Bill; García-Salgado, Gonzalo; Goheen, Jacob R.; Guo, Liang; Husheer, Sean; Karembé, Moussa; Knops, Johannes M. H.; Kraaij, Tineke; Kulmatiski, Andrew; Kytöviita, Minna-Maarit; Lezama, Felipe; Loucougaray, Gregory; Loydi, Alejandro; Milchunas, Daniel G.; Milton, Suzanne J.; Morgan, John W.; Moxham, Claire; Nehring, Kyle C.; Olff, Han; Palmer, Todd M.; Rebollo, Salvador; Riginos, Corinna; Risch, Anita C.; Rueda, Marta; Sankaran, Mahesh; Sasaki, Takehiro; Schoenecker, Kathryn A.; Schultz, Nick L.; Schütz, Martin; Schwabe, Angelika; Siebert, Frances; Smit, Christian; Stahlheber, Karen A.; Storm, Christian; Strong, Dustin J.; Su, Jishuai; Tiruvaimozhi, Yadugiri V.; Tyler, Claudia; Val, James; Vandegehuchte, Martijn L.; Veblen, Kari E.; Vermeire, Lance; Ward, David; Wu, Jianshuang; Young, Truman P.; Yu, Qiang; Zelikova, Tamara J.

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Year Published: 2018

Are fungal networks key to dryland primary production?

In low-resource ecosystems, competition among primary producers can be reduced through the partitioning of limiting resources in space or time. Partitioning, coupled with species interactions, can be a source of ecosystem stability by retaining resources within a biotic “loop” and slowing losses due to physical processes, such as erosion, gaseous...

Rudgers, Jennifer A.; Dettweiler-Robinson, Eva; Belnap, Jayne; Green, Laura E.; Sinsabaugh, Robert L.; Young, Kristina E.; Cort, Catherine E.; Darrouzet-Nardi, Anthony

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Year Published: 2018

Chapter 13: Terrestrial wetlands

1. The assessment of terrestrial wetland carbon stocks has improved greatly since the First State of the Carbon Cycle Report (CCSP 2007) because of recent national inventories and the development of a U.S. soils database. Terrestrial wetlands in North America encompass an estimated 2.2 million km2, which constitutes about 37% of the global wetland...

Kolka, Randall; Trettin, Carl; Tang, Wenwu; Krauss, Ken W.; Bansal, Sheel; Drexler, Judith Z.; Wickland, Kimberly P.; Chimner, Rodney A.; Hogan, Dianna M.; Pindilli, Emily J.; Benscoter, Brian; Tangen, Brian; Kane, Evan S.; Bridgham, Scott D.; Richardson, Curtis J.

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Year Published: 2018

Fire, vegetation, and Holocene climate in a southeastern Tibetan lake: a multi-biomarker reconstruction from Paru Co

The fire history of the Tibetan Plateau over centennial to millennial timescales is not well known. Recent ice core studies reconstruct fire history over the past few decades but do not extend through the Holocene. Lacustrine sedimentary cores, however, can provide continuous records of local environmental change on millennial scales during the...

Callergaro, Alice; Battistel, Dario; Kehrwald, Natalie M.; Matsubara Pereira, Felipe; Kirchgeorg, Torben; Villoslada Hidalgo, Maria del Carmen; Bird, Broxton W.; Barbante, Carlo
Callegaro, A., Battistel, D., Kehrwald, N. M., Matsubara Pereira, F., Kirchgeorg, T., Villoslada Hidalgo, M. D. C., Bird, B. W., and Barbante, C.: Fire, vegetation, and Holocene climate in a southeastern Tibetan lake: a multi-biomarker reconstruction from Paru Co, Clim. Past, 14, 1543-1563, https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-1543-2018, 2018.

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Year Published: 2018

The Global food‐energy‐water nexus

Water availability is a major factor constraining humanity's ability to meet the future food and energy needs of a growing and increasingly affluent human population. Water plays an important role in the production of energy, including renewable energy sources and the extraction of unconventional fossil fuels that are expected to become important...

D'Odorico, Paolo; Frankel Davis, Kyle; Rosa, Lorenzo; Carr, Joel A.; Chiarelli, Davide; Dell’Angelo, Jampel; Gephart, Jessica; MacDonald, Graham K.; Seekell, David A.; Suweis, Samir; Rulli, Maria Cristina
D'Odorico, P., Davis, K. F., Rosa, L., Carr, J. A., Chiarelli, D., Dell'Angelo, J., Gephart, J., MacDonald, G. K., Seekell, D. A., Suweis, S., and Rulii, M. C., 2018, The global food-energy-water nexus: Reviews of Geophysics, v. 56, no. 3, p. 456-531. https://doi.org/10.1029/2017RG000591

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Year Published: 2018

Iron dissolution and speciation in atmospheric mineral dust: Metal-metal synergistic and antagonistic effects

Under acidic atmospheric conditions, iron leached from atmospheric mineral dust may influence the distribution of bioavailable iron at a global scale. However, the effects of non-Fe-containing minerals on iron dissolution remain unknown. This work describes metal-metal synergistic and antagonistic effects on iron dissolution that go beyond...

Hettiarachchi, Eshani; Reynolds, Richard L.; Goldstein, Harland L.; Moskowitz, Bruce M.; Rubasinghege, Gayan

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Year Published: 2018

Juke Box trench: A valuable archive of late Pleistocene and Holocene stratigraphy in the Bonneville basin, Utah

A backhoe trench in deposits of Pleistocene Lake Bonneville and Holocene wetlands below the mouth of Juke Box Cave, near Wendover, Utah, provides an excellent view of the late Pleistocene and Holocene geologic history of the area. The following stratigraphic units are exposed (ascending): preBonneville gravel (fluvial or lacustrine) and oolitic...

Oviatt, Charles G.; Pigati, Jeffrey S.; Madsen, David B.; Rhode, David E.; Bright, Jordon

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Year Published: 2018

PRISM marine sites—The history of PRISM sea surface temperature estimation

For more than three decades, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Pliocene Research, Interpretation and Synoptic Mapping (PRISM) Project has compiled paleoenvironmental data with the goal of reconstructing global conditions during the warm interval in the middle of the Piacenzian Age of the Pliocene Epoch (about 3.3 to 3.0 million years ago). Because...

Robinson, Marci M.; Dowsett, Harry J.; Foley, Kevin M.; Riesselman, Christina R.
Robinson, M.M., Dowsett, H.J., Foley, K.M., and Riesselman, C.R., 2018, PRISM marine sites—The history of PRISM sea surface temperature estimation: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1148, 49 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181148.

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Year Published: 2018

Differing modes of biotic connectivity within freshwater ecosystem mosaics

We describe a collection of aquatic and wetland habitats in an inland landscape, and their occurrence within a terrestrial matrix, as a “freshwater ecosystem mosaic” (FEM). Aquatic and wetland habitats in any FEM can vary widely, from permanently ponded lakes, to ephemerally ponded wetlands, to groundwater‐fed springs, to flowing rivers and...

Mushet, David M.; Alexander, Laurie C.; Bennet, Micah; Schofield, Kate; Christensen, Jay R.; Ali, Genevieve; Pollard, Amina I.; Fritz, Ken M.; Lang, Megan
Mushet, D. M., Alexander, L. C., Bennett, M., Schofield, K., Pollard, A., Christensen, J. R., Ali, G., Fritz, K., and Lang, M. W., 2018, Differing modes of biotic connectivity within freshwater ecosystem mosaics: Journal of the American Water Resources Association. DOI 10.1111/1752-1688.12683.

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Year Published: 2018

Biological connectivity of seasonally ponded wetlands across spatial and temporal scales

Many species that inhabit seasonally ponded wetlands also rely on surrounding upland habitats and nearby aquatic ecosystems for resources to support life stages and to maintain viable populations. Understanding biological connectivity among these habitats is critical to ensure that landscapes are protected at appropriate scales to conserve species...

Smith, Lora L.; Subalusky, Amanda; Atkinson, Carla L.; Earl, Julia E.; Mushet, David M.; Scott, David E.; Lance, Stacey L.; Johnson, Steve A.

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Year Published: 2018

Fire, flood, and drought: Extreme climate events alter flow paths and stream chemistry

Extreme climate events—such as hurricanes, droughts, extreme precipitation, and wildfires—have the potential to alter watershed processes and stream response. Yet due to the destructive and hazardous nature and unpredictability of such events, capturing their hydrochemical signal is challenging. A 5‐year postwildfire study of stream chemistry in...

Murphy, Sheila F.; McCleskey, R. Blaine; Martin, Deborah A.; Writer, Jeffrey H.; Ebel, Brian A.
Murphy, S.F., McCleskey, R.B., Martin, D.A., Writer, J.H., and Ebel, B.A., 2018, Fire, flood, and drought—Extreme climate events alter flow paths and stream chemistry, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 123, https://doi.org/10.1029/2017JG004349 .

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Year Published: 2018

Before the storm: Antecedent conditions as regulators of hydrologic and biogeochemical response to extreme climate events

While the influence of antecedent conditions on watershed function is widely recognized under typical hydrologic regimes, gaps remain in the context of extreme climate events (ECEs). ECEs are those events that far exceed seasonal norms of intensity, duration, or impact upon the physical environment or ecosystem. In this synthesis, we discuss the...

McMillan, Sara K.; Wilson, Henry F.; Tague, Christina L.; Hanes, Daniel M.; Inamdar, Shreeram; Karwan, Diana L.; Loecke, Terry; Morrison, Jonathan; Murphy, Sheila F.; Vidon, Philippe