National Land Imaging Program

Publications

Filter Total Items: 18
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Year Published: 2019

Economic valuation of landsat imagery

Landsat satellites have been operating since 1972, providing a continuous global record of the Earth’s land surface. The imagery is currently available at no cost through the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). A previous USGS study estimated that Landsat imagery provided users an annual benefit of $2.19 billion in 2011, with U.S. users accounting for...

Straub, Crista L.; Koontz, Stephen R.; Loomis, John B.
Straub, C.L., Koontz, S.R., and Loomis, J.B., 2019, Economic valuation of Landsat imagery: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1112, 13 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191112.

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Year Published: 2019

User needs for future Landsat missions

Landsat satellites have been operating since 1972, providing the longest continuous observation record of the Earth’s land surface. Over the past half century, the Landsat user community has grown exponentially, encompassing more diverse and evolving scientific research and operational uses. Understanding current and future user needs is crucial...

Wu, Zhuoting; Snyder, Gregory; Vadnais, Carolyn M.; Arora, Rohit; Babcock, Michael; Stensaas, Gregory L.; Doucette, Peter; Newman, Timothy

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Year Published: 2019

Landsat 9

Landsat 9 is a partnership between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) that will continue the Landsat program’s critical role of repeat global observations for monitoring, understanding, and managing Earth’s natural resources. Since 1972, Landsat data have provided a unique resource for...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2019, Landsat 9 (ver. 1.2, April 2020): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3008, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193008.

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Year Published: 2019

Landsat: The cornerstone of global land imaging

Since 1972, the joint NASA/ U.S. Geological Survey Landsat series of Earth Observation satellites have provided an uninterrupted space-based data record of the Earth’s land surface to help advance scientific research towards the understanding of our planet and the environmental impact of its inhabitants. Early Landsat satellites offered a wealth...

Butcher, Ginger; Barnes, Christopher; Owen, Linda

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Year Published: 2018

Analysis Ready Data: Enabling analysis of the Landsat archive

Data that have been processed to allow analysis with a minimum of additional user effort are often referred to as Analysis Ready Data (ARD). The ability to perform large scale Landsat analysis relies on the ability to access observations that are geometrically and radiometrically consistent, and have had non-target features (clouds) and poor...

Dwyer, John L.; Roy, David P.; Sauer, Brian; Jenkerson, Calli B.; Zhang, Hankui K.; Lymburner, Leo

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Year Published: 2018

Effects of contemporary land-use and land-cover change on the carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in the United States

Changes in land use and land cover (LULC) can have profound effects on terrestrial carbon dynamics, yet their effects on the global carbon budget remain uncertain. While land change impacts on ecosystem carbon dynamics have been the focus of numerous studies, few efforts have been based on observational data incorporating multiple ecosystem types...

Sleeter, Benjamin M.; Liu, Jinxun; Daniel, Colin; Rayfield, Bronwyn; Sherba, Jason T.; Hawbaker, Todd J.; Zhu, Zhiliang; Selmants, Paul; Loveland, Thomas R.
Sleeter, B.M., et al., 2018, Effects of contemporary land-use and land-cover change on the carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems in the United States, Environmental Research Letters, doi: https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aab540

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Year Published: 2015

Landsat-8: Status and on-orbit performance

Landsat 8 and its two Earth imaging sensors, the Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) have been operating on-orbit for 2 ½ years. Landsat 8 has been acquiring substantially more images than initially planned, typically around 700 scenes per day versus a 400 scenes per day requirement, acquiring nearly all land scenes....

Markham, Brian L.; Barsi, Julia A.; Morfitt, Ron; Choate, Michael J.; Montanaro, Matthew; Arvidson, Terry; Irons, James R.

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Year Published: 2015

Landsat surface reflectance data

Landsat satellite data have been produced, archived, and distributed by the U.S. Geological Survey since 1972. Users rely on these data for historical study of land surface change and require consistent radiometric data processed to the highest science standards. In support of the guidelines established through the Global Climate Observing System...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2015, Landsat surface reflectance data (ver. 1.1, March 27, 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2015-3034, 1 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20153034.

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Year Published: 2015

Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) radiometric performance on-orbit

Expectations of the Operational Land Imager (OLI) radiometric performance onboard Landsat-8 have been met or exceeded. The calibration activities that occurred prior to launch provided calibration parameters that enabled ground processing to produce imagery that met most requirements when data were transmitted to the ground. Since launch,...

Morfitt, Ron; Barsi, Julia A.; Levy, Raviv; Markham, Brian L.; Micijevic, Esad; Ong, Lawrence; Scaramuzza, Pat; Vanderwerff, Kelly
Morfitt, R.; Barsi, J.; Levy, R.; Markham, B.; Micijevic, E.; Ong, L.; Scaramuzza, P.; Vanderwerff, K. Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) Radiometric Performance On-Orbit. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 2208-2237.

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Year Published: 2015

Validation of geometric accuracy of Global Land Survey (GLS) 2000 data

The Global Land Survey (GLS) 2000 data were generated from Geocover™ 2000 data with the aim of producing a global data set of accuracy better than 25 m Root Mean Square Error (RMSE). An assessment and validation of accuracy of GLS 2000 data set, and its co-registration with Geocover™ 2000 data set is presented here. Since the availability of...

Rengarajan, Rajagopalan; Sampath, Aparajithan; Storey, James C.; Choate, Michael J.

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Year Published: 2014

Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) activities at the Department of the Interior

The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) is responsible for protecting and managing the natural resources and heritage on almost 20% of the land in the United States. The DOI’s mission requires access to remotely sensed data over vast lands, including areas that are remote and potentially dangerous to access. Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS...

Quirk, Bruce K.; Hutt, Michael E.

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Year Published: 2014

Landsat 8 operational land imager on-orbit geometric calibration and performance

The Landsat 8 spacecraft was launched on 11 February 2013 carrying the Operational Land Imager (OLI) payload for moderate resolution imaging in the visible, near infrared (NIR), and short-wave infrared (SWIR) spectral bands. During the 90-day commissioning period following launch, several on-orbit geometric calibration activities were performed to...

Storey, James C.; Choate, Michael J.; Lee, Kenton
Storey, J.; Choate, M.; Lee, K. Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager On-Orbit Geometric Calibration and Performance. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 11127-11152.