Volcano Hazards

Volcano Updates

The following U.S. volcanoes are known to be above normal background (elevated unrest or eruptions) or have shown activity that warranted an Information Release (for example, an earthquake swarm). Times are local to the volcano and in military format. Volcano Alert Levels & Aviation Color Codes defined at https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/notifications.html.

Semisopochnoi Advisory Level = WATCH Aviation Color Code = ORANGE. As of 2019-09-15 20:03:22 UTC, AVO Semisopochnoi ORANGE/WATCH - Seismicity remains elevated. Change to current status on 2019-07-18 18:38:41 UTC from Alert Level ADVISORY and Aviation Color Code YELLOW
For more information, see: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/hans_notice.html?notice_identifier=DOI-USGS-AVO-2019-09-15T11:59:58-08:00
Cleveland Advisory Level = ADVISORY Aviation Color Code = YELLOW. As of 2019-09-15 20:03:22 UTC, AVO Cleveland YELLOW/ADVISORY - Unrest continues; satellite observations show elevated temperatures. Change to current status on 2019-02-25 20:24:54 UTC from Alert Level WATCH and Aviation Color Code ORANGE
For more information, see: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/hans_notice.html?notice_identifier=DOI-USGS-AVO-2019-09-15T11:59:58-08:00
Shishaldin Advisory Level = WATCH Aviation Color Code = ORANGE. As of 2019-09-15 20:03:22 UTC, AVO Shishaldin ORANGE/WATCH - Low-level eruption continues; elevated surface temperatures observed in satellite Change to current status on 2019-07-24 19:39:29 UTC from Alert Level ADVISORY and Aviation Color Code YELLOW
For more information, see: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/hans_notice.html?notice_identifier=DOI-USGS-AVO-2019-09-15T11:59:58-08:00
Mauna Loa Advisory Level = ADVISORY Aviation Color Code = YELLOW. As of 2019-09-12 18:07:18 UTC, HVO Mauna Loa YELLOW/ADVISORY - Mauna Loa is not erupting. Seismicity above background; continued summit inflation. Change to current status on 2019-07-02 17:40:18 UTC from Alert Level NORMAL and Aviation Color Code GREEN
For more information, see: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/hans_notice.html?notice_identifier=DOI-USGS-HVO-2019-09-12T10:55:13-07:00

ALASKA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY DAILY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Sunday, September 15, 2019, 12:03 PM AKDT (Sunday, September 15, 2019, 20:03 UTC)


SHISHALDIN VOLCANO (VNUM #311360)
54°45'19" N 163°58'16" W, Summit Elevation 9373 ft (2857 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Low-level eruptive activity continues at Shishaldin volcano. Seismicity remains elevated with tremor detected over the past day. Satellite images show elevated surface temperatures in the summit crater during brief periods of clear weather. Web camera observations during periods of clear weather show no activity.

Shishaldin is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, a web camera, a telemetered geodetic network, and distant infrasound and lightning networks.


CLEVELAND VOLCANO (VNUM #311240)
52°49'20" N 169°56'42" W, Summit Elevation 5676 ft (1730 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Unrest continues. Satellite observations show highly elevated surface temperatures in the summit crater during periods of clear weather. Local seismic data is out but no activity was detected by regional seismic data or infrasound arrays during the last 24 hours.

Episodes of lava effusion and explosions can occur without advance warning. Explosions from Cleveland are normally short duration and only present a hazard to aviation in the immediate vicinity of the volcano. Larger explosions that present a more widespread hazard to aviation are possible, but are less likely and occur less frequently.

Cleveland volcano is monitored by only two seismic stations, which restricts AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.


SEMISOPOCHNOI VOLCANO (VNUM #311060)
51°55'44" N 179°35'52" E, Summit Elevation 2625 ft (800 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: WATCH
Current Aviation Color Code: ORANGE

Seismic activity over the past day remains elevated with low-frequency earthquakes and there were no explosions detected in regional infrasound data. Satellite observations were mostly obscured by clouds over the past day. Eruptive activity may have paused.

Semisopochnoi is monitored with an on-island seismic network and remotely by satellite and lightning sensors. An infrasound array on Adak Island may detect explosive emissions from Semisopochnoi with a slight delay (approximately 13 minutes) if atmospheric conditions permit.


OTHER ALASKA VOLCANOES

Information on all Alaska volcanoes is available at : http://www.avo.alaska.edu.

For definitions of Aviation Color Codes and Volcano Alert Levels, see: http://www.avo.alaska.edu/color_codes.php

SUBSCRIBE TO VOLCANO ALERT MESSAGES by email: http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vns/

FOLLOW AVO ON FACEBOOK: https://facebook.com/alaska.avo

FOLLOW AVO ON TWITTER: https://twitter.com/alaska_avo

CONTACT INFORMATION:

Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

The Alaska Volcano Observatory is a cooperative program of the U.S. Geological Survey, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys.

CALIFORNIA VOLCANO OBSERVATORY MONTHLY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Tuesday, September 3, 2019, 10:45 AM PDT (Tuesday, September 3, 2019, 17:45 UTC)


Monitored CALIFORNIA VOLCANOES
Current Volcano Alert Level: all NORMAL
Current Aviation Color Code: all GREEN


Activity Update: All volcanoes monitored by CalVO using telemetered, real-time sensor networks exhibit normal levels of background seismicity and deformation. Volcanoes monitored include Mount Shasta, Medicine Lake Volcano, Clear Lake Volcanic Field, Lassen Volcanic Center, Long Valley Volcanic Region, Coso Volcanic Field, Ubehebe Craters, and Salton Buttes.


Observations for August 1, 2019 (0000h PST) through August 31, 2019 (2359h PST):
Mt Shasta: Three earthquakes at or above M1.0 were detected, the largest of which was M1.79.
Medicine Lake: One earthquake at or above M1.0 was detected (M1.20).
Lassen Volcanic Center: Two earthquakes at or above M1.0 were detected, the largest of which was M1.40.
Clear Lake Volcanic Field: Two earthquakes were detected registering M1.0 or greater. The largest event was M1.04. [Note: The typical high level of seismicity was observed under the Geysers steam field located at the western margin of CLVF. The largest event was M2.75].
Long Valley Volcanic Region: In Long Valley Caldera, 100 earthquakes of M1.0 or greater were detected, with the largest registering M2.92. Many of these earthquakes were associated with several minor seismic swarms that occurred on August 23-24, ~2-7 km east of Mammoth Lakes. Two earthquakes at or above M1.0 were detected in the Mono Craters region, with the largest registering M1.58. No earthquakes at or above M1.0 were detected under Mammoth Mountain. [Note: The typical high level of seismicity was observed south of the caldera in the Sierra Nevada range, with the largest registering M2.67.]
Ubehebe Craters: No earthquakes at or above M1.0 were detected.
Salton Buttes: Nine earthquakes were detected registering M1.0 or greater. The largest was M1.84.
Coso Volcanic Field: 1116 earthquakes of M1.0 or greater were detected, with the largest registering M5.01. Many of these events were associated with a seismic swarm that occurred on August 22-23 at the southern margin of Coso Volcanic Field. Recent elevated seismicity in the region is described in CalVO Information Statements and at https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/observatories/calvo/.


The U.S. Geological Survey will continue to monitor these volcanoes closely and will issue additional updates and changes in alert level as warranted. For a definition of alert levels see http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/activity/alertsystem/icons.php.

As part of the U.S. Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program, the California Volcano Observatory aims to advance scientific understanding of volcanic processes and lessen the harmful impacts of volcanic activity in the volcanically active areas of California and Nevada. For additional USGS CalVO volcano information, background, images, and other graphics visit http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/observatories/calvo/. For general information on the USGS Volcano Hazard Program http://volcanoes.usgs.gov. Statewide seismic information for California and Nevada can be found at http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqscanv/.


CASCADES VOLCANO OBSERVATORY WEEKLY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Friday, September 13, 2019, 9:27 AM PDT (Friday, September 13, 2019, 16:27 UTC)


CASCADE RANGE VOLCANOES
Current Volcano Alert Level: NORMAL
Current Aviation Color Code: GREEN

Activity Update: All volcanoes in the Cascade Range of Oregon and Washington are at normal background levels of activity. These include Mount Baker, Glacier Peak, Mount Rainier, Mount St. Helens, and Mount Adams in Washington State; and Mount Hood, Mount Jefferson, Three Sisters, Newberry, and Crater Lake in Oregon.

Recent Observations: Monitoring systems show that activity at Cascade Range volcanoes remained at background levels throughout the week. A few small earthquakes were located at Mount St. Helens and Mount Hood. A CVO crew did routine field work at Crater Lake.


The U.S. Geological Survey and Pacific Northwest Seismic Network (PNSN) continue to monitor these volcanoes closely and will issue additional updates and changes in alert level as warranted.

For images, graphics, and general information on Cascade Range volcanoes: http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/observatories/cvo/
For seismic information on Oregon and Washington volcanoes: http://www.pnsn.org/volcanoes
For information on USGS volcano alert levels and notifications: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/notifications.html

HAWAIIAN VOLCANO OBSERVATORY WEEKLY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Thursday, September 12, 2019, 8:07 AM HST (Thursday, September 12, 2019, 18:07 UTC)


MAUNA LOA VOLCANO (VNUM #332020)
19°28'30" N 155°36'29" W, Summit Elevation 13681 ft (4170 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: ADVISORY
Current Aviation Color Code: YELLOW

Activity Summary: Mauna Loa Volcano is not erupting. Rates of deformation and seismicity have not changed significantly in the past week and persist above long-term background levels.

Observations: During the past week, approximately 49 small-magnitude earthquakes (all smaller than M2.5) were detected beneath the upper elevations of Mauna Loa. Most of the earthquakes occurred at shallow to intermediate depths of less than 10 km (~6 miles) below ground level.

Global Positioning System (GPS) and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) measurements show continued summit inflation, consistent with magma supply to the volcano’s shallow storage system.

No significant changes in volcanic gas release were measured at Sulphur Cone on the Southwest Rift Zone. Fumarole temperatures remain stable at Sulphur Cone and within the summit caldera.

Updates on the status of Mauna Loa Volcano will be issued each week on Thursdays until further notice.

For more information on current monitoring of Mauna Loa Volcano, see: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/mauna_loa/monitoring_summary.html




Background: Mauna Loa is the largest volcano on our planet, rising gradually to 4,170 m (13,681 ft) above sea level. Its long submarine flanks descend an additional 5 km (3 mi) below sea level to the ocean floor. The ocean floor directly beneath Mauna Loa is, in turn, depressed by the volcano's great mass another 8 km (5 mi). This places Mauna Loa's summit about 17 km (56,000 ft) above its base. The enormous volcano covers half of the Island of Hawaiʻi.

Eruptions typically start at the summit and, within minutes to months of eruption onset, about half of the eruptions migrate into either the Northeast or Southwest Rift Zones. Since 1843, the volcano has erupted 33 times with intervals between eruptions ranging from months to decades. Mauna Loa last erupted 35 years ago, in 1984.

Mauna Loa eruptions tend to produce voluminous, fast-moving lava flows that can impact communities on the east and west sides of the Island of Hawaiʻi. Since the mid-19th century, the city of Hilo in east Hawaiʻi has been threatened by seven Mauna Loa lava flows. Mauna Loa lava flows have reached the south and west coasts of the island eight times: 1859, 1868, 1887, 1926, 1919, and three times in 1950.


MORE INFORMATION

Kilauea Activity summary also available by phone: (808) 967-8862

Other Hawaiian volcanoes summary also available by phone: (808) 967-8877

Subscribe to these messages: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vns2/

Kilauea Webcam images: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/multimedia_webcams.html

Kilauea Photos/video: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/multimedia_chronology.html

Kilauea Lava flow maps: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/multimedia_maps.html

Haleakala Summary: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/haleakala/

Hualalai Summary: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/hualalai/

Loihi Summary: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/loihi/

Mauna Kea Summary: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/mauna_kea/

Definitions of terms used in update: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/extra/definitions.pdf

Summary of volcanic hazards from Kīlauea eruptions: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/extra/hazards.pdf

Recent earthquakes in Hawaiʻi (map and list): https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/hvo/earthquakes/

Explanation of Volcano Alert Levels and Aviation Color Codes: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/about_alerts.html

CONTACT INFORMATION:

askHVO@usgs.gov

The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory is one of five volcano observatories within the U.S. Geological Survey and is responsible for monitoring volcanoes and earthquakes in Hawaiʻi.

NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS WEEKLY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Friday, September 13, 2019, 10:28 AM ChST (Friday, September 13, 2019, 00:28 UTC)


Report prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey.

No eruptive activity or significant unrest has been detected at volcanoes in Northern Mariana Islands this week.

Monitoring of Northern Mariana Islands Volcanoes

Volcano monitoring data from Anatahan and Sarigan continues to be unavailable since August 16, 2017. The outage is likely the result of a storm that moved through the area at that time. It is unknown when transportation to the islands can be arranged and repairs made. Due to the lack of seismic stations on the islands, Anatahan and Sarigan volcanoes are designated as UNASSIGNED. All other volcanoes in the CNMI including Farallon de Pajaros, Supply Reef, Maug, Asuncion, Agrigan, Pagan, Almagan and Guguan are unmonitored seismically and are designated UNASSIGNED. The Saipan-based seismo-acoustic network remains operational, however, and should allow for the detection of significant explosive volcanic activity in the region.

Satellite images of CNMI volcanoes are reviewed for evidence of volcanic activity, including ash and gas plumes.

Access to volcanic islands may be restricted by the CNMI government. Contact the CNMI HSEM for the latest information.


For definitions of Aviation Color Codes and Volcano Alert Levels, see: http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/activity/alertsystem/index.php

SUBSCRIBE TO VOLCANO ALERT MESSAGES by email: http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vns/

CONTACT INFORMATION:
CNMI Homeland Security and Emergency Management
http://www.cnmihsem.gov.mp

USGS Northern Mariana Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php

Satellite information, Washington VAAC
http://www.ssd.noaa.gov/VAAC/washington.html

YELLOWSTONE VOLCANO OBSERVATORY MONTHLY UPDATE
U.S. Geological Survey
Tuesday, September 3, 2019, 10:53 AM MDT (Tuesday, September 3, 2019, 16:53 UTC)


YELLOWSTONE VOLCANO (VNUM #325010)
44°25'48" N 110°40'12" W, Summit Elevation 9203 ft (2805 m)
Current Volcano Alert Level: NORMAL
Current Aviation Color Code: GREEN

Recent work and news

August 2019 was another record-setting month for Steamboat geyser, which experienced water eruptions on August 12, 20, and 27. The August 27 eruption was the 33rd of 2019, breaking the record for eruptions in a calendar year that was set in 2018.

Field work in Yellowstone National Park during the month of August included maintenance work on the temperature monitoring network in Norris geyser basin, as well as a field visit to the new thermal area near West Tern Lake, on the east side of Yellowstone National Park. Geologists mapped the region and measured ground temperatures that in places reached 92 degrees Celsius (198 degrees Farenheit), which is the boiling temperature at that elevation. There were no water springs in the new thermal area, but a few fumaroles were venting steam. Sulfur crystals on the fumarole edges indicated the presence of hydrogen sulfide, which is a common gas in Yellowstone hydrothermal areas. More information about the field visit is given in the August 26, 2019, edition of Yellowstone Caldera Chronicles (https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/yellowstone/article_home.html?vaid=218).

Seismicity

During August 2019, the University of Utah Seismograph Stations, responsible for the operation and analysis of the Yellowstone Seismic Network, located 128 earthquakes in the Yellowstone National Park region. The largest event was a minor earthquake of magnitude 3.5 located 21 miles north-northwest of Moran, WY, on August 15 at 1:46 PM MDT.

August seismicity in Yellowstone concluded with a swarm of 54 located earthquakes during August 27-31. Additional earthquakes that were too small to be located but can be seen on webicorders are not included in the swarm total number. The largest swarm event, a minor earthquake of magnitude 2.7, was located 6 miles south-southeast of West Thumb, in Yellowstone National Park, on August 29 at 4:24 PM MDT.

Yellowstone earthquake activity remains at background levels.

Ground deformation

Ground deformation in the Yellowstone area as recorded by GPS stations has been largely flat for the past month. Ground subsidence of Yellowstone caldera has been ongoing since 2015, but there has been little subsidence or uplift over the summer of 2019. Similarly, in the area of Norris Geyser Basin, GPS data show no significant changes since October 2018.

An example of GPS data can be found at http://www.unavco.org/instrumentation/networks/status/pbo/data/NRWY (click on Static Plots / Cleaned)



The Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO) provides long-term monitoring of volcanic and earthquake activity in the Yellowstone National Park region. Yellowstone is the site of the largest and most diverse collection of natural thermal features in the world and the first National Park. YVO is one of the five USGS Volcano Observatories that monitor volcanoes within the United States for science and public safety.

YVO Member agencies: USGS, Yellowstone National Park, University of Utah, University of Wyoming, UNAVCO, Inc., Wyoming State Geological Survey, Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Idaho Geological Survey



CONTACT INFORMATION:

Michael Poland, Scientist-in-Charge
mpoland@usgs.gov

Volcano Observatory Notices for Aviation (VONA)

2019-09-06 - Wrangell, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190906/1828Z)
(3) Volcano: Wrangell (VNUM #315020)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 62 deg W 144 deg 1 min
(9) Area: Wrangell Volcanic Field
(10) Summit Elevation: 14163 ft (4317 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) has reestablished seismic monitoring instruments at Mount Wrangell and can now confidently monitor seismic unrest at the volcano. With renewed seismic monitoring, the volcano moves from "UNASSIGNED" to Volcano Alert Level NORMAL and Aviation Color Code GREEN. As at other Alaska volcanoes, AVO will continue to use satellite, infrasound, and lightning data, and reports from pilots and ground observers to detect signs of eruptive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks: Mt. Wrangell is a 4317 m (14,163 ft) high, andesitic, shield volcano with an ice-filled summit caldera, located in the Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve. Mt. Wrangell has three small post-caldera craters, named North Crater, East Crater, and Mt. Zanetti. These craters are all geothermally active, and there are frequent historical reports of steam from Mt. Wrangell. There are also several questionable reports of historical eruptive activity. Mt. Wrangell is 330 km (206 mi) northeast of Anchorage.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS, mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI, dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2019-09-06 - Dutton, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190906/1827Z)
(3) Volcano: Dutton (VNUM #312011)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 11 min W 162 deg 16 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 4833 ft (1473 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) has reestablished seismic monitoring instruments at Mount Dutton and can now confidently monitor seismic unrest at the volcano. With renewed seismic monitoring, the volcano moves from "UNASSIGNED" to Volcano Alert Level NORMAL and Aviation Color Code GREEN. As at other Alaska volcanoes, AVO will continue to use satellite, infrasound, and lightning data, and reports from pilots and ground observers to detect signs of eruptive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks: Mount Dutton is located near the tip of the Alaska Peninsula and lies jointly within the Izembek Wilderness Area and the Alaska Peninsula Wildlife Refuge. Dutton is a snow- and ice-covered stratovlocano which rises to an elevation of 4833 feet. Although it has no historic eruptive activity, intense earthquake swarms occurred at the volcano in 1984 and 1988. Dutton is located 14 km (9 miles) north of King Cove and 30 km (19 miles) east of Cold Bay.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS, mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGIdfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2019-08-25 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190825/2051Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Following pilot reports of steaming and the detection of low-level tremor at Veniaminof on August 1, the volcano has returned to background activity. Therefore AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2019-08-01 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190801/2221Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Pilot reports of steaming coincided with low-level tremor recorded at Veniaminof at 20:30 UTC (12:30 AKDT). These observations mark a departure from recent background activity. Therefore AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Matt Haney, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mhaney@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Cheryl Cameron, Acting Coordinating Scientist, ADGGS
cheryl.cameron@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2019-07-24 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190724/1939Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The Alaska Volcano Observatory is raising the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH at Shishaldin Volcano. Field crews reported an active lava lake and minor spattering within the summit crater during a helicopter overflight. Elevated seismic activity continues similar to the past few weeks along with consistent elevated surface temperatures in satellite images. No lava or ash has erupted outside the summit crater at this time.

Shishaldin is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, a web camera, a telemetered geodetic network, and distant infrasound and lightning networks.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 16 km (10 mi). A 200-m-wide (660 ft) funnel-shaped summit crater typically emits a steam plume and occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, with at least 54 episodes of unrest including over 24 confirmed eruptions since 1775. Most eruptions are relatively small, although the April-May 1999 event generated an ash column that reached 45,000 ft above sea level.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2019-07-18 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190718/1838Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Elevated seismicity that began yesterday has increased overnight. A stronger tremor signal recorded at 23:39 AKDT / 07:39 UTC also produced an infrasound signal on an infrasound array 260 km (161 miles) east on Adak island. This event likely produced ash emissions, and at the current level of continued unrest similar events could occur with little to no warning. The meteorological cloud deck has been around 10,000' (3000 m) asl over Semisopochnoi and no ash signals have been detected above this height. A small plume extending 18 km (11 miles) from the Cerberus vent was visible in satellite data from yesterday, but did not contain an ash signal.

Nothing has been detected in lightning data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No cloud observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: No cloud observed
(14) Remarks: Semisopochnoi is monitored with an on-island seismic network, and remotely by satellite and lightning sensors. An infrasound array on Adak Island could detect explosive emissions from Semisopochnoi with a 13 minute delay if atmospheric conditions permit.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2019-07-15 - Great Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190715/1939Z)
(3) Volcano: Great Sitkin (VNUM #311120)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 4 min W 176 deg 6 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5709 ft (1740 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic activity at Great Sitkin Volcano has decreased to background levels over the past few weeks. There is no evidence of eruptive activity in geophysical data streams or in satellite observations. Thus, AVO is decreasing the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and Alert Level to NORMAL.

Great Sitkin is monitored with a local real-time seismic network, which will typically allow AVO to detect changes in unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption would be accomplished using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: n/a
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: Great Sitkin Volcano is a basaltic andesite volcano that occupies most of the northern half of Great Sitkin Island, a member of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands. It is located 43 km (26 miles) east of the community of Adak. The volcano is a composite structure consisting of an older dissected volcano and a younger parasitic cone with a 3-km-diameter summit crater. A steep-sided lava dome, emplaced during an eruption in 1974, occupies the center of the crater. Great Sitkin erupted at least three times in the 20th century, most recently in 1974. That eruption produced at least one ash cloud that likely exceeded an altitude of 25,000 ft above sea level. A poorly documented eruption occurred in 1945, also producing a lava dome that was partially destroyed in the 1974 eruption. Within the past 280 years a large explosive eruption produced pyroclastic flows that partially filled the Glacier Creek valley on the southwest flank.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2019-07-12 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190712/2109Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The Alaska Volcano Observatory is raising the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Alert Level to ADVISORY at Shishaldin Volcano. This change is based on increased seismic activity over the past few weeks, accompanied by elevated surface temperatures at the summit in satellite data. A pilot also observed incandescence in the summit crater during a recent overflight. These observations represent a departure from normal background activity at Shishaldin, but do not necessarily indicate that an eruption will occur.

Shishaldin is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, a web camera, a telemetered geodetic network, and distant infrasound and lightning networks.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 16 km (10 mi). A 200-m-wide (660 ft) funnel-shaped summit crater typically emits a steam plume and occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, with at least 54 episodes of unrest including over 24 confirmed eruptions since 1775. Most eruptions are relatively small, although the April-May 1999 event generated an ash column that reached 45,000 ft above sea level.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2019-07-05 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190705/0651Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Due to an increase in seismicity above background levels over at least the last 8 hours AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and Alert Level to ADVISORY at Semisopochnoi. No explosive activity has been detected on the Adak infrasound array and clouds currently obscure satellite views of the volcano.

AVO will continue to monitor the volcano using satellite, infrasound and seismic data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No cloud observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: No cloud observed
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
peizbekov@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2019-07-02 - Mauna Loa, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190702/1740Z)
(3) Volcano: Mauna Loa (VNUM #332020)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2019/H28
(8) Volcano Location: N 19 deg 28 min W 155 deg 36 min
(9) Area: Hawaii
(10) Summit Elevation: 13681 ft (4170 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: For the past several months, earthquake and ground deformation rates at Mauna Loa Volcano have exceeded long term background levels. An eruption is not imminent and current rates are not cause for alarm. However, they do indicate changes in the shallow magma storage system at Mauna Loa.

Following a significant earthquake swarm in October 2018, HVO seismic stations have recorded an average of at least 50 shallow, small-magnitude earthquakes per week beneath Mauna Loa's summit, upper Southwest Rift Zone, and upper west flank. This compares to a rate of fewer than 20 per week in the first half of 2018. Shallow earthquakes are occurring in locations similar to those that preceded Mauna Loa's most recent eruptions in 1975 and 1984.

During this same time period, GPS instrumentation and satellite radar have measured ground deformation consistent with renewed recharge of the volcano's shallow magma storage system. The current rate and pattern of ground deformation is similar to that measured during inflation of Mauna Loa in 2005 and again from 2014 - 2018.

Together, these observations indicate the volcano is no longer at a background level of activity. Accordingly, HVO is elevating the Mauna Loa alert level to ADVISORY and the aviation color code to YELLOW.

Alert levels and aviation color codes are explained here: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/about_alerts.html

This increase in alert level does not mean that an eruption is imminent nor that progression to an eruption is certain. A similar increase in activity occurred between 2014 and 2018 and no eruption occurred.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: N/A
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Prognosis

As has happened before, it is possible that current low-level unrest will continue and vary in intensity for many months, or even years without an eruption. It is also possible that the current unrest is an early precursor to an eventual eruption. At this time, we cannot determine which of these possibilities is more likely.

HVO expects that days or weeks prior to an eruption, monitoring instruments will detect signs of an increased potential for eruption. These signs could include further increases in rates of earthquakes and ground deformation, increases in the sizes of earthquakes, an increase in surface temperatures, or an increase in visible steam plumes or sulfur dioxide emissions.

However, it is also possible that the timeframe to eruption could be shorter - hours to days. All communities on the flanks of the volcano should be prepared.

HVO continues to monitor the volcano closely and will report any significant changes. HVO is in close touch with Hawaii County Civil Defense and other agencies responsible for public safety.

Stay informed about Mauna Loa by following volcano updates and tracking current monitoring data on the HVO web page (http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/activity/maunaloastatus.php) or by signing up to receive updates by email at this site: http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vns/

Hawaii County Civil Defense Agency is in constant communications with HVO. If anything develops that may affect your safety, you will be informed.

Please sign up for Civil Defense notifications by visiting Hawaii County Civil Defense Agency webpage at http://www.hawaiicounty.gov/civil-defense/.
(15) Contacts: askHVO@usgs.gov
(16) Next Notice: Mauna Loa updates will be issued weekly. Should volcanic activity change significantly a new VAN will be issued. Regularly scheduled updates are posted at http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov
2019-06-12 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190612/1908Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The elevated levels of seismic activity, apparent since about mid-May, have declined to background levels. Therefore we are lowering the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level to GREEN/NORMAL.

The volcano continues to emit a vapor plume that is occasionally visible in web camera views, and elevated surface temperatures continue to be observed occasionally at the summit crater in high-resolution satellite data. Such observations are common and reflect the steady emission of hot volcanic vapors from a near-vertically oriented vent.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the March 2016 eruption, ash plumes as high as 40,000 feet above sea level were generated and the ash was tracked in satellite data as distant as eastern Canada. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2019-06-02 - Great Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190602/1903Z)
(3) Volcano: Great Sitkin (VNUM #311120)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 4 min W 176 deg 6 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5709 ft (1740 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A small steam explosion at 21:40 AKDT June 1 (5:40 UTC June 2) was detected at Great Sitkin Volcano in local seismic data. No corresponding signal was seen in regional infrasound data or cloudy satellite observations. Low-level seismic activity was elevated just before and after the event. In response to this activity, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code YELLOW and Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Great Sitkin is monitored with a local real-time seismic network, which will typically allow AVO to detect changes in unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption would be accomplished using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: n/a
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Great Sitkin Volcano is a basaltic andesite volcano that occupies most of the northern half of Great Sitkin Island, a member of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands. It is located 43 km (26 miles) east of the community of Adak. The volcano is a composite structure consisting of an older dissected volcano and a younger parasitic cone with a 3-km-diameter summit crater. A steep-sided lava dome, emplaced during an eruption in 1974, occupies the center of the crater. Great Sitkin erupted at least three times in the 20th century, most recently in 1974. That eruption produced at least one ash cloud that likely exceeded an altitude of 25,000 ft above sea level. A poorly documented eruption occurred in 1945, also producing a lava dome that was partially destroyed in the 1974 eruption. Within the past 280 years a large explosive eruption produced pyroclastic flows that partially filled the Glacier Creek valley on the southwest flank.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2019-05-15 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190515/2222Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Over the past day low-frequency seismic tremor has been observed at Pavlof and web camera observations from this morning showed a vigorous steam plume from the summit. This represents an increase from background activity and we are increasing the the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level to YELLOW/ADVISORY.

This does not mean that an eruption is likely or imminent. However, past eruptions of Pavlof occurred with little or no warning.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the March 2016 eruption, ash plumes as high as 40,000 feet above sea level were generated and the ash was tracked in satellite data as distant as eastern Canada. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2019-04-30 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190430/2034Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Eruptive activity at Veniaminof ceased in early January 2019, and over the past four months indications of unrest have decreased. Therefore AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL.

Low-level tremor, slightly elevated surface temperatures and minor steam emissions continue, but are now considered typical for this post-eruptive period. This activity will likely continue for many months.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2019-03-27 - Kilauea, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190327/0107Z)
(3) Volcano: Kilauea (VNUM #332010)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2019/H19
(8) Volcano Location: N 19 deg 25 min W 155 deg 17 min
(9) Area: Hawaii
(10) Summit Elevation: 4091 ft (1247 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Kīlauea Volcano is quiet. Monitoring data over the past eight months have shown relatively low rates of seismicity, deformation, and gas emission at the summit and East Rift Zone (ERZ) including the area of the 2018 eruption.

Accordingly, the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) is lowering the Volcano Alert Level for ground-based hazards from ADVISORY to NORMAL. This means the volcano is at a non-eruptive, background state. The Aviation Color Code is also being lowered from YELLOW to GREEN.

For definitions of USGS Volcano Alert Levels and Aviation Color Codes, see: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/about_alerts.html

Despite this change, some hazardous conditions remain and are described below. Kīlauea remains an active volcano, and it will erupt again. Although we expect clear signs prior to a return to eruption, the time frame of warning may be short. Island of Hawaiʻi residents should be familiar with the long-term hazard map for Kīlauea Volcano and how to stay informed about Kīlauea activity.

Lava flow hazard map for the Island of Hawaiʻi: https://pubs.usgs.gov/mf/1992/2193/
(12) Volcanic cloud height: only minor fume from active areas
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: none at this time
(14) Remarks: Current state of the volcano

Kīlauea Volcano has maintained a low level of non-eruptive unrest since the end of the lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapse in early September 2018. The past nearly 8 months without active lava at the surface of the volcano marks the longest time interval without eruption since the 17-month period between November 1979 and April 1982.

The total combined sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission rate from the summit, Puʻu ʻŌʻō, and lower East Rift Zone fissure vents is currently less than 100 tonnes per day, well below pre-2018 levels.

Seismicity remains relatively low and steady across the volcano. Although weekly earthquake counts are elevated above pre-2018 eruption levels, they do not reflect shallowing of magma that typically occurs prior to eruption outbreaks. Most of these earthquakes are aftershocks of the May 4, 2018, magnitude-6.9 Kalapana earthquake, and they will continue at declining rates. Earthquakes such as the March 13, 2019, magnitude-5.5 south flank event reflect ongoing south flank instability and are not a sign of renewed eruption potential.

Ground deformation continues, but at rates below those during the period of major eruptive activity in 2018. Deformation rates on the East Rift Zone and at Kīlauea’s summit are still higher than they were prior to April 2018, but have been slowly decreasing. The middle East Rift Zone between Puʻu ʻŌʻō and Highway 130 continues to show ground motion that likely reflects slow refilling of the deep rift zone. Deformation rates may remain high, as magma entering Kīlauea’s system is stored, rather than erupted. Motion on Kīlauea’s south flank is higher than before May’s magnitude-6.9 earthquake. This motion is consistent with increased sliding on Kīlauea’s décollement fault in a process called “afterslip,” which is expected following a large earthquake.

What is next at Kīlauea Volcano?

Since the early 1800s, when written records of Hawaiian volcanoes began, Kīlauea has had infrequent periods during which no lava erupted. The longest known eruptive pause was in 1935-1952, ending with eruption in the caldera.

Neither this 17-year pause, nor any other shorter pause, followed partial collapse of the caldera such as the collapse that occurred in the summer of 2018.

After partial caldera collapses in 1840 and 1868, lava returned to the caldera within days to a few weeks. The length of the current pause already exceeds those earlier post-collapse pauses.

Following partial caldera collapses, the first eruption outside the caldera took place on the East Rift Zone 17 years after the 1823 collapse, on the Southwest Rift Zone 28 years after the 1840 collapse, and on the Southwest Rift Zone 52 years after the 1868 collapse.

On the basis of these observations, we think it most likely that the next eruption of Kīlauea will take place in the caldera within a few years, and that the next eruption on one of the volcano’s rift zones will be in a decade or longer. This prognosis assumes a return to Kīlauea’s general style of behavior for the past 200 years.

There remains the possibility that Kīlauea’s behavior may return to the dominantly explosive 300 years preceding the early 1800s. Monitoring and ongoing analysis by HVO may be able to determine in advance which style of behavior will eventually prevail, but it is currently too early to tell.

Importantly, current monitoring data do not suggest a return to eruptive activity or summit collapse in the coming months. However, Kīlauea is one of the most active volcanoes in the world, and additional eruptions will occur. Residents should remain informed of the volcano's status, learn about long-term hazards, and understand how alerts and warnings of volcanic activity are distributed.

To receive updates on Kīlauea or other Hawaiian volcanoes, sign up here:
https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vns2/

For more information please see the HVO web site: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/geo_hist_summary.html

Continuing Hazards

Despite diminished activity on Kīlauea, hazardous conditions remain in the East Rift Zone and at the summit of the volcano.

The lower East Rift Zone and Puʻu ʻŌʻō lava flow fields include large areas of still-warm, rugged, extremely sharp, and unstable lava surfaces that are subject to collapse. During heavy rain, white-out conditions (from steam produced by rainwater interacting with hot rock) could develop on the lava flows leading to dangerous conditions. Recent collapses of the new shoreline are not known to have occurred, but could happen should the new lava sea cliffs become unstable.

SO2 gas emissions have greatly decreased from lower East Rift Zone vents to a level below instrumental detection on area roadways. However, locally higher concentrations of SO2 or H2S (hydrogen sulfide) may persist and residents in downwind areas may, from time to time, notice odors of these gases.

Steaming ground cracks are especially common just west of Highway 130. HVO continues to monitor these cracks periodically for changes and will do so for the foreseeable future. Some of what emanates from these thermal areas is related to decomposition of vegetation and is not degassing magma. Emissions from these cracks are likely to continue for years and may change with atmospheric conditions and wind.

Around fissure 8, thick accumulations of tephra (fragmental volcanic debris) hide underground hazards such as holes, ground cracks, and collapsed houses and water tanks. Winds can pick up glassy and lightweight fragments, including Pele's hair, and carry them downwind. Tephra can irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory systems, so prolonged exposure should be avoided.

At the Kīlauea summit, steep crater walls destabilized by 2018 collapse events and earthquakes may be prone to sudden slumping or rockfalls for years to come, even without further ground shaking. Local concentrations of SO2 or H2S (hydrogen sulfide) remain low but people in downwind areas may from time to time notice odors of these gases. As the water table beneath the caldera adjusts to post-collapse conditions and possibly returns to the area of subsidence, it is possible, but not certain, that hydrothermal explosions could occur.

Kīlauea Volcano, as well as the entire Island of Hawaiʻi, remains an area of ongoing earthquake hazard. Additional aftershocks from the May 4, 2018, magnitude-6.9 earthquake and the March 13, 2019, magnitude-5.5 earthquake are expected, and some could be damaging.

HVO continues to closely monitor incoming geologic, seismic, deformation, and gas data for evidence of significant magma shallowing or pressurization that could mean Kīlauea Volcano’s magmatic system is building toward renewed activity.

From Hawaii County Civil Defense: Hawaii County Civil Defense advises that lava flows and features created by the 2018 eruption are primarily on private property and persons are asked to be respectful and not enter or park on private property.
(15) Contacts: askHVO@usgs.gov
(16) Next Notice: The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) continues to closely monitor Kīlauea's seismicity, deformation, and gas emissions for any sign of reactivation. HVO will continue to issue weekly Kīlauea updates on Tuesdays until further notice.
2019-02-25 - Great Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190225/2030Z)
(3) Volcano: Great Sitkin (VNUM #311120)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 4 min W 176 deg 6 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5709 ft (1740 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Earthquake activity at Great Sitkin Volcano has decreased to background levels over the past month. There are no evidence of explosive activity in geophysical data streams or in satellite observations. Thus, AVO is decreasing the Aviation Color Code GREEN and Alert Level to NORMAL.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: n/a
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
peizbekov@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2019-02-25 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190225/2024Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Satellite data from 22 February 2019 and regional seismic and infrasound data show no evidence of eruptive activity. Thus, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Future explosions at Cleveland are likely. They occur without warning and typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano does not have any functioning equipment near the volcano, which restricts AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of regional seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
peizbekov@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2019-02-02 - Dutton, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190202/0031Z)
(3) Volcano: Dutton (VNUM #312011)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 11 min W 162 deg 16 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 4833 ft (1473 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO can no longer seismically monitor Mount Dutton volcano due to the lack of a functioning seismic network there. As a result, AVO is unable to (1) assess whether Dutton may be building towards an eruption and (2) quickly confirm or dismiss reports of activity at the volcano.

Because Dutton is no longer seismically monitored, it will move from volcano alert level Normal and aviation color code Green to "unassigned." As at other volcanoes without real-time seismic networks, AVO will continue to use satellite data, regional infrasound, lightning, and reports from pilots and ground observers to detect signs of eruptive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Mount Dutton is located near the tip of the Alaska Peninsula and lies jointly within the Izembek Wilderness Area and the Alaska Peninsula Wildlife Refuge. Dutton is a snow- and ice-covered stratovlocano which rises to an elevation of 4833 feet. Although it has no historic eruptive activity, intense earthquake swarms occurred at the volcano in 1984 and 1988. Dutton is located 14 km (9 miles) north of King Cove and 30 km (19 miles) east of Cold Bay.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2019-01-17 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190117/2025Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2019/A53
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Satellite data show that starting around 12 January, a new and growing lava dome is present in Cleveland's summit crater. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH.

The presence of the lava dome may increase the likelihood of explosive activity at the volcano. Explosions at Cleveland usually occur without warning and typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano is monitored by only one seismic station, which restricts AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
peizbekov@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2019-01-07 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190107/2146Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The last detected explosive activity at Cleveland volcano occurred December 29, 2018 UTC (December 28 local time). We have no evidence of significant eruptive activity since that time. Thus, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Future explosive activity is likely, and explosions usually occur without warning. Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored by only one seismic station, which restricts AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2019-01-04 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20190104/1953Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2019/A10
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Eruptive activity at Veniaminof has paused or stopped over the past week. Therefore AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY. Seismic events continue, indicative of continued unrest.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Pauses in eruptive activity are common at Veniaminof and resumed lava effusion and/or ash emissions could resume at any time without significant seismic precursors.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-12-29 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20181229/0354Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Local seismic sensors recorded a short-lived explosion today at 3:17 UTC December 29 (18:17 AKST December 28). A pilot report indicates an ash cloud to 17,000 ft asl. Local winds are from the west.

Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored with a limited real-time seismic network, which inhibits AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 17,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: winds are from west
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-12-19 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20181219/2035Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No eruptive activity has been detected at Semisopochnoi since November 1 when a satellite link for transmitting seismic data failed. Since that time, no changes have been observed in satellite data, and no explosions have been detected from the Adak Island infrasound array; the last explosion detected by infrasound was October 31.

AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to UNASSIGNED and Alert Level to UNASSIGNED for Semisopochnoi due to the lack of evidence for ongoing eruptive activity. Seismic unrest may be continuing undetected. Pauses in eruptions lasting weeks to months are known to occur during volcanic eruptions. A return to eruptive activity may occur with little or no warning.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No cloud observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: No cloud observed
(14) Remarks: The seismic monitoring network for Semisopochnoi has been offline since November 1, but if atmospheric conditions permit an infrasound array on Adak Island may detect explosion signals from Semisopochnoi with a 13 minute delay. Semisopochnoi is also monitored remotely with satellite observations and lightning sensors.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497


David Fee, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-12-12 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20181212/2121Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Local seismic sensors recorded a small explosion today at 20:53 UTC (11:53 AKST). No ash cloud has yet been detected in satellite imagery. No other significant activity was detected.

Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored with a limited real-time seismic network, which inhibits AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not known
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
peizbekov@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-11-22 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20181122/2005Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Ash emissions at Veniaminof have decreased since yesterday afternoon but continue at lower levels. Therefore AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH.

Please reference https://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated guidance on airborne ash hazards from the National Weather Service.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Up to ~10,000 ft
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Continuous low-level ash emissions observed in webcam
(14) Remarks: Ash fall remains possible in nearby communities. National Weather Service information about ashfall is available here: https://www.weather.gov/afc/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-11-21 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20181121/2059Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No eruptive activity has been detected at Semisopochnoi since November 1 when a satellite link for transmitting seismic data failed. Since that time, no changes have been observed in satellite data, and no explosions have been detected from the Adak Island infrasound array; the last explosion detected by infrasound was October 31.

AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level to Yellow/Advisory for Semisopochnoi due to the lack of evidence for ongoing eruptive activity. Seismic unrest may be continuing undetected. Pauses in eruptions lasting weeks to months are known to occur during volcanic eruptions. A return to eruptive activity may occur with little or no warning.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: No cloud observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: No cloud observed
(14) Remarks: The seismic monitoring network for Semisopochnoi has been offline since November 1, but if atmospheric conditions permit an infrasound array on Adak Island may detect explosion signals from Semisopochnoi with a 13 minute delay. Semisopochnoi is also monitored remotely with satellite observations and lightning sensors.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-11-21 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20181121/1915Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Overnight, ash emissions from Veniaminof increased significantly, generating a plume up to 15,000 ft asl and extending for more than 150 miles to the SE. This morning observers in Perryville and webcam views indicated continuous ash emissions. This activity is a significant increase from the past month and AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to Red and the Volcano Alert Level to Warning.

A SIGMET warning for aviation has been issued by the National Weather Service. Please reference https://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated guidance on airborne ash hazards.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Up to ~15,000 ft
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Continuous ash emissions observed in webcam
(14) Remarks: Ash fall is possible in nearby communities. The National Weather Service Anchorage Forecast Office will issue an advisory if this is expected to occur.
https://www.weather.gov/afc/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-10-26 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20181026/0535Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Strong seismic tremor from Semisopochnoi consistent with an eruption began at 4:47 UTC (20:47 AKDT) and is currently diminishing. Satellite data through 5:00 UTC (21:00 AKDT) show a small ash cloud at about 12,000 ft asl.

AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level to Orange/Watch for Semisopochnoi.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: about 12,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: winds toward the southeast
(14) Remarks: Semisopochnoi is monitored with an on-island seismic network, and remotely by satellite and lightning sensors. An infrasound array on Adak Island could detect explosive emissions from Semisopochnoi with a 13 minute delay if atmospheric conditions permit.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-10-12 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20181012/1945Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Recent satellite observations and a lack of seismic tremor over the past week indicate eruptive activity at Semisopochnoi has paused. Thus we are lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY. Although seismic tremor is currently absent at Semisopochnoi, discrete earthquake activity remains above background levels.

Pauses in eruptive activity lasting for weeks to months are known to occur during volcanic eruptions. A return to eruptive activity remains a possibility at Semisopochnoi that could occur with little or no warning. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Semisopochnoi is monitored with an on-island seismic network, and remotely by satellite and lightning sensors. An infrasound array on Adak Island could detect explosive emissions from Semisopochnoi with a 13 minute delay if atmospheric conditions permit.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-10-05 - Kilauea, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20181005/1847Z)
(3) Volcano: Kilauea (VNUM #332010)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 19 deg 25 min W 155 deg 17 min
(9) Area: Hawaii
(10) Summit Elevation: 4091 ft (1247 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: It has been 30 days since lava has been active at the surface of Kīlauea Volcano. HVO monitoring shows low rates of seismicity, steady, relatively low rates of deformation across the volcano, and only minor gas emission at the summit and East Rift Zone (ERZ). These observations indicate that resumption of eruption or summit collapse is unlikely in the near-term.

Accordingly, HVO is lowering the Volcano Alert Level for ground based hazards from WATCH to ADVISORY. This means volcanic activity has decreased significantly but continues to be closely monitored for renewed activity. The Aviation Color Code is also being lowered from ORANGE to YELLOW.

Hazards are still present in the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption area and at the Kīlauea summit. Residents and visitors near recently active fissures and lava flows should stay informed, heed Hawaii County Civil Defense warnings, and be prepared, if necessary, to self-evacuate in the unlikely event of renewed activity. Please note that Hawaii County maintains a closure of the entire flow field and the vents and prohibits access to the area unless authorized through Civil Defense.

Residents are also advised of continuing hazardous conditions described below.

For definitions of USGS Volcano Alert Levels and Aviation Color Codes, see: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vhp/about_alerts.html
(12) Volcanic cloud height: only minor fume from active areas
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: none at this time
(14) Remarks: Background and Prognosis

Kīlauea Volcano has maintained a low level of activity over the past two months. The last summit collapse was on August 2, 2018. High rates of seismicity and deflationary deformation at the summit stopped abruptly on August 4, coincident with cessation of major eruptive activity in the LERZ. Lava ceased flowing in the upper portion of the fissure 8 channel system by August 6, and ocean entries were inactive in late August. Active lava was last seen inside the fissure 8 cone on September 5. The total sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission rate from the summit, Puʻu ʻŌʻō, and LERZ fissure vents combined is currently less than 300 tonnes per day.

Seismicity remains low across the volcano. Ground deformation continues, but at rates well below those during the period of major eruptive activity this summer. An exception is within the middle East Rift Zone where data show evidence of reinflation between Puʻu ʻŌʻō and Highway 130. One interpretation of this signal is that the rift zone is refilling with magma following withdrawal during the 2018 eruption. An increase in this refilling rate or other change could result in new eruptive vents along any portion of the East Rift Zone.

While it is impossible to say with certainty what Kīlauea will do next, current monitoring data do not suggest a return to eruptive activity or summit collapse in the near term. HVO continues to closely monitor incoming geologic, seismic, deformation, and gas data for evidence of significant magma shallowing or pressurization that could mean the system was building toward renewed activity.

This change in activity marks the first time since 1986 that lava has not been active at Kīlauea’s surface for a period of 30 or more days (The last long pause was 48.5 days between episodes 39 and 40 of the Puʻu ʻŌʻō eruption.) In the past 200 years, the volcano has experienced periods of quiet ranging from months to years with no eruptive activity. However, Kīlauea is one of the most active volcanoes in the world, and additional eruptions will occur. Residents should remain informed of the volcano’s status and learn about long-term hazards. For more information please see the HVO web site: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/geo_hist_summary.html

Continuing Hazards

Despite the diminished activity on Kīlauea, hazardous conditions remain in the ERZ and at the summit of the volcano.

The LERZ and Puʻu ʻŌʻō lava flow fields include large areas of still-hot, rugged, extremely sharp, and unstable lava surfaces that are subject to collapse.

SO2 gas emissions have greatly decreased from LERZ vents to a level below instrumental detection. However, local concentrations of SO2 or H2S may persist and are still reported in downwind areas,and residents may from time to time notice odors of these gasses. Hot cracks degassing at low levels are especially common just west of Highway 130 and HVO will continue to monitor these cracks for changes.

Around fissure 8, thick accumulations of tephra (fragmental volcanic debris) hide underground hazards such as holes and cracks; winds can pick up glassy and lightweight fragments including Pele’s hair and carry them downwind. Tephra can irritate eyes, skin, and respiratory systems, so prolonged exposure should be avoided.

New lava fields at the coast appear relatively stable based on a helicopter overflight on 4 October, however no intensive ground survey of the new coastline has been done. Explosions near the coastline may still occur if sudden collapses expose the hot interiors of new lava flows to cold ocean water. HVO has received no reports that such collapses and/or explosions have occurred, but mariners should operate with caution around the new coastline and contact the U.S. Coast Guard with any questions.

At the Kīlauea summit, rockfalls and ground cracking can still occur with no warning. Steep crater walls destabilized by months of earthquakes will be prone to collapse for weeks or months to come, even without further ground shaking.

As the summit continues to adjust to recent changes, additional, and potentially damaging, earthquakes are possible. Additional aftershocks from the May 4, 2018, magnitude-6.9 earthquake are expected. Hawai’i is prone to earthquakes, so everyone should be prepared for damaging ground shaking at any time.

At the summit, if significant draining of the magma reservoir resumes, more collapse events could occur. Alternatively, resupply of magma to the summit reservoir could lead to explosions or the reappearance of lava in the caldera.

(15) Contacts: askHVO@usgs.gov
(16) Next Notice: The Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) continues to closely monitor Kīlauea's seismicity, deformation, and gas emissions for any sign of reactivation. As of today, HVO will discontinue daily Kīlauea updates and will issue weekly updates on Tuesdays until further notice. If volcano activity increases, we will elevate the Alert Level for Kīlauea.

2018-09-17 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180917/2133Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Elevated seismicity that started yesterday has intensified over the past couple of hours, and a strong tremor signal at 20:49 UTC (12:49 AKDT) suggests that ash emissions may be occurring or are imminent at Semisopochnoi. Thus we are raising the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH.

Nothing has been detected in satellite, lightning, or infrasound data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Semisopochnoi is monitored with an on-island seismic network, and remotely by satellite and lightning sensors. An infrasound array on Adak Island could detect explosive emissions from Semisopochnoi with a 13 minute delay if atmospheric conditions permit.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-09-16 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180916/1756Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An increase in seismicity beginning 16:31 UTC (08:31 AKDT) on has prompted AVO to raise the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level to YELLOW/ADVISORY.

There is no clear indication from satellite imagery or regional infrasound data that Semisopochnoi is erupting at this time. AVO will continue to monitor Semisopochnoi seismic data and evaluate satellite images.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
cwaythomas@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-09-04 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180904/2109Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic activity remains elevated at Veniaminof. Low-level ash emissions have been observed in web camera images and have been confirmed by observers in Perryville. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to Orange and the Volcano Alert Level to Watch.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 8000-10,000ft
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Low-level ash emissions.
(14) Remarks: Mount Veniaminof volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano with an ice-filled 10-km diameter summit caldera located on the Alaska Peninsula, 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 35 km (22 mi) north of Perryville. Veniaminof is one of the largest (~300 cubic km; 77 cubic mi) and most active volcanic centers in the Aleutian Arc and has erupted at least 13 times in the past 200 years. Recent significant eruptions of the volcano occurred in 1993-95, 2005, and 2013. These were Strombolian eruptions that produced lava fountains and minor emissions of ash and gas from the main intracaldera cone. During the 1993-95 activity, a small lava flow was extruded, and in 2013, five small lava flows effused from the intracaldera cone over about five months. Minor ash-producing explosions occurred nearly annually between 2002 and 2010. Previous historical eruptions have produced ash plumes that reached 20,000 ft above sea level (1939 and 1956) and ash fallout that blanketed areas within about 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano (1939).
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-09-03 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180903/1929Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic activity at Veniaminof, indicative of unrest, increased late last night and volcanic tremor is ongoing. Thus, AVO is rasing the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory. There are, however, no signs of eruptive activity at this time.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Mount Veniaminof volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano with an ice-filled 10-km diameter summit caldera located on the Alaska Peninsula, 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 35 km (22 mi) north of Perryville. Veniaminof is one of the largest (~300 cubic km; 77 cubic mi) and most active volcanic centers in the Aleutian Arc and has erupted at least 13 times in the past 200 years. Recent significant eruptions of the volcano occurred in 1993-95, 2005, and 2013. These were Strombolian eruptions that produced lava fountains and minor emissions of ash and gas from the main intracaldera cone. During the 1993-95 activity, a small lava flow was extruded, and in 2013, five small lava flows effused from the intracaldera cone over about five months. Minor ash-producing explosions occurred nearly annually between 2002 and 2010. Previous historical eruptions have produced ash plumes that reached 20,000 ft above sea level (1939 and 1956) and ash fallout that blanketed areas within about 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano (1939).
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-08-22 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180822/1945Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The Aviation Color Code is being reduced to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory at Cleveland volcano. Minor explosive activity was last observed in late July and since that time there has been no evidence of lava extrusion in the summit crater. Elevated surface temperatures in the summit crater continue to be observed during periods of clear weather, but are interpreted to be due to hot degassing. This is typical of Cleveland volcano and indicates that low-level unrest continues.

Occasional, short duration explosive activity with minimal to no precursory signals is common at Cleveland volcano, and explosions may occur without warning. Explosions typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions may occur as they have in the past.

Cleveland volcano is monitored by only two seismic stations, which restricts AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2018-07-01 - Great Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180701/1837Z)
(3) Volcano: Great Sitkin (VNUM #311120)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 4 min W 176 deg 6 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5709 ft (1740 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Earthquake activity at Great Sitkin Volcano has increased above background levels over the past day. Numerous small, shallow earthquakes are occurring beneath the summit at rates as high as 10-20 per hour. It is uncertain if this unrest will lead to any eruptive activity but this remains a possibility given the general degree of unrest at Great Sitkin over the past several months. Thus AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level to YELLOW /ADVISORY.

AVO detected a brief steam and ash explosion at Great Sitkin on June 10, and earthquake activity then declined to background levels over a period of about 2 weeks. Over the past several days, nothing significant has been observed in satellite data and no other signs of unrest have been detected or reported to AVO.

Great Sitkin Volcano is monitored by a five-station seismic network on Great Sitkin Island and with additional seismic stations on the nearby islands of Igitkin, Adak, Kagalaska, and Kanaga. A six-element infrasound array to detect explosions (atmospheric pressure waves) was installed on Adak Island in June, 2017, although it is currently (June 2018) only partly operational. AVO also uses satellite imagery to monitor Great Sitkin Volcano.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Great Sitkin Volcano is a basaltic andesite volcano that occupies most of the northern half of Great Sitkin Island, a member of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands. It is located 43 km (26 miles) east of the community of Adak. Great Sitkin erupted at least three times in the 20th century, most recently in 1974. That eruption produced at least one ash cloud that likely exceeded an altitude of 25,000 ft above sea level. A poorly documented eruption occurred in 1945, also producing a lava dome that was partially destroyed in the 1974 eruption. A seismic swarm occurred from July 2016 through the end of 2017.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-06-27 - Great Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180627/1849Z)
(3) Volcano: Great Sitkin (VNUM #311120)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 4 min W 176 deg 6 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5709 ft (1740 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Earthquake activity at Great Sitkin Volcano has declined gradually and no further indications of increasing unrest have been observed since AVO detected a brief steam and ash explosion on June 10. For the time being, the volcano has returned to normal background levels of activity and AVO is thus lowering the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level to GREEN/NORMAL.

Great Sitkin Volcano is monitored by a five-station seismic network on Great Sitkin Island and with additional seismic stations on the nearby islands of Igitkin, Adak, Kagalaska, and Kanaga. A six-element infrasound array to detect explosions (atmospheric pressure waves) was installed on Adak Island in June, 2017, although it is currently (June 2018) only partly operational. AVO also uses satellite imagery to monitor Great Sitkin Volcano.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Great Sitkin Volcano is a basaltic andesite volcano that occupies most of the northern half of Great Sitkin Island, a member of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands. It is located 43 km (26 miles) east of the community of Adak. Great Sitkin erupted at least three times in the 20th century, most recently in 1974. That eruption produced at least one ash cloud that likely exceeded an altitude of 25,000 ft above sea level. A poorly documented eruption occurred in 1945, also producing a lava dome that was partially destroyed in the 1974 eruption. A seismic swarm occurred from July 2016 through the end of 2017.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-06-26 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180626/2107Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Satellite observations of Cleveland Volcano on June 25, 2018 indicate the presence of a small circular lava flow, about 80 meters in diameter, covering the floor of the summit crater. Geophysical monitoring data from Cleveland Volcano has been unavailable since early yesterday afternoon and thus it is unknown if the effusion of lava within the crater generated detectable seismicity or infrasound. However, the presence of a lava flow over the active vent increases the possibility of a vent clearing explosion over the coming days to weeks and thus AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level to ORANGE/WATCH. The last detected explosive activity at Cleveland volcano occurred May 5, 2018 UTC (May 4 local time).

Occasional, short duration explosive activity with minimal to no precursory signals is common at Cleveland Volcano, and explosions may occur without warning. Explosions typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions may occur as they have in the past.

Cleveland volcano is monitored by only two seismic stations, which restricts AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-06-25 - Kilauea, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180625/0635Z)
(3) Volcano: Kilauea (VNUM #332010)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 19 deg 25 min W 155 deg 17 min
(9) Area: Hawaii
(10) Summit Elevation: 4091 ft (1247 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Kīlauea Volcano Summit

Episodic collapse of Kīlauea Volcano’s caldera floor continues, at times accompanied by bursts of small amounts of volcanic ash. The most recent of these occurred today at 4:12 pm.

Since late May, these collapse/explosion events have rarely produced significant ash plumes rising more than 10,000 feet above sea level where they can pose a significant hazard to aviation. For this reason, HVO is reducing the aviation color code from RED to ORANGE.

Collapse/explosion events that may produce ash plumes are expected to continue as long as subsidence is occurring at the volcano’s summit. At any time, activity could intensify producing more ash and higher ash plumes. During these events, ash may be transported downwind to impact communities.

For forecasts of where ash would fall under forecast wind conditions, please consult the Ash3D model output here: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/observatories/hvo/ash_information.html

Information on volcanic ash hazards and how to prepare for ash fall maybe found at http://www.ivhhn.org/information#ash (health impacts) OR https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanic_ash/ (other impacts).

Sulfur dioxide emissions from the volcano's summit have dropped to levels below those measured during the high stand of the summit lava lake. Air quality in the summit area is, however, impacted by emissions from the Lower East Rift Zone. Information on sulfur dioxide and vog impacts and how to protect yourself from vog may be found here: https://vog.ivhhn.org/

Kīlauea Volcano Lower East Rift Zone

Eruption of lava and gas from the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) continues into its seventh week. The eruption remains hazardous and therefore HVO is maintaining alert level WARNING.

The fissure 8 cone continues to feed a lava flow reaching the ocean at the Kapoho area coastline. Short-lived overflows of lava from an established channel occur periodically but generally do not travel beyond the existing flow field.

Pele's hair and other lightweight volcanic glass fragments from the lava fountain at fissure 8 continue to fall downwind of the fissure, dusting the ground within a few hundred meters (yards) of the vent. High winds may waft lighter particles to greater distances. Residents are urged to minimize exposure to these volcanic particles, which can cause skin and eye irritation similar to volcanic ash.

The most recent map of lava flows can be found at https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/multimedia_maps.html

Volcanic gas emissions remain very high in the Lower East Rift Zone. Shifting wind conditions can bring VOG to nearly all of the Island of Hawaii. VOG information can be found at https://vog.ivhhn.org/

The ocean entry is a hazardous area. Interaction between lava and ocean water can produce sudden explosions of dangerous debris and steam. The growing lava delta is unstable and can slide into the sea without warning. Additionally, the interaction of lava with the ocean creates a towering plume of "laze", a corrosive seawater plume laden with hydrochloric acid and fine volcanic particles that can irritate the skin, eyes, and lungs.

Additional ground cracking and outbreaks of lava in the area of the active fissures are possible. Residents downslope of the region of fissure vents should remain informed and heed all Hawaii County Civil Defense messages and warnings.


(12) Volcanic cloud height: No cloud at this time.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: askHVO@usgs.gov
(16) Next Notice: Additional notices will be issued should activity change significantly.

2018-06-21 - Mauna Loa, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180621/2346Z)
(3) Volcano: Mauna Loa (VNUM #332020)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 19 deg 28 min W 155 deg 36 min
(9) Area: Hawaii
(10) Summit Elevation: 13681 ft (4170 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: HVO seismic and deformation monitoring networks have been recording near background levels of seismicity and ground motion at Mauna Loa Volcano for at least the last six months. These observations indicate that the volcano is no longer at an elevated level of activity. Accordingly, HVO is dropping the Mauna Loa alert level to NORMAL and the aviation color code to GREEN.

HVO continues to monitor the volcano closely and will report any significant changes.

Stay informed about Mauna Loa by following volcano updates and tracking current monitoring data on the HVO web page (http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/activity/maunaloastatus.php) or by signing up to receive updates by email at this site: http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/vns/
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: From 2014 through much of 2017, HVO seismic stations recorded variable, but overall elevated rates of shallow, small-magnitude earthquakes beneath Mauna Loa's summit, upper Southwest Rift Zone, and west flank. During that same time period, HVO measured ground deformation consistent with input of magma into the volcano's shallow magma storage system.

These observations indicated that volcano was not at background levels of activity and the volcano alert level was raised to ADVISORY and the aviation color code to YELLOW in September 2015. It was noted at the time that the increase in alert level did not mean that an eruption was imminent or that progression to an eruption was certain. Indeed, this episode of unrest lasted several years without progressing to an eruption, similar to the period of unrest from 2004 to 2009.

Since late 2017, rates of earthquake occurrence and of ground motion related to inflation of shallow magma reservoirs have slowed to near background levels.

Seismicity has continued to be low during the current activity on Kīlauea volcano. Recent motions recorded by GPS instruments on Mauna Loa are due to the M6.9 Kīlauea south flank earthquake on May 4, 2018 and subsidence at the summit Kīlauea Volcano. None of the activity on Kīlauea volcano has had a detectable effect on Mauna Loa’s magmatic system.

Background:

Mauna Loa is the largest active volcano on Earth. Eruptions typically start at the summit and, within minutes to months of eruption onset, about half of the eruptions migrate into either the Northeast or Southwest Rift Zones. Since 1843, the volcano has erupted 33 times with intervals between eruptions ranging from months to decades. Mauna Loa last erupted 34 years ago, in 1984.

Mauna Loa eruptions tend to produce voluminous, fast-moving lava flows that can impact communities on the east and west sides of the Island of Hawai`i. Since the mid-19th century, the city of Hilo in east Hawai'i has been threatened by seven Mauna Loa lava flows. Mauna Loa lava flows have reached the south and west coasts of the island eight times: 1859, 1868, 1887, 1926, 1919, and three times in 1950.
(15) Contacts: askHVO@usgs.gov
(16) Next Notice: With the downgrade to NORMAL/GREEN, HVO will suspend weekly updates on Mauna Loa. Instead, updates will be issued monthly. Should volcanic activity change significantly a new VAN will be issued. Regularly scheduled updates are posted at http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov
2018-06-10 - Great Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180610/2126Z)
(3) Volcano: Great Sitkin (VNUM #311120)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 4 min W 176 deg 6 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5709 ft (1740 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Earthquake activity at Great Sitkin Volcano has been elevated over the past five days, and earlier today at 11:39 AKDT (19:39 UTC), a signal that may represent a short-lived steam explosion was detected by seismic data. AVO is thus raising the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level to YELLOW/ADVISORY.

Great Sitkin Volcano is monitored by a five-station seismic network on Great Sitkin Island and with additional seismic stations on the nearby islands of Igitkin, Adak, Kagalaska, and Kanaga. A six-element infrasound array to detect explosions (atmospheric pressure waves) was installed on Adak Island in June, 2017, although it is currently (June 2018) only partly operational. AVO also uses satellite imagery to monitor Great Sitkin Volcano.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Great Sitkin Volcano is a basaltic andesite volcano that occupies most of the northern half of Great Sitkin Island, a member of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands. It is located 43 km (26 miles) east of the community of Adak. Great Sitkin erupted at least three times in the 20th century, most recently in 1974. That eruption produced at least one ash cloud that likely exceeded an altitude of 25,000 ft above sea level. A poorly documented eruption occurred in 1945, also producing a lava dome that was partially destroyed in the 1974 eruption. A seismic swarm occurred from July 2016 through the end of 2017.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-05-17 - Kilauea, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180517/1633Z)
(3) Volcano: Kilauea (VNUM #332010)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 19 deg 25 min W 155 deg 17 min
(9) Area: Hawaii
(10) Summit Elevation: 4091 ft (1247 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: At about 0415 this morning, an explosion from the Overlook vent within Halemaumau crater at Kilauea Volcano's summit produced a volcanic cloud that reaches as high as 30,000 ft asl and drifted northeast. Continued emissions from the crater are reaching as high as 12,000 ft asl.

At any time, activity may again become more explosive, increasing the intensity of ash production and producing ballistic projectiles near the vent.

Resource on volcanic ash hazards: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanic_ash/

Resource on vog: https://vog.ivhhn.org/

Current NWS information on ashfall: http://www.prh.noaa.gov/hnl/watchwarn/
(12) Volcanic cloud height: up to 30,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Drifting generally northeast
(14) Remarks: Photos of this activity may be found here:

https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/kilauea_multimedia_15.html
(15) Contacts: askHVO@usgs.gov
(16) Next Notice: Additional notices will be issued should activity change significantly.
Consult the National Weather Service for specific Ashfall notifications:http://www.prh.noaa.gov/hnl/
2018-05-15 - Kilauea, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180515/2323Z)
(3) Volcano: Kilauea (VNUM #332010)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 19 deg 25 min W 155 deg 17 min
(9) Area: Hawaii
(10) Summit Elevation: 4091 ft (1247 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: As of early this morning, eruption of ash from the Overlook vent within Halemaumau crater at Kilauea Volcano's summit has generally increased in intensity. Ash has been rising nearly continuously from the vent and drifting downwind to the southwest. Ashfall and vog (volcanic air pollution) has been reported in Pahala, about 18 miles downwind. NWS radar and pilot reports indicate the top of the ash cloud is as high as 10,000 to 12,000 feet above sea level, but this may be expected to vary depending on the vigor of activity and wind conditions.

Ash emission from the Kilauea summit vent will likely be variable with periods of increased and decreased intensity depending on the occurrence of rockfalls into the vent and other changes within the vent.

At any time, activity may become more explosive, increasing the intensity of ash production and producing ballistic projectiles near the vent.

Resource on volcanic ash hazards: https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanic_ash/

Resource on vog: https://vog.ivhhn.org/
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 10,000 - 12,000 feet
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Drifting generally southwest with tradewinds.
(14) Remarks: Photos of this activity may be found here:

https://volcanoes.usgs.gov/volcanoes/kilauea/kilauea_multimedia_15.html
(15) Contacts: askHVO@usgs.gov
(16) Next Notice: Additional notices will be issued should activity change significantly.
Consult the National Weather Service for specific Ashfall notifications:http://www.prh.noaa.gov/hnl/
2018-05-06 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180506/2016Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The last detected explosive activity at Cleveland volcano occurred May 5, 2018 UTC (May 4 local time). We have no evidence of significant eruptive activity since that time. Thus, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Future explosive activity is likely, and explosions usually occur without warning. Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored by only two seismic stations, which restricts AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-05-05 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180505/0712Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Satellite data show that the recent explosion of Cleveland volcano at 05:49 UTC (21:49 local time) produced a small ash cloud up to 22,000 ft asl moving southeast. No other significant activity has been detected.

Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored with a limited real-time seismic network, which inhibits AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 22,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Ash seen in satellite imagery. Cloud drifting southeast
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-05-05 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180505/0620Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Local seismic and infrasound sensors recorded a small explosion tonight at 05:49 UTC (21:49 local time). A few small earthquakes were also recorded at the volcano during the previous several days. No other significant activity was detected. No volcanic cloud has been detected in satellite imagery.

Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored with a limited real-time seismic network, which inhibits AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-04-06 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180406/1831Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The last detected explosive activity at Cleveland volcano occurred April 4, 2018. We have no evidence of significant eruptive activity since that time. Thus, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Future explosive activity is likely, and would likely occur without warning. Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored by only two seismic stations, which restricts AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS, mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-04-04 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180404/1235Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Local seismic and infrasound sensors recorded a small explosion today at 11:55 UTC (03:55 AKST). We are raising the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH.

Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours. No ash cloud from this event has been seen in satellite images, which currently are partly obscured by weather clouds.

Cleveland volcano is monitored with a limited real-time seismic network, which inhibits AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS, mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI, jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-04-04 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180404/1223Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Local seismic and infrasound sensors recorded a small explosion today at 11:55 UTC (03:55 AKST). A few small earthquakes were also recorded at the volcano during the last 24 hours. No other significant activity was detected.

Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored with a limited real-time seismic network, which inhibits AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS, mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI, jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-03-06 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180306/2133Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Cleveland Volcano remains at Aviation Color Code YELLOW and Alert Level ADVISORY. The Volcanic Activity Notice sent out at 12:06 AKST today was in error. There have been no changes in activity at the volcano.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
peizbekov@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-03-06 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180306/2106Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2018/A94
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: TEST The last detected explosive activity at Cleveland Volcano occurred March 2, 2018. There is no evidence of significant eruptive activity since that time, and a clear satellite view today showed no new lava effusion in the crater. Thus, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Future explosive activity is likely, and would likely occur without warning. Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored with a limited real-time seismic network, which inhibits AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
peizbekov@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-03-05 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180305/2214Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The last detected explosive activity at Cleveland Volcano occurred March 2, 2018. There is no evidence of significant eruptive activity since that time, and a clear satellite view today showed no new lava effusion in the crater. Thus, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Future explosive activity is likely, and would likely occur without warning. Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored with a limited real-time seismic network, which inhibits AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
peizbekov@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-03-02 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180302/1538Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Local seismic and infrasound sensors recorded a small explosion today at 14:57 UTC (05:57 AKST). No other significant activity was detected. A volcanic cloud was observed heading ENE at an altitude of about 15,000 ft.

Explosions from Cleveland typically produce relatively small volcanic ash clouds that dissipate within hours; however, more significant ash emissions are possible.

Cleveland volcano is monitored with a limited real-time seismic network, which inhibits AVO's ability to detect precursory unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-02-09 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180209/2244Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2018/A92
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The last detected explosive activity at Cleveland Volcano was on December 18, 2017. There is no evidence of significant activity since that time. Thus, AVO is reducing the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY. Future explosive activity is likely, and would occur without warning. Previous explosions have produced hazardous conditions primarily near the summit crater, but occasionally they have been large enough to produce a drifting ash cloud.

Cleveland Volcano is not monitored with a full real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to future activity. We are able to detect explosive activity using infrasound and limited seismic instruments on the island.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
peizbekov@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2018-02-07 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180207/2301Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2018/A88
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The Alaska Volcano Observatory is decreasing the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Alert Level to NORMAL at Shishaldin Volcano based on declining seismic and infrasound activity over the past month. These observations represent a return to normal background activity at Shishaldin.

Shishaldin is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, a web camera, a telemetered geodetic network, and distant infrasound networks.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 16 km (10 mi). A 200-m-wide (660 ft) funnel-shaped summit crater typically emits a steam plume and occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, with at least 54 episodes of unrest including over 24 confirmed eruptions since 1775. Most eruptions are relatively small, although the April-May 1999 event generated an ash column that reached 45,000 ft above sea level.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2018-01-18 - Great Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20180118/2236Z)
(3) Volcano: Great Sitkin (VNUM #311120)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2018/A55
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 4 min W 176 deg 6 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5709 ft (1740 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Earthquake activity at Great Sitkin Volcano has declined over the past two months to near background levels. No significant activity has been observed in satellite data during this time period and no steam plumes have been reported. AVO is thus lowering the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level to GREEN/NORMAL.

The number of earthquakes located at Great Sitkin increased as early as late July 2016, and the elevated seismicity continued throughout most of 2017. The unrest was likely the result of a magma intrusion beneath the volcano. The decline over the past two months in the number of earthquakes suggests the intrusion has stalled and the volcano is returning to a period of background seismicity. Future intrusions at Great Sitkin should also lead to an increase in earthquakes prior to any eruptive activity.

Great Sitkin Volcano is monitored by a five-station seismic network on Great Sitkin Island and with additional seismic stations on the nearby islands of Igitkin, Adak, Kagalaska, and Kanaga. A six-element infrasound array to detect explosions (atmospheric pressure waves) was installed on Adak Island in June, 2017. AVO also uses satellite imagery to monitor Great Sitkin Volcano.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Great Sitkin Volcano is a basaltic andesite volcano that occupies most of the northern half of Great Sitkin Island, a member of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands. It is located 43 km (26 miles) east of the community of Adak. The volcano is a composite structure consisting of an older dissected volcano and a younger parasitic cone with a 3-km-diameter summit crater. A steep-sided lava dome, emplaced during an eruption in 1974, occupies the center of the crater. Great Sitkin erupted at least three times in the 20th century, most recently in 1974. That eruption produced at least one ash cloud that likely exceeded an altitude of 25,000 ft above sea level. A poorly documented eruption occurred in 1945, also producing a lava dome that was partially destroyed in the 1974 eruption. Within the past 280 years a large explosive eruption produced pyroclastic flows that partially filled the Glacier Creek valley on the southwest flank.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-12-16 - Anatahan, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20171216/0049Z)
(3) Volcano: Anatahan (VNUM #284200)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2017/N38
(8) Volcano Location: N 16 deg 21 min E 145 deg 40 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 2592 ft (790 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The USGS is moving the status of Anatahan volcano from Aviation Color Code GREEN to “unassigned”. The USGS is no longer receiving data streams from monitoring instruments on Anatahan or Sarigan. Due to this lack of monitoring data, the USGS can no longer detect precursory activity that may be leading to an eruption at Anatahan nor quickly confirm or dismiss reports of activity at the volcano. Thus the USGS cannot say with any certainty that the volcano is at normal or background levels of activity. A storm moving through the area in August of 2017 damaged a repeater site that telemetered data from these seismic, camera, and infrasound networks to the CNMI Homeland Security and Emergency Management (HSEM) offices in Saipan. Repeated attempts to remotely repair the radio equipment have failed and the lack of helicopter support in the area makes it impossible to visit the site to affect repairs. The detection of a large eruption at Anatahan is possible using a combination of data from a seismic and infrasound network on Saipan, monitoring for signs of volcanic lightning, and analysis of satellite data, however no forewarning of such an event is currently possible.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: CONTACT INFORMATION:
CNMI Homeland Security and Emergency Management
cnmihsem.gov.mp

USGS Northern Mariana Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php

Satellite information, Washington VAAC
www.ssd.noaa.gov/VAAC/washington.html
(16) Next Notice:
2017-12-13 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20171213/1515Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An explosion was detected at Cleveland Volcano in seismic and infrasound data this morning 04:20 AKST (13:20 UTC). The explosion produced an eruption cloud that was observed in satellite data to an altitude of up to 20,000 ft asl and moving to the east. AVO is raising the color code for Cleveland to Aviation Color Code ORANGE and Alert Level WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Small cloud detected. NWS eruption SIGMET issued to 20,000 ft asl.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Cloud moving to the east.
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 20,000 ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.

Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a full real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to future activity. We are able to detect explosive activity using infrasound and limited seismic instruments on the island.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-12-12 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20171212/2131Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Recent satellite images of Cleveland Volcano show that lava effusion in the summit has likely ceased. Activity at Cleveland over the past several weeks has been characterized by small to very small explosions that have reduced the dome in the crater to rubble but have not produce detectable eruption clouds. Due to the low level of current activity, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a full real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to future activity. We are able to detect explosive activity using infrasound and limited seismic instruments on the island.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-12-06 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20171206/2009Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The last detected explosive activity at Bogoslof occurred on August 30, 2017. Over the past three months there has been no significant activity observed in seismic, infrasound, satellite or lightning data. Thus, we are decreasing the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level to UNASSIGNED.

AVO only assigns Aviation Color Codes and Alert Levels to volcanoes that have a local seismic monitoring network. Activity at Bogoslof has been detected using instruments from distant sites, thus we can not say authoritatively that the volcano has returned to its normal background state. However, we are no longer detecting any activity that would be considered to be indicative of unrest.

A resumption of eruptive activity is possible. It is likely that we would be able to detect significant explosive activity if it where to occur.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-12-06 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20171206/2006Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The Alaska Volcano Observatory is raising the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Alert Level to ADVISORY at Shishaldin Volcano based on increased seismic and infrasound activity over the past few weeks. These observations represent a departure from normal background activity at Shishaldin, but do not necessarily indicate that an eruption will occur.

Shishaldin is monitored by local seismic and infrasound sensors, satellite data, a web camera, a telemetered geodetic network, and distant infrasound networks.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 16 km (10 mi). A 200-m-wide (660 ft) funnel-shaped summit crater typically emits a steam plume and occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, with at least 54 episodes of unrest including over 24 confirmed eruptions since 1775. Most eruptions are relatively small, although the April-May 1999 event generated an ash column that reached 45,000 ft above sea level.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2017-11-22 - Great Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20171122/1957Z)
(3) Volcano: Great Sitkin (VNUM #311120)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 4 min W 176 deg 6 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5709 ft (1740 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Recent observations of a robust steam plume and a period of gradually increasing seismicity over several months indicate that Great Sitkin Volcano has become restless and is exhibiting behavior that is above background levels. AVO is thus raising the aviation color code and volcano alert level to YELLOW/ADVISORY.

Photographs of the volcano taken by local observers on Sunday, November 19 show a light-colored vapor plume rising about 300 m (1,000 ft) above the vent area and extending about 15-20 km (9 –12 mi) to the south. Nothing unusual was observed in seismic or infrasound data around the time the photographs were taken and nothing noteworthy has been observed in satellite data since the emissions were observed.

An increased number of small earthquakes was evident as early as late July 2016, and since then the level of seismic activity has fluctuated at low levels but has exhibited a gradual overall increase most notable since June 2017. Seismic activity to date has been characterized by earthquakes that are typically less than magnitude 1.0 and range in depth from near the summit of the volcano to 30 km below sea level. Most earthquakes are in one of two clusters, beneath the volcano's summit or just offshore the northwest coast of the island. The largest earthquake so far was a magnitude 2.8 on September 29, 2017.

Possible explosion signals were observed in seismic data on January 10 and July 21 of this year, but no confirmed emissions were observed locally or detected in infrasound data or satellite imagery. Great Sitkin has experienced at least one other episode of unrest characterized by vigorous steaming. This last occurred in 1953 but no subsequent eruptive activity developed. Minor steaming in the vicinity of the 1974 lava dome was observed in 1986 and in 2012 but no associated eruptive activity occurred.

Great Sitkin Volcano is monitored by a five-station seismic network on Great Sitkin Island and with additional seismic stations on the nearby islands of Igitkin, Adak, Kagalaska, and Kanaga. A six-element infrasound array to detect explosions (atmospheric pressure waves), was installed on Adak Island in June, 2017. AVO also uses satellite imagery to monitor Great Sitkin Volcano.

The current unrest is likely the result of magma intrusion beneath the volcano. Typically, such intrusions release gas, which can increase stress in the crust and lead to an increase in the number of earthquakes. If gases build up near the surface, they may be released suddenly in small explosions or robust emissions. It is possible, but not certain, that the volcano may eventually erupt. Prior to a significant eruptive event an even greater increase in seismicity should occur as magma rises to shallower levels in the crust. An ash-producing eruption similar to the most recent historical eruption in 1974 could generate airborne ash that may pose hazards to aircraft. Ash fallout on the nearby community of Adak and the surrounding ocean may also occur.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Great Sitkin Volcano is a basaltic andesite volcano that occupies most of the northern half of Great Sitkin Island, a member of the Andreanof Islands group in the central Aleutian Islands. It is located 43 km (26 miles) east of the community of Adak. The volcano is a composite structure consisting of an older dissected volcano and a younger parasitic cone with a 3-km-diameter summit crater. A steep-sided lava dome, emplaced during an eruption in 1974, occupies the center of the crater. Great Sitkin erupted at least three times in the 20th century, most recently in 1974. That eruption produced at least one ash cloud that likely exceeded an altitude of 25,000 ft above sea level. A poorly documented eruption occurred in 1945, also producing a lava dome that was partially destroyed in the 1974 eruption. Within the past 280 years a large explosive eruption produced pyroclastic flows that partially filled the Glacier Creek valley on the southwest flank.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-09-26 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170926/0215Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A moderate, 2-minute-long eruption occurred at Cleveland Volcano beginning at 17:47 September 25 AKDT (01:47 September 26 UTC). The explosion was detected by seismic and infrasound (air pressure) sensors. Nothing has been observed in satellite data so far. We are keeping the Aviation Color Code/Alert Level at ORANGE/WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a full real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to future activity. We are able to detect explosive activity using infrasound and limited seismic instruments on the island.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-08-30 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170830/1931Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Since mid June, 2017, unrest at Pavlof Volcano has gradually declined to levels now considered as normal background, non-eruptive behavior. The March 2016 eruption changed the configuration of the summit crater, such that it is slightly wider and has a more vertical orientation than before the 2016 eruption. Since then, the volcano has remained relatively quiet, although there was a brief period of elevated seismicity in early June, 2017 that resulted in AVO raising the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Alert Level to Advisory where it has remained until today.

Many satellite views of the summit are now able to detect elevated surface temperatures within the crater and upper part of the volcanic conduit most likely associated with the emission of hot gases. This is now considered the normal thermal state of the volcano. Occasional emission of vapor plumes from the summit crater, sometimes visible from Cold Bay and Sand Point, is now relatively common. These emissions are also considered normal background behavior for Pavlof Volcano. On the basis of these observations, and the lack of any noteworthy seismic activity for the past several months, we are lowering the Aviation Color Code to Green and the Alert Level to Normal.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the March 2016 eruption, ash plumes as high as 40,000 feet above sea level were generated and the ash was tracked in satellite data as distant as eastern Canada. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-08-30 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170830/1315Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO has detected an increase in seismic activity and infrasound consistent with an explosive eruption at Bogoslof volcano beginning at 12:05 UTC (04:05 AKDT) August 30 and continuing. A low-level ash cloud producing lightning has been detected in satellite data, but does not appear to be much higher than about 20,000 feet above sea level. Emission of volcanic ash is likely occurring based on seismic, infrasound, lightning, and satellite data. Winds are toward south-southeast.

The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will provide more information as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: About 20,000 feet above sea level
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: winds toward south southeast
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-08-28 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170828/1939Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO has detected an explosive eruption at Bogoslof volcano beginning at 19:17 UTC (11:17 AKDT) August 28 and lasting about 2 minutes. No ash cloud has yet been detected in satellite data, but volcanic ash emission has likely occurred based on seismic and infrasound data. Winds are toward southeast.

The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will provide more information as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: winds toward southeast
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-08-28 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170828/1153Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 11:23 UTC (03:23 AKDT) on August 28 and is ongoing. No ash cloud has been detected as of yet in satellite data, but volcanic ash emission likely occurred based on seismic and infrasound data. Signal strengths suggest that the cloud is likely above 20,000 ft asl. Winds are towards the east-southeast.

The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will provide more information as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: winds toward east-southeast
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-08-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170827/2340Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A brief explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 23:08 UTC (15:08 AKDT) on August 27 and lasted about two minutes. No ash cloud has been detected as of yet in satellite data, but volcanic ash emission likely occurred based on seismic and infrasound data. Signal strengths suggest that the cloud is likely below 20,000 ft asl. Winds are towards the southeast.

The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will provide more information as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: winds toward southeast
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-08-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170827/0102Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A short-lived eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 00:29 UTC on August 27 (16:29 AKDT on August 26) and lasted about 4 minutes. No ash cloud has been detected as of yet in satellite data, but volcanic ash emissions likely occurred based on seismic and infrasound data.

We are evaluating the magnitude of this eruptive episode. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds toward southeast
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-08-22 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170822/1918Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A moderate, 1-minute-long eruption occurred at Cleveland Volcano beginning at 10:43 AKDT (18:43 UTC) on 22 August. The explosion was detected by seismic and infrasound (air pressure) sensors. Nothing has been observed in satellite data so far. We are keeping the Aviation Color Code/Alert Level at ORANGE/WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: N/A
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a full real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to future activity. We are able to detect explosive activity using infrasound and limited seismic instruments on the island.
(15) Contacts: John Paskievitch, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpaskie@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-08-08 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170808/1819Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the three-hour-long eruption on Monday, 7 August that began around 10:00 AKST (18:00 UTC), and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-08-07 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170807/1853Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A significant explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at about 18:00 UTC (10:00 AKDT) on August 7 and is continuing. A pilot report at 18:45 UTC indicates that the ash cloud had reached 32,000 ft asl. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING for Bogoslof volcano.

Winds are currently to the south. Seismic and infrasound data suggest that the ash emissions are continuing.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 32,000 ft asl estimated by pilot report
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Cloud moving towards south
(14) Remarks: The SIGMET warning message for aviation, issued by the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit, currently is in effect up to 32,000 ft above sea level. Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at their website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/

See http://www.weather.gov/afc/ for details about expected ash fallout.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-08-07 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170807/1834Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An explosive eruption of Bogoslof volcano began at about 18:00 UTC (10:00 AKDT) based on infrasound and seismic activity following more than an hour of increased seismicity. Satellite data from 18:00 UTC show an eruption cloud rising above the low cloud deck which is at an altitude of about 1500 ft. asl. There is no estimate of the eruption cloud height as of this time. As of yet there is no lightning activity that it typically observed during significant ash emissions. This suggests that the activity is currently at a low level and the Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH.

AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not determined yet
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Visible in satellite data from 18:00 UTC
(14) Remarks: Status of any ash clouds can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-11 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170711/0158Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An eruption of Bogoslof volcano began at 1:06 UTC on July 11 (17:06 AKDT on July 10) and lasted about 15 minutes based on seismic data. No volcanic cloud has been observed in satellite data, and no volcanic lightning or infrasound has been detected. Winds are toward the east-southeast.

We are evaluating the magnitude of this eruptive episode. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-10 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170710/1840Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 18:00 UTC on July 10 (10:00 AKDT on July 10) and lasted 8 minutes. No ash cloud has been detected as of yet in satellite data, but volcanic ash emissions are likely occurring based on infrasound data. Winds are towards the southeast. Ash trajectory models indicate that a possible trace ash fall could occur on Unalaska, but unlikely to affect Dutch Harbor.

We are evaluating the magnitude of this eruptive episode. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
GIpavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-10 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170710/1610Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the series of explosions that began on Sunday, 09 July at 23:47 AKDT (07:47 UTC July 10) and ended about 02:35 AKDT (10:35 UTC) July 10. A small eruption cloud associated with the first two eruptive pulses was evident in satellite data. This cloud may have reached as high as 20,000 ft. above sea level and was carried to the southeast but dissipated rapidly. No additional volcanic clouds were observed in satellite data. The activity also was detected in seismic and infrasound data. After about 03:00 AKDT (11:00 UTC) seismicity declined and has remained at low levels. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Given the ongoing episodic nature of eruptive activity at Bogoslof, additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
GIpavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-10 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170710/0851Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 07:47 UTC on July 9 (23:47 AKDT on July 9) lasting about 5 minutes followed 15 minutes later by a second explosion that lasted about 7 minutes. A small ash cloud has been detected in satellite data. Winds are towards the southeast. The Aviation Color Code is upgraded to RED and the Volcano Alert Level to WARNING. Ash trajectory models indicate that a possible trace ash fall could occur on Unalaska, but unlikely to affect Dutch Harbor.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: Small cloud detectedt. NWS eruption SIGMET issued to 30,000 ft asl.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 30,000 ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
GIpavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-09 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170709/1524Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Saturday, 08 July at 10:15 AKDT (18:15 UTC) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
GIpavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-08 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170708/1901Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Two short duration eruption pulses were detected in seismic data. The first began at 18:15 UTC (10:15 AKDT) that lasted about 9 minutes, followed by a shorter pulse at 18:29 UTC (10:29 AKDT). The cloud has been observed in satellite data at an estimated height of 30,000 ft asl. The Aviation Color Code is being increased to Red and the Alert Level to Warning.

Seismic data has decreased following these two eruption pulses, but additional explosive activity is possible. Winds are towards the north over the Bering sea, and ashfall on populated islands is not likely. The National Weather Service has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation with an eruption cloud height of 30,000 ft. This may be revised as new satellite data becomes available. See http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for the most current information.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 30,000 ft based on satellite data.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds are towards the north
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
GIpavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-05 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170705/1835Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Tuesday, 04 July at 19:07 AKDT (03:07 UTC 05 July) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
mewest@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-05 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170705/0328Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Another eruption began at Bogoslof at 19:07 AKDT July 4 (03:07 UTC, July 5) that lasted about 11 minutes and was detected in seismic and infrasound data. There are no satellite data yet available. Winds are generally to the southeast. The Aviation Color Code/Alert Level remains at RED/WARNING.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds are to southeast
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
mewest@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-05 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170705/0135Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An eruption began at Bogoslof at 16:51 AKDT July 4 (00:51 UTC, July 5) that lasted 13 minutes and was detected in seismic, infrasound, and satellite data. Winds are generally to the southeast, and initial satellite data suggest the cloud may be as high as 32,000 ft asl. AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code/Alert Level to RED/WARNING.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 32,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds are to southeast
(14) Remarks: NWS has issued a SIGMET to 32,000 ft.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
mewest@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-04 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170704/1205Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A moderate, 10-minute-long eruption occurred at Cleveland Volcano beginning at 03:19 AKDT (11:19 UTC) on 4 July. The explosion was detected by seismic and infrasound (air pressure) sensors. No satellite data is currently available. We are elevating the Aviation Color Code/Alert Level to ORANGE/WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: N/A
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a full real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to future activity. We are able to detect explosive activity using infrasound and limited seismic instruments on the island.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
mewest@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-03 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170703/1637Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Sunday, 02 July at 12:48 AKDT (20:48 UTC) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
mewest@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-02 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170702/2147Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A significant explosive eruption occurred at 20:48 UTC July 2 (12:48 AKDT July 2). AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING for Bogoslof volcano.

Satellite data and pilot reports shows a volcanic cloud with an estimated altitude of 36,000 ft asl moving towards the east. Seismic and infrasound data suggest that the ash emissions are no longer continuing.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 36,000 ft asl estimated by satellite and pilot report
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Cloud moving towards east
(14) Remarks: The SIGMET warning message for aviation, issued by the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit, currently is in effect up to 36,000 ft above sea level. Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at their website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/

See http://www.weather.gov/afc/ for details on possible ash fall on communities.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
mewest@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-07-02 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170702/2119Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 20:48 UTC on July 02 (12:48 AKDT on July 2). Eruption seismicity had declined by 21:04 UTC (13:04 AKDT). No ash cloud has been detected as of yet in satellite data, but volcanic ash emissions likely occurred based on infrasound data. Winds are towards the east.

The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet. NWS eruption SIGMET issued.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds towards east
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
mewest@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-30 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170630/0155Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 01:24 UTC on June 30 (17:24 AKDT on June 29). Seismicity returned to background at 01:45 UTC (17:45 AKDT) indicating an end or pause to the explosion. No ash cloud has been detected as of yet in satellite data, but infrasound signals recorded from Bogoslof suggest volcanic ash emissions likely occurred. Winds are towards the north.

We are evaluating the magnitude of this eruptive episode. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet. NWS eruption SIGMET issued. Unknown height
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds to the north
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/ for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170627/2336Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on June 27 at 03:17 AKDT (11:17 UTC) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170627/1152Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A significant explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 11:17 UTC on June 27 (03:17 AKDT) as indicated in seismic and lighting data and is continuing. Although at this time there have been no satellite images or pilot reports received confirming eruptive activity, these monitoring data strongly suggest that significant ash emissions have occurred. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING.

AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet. NWS eruption SIGMET issued to 30,000 ft asl.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Wind direction to the northeast
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 30,000 ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170627/0248Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismicity for the eruption at Bogoslof volcano at 00:45 UTC on June 27 (16:45 AKDT on June 26) remained elevated until 00:59 UTC (16:59 AKDT) and has since declined to background levels. The eruption produced a volcanic cloud moving northeast with an estimated altitude of 25,000 ft asl by satellite data, and a pilot reported a visible cloud at 22,000 ft asl. Given the lower altitude of the volcanic cloud and short duration of the explosion, the Aviation Color Code remains ORANGE and Volcano Alert Level WATCH.

Recent eruptive episodes have produced multiple short-duration explosions interspersed with minutes to hours of inactivity between events, and future explosions could occur with little to no warning. AVO will continue to monitor seismic and infrasound data from nearby islands, as well as lightning data from the World Wide Lightning Location Network for signs of renewed activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 25,000 ft asl estimated by satellite & pilot report
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Cloud moving towards northeast
(14) Remarks: The SIGMET warning message for aviation, issued by the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit currently is in effect up to 25,000 ft above sea level. Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at their website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170627/0111Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 00:45 UTC on June 27 (16:45 AKDT on June 26) and is continuing. No ash cloud has been detected as of yet in satellite data through 00:50 UTC, but volcanic ash emissions are likely occurring based on seismic data. Winds are towards the northeast.

We are evaluating the magnitude of this eruptive episode. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet in satellite data through 00:50 UTC.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages should they be issued.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-26 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170626/2006Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Recent observations of Cleveland Volcano suggest that unrest has declined and it is unlikely that eruptive activity is continuing. Satellite observations have yielded no evidence for continuing lava effusion and there have been no detections of anomalous seismicity or infrasound from the volcano since a brief explosion on Tuesday evening (May 16) at 19:17 AKDT (03:17 May 17 UTC). Evidence for lava effusion in the summit crater was observed in satellite data on June 7, but since then observed surface temperatures have become weaker, suggesting that lava effusion has paused or ended.

The overall decline in unrest and lack of evidence for lava effusion warrants downgrading the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: N/A
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a full real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to future activity. We are able to detect explosive activity using infrasound and limited seismic instruments on the island.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-24 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170624/1954Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further explosions or ash emissions have been detected at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosive event at 0:40-0:44 AKDT (8:40-8:44 UTC), June 24. Since then, Bogoslof seismicity has remained low and nothing noteworthy has been detected in satellite, infrasound or lightning data. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, and precursory unrest may be minor or not detectable.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None Observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Dave Schneider, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
djschneider@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-24 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170624/0220Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A significant explosive eruption at Bogoslof volcano occurred at 00:49 UTC, June 24 (16:49 AKDT, June 23) and lasted about 10 minutes. The eruption produced a volcanic cloud that reached about 36,000 ft above sea level, and was accompanied by strong seismcity, lightning and infrasound. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING for Bogoslof volcano.

Satellite data through 1:30 UTC shows a volcanic cloud with an estimated altitude of 36,000 ft asl moving towards the northeast. Seismic and infrasound data suggest that the ash emissions are no longer continuing. The volcano is in a restless condition and additional explosive events may occur.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 36,000 ft asl estimated by satellite and pilot report of cloud to 30,000 ft asl.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Cloud moving towards northeast
(14) Remarks: The SIGMET warning message for aviation, issued by the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit currently is in effect up to 36,000 ft above sea level. Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at their website at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets

No ash fallout is expected in populated areas, as the ash cloud is expected to be transported out over the ocean.
(15) Contacts: Dave Schneider, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
djschneider@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-24 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170624/0131Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An explosion was detected in seismic and infrasound data at Bogoslof volcano beginning at 00:49 UTC, June 24 (16:49 AKDT, June 23) and lasting about 10 minutes. A small ash cloud was observed in satellite data starting at 0100 UTC.

We are evaluating the magnitude of this eruptive episode. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present. We will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Preliminary SIGMET issued by NWS to 30,000 ft asl.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Observed in satellite beginning at 0100 UTC
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 30,000 ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Dave Schneider, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
djschneider@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-13 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170613/2035Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No new explosive activity has been observed at Bogoslof volcano since the small explosion this morning at 8:17 AKDT (16:17 UTC). No ash cloud was detected in satellite imagery, likely because it was too small or below our detection limits. The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit did not issue a SIGMET for this mornings event. No detectable activity has been seen in seismic or infrasound data since the explosion. We are therefore, lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: none detected
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Status of ash cloud forecasts can be found at the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-13 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170613/1648Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A six-minute-long explosion was detected in seismic and infrasound data at 8:17 AKDT (16:17 UTC). There have been no satellite images of a resulting volcanic cloud, and its height is currently unknown. Lower level winds are currently to the northwest, and higher level winds to the southeast, over southern Unalaska Island.

The Aviation Color Code remains at RED and Volcano Alert Level at WARNING.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Lower-level winds to NW; higher level winds to SE
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-13 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170613/0340Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The eruption of Bogoslof that began 01:47 UTC June 13 (17:47 AKDT June 12) with a 9-minute duration explosion has resumed starting at 02:57 UTC June 13 (18:57 AKDT June 12) based on seismic and infrasound data.

The ash cloud produced during the initial 9-minute event has been observed in satellite data through 02:20 UTC June 13 (18:20 AKDT June 12) and is estimated to be at about 25,000 feet above sea level drifting SE toward Unalaska Island. Ash emissions from this new activity have yet to be observed but they are likely occurring with winds to the SE. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING for Bogoslof volcano. Activity is ongoing and additional explosive events may occur.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 25,000 ft asl estimated by satellite data.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Cloud moving towards SE
(14) Remarks: The SIGMET warning message for aviation, issued by the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit currently is in effect up to 25,000 ft above sea level. Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at their website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/

No ash fallout is expected in populated areas, as the ash cloud is expected to be transported out over the ocean. The National Weather Service in has issued a Special Weather Statement for the possibility of a trace amount of ash fallout in Unalaska/Dutch Harbor tonight. See http://www.weather.gov/afc/ for details.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-13 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170613/0213Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A short-lived eruption of Bogoslof volcano began June 13 at 01:47 UTC (17:47 AKDT June 12) and lasted about 9 minutes according to seismic and infrasound data. No ash cloud has been detected in satellite data yet but a single lightning stroke has been observed, thus volcanic ash emissions are likely occurring. Winds are to the southeast and no ashfall is expected on communities.

We are evaluating the magnitude of this eruptive episode and activity may resume at any time. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet. NWS eruption SIGMET issued to 25,000 ft asl.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 25,000 ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-10 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170610/2301Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Saturday, June 10 at 3:18 AKDT (11:18 UTC) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-10 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170610/1303Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An explosive eruption is detected in multiple data streams. Small explosions were first observed on infrasound stations located on nearby Islands beginning at 11:18 UTC (3:18 AKDT). Activity transitioned to continuous seismic tremor at about 12:16 UTC and is ongoing. An eruption cloud has been observed in satellite data and lightning has been detected. AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WARNING. More information will be released as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 30,000 ft estimate at 12:20 UTC
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds are generally northward
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service has issued a SIGMET for this eruption to 30,000 ft asl. Please check their information at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/ as this is an evolving situation and cloud height may change.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-08 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170608/0605Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A short duration explosive event occurred at Bogoslof volcano at 5:28 UTC on 8 June (21:28 AKDT on 7 June). Seismic and infrasound signals indicate that this event was very similar to the event from earlier today at 14:30 UTC. The duration of the event was less than 2 minutes, and seismicity and infrasound returned to low levels following the explosion. A small steam-rich volcanic cloud is visible in satellite data, rising no more than 10,000 ft asl. Due to the brevity of the event, the Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 10,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: White in visible wavelength satellite data.
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service has issued a SIGMET warning for aviation for a volcanic cloud up to 10,000 ft asl. See http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-08 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170608/0025Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A new lava dome has been observed in satellite data from earlier today. It is located in the northern portion of the vent lagoon, has breached sea level, and is about 110 m across. A robust steam plume is visible in satellite data, and at 2250 UTC (14:50 AKDT) extended for 75 km to the south over the western end of Unalaska Island at an estimated altitude of less than 10,000 ft asl.

Some past eruptions of Bogoslof have ended with the emplacement of a lava dome, but in other cases, lava effusion has been followed by additional explosions. If future explosions do occur, the resulting volcanic cloud could be more ash-rich than those that have occurred thus far in the sequence that began in 2016.

This level of activity is consistent with the current Aviation Color Code of ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level of WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Less than 10,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Steam-rich
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-07 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170607/2303Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Over the past several days, there has been an increase in low-frequency earthquake activity at Pavlof. Such increases are sometimes seen prior to eruptive episodes, however in other cases they decline without eruptive activity. In addition, several short duration tremor-bursts have been observed today, and AVO received a pilot report of a possible ash cloud this afternoon. Infrasound data from local instruments on Pavlof and from a more distant network in Sand Point do not show any evidence of significant explosive activity. Precursory activity prior to eruptions of Pavlof are always very subtle, thus, on the basis of these observations we are increasing the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Alert Level to Advisory.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 4000 ft. Pilot report of possible ash cloud.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Possible cloud not coming from vent, but drifting downwind.
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the March 2016 eruption, ash plumes as high as 40,000 feet above sea level were generated and the ash was tracked in satellite data as distant as eastern Canada. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2017-06-07 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170607/1505Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A short duration explosive event occurred at Bogoslof volcano at 14:30 UTC on June 7 (6:30 am AKDT). Seismic signals indicate that this event was slightly larger than a similar explosion detected at Bogoslof yesterday morning The duration of the event was about 2 minutes, and seismicity returned to low levels following the explosion. No volcanic cloud has been seen in satellite data as of 14:30 UTC. Due to the brevity of the event, the Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH.

This level of activity is consistent with the current Aviation Color Code of ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level of WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None observed in satellite data through 14:30 UTC
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-06 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170606/1445Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A short duration explosive event occurred at Bogoslof volcano at 14:00 UTC on June 6 (6:00 am AKDT) The duration of the event was less than 2 minutes, and seismicity returned to low levels following the explosion. No cloud from this event was observed in satellite data. Due to the brevity of the event, the Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH.

This level of activity is consistent with the current Aviation Color Code of ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level of WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None Observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-05 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170605/2215Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Low amplitude seismic tremor from Bogoslof Volcano was detected in seismic data beginning at about 20:29, June 5 UTC (12:29 AKST) and has since decreased to background levels. A USF&WS vessel in the vicinity reported vigorous steaming and a "white plume" rising several thousand feet above sea level. This cloud was too small to be observed in satellite images. Earlier today, a short duration explosive event occurred at Bogoslof (15:50 UTC, June 5) and produced a small volcanic cloud that was observed by a pilot. These events are near the lower level of detection threshold based on current monitoring capabilities and reinforce the hazard that continues to exist in the vicinity of Bogolsof volcano.

This level of activity is consistent with the current Aviation Color Code of ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level of WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Several thousand feet asl.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Visual observation.
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-05 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170605/1630Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A short duration explosive event occurred at Bogoslof volcano at 15:50 UTC on June 5 (7:50 am AKDT) and produced a small volcanic cloud that was observed by a pilot. Winds are transporting the cloud towards the south at an estimated altitude of 20,000 ft asl. The duration of the event was less than 2 minutes, and seismicity returned to low levels following the explosion.

Due to the brevity of the event, the Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 20,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: NWS eruption SIGMET issued.
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 20,000 ft above sea level. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-06-01 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170601/0451Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An short duration explosive event occurred at Bogoslof volcano at 2:42 UTC on June 1 (6:42 AKDT on May 31) and produced a small volcanic ash cloud that was observed in satellite data. Winds are transporting the cloud towards the northwest at an estimated altitude of 23,000 ft asl. The duration of the event was less than 10 minutes, and seismicity returned to low levels following the explosion.

Due to the brevity of the event, the Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 23,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: NWS eruption SIGMET issued.
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 23,000 ft above sea level. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-05-29 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170529/0509Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Sunday, 28 May at 14:16 AKDT (22:16 UTC) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-05-28 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170528/2249Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An eruption began at Bogoslof volcano today at about 14:16 AKDT (22:16 UTC May 28) and is continuing based on seismic data. No ash cloud has been detected as of yet in satellite data, but volcanic ash emissions are occurring on the basis of lightning detections. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING. Winds are towards the northwest.

AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None observed yet.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds to northwest
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-05-17 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170517/1908Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Tuesday, 16 May at 22:32 AKDT (06:32 UTC) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-05-17 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170517/0726Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The explosive eruption that started today, May 16, around 22:32 AKST (May 17 06:32 UTC) is continuing. A pilot reported that the eruption has produced an ash cloud as high as 34,000 ft asl, and the Worldwide Lightning Location Network has detected lightning associated with the cloud. Winds are currently to the south. Ash has not yet been detected in satellite.

We are raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Volcano Alert Level to WARNING.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: PIREP to 34,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: winds are to the south
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-05-17 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170517/0700Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An increase in seismic and infrasound activity from Bogoslof was detected from stations on nearby islands starting today, May 16, around 22:32 AKST (May 17 06:32 UTC) and is continuing. We have no satellite observations yet, but the infrasound signal suggests an explosive eruption has likely begun. No lightning has been detected. AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code for Bogoslof to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH.

We will provide more information as it becomes available including any information about a resulting ash cloud.

Bogolsof is not monitored by a real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of data from seismic and infrasound networks on neighboring islands and satellite and lightning detection data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not available
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: winds are to the south
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-04-24 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170424/1943Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Recent satellite images show a new lava dome has been extruded in the summit crater of Cleveland. The dome began growing sometime after the most recent explosion on March 31. Slightly elevated surface temperatures have been observed in satellite images for the past couple of weeks. The first visual indication of new dome growth was observed in satellite images on April 15 with the presence of a small (less than 10-meter-diameter) mound deep in the March 31 crater. By April 23, this mound had grown to 45 meters in diameter. Dome growth has occurred with no obvious detectable seismicity. The presence of a growing lava dome in the summit crater of Cleveland prompts AVO to raise the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: N/A
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a full real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to future activity. We are able to detect explosive activity using infrasound and limited seismic instruments on the island.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-04-19 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170419/2023Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No new volcanic activity has been observed at Bogoslof Volcano in satellite, seismic or infrasound data since a short-lived increase in seismicity on April 15. The last major explosive event occurred on March 8, 2017, and occasional high-spatial resolution satellite images show no significant surficial changes due to eruptive activity since that time. Based on the absence of detected activity over the past several days, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY. Bogolsof is not monitored by a real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection, and possible forecasting, of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of data from seismic and infrasound networks on neighboring islands and satellite and lightning detection data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: N/A
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Given the lack of a local monitoring network and the unpredictability of the volcano, activity at Bogoslof could ramp up again at any time. Thus a Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) remains in effect over the volcano for the time being. Please see http://tfr.faa.gov/tfr2/list.html for the status of the TFR.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-04-16 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170416/0320Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An increase in earthquake activity from Bogoslof was detected from stations on nearby islands starting April 15 around 15:01 AKST / 23:01 UTC. At this time there has been no evidence of renewed eruptive activity from infrasound, lightning, or satellite data. Similar sequences of earthquakes have preceded some of the explosive events during the ongoing unrest. Because this uptick in seismicity increases the likelihood of future explosive activity, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code for Bogoslof to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH.

Bogolsof is not monitored by a real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of data from seismic and infrasound networks on neighboring islands and satellite and lightning detection data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: N/A
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Given the lack of a local monitoring network and the unpredictability of the volcano, activity at Bogoslof could ramp up again at any time. Thus a Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) remains in effect over the volcano for the time being. Please see http://tfr.faa.gov/tfr2/list.html for the status of the TFR.
(15) Contacts: Dave Schneider, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
djschneider@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-04-05 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170405/1942Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No new volcanic activity has been observed at Bogoslof Volcano in satellite, seismic or infrasound data since a small explosion was detected on March 13. The last major explosive event occurred on March 8, 2017, and occasional high-spatial resolution satellite images show no significant surficial changes due to eruptive activity since that time. Based on the absence of detected activity over the past three weeks, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Bogolsof is not monitored by a real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of data from seismic and infrasound networks on neighboring islands and satellite and lightning detection data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: N/A
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Given the lack of a local monitoring network and the unpredictability of the volcano, activity at Bogoslof could ramp up again at any time. Thus a Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) remains in effect over the volcano for the time being. Please see http://tfr.faa.gov/tfr2/list.html for the status of the TFR.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-04-05 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170405/1941Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No activity has been observed at Cleveland Volcano since an explosion was detected in seismic and infrasound data on March 24. Recent satellite images show no significant changes to the summit lava dome or crater since late February to early March. Based on seismic levels remaining low and no observations of continued activity, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: N/A
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a full real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to future activity. We are able to detect explosive activity using infrasound and limited seismic instruments on the island.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-03-24 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170324/1924Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A small explosion was detected at Cleveland volcano at 08:15 AKST (16:15 UTC) today in both seismic and infrasound (pressure sensor) data. As a result AVO is increasing the Aviation Color Code to Orange and the Alert Level to Watch. This event was short lived and similar, if not smaller, than recent explosions at this volcano. Cloud cover to 30,000 feet above sea level is obscuring observations of the volcano by satellite views and no ash cloud has been observed. The ash cloud that was likely generated during this explosion has probably dissipated at this time and was likely not above 20,000 feet above sea level.

Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to future activity. We are able to detect explosive activity using infrasound and seismic instruments on the island.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No volcanic cloud observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Likely below 20,000 feet above sea level and has likely dissipated at this time.
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2017-03-13 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170313/1214Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A short-duration eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 11:31 UTC on March 13 (3:31 AKDT on March 13) and ended 12 minutes later. An ash cloud has been detected in satellite data, and volcanic ash emissions are also likely occurring based on infrasound data. Winds are towards the south-southwest.

We are evaluating the magnitude of this eruptive episode. Although the episode appears to be over and of short duration, additional activity is possible. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Ash cloud detected. NWS eruption SIGMET issued to 18,000 ft asl.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 18,000 ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Dave Schneider, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
djschneider@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-03-09 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170309/1701Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the three-hour-long eruption that began on Tuesday, 7 March at 22:36 AKST (07:36 UTC March 8) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2017-03-08 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170308/2044Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No major activity has been observed at Cleveland Volcano since satellite data confirmed the eruption of a small volume lava dome within the summit crater over a month ago. Weakly elevated surface temperatures have been detected in satellite data in recent weeks that are consistent with cooling lava and are not considered to be indicative of new activity. Steaming from the summit crater has also been observed. Satellite images collected over the past few weeks show the small lava dome is not growing in size. Based on seismic levels remaining low and no observations nor reports of continued eruptive activity, AVO is reducing the Aviation color code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of satellite, infrasound, lightning data and local observations. AVO is monitoring the unrest at Cleveland volcano as closely as possible and will release additional information if or when it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No volcanic clouds observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: No cloud observed.
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February, 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2017-03-08 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170308/0922Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A significant explosive eruption that began at Bogoslof volcano at 7:36 UTC on March 8 (10:36 pm AKST on March 7) is continuing, as indicated in seismic, lightning, and infrasound data. The ash cloud from the eruption has been observed to 35,000 feet in satellite images and is heading east. The current Aviation Color Code is RED and Alert level is WARNING.

The National Weather Service is issuing a Special Weather Statement for trace amounts (less than 1 mm) of ashfall on Unalaska Island including the community of Dutch Harbor/Unalaska.

AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Observed up to 35,000 ft.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Height may be revised as new satellite images are received.
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 35,000 ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2017-03-08 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170308/0840Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A significant explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 7:36 UTC on March 8 (10:36 pm AKST on March 7) as indicated in seismic, lightning, and infrasound data. Although at this time there have been no satellite images confirming eruptive activity, these monitoring data strongly suggest that significant ash emissions have occurred. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING.

AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None observed yet. Preliminary eruption SIGMET issued by NWS up to 20,000 ft asl.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: not available
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 20,000 ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2017-03-08 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170308/0825Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 7:36 UTC on March 8 (10:36 pm AKST on March 7) and is continuing. No ash cloud has been detected as of yet in satellite data, but volcanic ash emissions are likely occurring based on lightning and infrasound data. Winds are towards the east.

We are evaluating the magnitude of this eruptive episode. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present. AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected yet. NWS SIGMET issued to 20,000 ft
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 20,00 ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-21 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170221/2137Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Sunday, 19 February at 17:45 AKST (February 20 02:45 UTC) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-20 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170220/0307Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A significant explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 02:08 UTC on 20 February (17:08 AKST on 19 February). Seismic and infrasound data show a series of short-lived explosive pulses through 02:45 UTC; seismicity has been quiet since then. Recent satellite images show a cloud as high as 25,000 ft asl. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING for Bogoslof volcano.

Winds are carrying the cloud from Bogoslof to the southeast, towards Unalaska Island.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 25,000 ft asl estimated by satellite
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Cloud moving towards southeast
(14) Remarks: The SIGMET warning message for aviation, issued by the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit, currently is in effect up to 25,000 ft above sea level. Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at their website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/

See http://www.weather.gov/afc/ for details on ash fall forecasts from the National Weather Service.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-20 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170220/0225Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 02:08 20 February UTC (17:08 19 February AKST) as indicated in seismic and infrasound data. At this time there have been no satellite images received to indicate size of volcanic plume. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE, but we will continue to monitor data closely and provide updates as necessary.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None observed yet
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not available
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to XX,XXX ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.

Winds at the volcano would currently carry an eruption cloud southeast towards Unalaska Island. Please see the National Weather Service for notices regarding ashfall: http://www.weather.gov/afc/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-20 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170220/0135Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismicity as detected on instruments located on nearby islands is elevated and increasing in intensity, suggesting that an explosive eruption is likely imminent. As of yet there is no confirmation of significant ash emissions detected by lightning, infrasound or satellite data.

The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH.

AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not yet observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not available
(14) Remarks: Status of any ash clouds can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-19 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170219/2110Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Saturday 18 February at 4:50 AKST (13:50 UTC) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-18 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170218/1439Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 04:26 AKST (13:26 UTC) as indicated in seismic and lightning data. Preliminary evidence from satellite suggests the cloud is at least as high as 25,000 ft asl. Seismic data suggest that the main ash emissions lasted for several minutes and seismicity is currently low again.

AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: At least 25,000 ft all
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: winds are variable in the area
(14) Remarks: The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 25,000 ft above sea level. This may be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-18 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170218/0134Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Another short-lived explosive eruption occurred today at about 15:46 AKST (00:46 UTC) as detected in seismic and infrasound data. A volcanic cloud is visible in satellite and is as high as 25,000 ft asl. No lightning was associated with this event.

Seismicity as detected on nearby islands is back to low levels, but Bogoslof volcano remains at a heightened state of unrest and in an unpredictable condition. Additional explosions producing high-altitude volcanic clouds could occur at any time. Low-level explosive activity that is below our ability to detect in our data sources may be occurring. These low-level explosions could pose a hazard in the immediate vicinity of the volcano.

The Aviation Color Code remains at RED and the Alert Level remains at WARNING.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: SIGMET to 25,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds are to the north
(14) Remarks: The SIGMET warning message for aviation, issued by the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit, currently is in effect up to 25,000 ft above sea level. Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at their website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/

No ash fallout is expected in populated areas as winds are to the north.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-17 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170217/1948Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A significant explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at 18:55 UTC (09:55 AKST) today. Pulses of seismicity are continuing. Preliminary satellite data show an ash cloud, and lightning continues to be detected. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING for Bogoslof volcano.

Winds are from the south and will generally carry the ash cloud north over the Bering Sea.

Activity is ongoing and additional explosive events may occur. We will provide more information about the ash cloud as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: SIGMET to 25,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Cloud moving generally north
(14) Remarks: The SIGMET warning message for aviation, issued by the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit currently is in effect up to 25,000 ft above sea level. Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at their website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/

No ash fallout is expected in populated areas as winds are to the north.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-17 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170217/1921Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismicity as detected on instruments located on nearby islands has recently increased. Infrasound sensors on Okmok Volcano have also detected airwaves suggesting an explosive eruption has commenced.

The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH.

AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not available
(14) Remarks: Status of any ash clouds can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-13 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170213/1900Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Strong seismic activity at Bogoslof this morning from about 16:24 to 17:32 UTC (07:24 to 08:32 AKST) was detected on stations from nearby islands. Similar seismic activity has been associated with explosive eruptions that produced significant ash clouds from the volcano. Thus, AVO raised the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING for Bogoslof volcano.

However, satellite data through 18:30 UTC (09:30 AKST) show no volcanic cloud visible about the weather cloud tops of about 10,000 ft asl. There were also no lightning strokes detected during this morning's activity. We therefore conclude that, despite the intensity of seismic activity, a significant volcanic cloud was not produced during this event. We are thus lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH.

Ash emissions to lower altitudes, as well as other eruptive activity, likely did occur during this morning's event, and conditions at the volcano remain unstable. Additional explosive activity could occur at any time, with little or no advance warning.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No cloud above about 10,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None available
(14) Remarks: The SIGMET warning message for aviation, issued by the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit, was cancelled earlier this morning. Status of the ash cloud forecast can be found at their website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/

The National Weather Service issued a Marine Weather Statement for the area around Umnak Pass: http://www.weather.gov/afc/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-13 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170213/1654Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A significant explosive eruption began at Bogoslof volcano at about 16:24 UTC on February 13 (07:24 AKST on February 13) as indicated in seismic data. Although at this time there has been no lightning detected, nor satellite images received to confirm eruptive activity, the intensity of seismicity strongly suggests that significant ash emissions have occurred. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to WARNING.

AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None observed yet.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: not available
(14) Remarks: Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-13 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170213/1620Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismicity as detected on instruments located on nearby islands is elevated and increasing in intensity, suggesting that an explosive eruption is likely imminent or has commenced. As of yet there is no confirmation of significant ash emissions detected by lightning, infrasound or satellite data.

The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH.

AVO is evaluating all data sources and will update this report as more information becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not available
(14) Remarks: Status of any ash clouds can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-08 - Takawangha, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170208/2013Z)
(3) Volcano: Takawangha (VNUM #311090)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 52 min W 178 deg 1 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 4754 ft (1449 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The energetic earthquake swarm on Tanaga Island that began on January 23, 2017, has declined significantly and seismicity is near background levels. Therefore, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and Alert Level to NORMAL for Takawangha volcano.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks: Takawangha is a remote, 1,449 m (4,754 ft)-high stratovolcano located on the northeast portion of Tanaga Island, roughly 95 km (59 miles) west of Adak in the Andreanof Islands. Takawangha's summit is mostly ice-covered, except for four young craters that have erupted ash and lava flows in the last few thousand years. Parts of Takawangha's edifice are hydrothermally altered and may be unstable, possibly leading to localized debris avalanches from its flanks. Takawangha lies across a saddle from historically active Tanaga volcano to the west. No historical eruptions are known from Takawangha; however, field work shows that recent eruptions have occurred and it is possible that historic eruptions attributed to Tanaga may instead have come from Takawangha.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-04 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170204/0224Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A86
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic tremor began at Bogoslof at 1:41 UTC on February 4 (16:42, February 3 AKST) and is continuing. No ash cloud has been detected as of yet in satellite data, but volcanic ash emissions are likely occurring. Winds are towards the north over the Bering Sea. We are evaluating the magnitude of this eruptive episode. The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level remains at WATCH at present.

The National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit has issued an eruption SIGMET warning for aviation up to 20,000 ft above sea level. This will be revised as new information becomes available. Please see the NWS AAWU at http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for updated information on aviation warning messages.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: none detected yet
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-02-03 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170203/2305Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A87
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Recent satellite observations indicate that a new lava dome has been extruded and is partially filling the summit crater at Cleveland volcano. The new dome is about 70 m (230 feet) in diameter and is similar in size to previous lava domes that have developed on the floor of the crater. When lava domes have developed within the summit crater, explosive activity has sometimes followed. The extrusion of the lava dome and the increased potential for explosive activity prompts AVO to change the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH.

Cleveland volcano is not monitored with a real-time seismic network and this inhibits AVO's ability to detect unrest that may lead to an explosive eruption. Rapid detection of an ash-producing eruption may be possible using a combination of satellite, infrasound, lightning data and local observations. AVO is monitoring the unrest at Cleveland volcano as closely as possible and will release additional information if or when it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No volcanic clouds observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: No cloud observed.
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February, 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2017-02-02 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170202/2051Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A85
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The level of unrest at Pavlof has gradually decreased to background levels over the past several months. Therefore we are lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Alert Level to NORMAL. No activity has been observed in satellite data since January 8 when weakly elevated surface temperatures were detected. Seismic levels are considered to be at background levels. Occasional, small, low frequency events continue to be seen in seismic data and are consistent with an open degassing system. Low-level steam and gas plumes from the summit are likely to be seen when meteorological conditions are favorable.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the March 2016 eruption, ash plumes as high as 40,000 feet above sea level were generated and the ash was tracked in satellite data as distant as eastern Canada. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2017-02-01 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170201/2006Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A84
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No new volcanic emissions have been detected from Bogoslof Volcano since the activity that began at 5:20 UTC, January 31 (20:20 AKST, January 30). No detectable activity has been observed in recent seismic, infrasound or lightning data. AVO is reducing the Aviation Color code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. High winds in the region are being seen on seismic and infrasound stations making it difficult to detect smaller signals from Bogoslof. Significant ash-producing explosions could occur at any time, with no detectable precursors. Low-level activity below our detection limit is possible and may present a hazard in the immediate vicinity of the island.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: N/A
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: N/A
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-31 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170131/0725Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A82
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Bursts of explosive activity that began at 5:20 UTC are continuing and intensifying. More than 10 short-duration explosions have been detected in seismic, infrasound and lightning data. Several discrete volcanic clouds have been observed in satellite data. The intensity of these events are increasing, as is the altitude of the volcanic clouds. Thus, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert level to Warning for Bogoslof volcano.

Satellite data through 07:00 UTC shows a volcanic cloud with an estimated altitude of 20,000 ft asl moving towards the east. Activity is ongoing and additional explosive events may occur. A status update will be issued as conditions warrant.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 20,000
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Moving towards the east
(14) Remarks: Please reference the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit for current information on the volcanic cloud movement. http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-31 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170131/0617Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A81
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Several short bursts of activity have been detected in seismic data beginning at 5:20 and at 6:08 UTC. An infrasound signal accompanied the first event indicating an explosive emission from Bogoslof. An eruption cloud has been observed in satellite data at 5:30 UTC to an altitude of 20,000 ft above sea level by the National Weather Service. We are evaluating the cloud height as new data comes in and will update if needed.

The Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level at WATCH.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: 20,000
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: initial estimate
(14) Remarks: Please reference the National Weather Service Alaska Aviation Weather Unit for current information on the volcanic cloud movement. http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-28 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170128/0043Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A53
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof volcano since the explosion today at 08:24 AKST (17:24 UTC). No detectable activity observed in seismic, infrasound or lightning data. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Significant ash-producing explosions could occur at any time, with no detectable precursors. Low-level activity below our detection limit is possible and may present a hazard in the immediate vicinity of the island.

The volcanic cloud from the eruption this morning has dissipated and the SIGMET aviation warning message that is issued by the National Weather Service expired today at 11:15 AKST (2215 UTC)
(12) Volcanic cloud height: none observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170127/1831Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A27
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Lightning and seismicity increase indicate a significant explosive eruption began at 08:24 AKST (17:24 UTC). We are thus raising the color code to RED and alert level to WARNING.

Satellite data suggests volcanic cloud may be as high as 25,000 ft asl. The current eruption SIGMET issued by the National Weather Service is up to 30,000 ft asl, but may be updated. We are actively evaluating data sources and will provide an update as necessary.


(12) Volcanic cloud height: 25,000 ft asl from satellite data
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: SIGMET currently to 30,000 ft asl
(14) Remarks: Please refer to the NWS Alaska Aviation Weather unit for updated information on the volcanic cloud forecast.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170127/1737Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A46
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An increase in seismicity at Bogoslof began at 7:47 AKST (16:47 UTC) suggests that an explosive event likely underway or imminent. As of yet, there are no additional indications of eruptive activity in satellite, lightning or infrasound data.

At present, the Aviation Color Code remains at ORANGE and the Alert Level at Watch.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: none observed yet
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170127/0250Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A44
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion that began today at 06:50 AKST (15:50 UTC). The volcanic ash cloud from that explosion has dissipated and the SIGMET warning for aviation (issued by the National Weather Service) was cancelled today at 13:36 AKST (22:36 UTC). No detectable activity observed in seismic, infrasound or lightning data. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: none observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-26 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170126/1616Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A28
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Lightning and seismicity increase indicate an explosive eruption began at 06:50 AKST (15:50 UTC). A larger burst of seismicity occurred at 07:06 AKST (16:06 UTC). We do not yet have information on volcanic cloud height, but comparison to seismicity from previous events suggests that this event may be similarly energetic. We are thus raising the color code to RED and alert level to WARNING. We are still evaluating data and will provide an update as necessary.

Lower level winds (below 10,000 ft asl) are currently to the southeast and to the northeast at higher altitudes.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: none observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-26 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170126/1117Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A78
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An increase in seismicity at about 01:34 AKST (10:24 UTC), as detected on neighboring islands, suggests that an explosive eruption may be imminent. We have detected no lightning nor seen any activity in recent satellite images. We will provide more information as it becomes available.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: none observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-25 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170125/0158Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A72
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion today at 04:53 AKST (13:53 UTC). No detectable activity observed in seismic, infrasound or lightning data. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: none observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks: The volcanic cloud from the eruption this morning has dissipated and the SIGMET aviation warning message that is issued by the National Weather Service expired today at 11:06 AKST (2206 UC)
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-24 - Takawangha, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170124/1846Z)
(3) Volcano: Takawangha (VNUM #311090)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A71
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 52 min W 178 deg 1 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 4754 ft (1449 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An energetic earthquake swarm on Tanaga Island started yesterday, January 23, and is continuing. The earthquakes locate 6 to 7 km ESE of Takawangha Volcano. This activity may be due to brittle failure in the surrounding rock caused by magma movement. AVO is therefore raising the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and Alert Level to Advisory for Takawangha Volcano. No eruptive activity has been detected in satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks: Takawangha is a remote, 1,449 m (4,754 ft)-high stratovolcano located on the northeast portion of Tanaga Island, roughly 95 km (59 miles) west of Adak in the Andreanof Islands. Takawangha's summit is mostly ice-covered, except for four young craters that have erupted ash and lava flows in the last few thousand years. Parts of Takawangha's edifice are hydrothermally altered and may be unstable, possibly leading to localized debris avalanches from its flanks. Takawangha lies across a saddle from historically active Tanaga volcano to the west. No historical eruptions are known from Takawangha; however, field work shows that recent eruptions have occurred and it is possible that historic eruptions attributed to Tanaga may instead have come from Takawangha.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-24 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170124/1415Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A69
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Following a period of increasing seismicity, an explosive eruption started at 04:53 AKST (13:53 UTC) this morning as shown in seismic data and by lightning detection. We have not yet observed a volcanic cloud in satellite, but based on recent events with similar seismicity and lightning, we are raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert Level to Warning.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not yet observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: winds to the east
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-23 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170123/2221Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A65
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Sunday, 22 January 2017 at 14:09 AKST (23:09 UTC). Seismic data flow, which had been interrupted by severe weather, has been restored. Seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: none observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: n/a
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-22 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170122/2349Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A64
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The eruption today around 14:09 AKST (23:09 UTC), first detected by lightning, has produced a volcanic cloud seen in satellite images moving north of Bogoslof and reaching as high as 30,000 ft asl. We are raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and the Volcano Alert Level to WARNING.

High winds due to a storm in the area are hindering our ability to detect the eruption in seismic data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 30,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: north of volcano
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-22 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170122/2331Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A62
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Several lightning strikes north of Bogoslof suggest that an eruption occurred around 14:09 AKST (23:09 UTC). High winds due to a storm in the area are hindering our ability to detect the eruption in seismic data. No volcanic cloud visible in satellite data at this time. We will put out more information as it becomes available.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We continue to monitor satellite images, data from distant seismic and infrasound instruments, and information from the Worldwide Lightning Location Network for indications of significant activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not available
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: not available
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-21 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170121/2141Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A52
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Friday, 20 January at 13:17 AKST (22:17 UTC) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-20 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170120/2230Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A47
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Explosive eruption of Bogoslof confirmed, starting at approximately 13:17 AKST (22:17 UTC) based on seismic data and lightning detected from the World Wide Lightning Location Network. A volcanic plume is not yet visible in satellite data. Winds are currently to the southeast. More information to follow.

We are raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and the Alert Level to WARNING.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We continue to monitor satellite images, data from distant seismic and infrasound instruments, and information from the Worldwide Lightning Location Network for indications of significant activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not available
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: not available
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-20 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170120/2210Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A45
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An increase in seismicity starting at about 13:00 AKST (22:00 UTC) suggests an explosive eruption of Bogoslof may be imminent. We will issue more information as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: not available
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-19 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170119/2148Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A40
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Wednesday, 18 January at 13:20 AKST (22:20 UTC) and seismicity remains low. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-18 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170118/2259Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A35
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Explosive eruption of Bogoslof confirmed, starting at approximately 13:20 AKST (22:20 UTC). Ash cloud is at least as high as 31,000 ft asl as noted in pilot reports. Volcanic cloud observed in satellite images generally moving to northeast.

We are raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and the Alert Level to WARNING.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We continue to monitor satellite images, data from distant seismic and infrasound instruments, and information from the Worldwide Lightning Location Network for indications of significant activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: at least 31,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: not available
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-18 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170118/2215Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A33
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An increase in seismicity starting at about 13:00 AKST (22:00 UTC) suggests an explosive eruption of Bogoslof may be imminent. We will issue more information as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: not available
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-17 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170117/1756Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A22
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Increased seismic activity over the past several hours indicates that minor explosive activity is occurring at Bogoslof. The level of activity is variable, with the most energetic events observed around 1500 UTC and 1640 UTC (4:00 and 7:40 am AKST). Minor emissions of steam and minor amounts of volcanic ash observed in satellite data around 1500 and 1730 UTC. These events were too small to generate detectable lightning or infrasound (pressure) signals. The National Weather Service has estimated a maximum altitude for these small clouds at 15,000 ft above sea level. Satellite data showed that they dissipated quickly. The volcano remains restless and additional explosive events could occur with little warning.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 15,000 ft asl (maximum)
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Minor emissions visible in satellite data
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-15 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170115/0650Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A19
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismicity increased starting at about 21:26 AKST (06:26 Jan 15 UTC) suggesting an explosive eruption of Bogoslof is likely occurring. We will issue more information as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: not observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: not available
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-12 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170112/2235Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A18
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A second explosive event has been detected at Bogoslof volcano. An abrupt increase in seismicity began at about 21:35 UTC (12:35 AKST). Both events have been observed by pilots. The first event at 20:23 UTC produced an eruption cloud to 18,000 ft asl. The estimated height of the second event from 21:35 UTC was 14,500 ft asl. Neither eruption cloud has been visible yet in subsequent satellite data. The altitude of the meteorological cloud deck is variable from about 10,000 ft to 12,000 ft. Additional ash-producing eruptions may occur at any time with limited precursory unrest and little warning. AVO is monitoring the volcano closely and will provide additional information if and when it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Two events: First 18,000 ft. Second 14,500 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Height from pilot reports.
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-12 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170112/2048Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A17
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The level of seismic activity at Bogoslof volcano increased abruptly at about 20:23 (11:23 AKST) and persisted at a high level until about 20:29 UTC (11:29 AKST). Previous increases in seismicity similar to this one have resulted in volcanic plumes as high as about 30,000 feet asl. Nothing yet has been observed in satellite data and lightning has not been detected but a plume likely has been generated. It remains possible for additional ash-producing eruptions to occur at any time with limited precursory unrest and little warning. AVO is monitoring the volcano closely and will provide additional information if and when it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not available
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-10 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170110/1802Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A16
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The level of seismic activity at Bogoslof volcano has declined and no further volcanic emissions have occurred since the two strong eruptive pulses on January 8, 2017 at about 22:33 and 22:56 AKST (07:33 and 07:56 Jan 9 UTC). We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. It remains possible for additional ash-producing eruptions to occur at any time with limited precursory unrest and little warning.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not available
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-09 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170109/0754Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A14
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Explosive eruption of Bogoslof occurred starting around 22:23 AKST (07:23 Jan 9 UTC) as detected in seismic and infrasound data, with the strongest signal at about 22:31 AKST (07:31 Jan 9 UTC). Seismic signal declined around 22:38 AKST (07:38 Jan 9 UTC) but is still above background. We do not yet have any satellite images of a cloud but seismicity suggests an event at least as large as others in the recent sequence. We are raising Aviation Color Code to RED and Volcano Alert Level to WARNING.

Winds are currently out of the southeast.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not available
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-09 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170109/0732Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A13
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismicity as detected on nearby islands is elevated and increasing in intensity, suggesting that an explosive eruption is likely imminent or has commenced. No lightning has been detected nor any cloud visible in satellite. We will provide more information as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not available
(14) Remarks: Status of any ash clouds can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-06 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170106/2051Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A12
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof Volcano since the explosion on Thursday, January 5 at 13:24 AKST (22:24 UTC). We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not applicable
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not applicable
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-05 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170105/2242Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A11
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO has just detected an escalation in seismicty beginning at about 13:24 January 5 AKST (22:24 UTC) from Bogoslof volcano. This activity is accompanied by lightning strikes detected by the World Wide Lightning Detection Network indicating that a significant explosion has occurred. Based on the intensity of these signals AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and Alert Level to WARNING. More details will be provided as they become available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not yet available
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not yet available
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-05 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170105/2047Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A10
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof since Tuesday, January 3 at 21:18 AKST (6:18 UTC January 4). AVO is therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: NA
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: NA
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-04 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170104/0704Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A8
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic data from nearby islands detected a volcanic signal from Bogoslof volcano starting at 21:18 AKST today (6:18 UTC Jan 4) lasting ~5 minutes and a series of lightning strikes were identified by the World Wide Lightning Location Network. An eruption cloud as high as 33,000 ft has been detected in satellite data. AVO is therefore raising the Aviation Color Code for Bogoslof to RED and Volcano Alert Level to Warning.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: As high as 33,000 asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: moving north
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-02 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170102/2348Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic data from nearby islands detected a volcanic signal from Bogoslof volcano starting at 13:53 AKST (22:53 UTC) today lasting ~10 minutes. Infrasound (pressure) sensors near Cleveland volcano also detected a signal from Bogoslof, indicating an ash-producing eruption likely occurred. No lightning strikes were identified by the World Wide Lightning Location Network, and no ash-plume above the regional cloud deck (18,000 ft asl) was identified in satellite data over the past 40 minutes. The short duration of seismicity and lack of evidence for ash above the clouds in satellite data suggest this was likely a relatively minor explosion. The current Aviation Color Code remains ORANGE and Volcano Alert Level WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Less than 18000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: none
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2017-01-01 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20170101/1932Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2017/A1
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof since Friday, December 30 at 22:30 AKST (07:30 UTC Dec 31). We are thus lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH. Additional ash-producing eruptions could occur at any time, however, with no detectable precursors.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We continue to monitor satellite images, information from the Worldwide Lightning Location Network pertaining to volcanic-cloud lightning, and data from seismic and infrasound instruments on other islands for indications of volcanic activity. At present, these observations should allow timely detection of additional explosive events.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: n/a
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None detected since December 30
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-30 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161230/1010Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An ash-producing eruption started at 23:45 Dec 29 AKST (08:45 Dec 30 UTC) and is continuing as recorded by seismic data on nearby islands and as seen in recent satellite images. Cloud-top temperatures from satellite suggest a cloud height of around 20,000 ft asl. Regional winds are from the southwest. We are raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and the Alert Level to WARNING.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We continue to monitor satellite images, information from the Worldwide Lightning Location Network pertaining to volcanic-cloud lightning, and data from seismic and infrasound instruments on other islands for indications of volcanic activity. At present, these observations should allow timely detection of additional explosive events.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Likely around 20,000 ft asl from satellite
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds are from southwest
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-30 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161230/0843Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic data from nearby islands detected an increase in discrete volcanic seismicity from Bogoslof volcano starting at 19:00 Dec 29 AKST (04:00 UTC Dec 30) today. The activity progressed, merging into a continuous tremor sequence indicative of a possible ash-producing eruption, as was seen with the eruption on December 21. Nothing has yet been observed in satellite data and no lightning strikes associated with an ash cloud have yet been detected. We will provide additional details once they are available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-29 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161229/0404Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic data from nearby islands detected a volcanic signal from Bogoslof volcano starting at 05:55 AKST (02:55 UTC Dec 29) today. These observations suggest an ash-producing eruption may have occurred. Nothing has yet been observed in satellite data, but the region is covered in high clouds which may prevent such observations. We will provide additional details once they are available.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161227/2156Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof since the explosive eruption yesterday at 14:05 AKST (23:05 UTC). There has been no indication of elevated seismicity occurring from Bogoslof as measured on nearby island networks over the past 22 hours, however high winds in the region may have obscured volcanic signals over the first 15 hours of this period. While the possibility of further ash-producing eruptions is still present, we are unable to state that such activity is imminent. We are thus lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We continue to monitor satellite images, information from the Worldwide Lightning Location Network pertaining to volcanic-cloud lightning, and data from seismic and infrasound instruments on other islands for indications of volcanic activity. At present, these observations should allow timely detection of additional explosive events.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: no cloud
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: no cloud
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-27 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161227/0016Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An ash-producing eruption started at 14:05 AKST (23:05 UTC) today and is continuing as recorded by seismic data on nearby islands, by lightning, and as seen in recent satellite images. Cloud-top temperatures from satellite suggest a cloud height of around 30,000 ft asl. Regional winds are from the west-southwest. We are raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and the Alert Level to WARNING.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We continue to monitor satellite images, information from the Worldwide Lightning Location Network pertaining to volcanic-cloud lightning, and data from seismic and infrasound instruments on other islands for indications of volcanic activity. At present, these observations should allow timely detection of additional explosive events.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Likely around 30,000 ft asl from satellite
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Winds are from west-southwest
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-25 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161225/0457Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further ash emissions have occurred at Bogoslof since the explosive eruption yesterday at 09:30 AKST (18:30 UTC). Seismicity attributed to the ongoing volcanic unrest has been periodically visible on nearby island networks in the past day and a half, but levels have been generally low since the explosion yesterday. While the possibility of further ash-producing eruptions is still present, we are unable to state that such activity is imminent. We are thus lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We continue to monitor satellite images, information from the Worldwide Lightning Location Network pertaining to volcanic-cloud lightning, and data from seismic and infrasound instruments on other islands for indications of volcanic activity. At present, these observations should allow timely detection of additional explosive events.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: none detected
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-23 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161223/2012Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An explosive eruption occurred at Bogoslof this morning at about 09:30 AKST (18:30 UTC). A Coast Guard ship in the vicinity reported ash emission as well as ejection of lava and fragmental material. The eruption cloud did not penetrate the regional cloud tops at 30,000 ft and winds are to the north-northeast. According to the Coast Guard, ash emission subsided at about 10:37 AKST (19:37 UTC). On the basis of this information, the Aviation Color Code is raised to RED and the Alert Level to WARNING.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We will monitor satellite images and data from distant seismic and infrasound instruments for indications of significant explosive activity, although high winds in the are presently limit detection abilities.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Below 30,000 ft
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-22 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161222/0818Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The explosive eruption that started at about 01:10 UTC 12/22 (16:10 AKST today) was short-lived and produced an ash cloud as high as 35,000 ft asl that drifted northward. Seismic data recorded on neighboring island networks indicates that the eruption lasted about 30 minutes after which seismicity rapidly declined and remains low. No activity has been observed in recent satellite images or infrasound data. On the basis of this information, the Aviation Color Code is lowered to ORANGE and the Alert Level to WATCH.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano. We will monitor satellite images and data from distant seismic and infrasound instruments for indications of significant explosive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: none detected
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Status of the ash cloud can be found at the Alaska Aviation Weather Unit website at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-22 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161222/0232Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: An explosive eruption started at about 01:10 UTC 12/22 (16:10 AKST today) as seen in satellite and seismic data from neighboring islands and appeared to last for about 30 minutes. Cloud-top temperatures and wind direction suggest the cloud is as high as 35,000 ft asl, and is moving to the north. On the basis of this information, the Aviation Color Code is raised to RED and the Alert Level to WARNING.

AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano and is unable to provide a forecast of future eruptive activity. We will monitor satellite images and data from distant seismic and infrasound instruments for indications of significant explosive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 35,000 ft asl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Drifting north
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-21 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161221/0605Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The explosive eruption of Bogoslof volcano that occurred today at about 00:35 UTC (3:35 pm AKST) was short-lived, lasting approximately 30 minutes, and produced a detached ash cloud that rose to 34,000 ft (10.3 km) above sea level as reported by several pilots. A subsequent pilot report from 01:50 UTC (4:30 pm AKST) indicated that activity had decreased and the cloud was dispersing. The ash cloud was carried southward over the Gulf of Alaska and no ash fell on inhabited areas. No further explosions have been detected in seismic and infrasound networks indicating that the activity has subsided. No activity is apparent in recent nighttime satellite images.

On the basis of this information, the Aviation Color Code is lowered to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH. AVO has no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano and is unable to provide a forecast of future eruptive activity. We will monitor satellite images and data from distant seismic and infrasound instruments for indications of significant explosive activity.

Some previous eruptions of Bogoslof have lasted for weeks to months, and further explosive activity could occur with little warning. Mariners in the area should use caution.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None currently observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, DGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2016-12-21 - Bogoslof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161221/0220Z)
(3) Volcano: Bogoslof (VNUM #311300)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 53 deg 55 min W 168 deg 2 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 492 ft (150 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A short-lived explosive eruption of Bogoslof volcano was reported by several pilots around 0100 UTC (4:00 pm AST). They reported a volcanic ash cloud rising to an estimated altitude of 34,000 ft (10.3 km). Satellite data show a discrete, short-lived explosion just prior to 0100 UTC that detached and drifted to the south by 0115 UTC. A subsequent pilot report from 0150 UTC indicated that activity had decreased.

On the basis of this information, the Aviation Color Code is increased to Red and the Volcano Alert Level to Warning. There is no ground-based volcano monitoring equipment on Bogoslof volcano so AVO is unable to provide a forecast of future eruptive activity. We will monitor satellite images and data from distant seismic and infrasound instruments for indications of significant explosive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 34,000 ft
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Height based on pilot report.
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice:
2016-11-04 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161104/2027Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No activity has been observed at Cleveland following the explosion on October 24th. No change in seismicity occurred after the explosion, and there have been no infrasound (pressure sensor) signals detected. Recent satellite views indicate that the lava dome emplaced in late May was mostly destroyed in the explosion and has been replaced with a deep pit within the summit crater. Based on low seismic levels since the eruption, and no observations or reports of continued eruptive activity, AVO is reducing the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No volcanic clouds observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: No cloud observed.
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February, 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-10-24 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20161024/2219Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number:
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO detected an explosion at Cleveland Volcano in both infrasound (air pressure) and seismic data today (10/24/2016) at 13:10 AKDT (21:10 UTC). Residents in Nikolski 45 miles (75 km) from Cleveland reported hearing the explosion. Cloudy weather obscures the volcano in satellite images from 13:30 AKDT (21:30 UTC), however no evidence of an eruption cloud is detected above the weather cloud deck height of 28,000 ft. The summit is currently obscured by cloudy weather in web camera images. Previous Cleveland explosions have typically produced ash emissions.

AVO is raising the color code/alert level of Cleveland Volcano from YELLOW/ADVISORY to ORANGE/WATCH.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No ash cloud observed above met. cloud deck of 28,000 ft.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: No cloud observed.
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February, 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-08-04 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160804/1921Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A86
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The eruptive activity that was observed intermittently since July 28 has ended or paused. Over the past several days there has been no evidence for continued ash emissions or signs of near surface magma in satellite data. As a result, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Occasional views of the volcano in web camera images show small steam plumes at the summit. Seismic activity remains slightly above background levels. Satellite views have been obscured by clouds and intermittent partly clear views of the summit have showed only weakly elevated surface temperatures in one image on 2 August. At the present level of unrest, it is possible for activity to escalate rapidly and for ash emissions to recommence with only subtle precursory signals. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the March 2016 eruption, ash plumes as high as 40,000 feet above sea level were generated and the ash was tracked in satellite data as distant as eastern Canada. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-07-28 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160728/1955Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A82
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Low-level eruptive activity observed in web camera and satellite images of Pavlof. Vigorous, steam-rich degassing was observed in web camera images this morning. Recent satellite images and a pilot report provide evidence of minor ash emissions associated with the degassing. Seismic tremor continues at amplitudes similar to the previous several days. This unrest prompts AVO to raise the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH.

Activity is currently at relatively low levels. An increase in eruptive activity is possible and could occur with little or no warning. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Maximum altitude currently below 15,000 ft msl
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Mixture of steam and ash. Satellite discrimination of ash and PIREP of steam/ash.
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the March 2016 eruption, ash plumes as high as 40,000 feet above sea level were generated and the ash was tracked in satellite data as distant as eastern Canada. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: John Paskievitch, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpaskie@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jfreymueller@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-07-01 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160701/1944Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A24
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismicity at Pavlof Volcano has increased in the past 24 hours, and minor steam emissions were observed in web camera images this morning. This unrest prompts AVO to raise the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Pauses in eruptive activity lasting for weeks to months have occurred during past eruptive episodes of Pavlof Volcano, and a return to robust eruptive activity remains an ongoing possibility and could occur with little or no warning. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None observed
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the March 2016 eruption, ash plumes as high as 40,000 feet above sea level were generated and the ash was tracked in satellite data as distant as eastern Canada. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-06-17 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160617/1901Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A13
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Pavlof Volcano has returned to its normal background state following a short eruptive period in mid May. Minor ash emissions were last observed on May 16, and since then the volcano has gradually returned to a quiescent status and now shows no signs of unrest. Seismic activity has returned to background levels and nothing unusual has been observed in satellite and web camera data since mid May. Consequently, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL.

Pauses in eruptive activity lasting for weeks to months have occurred during past eruptive episodes of Pavlof Volcano. A return to robust eruptive activity remains an ongoing possibility and could occur with little or no signs of impending unrest. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely and planned field visits to the volcano over the next several months will restore equipment damaged by the May eruption to full operational capacity.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the March 2016 eruption, ash plumes as high as 40,000 feet above sea level were generated and the ash was tracked in satellite data as distant as eastern Canada. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: John Paskievitch, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpaskie@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller,Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-06-03 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160603/1912Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A12
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No major activity has been observed at Cleveland Volcano since satellite data confirmed the eruption of a small volume lava dome within the summit crater on May 18. Weakly elevated surface temperatures have been detected in satellite data from the past day that are consistent with cooling lava and are not considered to be indicative of new activity. Seismic activity has remained low since explosions were detected in infrasound (pressure sensor) and seismic data on May 5 and May 10. Based on seismic levels remaining low and no observations nor reports of continued eruptive activity, AVO is reducing the Aviation color code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVSIORY.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No cloud observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: No cloud observed.
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February, 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller,Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-05-20 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160520/1935Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A11
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The recent period of eruptive activity at Pavlof Volcano that began on May 13, 2016 has ended. Minor ash emissions were last observed on May 16. Since then, we have not detected seismic signals associated with ash emission or lava effusion. Satellite observations show no evidence for eruptive activity. Thus AVO is lowering the Aviation color code and Volcano Alert Level to YELLOW/ADVISORY.

The volcano remains in a heightened state of unrest. Pauses in eruptive activity of days to weeks are common during eruptive episodes of Pavlof Volcano. A return to eruptive activity remains possible and could occur with little or no warning. Thus, AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely and will issue additional information as necessary.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not detected or observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: No ash emissions detected or observed since May 16, 2016.
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
mewest@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-05-13 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160513/2004Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A10
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: At about 10:35 AM AKDT seismic activity at Pavlof Volcano increased to levels typically associated with low-level eruptive activity and it is possible that an eruption of Pavlof Volcano may be in progress. Nothing has been observed in satellite data and web camera images, but Pavlof is presently obscured by clouds and no thermal signals or ash emissions are evident through the cloud deck. AVO will be monitoring Pavlof closely and will release further information as warranted.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the 2013 eruption, ash plumes as high as 27,000 feet above sea level extending as much as 500 km (310 mi) beyond the volcano were generated. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-05-06 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160506/0335Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A9
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO detected an explosion at Cleveland Volcano in both infrasound (air pressure) and seismic data this evening at 18:44 AKDT (2:44 UTC 5/6/2016). There are no recent satellite views since the detected explosion. However, previous Cleveland explosions have typically produced ash emissions.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

David Fee, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
dfee1@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-04-29 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160429/1936Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A8
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No activity has been observed at Cleveland following the April 16 explosion. Seismicity returned to low levels within an hour of the explosion, and there have been no infrasound (pressure sensor) signals detected. Recent satellite views indicate that the August 2015 lava dome is gone and has been replaced with a small cinder cone within the summit crater. Based on seismic levels remaining low since the eruption, and no observations or reports of continued eruptive activity, AVO is reducing the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February, 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-04-22 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160422/1816Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A7
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic activity at Pavlof Volcano has continued to decrease over the past two weeks and no anomalous activity has been detected in satellite data since weakly elevated surface temperatures were seen on April 8. AVO is therefore lowering the aviation color code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL.

Pauses in eruptive activity lasting days to weeks have occurred during past eruptive episodes of Pavlof Volcano. A return to robust eruptive activity remains possible and could occur with little or no warning. AVO will continue daily routine monitoring efforts using seismic, infrasound (pressure sensor) and satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the 2013 eruption, ash plumes as high as 27,000 feet above sea level extending as much as 500 km (310 mi) beyond the volcano were generated. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-04-16 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160416/1955Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A6
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO detected an explosion at Cleveland Volcano in both infrasound (air pressure) and seismic data this morning at 10:58 AKDT (18:58 UTC). There are no recent satellite views since the detected explosion, but earlier views are obscured by clouds at about 30,000 feet above sea level.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February, 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
faust@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-04-06 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160406/1942Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A5
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The recent period of eruptive activity at Pavlof Volcano that began on March 27, 2016 has ended. Over the past week, seismicity at the volcano has remained at low levels and shows no indication of activity associated with ash emissions or lava effusion. Satellite observations show no evidence for continuing eruptive activity. Thermal signals at the summit are occasionally visible, but are likely being generated by the cooling of previously erupted lava and debris.The low levels of seismic activity and the lack of evidence for ash emissions or lava effusion indicate that the eruption has ended and thus AVO is lowering the Aviation color code and Volcano Alert Level to YELLOW/ADVISORY.

Pauses in vigorous eruptive activity of days to weeks are common during eruptive episodes of Pavlof Volcano. A return to robust eruptive activity remains possible and could occur with little or no warning. Thus, AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely and will issue additional information as necessary.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Volcanic cloud not observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None.
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-03-29 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160329/0201Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A4
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The intensity of eruptive activity at Pavlof Volcano has declined significantly starting at about 12:30 pm AKDT and currently continuous ash emission from the summit vent is not being observed in satellite imagery. Thus, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH. Seismicity and infrasound signals from Pavlof have dropped to low levels and it appears that the robust eruptive activity that began yesterday afternoon has declined for now. The level of seismic tremor is still slightly above background. A drifting ash cloud extending from the southern Bering Sea into interior Alaska is still present and may pose a hazard to air travel. Additional information about the ash cloud and its impacts on aviation can be found at http://aawu.arh.noaa.gov/.

Although the intensity of the eruption has diminished, it is possible for conditions to change at any time and significant ash emissions may resume with little to no warning. At this reduced level of unrest, it is possible that low-level lava fountaining and minor amounts of ash emission may be occurring and affecting the area in the immediate vicinity of the volcano. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-03-28 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160328/1634Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A3
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The eruption of Pavlof Volcano, that began around 4 pm AKDT yesterday (00:00 UTC) continues. Seismic tremor remains at very high levels. Lightning associated with the ash eruption has been detected this morning, and infrasound (pressure sensor) data from a sensor network located in Dillingham (400 miles or 650 km) also indicate sustained ash emissions.

As of 7:00 AKDT (15:00 UTC) a continuous plume of ash is observed in satellite images extending for a distance of more than 400 miles (650 km) to the northeast over interior Alaska. SIGMET warning messages issued by the National Weather Service (NWS) Alaska Aviation Weather Unit indicate maximum ash cloud altitude of 37,000 ft above sea level. Please see the NWS web page for additional guidance and forecasts of ash movement. http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets

Lava fountaining from the summit crater was observed throughout the night by mariners, pilots, and by residents in Cold Bay, located 37 miles (60 km) to the SW, . Volcanic mudflows are likely on the flanks of the volcano and could present a hazard in the local river valleys.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 37,000 ft ASL in SIGMET
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Extending for 400 miles to the NE as of 07:00 UTC
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the 2013 eruption, ash plumes as high as 27,000 feet above sea level extending as much as 500 km (310 mi) beyond the volcano were generated. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
faust@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-03-28 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160328/0112Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A2
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Pavlof Volcano began erupting abruptly this afternoon, sending an ash cloud to 20,000 ft ASL as reported by a pilot. As of 4:18 pm AKDT (00:18 UTC), ash was reportedly moving northward from the volcano. Seismicity began to increase from background levels at about 3:53 pm (23:53 UTC) with quick onset of continuous tremor, which remains at high levels. AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to RED and the Volcano Alert Level to WARNING.

The view from the FAA webcamera is obscured by clouds this afternoon, and there are no current satellite images. AVO is monitoring the situation closely and issue further updates at the situation develops.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 20,000 ft ASL
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the 2013 eruption, ash plumes as high as 27,000 feet above sea level extending as much as 500 km (310 mi) beyond the volcano were generated. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
faust@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-03-10 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160310/2230Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2016/A1
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: There has been a steady decrease in detected thermal activity at Shishaldin over the past several months. No anomalous activity has been observed in several clear satellite images of Shishaldin since moderately elevated surface temperatures were detected on Jan. 13. Airwaves associated with low-level explosive degassing have not been detected in infrasound data since Feb. 7. Low-amplitude seismic tremor consistent with an open, degassing system continues to be seen in seismic data and is considered to be within the bounds of background activity for Shishaldin. AVO is therefore downgrading the status of Shishaldin Volcano from aviation color code YELLOW to GREEN and from volcano alert level ADVISORY to NORMAL. AVO will continue to monitor satellite, seismic and infrasound data from Shishaldin as part of routine monitoring operations.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 16 km (10 mi). A 200-m-wide (660 ft) funnel-shaped summit crater typically emits a steam plume and occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, with at least 54 episodes of unrest including over 24 confirmed eruptions since 1775. Most eruptions are relatively small, although the April-May 1999 event generated an ash column that reached 45,000 ft above sea level.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2016-01-30 - Pagan, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20160130/0008Z)
(3) Volcano: Pagan (VNUM #284170)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2016/N1
(8) Volcano Location: N 18 deg 7 min E 145 deg 48 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 1870 ft (570 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Satellite data and ground-based observations from a field crew and local residents indicate that steam and gas emissions from Mount Pagan Volcano have significantly decreased since March 2015.

Based on the decrease in visible emissions and the current inability to detect and monitor seismic and other volcanic activity, the alert status for Mount Pagan is changed from YELLOW to UNASSSIGNED. The monitoring network on Pagan Island is currently inoperable and data from onsite seismic, infrasound, and web camera instruments are not being received. Mount Pagan is therefore not monitored.

While the current sustained lack of visible emissions from Mount Pagan represents a change in the typical activity of recent years, there have been similar lulls in activity over the past couple decades, followed by periods of restored and sometimes vigorous activity. Satellite observations and on-island observations are currently the only means to detect any such future return to heightened activity levels.

Mount Pagan, one of two volcanoes that make up Pagan Island, is located on the northern end of the Island, and is one of the most historically active volcanoes in the Northern Mariana Islands. The last large eruption (VEI 4) of the volcano was in 1981, followed by three and a half decades of intermittent activity. The most recent activity has been characterized by vigorous steam plumes and degassing from a shallow magma source.

A new VAN will be issued if activity at Mount Pagan changes significantly or there is a change in the monitoring status of the volcano.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: USGS Northern Marianas Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php


CNMI Emergency Management Office (670) 322-9274
http://www.cnmiemo.gov.mp/
(16) Next Notice:
2015-12-11 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20151211/2014Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2015/A9
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic activity, indicative of unrest, at Veniaminof has decreased to near background levels during the past two weeks. Minor steaming from the intracaldera cone has not been observed since November 16. As a result, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to Green and the Volcano Alert Level to Normal.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Mount Veniaminof volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano with an ice-filled 10-km diameter summit caldera located on the Alaska Peninsula, 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 35 km (22 mi) north of Perryville. Veniaminof is one of the largest (~300 cubic km; 77 cubic mi) and most active volcanic centers in the Aleutian Arc and has erupted at least 13 times in the past 200 years. Recent significant eruptions of the volcano occurred in 1993-95, 2005, and 2013. These were Strombolian eruptions that produced lava fountains and minor emissions of ash and gas from the main intracaldera cone. During the 1993-95 activity, a small lava flow was extruded, and in 2013, five small lava flows effused from the intracaldera cone over about five months. Minor ash-producing explosions occurred nearly annually between 2002 and 2010. Previous historical eruptions have produced ash plumes that reached 20,000 ft above sea level (1939 and 1956) and ash fallout that blanketed areas within about 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano (1939).
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2015-11-20 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20151120/2052Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2015/A8
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No anomalous activity at Shishaldin has been observed in satellite data since weakly elevated surface temperatures were detected on October 16. Low-amplitude seismic tremor continues but is not considered to be indicative of an active eruption. AVO is therefore downgrading the status of Shishaldin volcano from aviation color code ORANGE to YELLOW and from volcano alert level WATCH to ADVISORY. AVO will continue to monitor Shishaldin with satellite, seismic and infrasound (pressure sensor) data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 16 km (10 mi). A 200-m-wide (660 ft) funnel-shaped summit crater typically emits a steam plume and occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, with at least 54 episodes of unrest including over 24 confirmed eruptions since 1775. Most eruptions are relatively small, although the April-May 1999 event generated an ash column that reached 45,000 ft above sea level.
(15) Contacts:
John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2015-10-14 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20151014/1741Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2015/A7
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Strongly elevated surface temperatures have not been observed at Cleveland since August 18. Moderately elevated surface temperatures have been observed with decreasing regularity since then, with the most recent instance occurring on September 30. This indicates lava effusion at the summit has likely ceased. In addition, explosive activity, as detected by infrasound, last occurred over two months ago on August 6. Based on the decline in activity, we are lowering the Level of Concern Color Code to YELLOW and the Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Cleveland is one of the most active volcanoes of the Aleutian Arc. The latest eruptive phase has waxed and waned almost annually since 2001. Renewed explosive activity and unrest could begin again with little to no precursory warning. Two seismic stations were installed at the volcano during the summer of 2014, and AVO will continue to closely monitor the volcano using seismic and infrasound data, as well as daily satellite and web camera image analysis.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
faust@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2015-10-01 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20151001/1901Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2015/A6
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Over the past day, seismicity at Veniaminof has increased and is ongoing in the form of volcanic tremor. Thus we are raising the the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory.

No eruptive activity is observed in web camera or satellite views from today.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Not observed
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Not observed
(14) Remarks: Mount Veniaminof volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano with an ice-filled 10-km diameter summit caldera located on the Alaska Peninsula, 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 35 km (22 mi) north of Perryville. Veniaminof is one of the largest (~300 cubic km; 77 cubic mi) and most active volcanic centers in the Aleutian Arc and has erupted at least 13 times in the past 200 years. Recent significant eruptions of the volcano occurred in 1993-95, 2005, and 2013. These were Strombolian eruptions that produced lava fountains and minor emissions of ash and gas from the main intracaldera cone. During the 1993-95 activity, a small lava flow was extruded, and in 2013, five small lava flows effused from the intracaldera cone over about five months. Minor ash-producing explosions occurred nearly annually between 2002 and 2010. Previous historical eruptions have produced ash plumes that reached 20,000 ft above sea level (1939 and 1956) and ash fallout that blanketed areas within about 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano (1939).
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2015-07-21 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20150721/1713Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2015/A5
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO detected an explosion at Cleveland Volcano in both infrasound (air pressure) and seismic data this morning at 08:17 AKDT (16:17 UTC). Satellite views are obscured by clouds at about 30,000 feet above sea level. No ash has been observed above the clouds at this time. Clouds obscure views by web camera this morning.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February, 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2015-06-17 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20150617/2021Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2015/A4
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Elevated surface temperatures have been detected in satellite images at the summit of Cleveland for the past week, and an image from June 14 shows very light ash cover on the volcano's upper flanks. Thus the volcano has entered a renewed period of unrest and we are raising the Color Code to Yellow and the Alert Level to Advisory.

The increase in temperature at the summit is consistent with renewed growth of the small lava dome within the summit crater. The possibility of sudden explosions has increased.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western portion of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. The volcano is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The most recent significant period of eruption began in February, 2001 and produced 3 explosive events that generated ash clouds as high as 39,000 ft above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Since then, Cleveland has been intermittently active producing small lava flows, often followed by explosions that generate small ash clouds generally below 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions also launch debris onto the slopes of the cone producing hot pyroclastic avalanches and lahars that sometimes reach the coastline.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Mike West, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
mewest@alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2015-05-28 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20150528/2152Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2015/A3
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A decline in seismicity over the last few months and no sign of activity in daily satellite images prompts AVO to downgrade Semisopochnoi volcano from Aviation Color Code YELLOW and Volcanic Alert Level ADVISORY to UNASSIGNED.

Following a brief seismic swarm in June and July, 2014, an increase in seismicity at Semisopochnoi seismic stations was recorded in January 2015. Numerous small earthquakes, most with magnitudes less than 1 over the next several months led AVO to include Semisopochnoi in the March 20, 2015 Weekly Update. On March 25, 2015, citing increased earthquake activity including brief periods of tremor, AVO raised the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level to YELLOW/ADVISORY. Over the next two months seismic levels have declined and no activity has been observed in daily satellite images or other remote sensing data.

AVO will continue to monitor Semisopochnoi seismic data and evaluate daily satellite images.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085

(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2015-03-25 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20150325/1731Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2015/A2
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Earthquake activity at Semisopochnoi that began in January continues, and has increased in intensity over the past few days. In addition, we have detected brief periods of seismic tremor, which can indicate movement of magma or magmatic gases. Thus we are increasing the aviation color code to YELLOW and the volcano alert level to ADVISORY.

AVO has not observed any other signs of volcanic activity in remote sensing or other data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Remote Semisopochnoi volcano occupies the largest young volcanic island in the western Aleutians. The volcano is dominated by a 7-km (5-mile) diameter caldera that contains a small lake and a number of post-caldera cones and craters. The age of the caldera is not known with certainty but is likely early Holocene. The last known eruption of Semisopochnoi occurred in 1987, probably from Sugarloaf Peak on the south coast of the island, but details are lacking. Another prominent, young post-caldera landform is Mount Cerberus, a three-peaked cone cluster in the southwest part of the caldera. The island is uninhabited and part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. It is located 65 km (40 mi) northeast of Amchitka Island and 200 km (130 mi) west of Adak.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2015-01-15 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20150115/2113Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2015/A1
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Pavlof Volcano has returned to its background state following its most recent eruption. Since late November, 2014, no lava or ash emissions have occurred at Pavlof Volcano and the volcano has exhibited gradually declining levels of unrest. Seismicity is now at background levels. Consequently, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL.

Rockfalls and small avalanches of debris may occur intermittently on the north-northwest flank of the volcano. Drainages leading away from the north flank of Pavlof are susceptible to small lahars and minor floods as long as hot material remains high on the slopes of the volcano where it could mix with ice and snow.

Pavlof has, in past eruptions, resumed activity after pauses as long as 55 days, and AVO continues to monitor the volcano closely for signs of renewed activity. We expect hours to days of increased seismicity prior to a resumption of eruptive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the 2013 eruption, ash plumes as high as 27,000 feet above sea level extending as much as 500 km (310 mi) beyond the volcano were generated. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-11-26 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20141126/0027Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A19
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The most recent period of explosive eruptive activity at Pavlof Volcano has ended. For about the past week, seismicity at the volcano has remained at low levels and shows no indication of the unrest typically associated with lava fountaining or ash emission. Satellite observations show no evidence for continuing eruptive activity. Thermal signals at the summit are occasionally visible, but are likely being generated by the cooling of previously emplaced lava and debris and not newly erupted material. The low levels of seismic activity and the lack of evidence for continued lava effusion indicate that the brief eruption has ended and thus AVO is lowering the Aviation color code and Volcano Alert Level to YELLOW/ADVISORY.

Pauses in vigorous eruptive activity of days to weeks are common during eruptive episodes of Pavlof Volcano. A return to more robust eruptive activity remains possible and could occur with little or no warning. Thus, AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely and will issue additional information as necessary.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-11-24 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20141124/1049Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A18
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic activity has increased over the past two hours and more sharply over the past 30 minutes, suggesting that the eruption at Shishaldin has intensified. Ash emissions beyond the immediate summit crater are more likely while seismic activity is increased. Satellite images from earlier tonight show elevated surface temperatures near the volcano's summit.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-11-16 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20141116/1713Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A17
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The intensity of the eruption of Pavlof Volcano has greatly diminished, and the Aviation Color Code is being decreased to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH.

Seismic tremor abruptly decreased around 7 pm AKST yesterday (04:00 UTC on 16 November) and has remained at very low levels since. Satellite observations confirmed a large decrease in ash emissions, and at present show no evidence of an ash plume at the volcano. Discrete seismic events continue to be observed at Pavlof, and minor ash emissions may be occurring that are not detected in satellite. Pilot and/or ground observer reports may provide additional information once the sun comes up. Pauses of days to weeks are common during eruptive episodes at Pavlof and increased activity could occur with little warning.

Aviation users should refer to the National Weather Service for updated SIGMETs on the ash cloud hazard (http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets). No reports of ash fallout on nearby communities have been received and we encourage observers to contact AVO should it occur (https://www.avo.alaska.edu/ashfall/ashreport.php).
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None detected at the volcano at present. Minor ash emissions may occur but will likely be lower than 12,000 ft above sea level.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: See SIGMETs for information on dispersed cloud from the period of heightened activity.
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Paskievitch, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpaskie@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-11-15 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20141115/2030Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A16
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The eruption of Pavlof Volcano that began on November 12 has intensified and the ash cloud height is currently estimated at 25,000 ft above sea level. Thus, the Aviation Color Code has been raised to RED and the Volcano Alert Level to WARNING.

The intensity of seismic tremor has increased significantly over the past 6 hours, and satellite data indicate that the ash cloud is now at an altitude of 25,000 ft above sea level. As of 11:00 am AKST (20:00 UTC) the cloud is moving towards the northwest and extends for about 125 miles (200 km) downwind.

Aviation users should refer to the National Weather Service for updated SIGMETs on the ash cloud hazard (http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets). No reports of ash fallout on nearby communities have been reported, and we encourage observers to contact AVO should it occur (https://www.avo.alaska.edu/ashfall/ashreport.php).
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 25,000 ft
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Moving towards the NW. See http://www.weather.gov/aawu/sigmets for latest updated SIGMET.
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-11-13 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20141113/0357Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A15
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Pavlof Volcano has entered a new phase of eruptive activity. The Aviation Color Code has been increased to Orange and the Volcano Alert Level to Watch. A ground observer in Cold Bay located 60 km (37 miles) from the volcano has reported ash emissions up to 9000 ft above sea level (about 700 ft above the summit). Minor ash emissions were visible in the FAA-operated web camera in Cold Bay beginning around 1:50 UTC on 13 November (4:50 pm AKST on 12 November). Seismic tremor has increased over the past several hours and remains elevated. Satellite observation of the volcano are currently obscured by a low cloud deck.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Ash height reported up to 9000 ft above sea level.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Minor ash emissions observed in web camera images.
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the 2013 eruption, ash plumes as high as 27,000 feet above sea level extending as much as 500 km (310 mi) beyond the volcano were generated. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-10-28 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20141028/2305Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A14
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The ongoing low-level eruptive activity at Shishaldin Volcano has increased in intensity over the past several days. Elevated surface temperatures were observed in satellite images beginning on October 25, and early that evening seismic tremor began to be recorded on nearby seismic stations, accompanied by stronger thermal anomalies. New deposits of ash and ballistics darkened the summit area, indicating the activity was energetic enough to eject material from a depth of several hundred meters (~600 ft) within the summit crater. The activity was recorded on infrasound arrays located in Akutan, 90 mi (145 km) to the southwest, and Dillingham, 363 mi (585 km) to the northeast.

No ash plumes have been reported or observed in satellite data; however, a steam and gas plume was visible in satellite imagery on Saturday, October 25. As of today, tremor continues and has increased in the past 24 hours.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-09-04 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140904/1858Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A13
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The rate and intensity of earthquake activity at Semisopochnoi has been decreasing over the past two months and there are no indications from satellite observations of any changes on the surface of the volcano. Thus, the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level have been decreased to Unassigned. Although we are confident that earthquake activity has decreased significantly, the seismic data from Semisopochnoi has suffered from frequent data outages. We are unable to assign the Green/Normal alert levels until the data transmission proves to be more reliable. We will continue to monitor Semisopochnoi with seismic data when available, and with satellite data.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None
(14) Remarks: Remote Semisopochnoi volcano occupies the largest, young volcanic island in the western Aleutians. The volcano is dominated by an 8-km (5-mile) diameter caldera that contains a small lake and a number of post-caldera cones and craters. The age of the caldera is not known with certainty but is likely early Holocene. The last known eruption of Semisopochnoi occurred in 1987, probably from Sugarloaf Peak on the south coast of the island, but details are lacking. Another prominent, young post-caldera landform is Mount Cerberus, a three-peaked cone cluster in the southwest part of the caldera. The island is uninhabited and part of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. It is located 65 km (40 mi) northeast of Amchitka Island and 200 km (130 mi) west of Adak.
(15) Contacts:
John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-07-30 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140730/2239Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A12
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The eruption of Pavlof Volcano has ended, and the volcano has returned to its background state. Lava fountaining was last observed at Pavlof in mid-June, and the volcano has exhibited gradually declining levels of unrest since that time. Seismic data are now at background levels. Consequently, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL.

Rockfalls and small avalanches of debris may occur intermittently on the north-northwest flank of the volcano. Drainages leading away from the north flank of Pavlof are susceptible to small lahars and minor floods as long as hot material remains high on the slopes of the volcano where it could mix with ice and snow.

Pavlof has, in past eruptions, resumed activity after pauses as long as 55 days, and AVO continues to monitor the volcano closely for signs of renewed activity. We expect hours to days of increased seismicity prior to a resumption of eruptive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the 2013 eruption, ash plumes as high as 27,000 feet above sea level extending as much as 500 km (310 mi) beyond the volcano were generated. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: Matt Haney, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mhaney@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
faust@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-07-09 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140709/2357Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A11
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic activity, indicative of unrest, at Veniaminof has decreased to near background levels during the past week. Clear eruptive activity has not been observed since October of 2013. Thus AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to Green and the Volcano Alert Level to Normal. Occasional steam plumes and weakly elevated surface temperatures may continue to be seen in satellite and webcam imagery as lava flows cool.

It is possible that this is only a temporary pause of activity in the eruption that began in June 2013, and that the eruption could resume. Pauses in eruptive activity are not uncommon at this volcano. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Mount Veniaminof volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano with an ice-filled 10-km diameter summit caldera located on the Alaska Peninsula, 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 35 km (22 mi) north of Perryville. Veniaminof is one of the largest (~ 300 cubic km; 77 cubic mi) and most active volcanic centers in the Aleutian Arc and has erupted at least 13 times in the past 200 years. Recent significant eruptions of the volcano occurred in 1993-95 and 2005. Both were Strombolian eruptions producing lava fountans and minor emissions of ash and gas from the main intracaldera cone. During the 1993-95 activity, a small lava flow was extruded into the ice field producing a melt pit. Minor ash-producing explosions occurred nearly annually between 2002 and 2008. Previous historical eruptions have produced ash plumes that reached 20,000 ft above sea level (1939 and 1956) and ash fallout that blanketed areas within about 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano (1939).
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymeuller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-06-25 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140625/1835Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A10
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Eruptive activity at Pavlof Volcano appears to have ceased. Clear web camera and satellite images over the past several days have shown no evidence of continued lava fountaining from the summit. Only weakly elevated surface temperatures in the vicinity of recent lava flows northeast of the summit have been recorded. AVO has observed no evidence of ash emission from the volcano since early June.

Consequently, the Aviation Color Code is being reduced to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory.

Despite this apparent quiet, small discrete seismic events continue. These signals may be related to several processes including (1) degassing of unerupted magma within the volcano’s conduit and (2) periodic collapse of ejecta and other debris down the steep flanks of the volcano.

Pavlof remains restless and an intermittent plume of steam and gas from the summit is to be expected. Renewed eruptive activity is possible and may not be preceded by significant seismicity. AVO will continue to monitor Pavlof closely.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Nil
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Nil
(14) Remarks: Pavlof Volcano is a snow- and ice-covered stratovolcano located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula about 953 km (592 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano is about 7 km (4.4 mi) in diameter and has active vents on the north and east sides close to the summit. With over 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanoes in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic Strombolian lava fountaining continuing for a several-month period. Ash plumes as high as 49,000 ft ASL have been generated by past eruptions of Pavlof, and during the 2013 eruption, ash plumes as high as 27,000 feet above sea level extending as much as 500 km (310 mi) beyond the volcano were generated. The nearest community, Cold Bay, is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymeuller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-06-13 - Semisopochnoi, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140613/2016Z)
(3) Volcano: Semisopochnoi (VNUM #311060)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A9
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min E 179 deg 35 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 2625 ft (800 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A swarm of earthquakes at Semisopochnoi volcano that started at 10:00 AKDT (18:00 UTC) on June 9 escalated yesterday, June 12, at approximately 12:00 AKDT (20:00 UTC). The continuation of this anomalous seismic activity through the night prompts AVO to raise the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY. No eruptive activity is currently indicated.

AVO is closely monitoring the situation and will issue further updates as conditions change.

Semisopochnoi volcano is monitored by a 6-station seismic network as well as satellite imagery. Five of the seismic stations on Semisopochnoi are currently operational. The telemetry system for the Semisopochnoi stations, located on Amchitka Island, was just repaired in late May. Semisopochnoi Island is located 65 km (40 mi) northeast of Amchitka and 200 km (130 mi) west of Adak in the remote western Aleutian Islands. The last eruption of Semisopochnoi occurred in 1987.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymeuller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-06-04 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140604/0154Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: RED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A8
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO is reducing the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH for Pavlof Volcano. Although the eruption of Pavlof continues, seismic tremor has deceased over the past 12 hours and has remained relatively steady throughout the day at a much lower level than that of yesterday. Recent satellite data and web camera views of the eruption plume indicate that there are now two distinct parts of the plume. The part of the plume that reaches high above the volcano appears to be mainly steam and gas with minor ash present, extending south of the volcano. Additionally, pyroclastic flow activity on the north flank is producing diffuse ash emissions that result in areas of hazy air, with variable concentrations of ash below 10,000 ft. Low-level winds are likely to disperse this ash to the west-southwest with no more than trace amounts accumulating. There are no reports of ash falling in nearby communities.

Hazardous conditions exist on the north flank and north side drainages heading on the volcano due to continued pyroclastic and lahar activity. Ash in the vicinity of the volcano remains a hazard to local air traffic. AVO will continue to closely monitor the activity at Pavlof. With the eruption ongoing, conditions can change rapidly, and the possibility remains for large, more ash-rish plumes to develop with little or no warning.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymeuller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-06-03 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: RED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140603/0130Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: RED
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A7
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: RESENDING: The low-level eruption of Pavlof has escalated. Seismic tremor increased starting about 2300 UTC today and pilots have recently reported ash clouds to 22,000 ft. ASL. Recent satellite images show a plume extending over 80 km east of the volcano.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymeuller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-06-03 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140603/0121Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A6
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The low-level eruption of Pavlof has escalated. Seismic tremor increased starting about 2300 UTC today and pilots have recently reported ash clouds to 22,000 ft. ASL. Recent satellite images show a plume extending over 80 km east of the volcano.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymeuller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-05-31 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140531/1936Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A5
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Elevated surface temperatures were detected at the summit of Pavlof volcano in satellite imagery this morning suggesting that the volcano is experiencing a low-level eruption with lava at the surface. A low level steam plume is visible in satellite imagery and in the FAA web camera located in Cold Bay. A pilot reported a gas and ash plume drifting north at 7,000 to 8,000 feet above sea level. Based on these observations AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and the Volcano Alert Level to WATCH for Pavlof volcano.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymeuller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-05-29 - Ahyi Seamount, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140529/2114Z)
(3) Volcano: Ahyi (VNUM #284141)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2014/N2
(8) Volcano Location: N 20 deg 25 min E 145 deg 1 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: -449 ft (-137 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic activity indicative of submarine eruptions near Ahyi seamount has ended. The last signal from the Ahyi area received on distant seismometers was recorded on May 17. NOAA scientists working in the vicinity of Ahyi on the research vessel Hi'ialakai in mid-May reported no significant signs of ongoing submarine venting.

Based on the apparent cessation of activity, we are returning Ahyi seamount to UNASSIGNED.

The exact location of the April-May 2014 activity in the northern Mariana Islands remains uncertain. Additional investigations will be required to further constrain the source vent and details of the type of submarine volcanic activity. Submarine vents from active Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) Island 18 km (11 mi) northwest of Ahyi seamount is one potential candidate.

At no time during the period of unrest was anything observed in satellite imagery that suggested activity had reached the surface. A single shipboard sighting of possible floating debris near the southern shoreline of Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) Island in mid-May may have been related to the unrest, but this remains uncertain.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No cloud produced.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Nil.
(14) Remarks: Ahyi seamount is a large conical submarine volcano that rises to within 137 m (450 ft) of the sea surface about 18 km (11 mi) southeast of Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) Island in the northern Marianas, about 600 km (370 mi) north of the island of Saipan. In the past, discolored water has been observed over the submarine volcano. In 1979, the crew of a fishing boat felt shocks over the summit area and then observed upwelling of sulfur-bearing water. On April 24-25, 2001 an explosive submarine eruption was detected seismically from a seismic station on Rangiroa Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago. The event was well constrained (+/- 15 km or 9 miles) at a location near the southern base of Ahyi.

(15) Contacts: USGS Northern Marianas Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php


CNMI Emergency Management Office (670) 322-9274
http://www.cnmiemo.gov.mp/
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified.
2014-04-26 - Ahyi Seamount, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140426/0141Z)
(3) Volcano: Ahyi (VNUM #284141)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2014/N1
(8) Volcano Location: N 20 deg 25 min E 145 deg 1 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: -449 ft (-137 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Starting at 06:35 24 April ChST (20:35 23 April UTC), seismic stations on Pagan, Sarigan, Anatahan and Saipan began recording signals believed to be from an undersea volcanic source. Hydroacoustic sensors on Wake Island suggest that the source of this seismic activity is at or near Ahyi seamount. We cannot locate precisely the source of the activity and it is possible that the vent is one of the other volcanic seamounts in the area.

Seismic activity is ongoing at this time. Satellite images show nothing out of the ordinary and we have received no reports of activity at the ocean's surface.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Ahyi seamount is a large conical submarine volcano that rises to within 137 m of the sea surface about 18 km SE of the island of Farallon de Pajaros (Uracas) in the northern Marianas. Water discoloration has been observed over the submarine volcano, and in 1979 the crew of a fishing boat felt shocks over the summit area followed by upwelling of sulfur-bearing water. On April 24-25, 2001 an explosive submarine eruption was detected seismically from a seismic station on Rangiroa Atoll, Tuamotu Archipelago. The event was well constrained (+/- 15 km) at a location near the southern base of Ahyi; the summit of the seamount lies within the location uncertainty.
(15) Contacts:
(16) Next Notice:
2014-03-28 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140328/2219Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A4
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The Alaska Volcano Observatory is raising the Aviation Color Code to ORANGE and Alert Level to WATCH at Shishaldin Volcano. Elevated surface temperatures were detected in satellite data beginning on March 18 and have persisted to the present time. Analysis of this data shows that temperatures are consistent with the eruption of lava within the summit crater. The current activity appears to be confined to the deep summit crater and there have been no observations of lava on the flanks of the volcano or surrounding the summit crater. Web camera images, satellite data and pilot observations over the past week show only minor steam emissions from the mountain's summit crater. There has been no evidence of ash emission.

Sound waves coupling into the ground (ground-coupled air waves) indicative of small explosions in the crater began to be seen in seismic data on March 18 and continue to be detected intermittently.


(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 10 miles (16 km). A small summit crater typically emits a noticeable steam plume with occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, with at least 54 episodes of unrest including at least 24 confirmed eruptions since 1775. Most of Shishaldin's eruptions have consisted of small ash and steam plumes, although a recent eruption in April-May 1999 produced an ash column that reached a height of 45,000 ft above sea level.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymeuller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-01-30 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140130/2039Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A3
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The Alaska Volcano Observatory is raising the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Alert Level to ADVISORY at Shishaldin Volcano based on satellite observations over the past day of increased surface temperatures in the summit crater, as well as increased emissions of steam observed yesterday in satellite and web camera images. These observations represent a departure from normal background activity at Shishaldin, but do not necessarily indicate that an eruption will occur. Similar levels of unrest were last noted during 2009, and did not result in an eruption.

Shishaldin is monitored by a local seismic network, satellite data, web camera, telemetered geodetic network, and distant infrasound networks. Seismic monitoring of Shishaldin is significantly impaired due to equipment failures of seismic stations close to the volcano. We hope to be able to detect significant explosive activity (should it occur) using remaining functioning seismic stations in the region, satellite, and distant infrasound networks.

AVO will continue to watch Shishaldin carefully for additional signs of increased unrest.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None observed.
(14) Remarks: Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 10 miles (16 km). A small summit crater typically emits a noticeable steam plume with occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, erupting atleast 28 times since 1775. Most of Shishaldin's eruptions have consisted of small ash and steam plumes, although the most recent eruption in April-May 1999 produced an ash column that reached a height of 45,000 ft above sea level.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-01-10 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140110/2231Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A2
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No activity has been observed at Cleveland since the three brief explosions on December 28 and 30 and January 2. Satellite views since January 2 suggest that no new lava has effused at the summit crater. Thus we are lowering the Level of Concern Color Code to YELLOW and the Alert Level to ADVISORY.

It remains possible for brief, sudden explosions of blocks and ash from the summit vent to occur with little to no warning. These explosions may produce drifting ash clouds and local fallout of ash over the surrounding ocean, on the flanks of Cleveland Volcano, and on parts of Chuginadak Island. It is possible that more energetic explosions will occur that may produce more significant ash clouds.

If a large ash-producing event occurs, nearby seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should alert AVO staff quickly. However, for some events, a delay of several hours or more is possible. Cleveland volcano does not have a local seismic network and is monitored using only distant seismic and infrasound instruments and satellite data.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2014-01-02 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20140102/2019Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2014/A1
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Cleveland Volcano appears to have entered a renewed phase of elevated unrest and AVO is moving the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level from Yellow/Advisory to ORANGE/WATCH. Three brief explosions were detected over the past six days on Saturday Dec. 28, Monday, Dec. 30, and at 04:00 UTC, Jan. 2, 2014 (1900 AKST Jan. 1). Minor ash plumes were observed in satellite data following the events on Dec. 30 and Jan. 2. The plumes were only visible in single satellite images where they appeared as distinct ash plumes, detached from the summit, extending 45 to 60 miles (75 to 100 km) north of the volcano.

The height of the ash plumes generated on Dec. 30 and Jan. 2 is not known. Analysis of satellite, wind, and ash dispersion data indicates that these particular plumes probably did not reach more than 15,000 feet above sea level. Past explosive activity at Cleveland Volcano has produced ash clouds that have risen above 20,000 feet and if explosive activity continues, it remains possible for ash clouds to reach this height or higher.

It is possible for brief, sudden explosions of blocks and ash from the summit vent of Cleveland Volcano to occur with little to no warning. These explosions may produce drifting ash clouds and local fallout of ash over the surrounding ocean, on the flanks of Cleveland Volcano, and on parts of Chuginadak Island. It is possible that more energetic explosions will occur that may produce more significant ash clouds.

If a large ash-producing event occurs, nearby seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should alert AVO staff quickly. However, for some events, a delay of several hours or more is possible. Cleveland volcano does not have a local seismic network and is monitored using only distant seismic and infrasound instruments and satellite data.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The last minor ash emission following an explosion was on May 5, 2013.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-12-31 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20131231/0722Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A21
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Brief explosion from Cleveland Volcano detected at 4:06 UTC Dec. 31 (19:06 AKST, Dec. 30). No satellite images available after the time of the explosion, so uncertain if minor ash cloud generated, but unlikely. This explosion was similar to the explosion detected at 21:29 UTC December 28 (12:29 AKST).

Similar such explosions may continue without warning, and may produce minor ash clouds that are not expected to extend much beyond the volcano, but could produce local fallout on the flanks of the volcano. AVO has received no reports of activity from local observers.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 474-5269
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-10-17 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20131017/2318Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A20
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The eruption of Mount Veniaminof has paused. Seismic activity has decreased over the past week and satellite observations during periods of clear weather show no evidence of eruptive activity. AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory.

It is possible that this is only a temporary pause of activity in the eruption that began in June 2013, and that more vigorous activity could resume. Pauses in eruptive activity such as this are not uncommon at this volcano. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None
(14) Remarks: Mount Veniaminof volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano with an ice-filled 10-km diameter summit caldera located on the Alaska Peninsula, 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 35 km (22 mi) north of Perryville. Veniaminof is one of the largest (~ 300 km3) and most active volcanic centers in the Aleutian Arc and has erupted at least 13 times in the past 200 years. Recent significant eruptions of the volcano occurred in 1993-95 and 2005. Both were moderate Strombolian eruptions producing intermittent low-level jets of incandescent lava fragments, and low-level emissions of steam and ash from the main intracaldera cone. During the 1993-95 activity, a small lava flow was extruded into the summit caldera ice field producing an ice pit. Minor ash-producing explosions occurred in 2002, 2004, early 2005, November 2006, and February 2008. Previous historical eruptions have produced ash plumes that reached 6,000 m (20,000 ft) above sea level and ash fallout that blanketed areas within about 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist, ADGGS
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 451-5005
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-10-06 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20131006/1841Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A19
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The eruption of Veniaminof resumed this morning. The Aviation Color Code has been increased to Orange and the Volcano Alert Level to Watch. Seismic tremor increased oner the past several hours, and highly elevated surface temperature were observed in satellite images this morning. Lava effusion has likely resumed, but no ash emissions have been observed in satellite images. Web camera images are obscured by clouds. This is a similar level of eruptive activity that first began in June 2013.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: No ash emissions observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
Mount Veniaminof volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano with an ice-filled 10-km diameter summit caldera located on the Alaska Peninsula, 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 35 km (22 mi) north of Perryville. Veniaminof is one of the largest (~ 300 km3) and most active volcanic centers in the Aleutian Arc and has erupted at least 13 times in the past 200 years. Recent significant eruptions of the volcano occurred in 1993-95 and 2005. Both were moderate Strombolian eruptions producing intermittent low-level jets of incandescent lava fragments, and low-level emissions of steam and ash from the main intracaldera cone. During the 1993-95 activity, a small lava flow was extruded into the summit caldera ice field producing an ice pit. Minor ash-producing explosions occurred in 2002, 2004, early 2005, November 2006, and February 2008. Previous historical eruptions have produced ash plumes that reached 6,000 m (20,000 ft) above sea level and ash fallout that blanketed areas within about 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-09-20 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130920/2013Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A18
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Based on a decline in seismic activity and the lack of evidence of eruptive activity observed in satellite and web camera imagery over the past week, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory.

It is possible that this is only a temporary waning of activity in the eruption that began in June 2013, and that more vigorous activity could resume. Pauses in eruptive activity such as this are not uncommon at this volcano. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano closely.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Mount Veniaminof volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano with an ice-filled 10-km diameter summit caldera located on the Alaska Peninsula, 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 35 km (22 mi) north of Perryville. Veniaminof is one of the largest (~ 300 km3) and most active volcanic centers in the Aleutian Arc and has erupted at least 13 times in the past 200 years. Recent significant eruptions of the volcano occurred in 1993-95 and 2005. Both were moderate Strombolian eruptions producing intermittent low-level jets of incandescent lava fragments, and low-level emissions of steam and ash from the main intracaldera cone. During the 1993-95 activity, a small lava flow was extruded into the summit caldera ice field producing an ice pit. Minor ash-producing explosions occurred in 2002, 2004, early 2005, November 2006, and February 2008. Previous historical eruptions have produced ash plumes that reached 6,000 m (20,000 ft) above sea level and ash fallout that blanketed areas within about 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-08-30 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130830/1759Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A17
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Intense seismicity, lava fountaining, and ash emissions to 15,000 to 20,000 feet above sea level have been occurring at Veniaminof Volcano over the past several hours. The ongoing episode of activity is some of the strongest unrest detected so far during the eruption at the intracaldera cone of the volcano that began in early June. Although the activity at present is primarily lava fountaining and moderate ash emission, it is possible that conditions may continue to escalate, and higher rising, more ash rich plumes may be generated.

The ash plume associated with the current level of unrest is moving in a generally southerly direction and may result in trace amounts of ash fall on areas downwind of the volcano including Perryville and possibly the Chignik area. Ash fall amounts are not expected to be significant and likely will be less than 1/16 inch, although areas within 1-2 miles of the eruption site could receive thicker amounts of ash fall. More information about volcanic ash and the effects of ash fall can be found on the AVO web page (www.avo.alaska.edu), or by calling AVO at 907-786-7497.

AVO is monitoring the volcano closely and may issue additional information about the status of activity as needed throughout the day.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-08-08 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130808/2044Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A16
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Since June 26 2013, no lava or ash emissions have occurred at Pavlof Volcano and the volcano has exhibited gradually declining levels of unrest. Seismicity is now at background levels, and satellite images and web camera views of the volcano show no evidence of continuing lava or ash emission. Consequently, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL.

Rockfalls and small avalanches of debris may occur intermittently on the north-northwest flank of the volcano. Drainages leading away from the north flank of Pavlof are susceptible to small lahars and minor floods as long as hot material remains high on the slopes of the volcano where it could mix with ice and snow.

Pavlof has, in past eruptions, resumed activity after pauses as long as 55 days, and AVO continues to monitor the volcano closely for signs of renewed activity. We expect hours to days of increased seismicity prior to a resumption of eruptive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Pavlof volcano is located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula. Pavlof is a stratovolcano which rises to an elevation of 8262 feet. With almost 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanos in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic strombolian fountaining continuing for a several-month period. The community of Cold Bay is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts:
Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556

(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-07-03 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130703/0011Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A15
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Over the past two days, the eruptive activity at Pavlof has greatly declined. Seismic tremor and small discrete explosions are no longer detected in seismic and pressure sensor data. Satellite observations show no evidence of elevated surface temperatures, volcanic gas, or ash emissions. There have been no visual observations from pilots or from webcam images of any eruptive activity since June 26. Consequently, the Aviation Color Code is being reduced to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory.

During earlier periods of the current eruption and past eruptions of Pavlof, the style of eruptive activity has fluctuated from higher to lower levels. Such a fluctuation occurred during the current eruption on May 28, when eruptive activity paused until resuming on June 4. Therefore, the current pause in eruptive activity does not necessarily indicate that the eruption has ended. Renewed activity is possible, and may not be preceded by significant seismic activity. AVO will continue to monitor Pavlof closely.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Pavlof volcano is located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula. Pavlof is a stratovolcano which rises to an elevation of 8262 feet. With almost 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanos in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic strombolian fountaining continuing for a several-month period. The community of Cold Bay is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Janet Schaefer, Acting Coordinating Scientist,
Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys
janet.schaefer@alaska.gov (907) 451-5005
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-06-13 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130613/1749Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A14
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Elevated surface temperatures observed in satellite images of Veniaminof Volcano this morning at 13:25 UTC (05:25 AKDT) indicate an eruption at the intracaldera cone is likely underway. AVO is thus raising the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level to ORANGE/WATCH. Seismic tremor continues and is indicative of low-level effusive activity and small explosions. No ash plumes have been observed this morning although clouds have obscured web camera views of the summit.

AVO has been monitoring Veniaminof closely since elevated levels of seismicity became persistent on June 8. Steam plumes issuing from the intracaldera cone have been observed in web camera views since then, but so far no ash emissions have been confirmed.

Recent eruptions of Veniaminof Volcano have all occurred from vents located on the intracaldera cone and were characterized by brief bursts of ash emission and small explosions. Ash plumes associated with this type of activity are typically diffuse and generally do not reach more than 20,000 feet above sea level. Ash fallout is typically limited to the flanks of the volcano. Minor emissions of steam and ash may persist for for weeks to months. The last episode of more energetic activity occurred in 1993-94 when an ash plume rose to about 18,000 feet above sea level and small lava flows poured onto glacier ice around the intracaldera cone. An eruption in 1983-84 produced an ash plume that reached about 25,000 feet above sea level.





(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jflarsen@alaska.edu (907) 474-7992
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-06-08 - Veniaminof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130608/1812Z)
(3) Volcano: Veniaminof (VNUM #312070)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A13
(8) Volcano Location: N 56 deg 11 min W 159 deg 23 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8225 ft (2507 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Over the past two days, AVO has detected gradually increasing seismic tremor beneath Veniaminof. We are therefore increasing the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory.

Clear web-camera and satellite views currently show nothing unusual at the volcano. Similar seismic activity has been associated with ash emissions at Veniaminof in the past, most recently in 2005.



(12) Volcanic cloud height: nil
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: nil
(14) Remarks: Mount Veniaminof volcano is an andesitic stratovolcano with an ice-filled 10-km diameter summit caldera located on the Alaska Peninsula, 775 km (480 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 35 km (22 mi) north of Perryville. Veniaminof is one of the largest (~ 300 km3) and most active volcanic centers in the Aleutian Arc and has erupted at least 13 times in the past 200 years. Recent significant eruptions of the volcano occurred in 1993-95 and 2005. Both were moderate Strombolian eruptions producing intermittent low-level jets of incandescent lava fragments, and low-level emissions of steam and ash from the main intracaldera cone. During the 1993-95 activity, a small lava flow was extruded into the summit caldera ice field producing an ice pit. Minor ash-producing explosions occurred in 2002, 2004, early 2005, and early November 2006. Previous historical eruptions have produced ash plumes that reached 6,000 m (20,000 ft) above sea level and ash fallout that blanketed areas within about 40 km (25 mi) of the volcano.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-06-04 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130604/2311Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A12
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: There have been no explosions detected from Cleveland volcano since May 6, and there is no evidence for lava effusion since May 13. Weakly elevated surface temperatures detected in clear-weather satellite views are consistent with cooling of a newly emplaced lava flow. We are therefore lowering the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory.

Sudden explosions of blocks and ash are still possible with little or no warning. Ash clouds, if produced, could exceed 20,000 feet above sea level. If a large ash-producing event occurs, nearby seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should alert AVO staff quickly. However, for some events, a delay of several hours is possible. Cleveland volcano does not have a local seismic network and is monitored using only distant seismic and infrasound instruments and satellite data.





(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 474-5269
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-06-04 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130604/2015Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A11
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Ash emissions have resumed at Pavlof starting at approximately 11:00 AKDT (19:00 UTC) this morning as seen in satellite data and observed by pilots. Weak seismicity beginning at 10:57 AKDT accompanied the emissions and is ongoing.

Satellite images show ash moving southeast, and pilot reports estimate cloud height at 19,000 ft asl.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 19,000 ft
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: moving southeast
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 474-5269
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-05-28 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130528/2050Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A10
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Over the past three days, the eruptive activity at Pavlof have greatly declined. Seismic tremor and small discrete explosions are no longer detected in seismic and pressure sensor data. Satellite observations show no evidence of elevated surface temperatures, volcanic gas or ash emissions. There have been no visual observations from pilots or web cameras of any eruptive activity. Consequently, the Aviation Color Code is being reduced to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory.

During past eruptions of Pavlof, the style of eruptive activity fluctuated from higher to lower levels. Therefore, this pause in eruptive activity does not necessarily indicate that the eruption has ended. Renewed activity is possible, and may not be preceded by significant seismic activity. AVO will continue to monitor Pavlof closely.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Christopher Waythmas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Pavel Izbekov, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
pavel@gi.alaska.edu (907) 474-5269
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-05-13 - Pavlof, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130513/1938Z)
(3) Volcano: Pavlof (VNUM #312030)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A9
(8) Volcano Location: N 55 deg 25 min W 161 deg 53 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 8261 ft (2518 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic activity at Pavlof Volcano increased this morning commensurate with the presence of an intense thermal anomaly at the summit observed in latest satellite imagery. Similar patterns of seismicity and elevated surface temperatures have previously signaled the onset of eruptive activity at Pavlof. Although not yet visually confirmed, a low-level eruption of lava has likely begun from a summit vent. No ash clouds have been detected.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Pavlof volcano is located on the southwestern end of the Alaska Peninsula. Pavlof is a stratovolcano which rises to an elevation of 8262 feet. With almost 40 historic eruptions, it is one of the most consistently active volcanos in the Aleutian arc. Eruptive activity is generally characterized by sporadic strombolian fountaining continuing for a several-month period. The community of Cold Bay is located 60 km (37 miles) to the southwest of Pavlof. The last eruption occurred in August 2007.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-05-09 - Pagan, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130509/2116Z)
(3) Volcano: Pagan (VNUM #284170)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2013/N1
(8) Volcano Location: N 18 deg 7 min E 145 deg 48 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 1870 ft (570 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A gas and water vapor plume from Pagan was visible in satellite images over the past week. This is typical of recent months of observation of Pagan.

Because of this ongoing emission of volcanic gas from Pagan, it remains possible that residents of the CNMI may notice sulfurous odors under certain wind conditions. Additional information about volcanic gas and vog can be found online at this address: http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/hazards/FAQ_SO2-Vog-Ash/main.html

Pagan Volcano is not monitored with ground-based geophysical instrumentation and the only sources of information are satellite observations and occasional reports from observers who pass by or visit the island. We will continue to evaluate satellite imagery, on-island, and mariner reports when they become available, but because the volcano is not monitored with ground-based instruments, we cannot provide advanced warning of activity.

Access to the island may be restricted by the CNMI government. Contact the EMO for the latest information.

No eruptive activity or significant unrest was detected at other volcanoes in Northern Mariana Islands this week.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:

(15) Contacts:
(16) Next Notice:
2013-05-04 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130504/1413Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A8
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO infrasound detected a possible explosion at Cleveland Volcano this morning at 5:00AM AKDT )13:00 UTC). The infrasound signals suggest that this was a relatively short duration, low-level explosion. No eruption cloud has been detected in available satellite views. AVO received no other reports of activity.


(12) Volcanic cloud height: low altitude
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in November 2012.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-03-29 - Little Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130329/2015Z)
(3) Volcano: Little Sitkin (VNUM #311050)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A7
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 57 min E 178 deg 32 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 3898 ft (1188 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO can no longer seismically monitor the following volcanoes because of seismic station outages. As a result, AVO is unable to (1) assess whether these volcanoes may be building towards an eruption and (2) quickly confirm or dismiss reports of activity at these volcanoes.

Ugashik-Peulik
Ukinrek Maars
Little Sitkin

Because these volcanoes are no longer seismically monitored, they will move from volcano alert level Normal and aviation color code Green to "unassigned." As at other volcanoes without real-time seismic networks, AVO will continue to use satellite data, infrasound, and reports from pilots and ground observers to detect signs of eruptive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts:
John Power Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-03-29 - Ukinrek Maars, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130329/2013Z)
(3) Volcano: Ukinrek Maars (VNUM #312131)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A6
(8) Volcano Location: N 57 deg 50 min W 156 deg 30 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 299 ft (91 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO can no longer seismically monitor the following volcanoes because of seismic station outages. As a result, AVO is unable to (1) assess whether these volcanoes may be building towards an eruption and (2) quickly confirm or dismiss reports of activity at these volcanoes.

Ugashik-Peulik
Ukinrek Maars
Little Sitkin

Because these volcanoes are no longer seismically monitored, they will move from volcano alert level Normal and aviation color code Green to "unassigned." As at other volcanoes without real-time seismic networks, AVO will continue to use satellite data, infrasound, and reports from pilots and ground observers to detect signs of eruptive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts:
John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-03-29 - Ugashik-Peulik, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130329/2007Z)
(3) Volcano: Ugashik-Peulik (VNUM #312130)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A5
(8) Volcano Location: N 57 deg 45 min W 156 deg 22 min
(9) Area: Alaska Peninsula
(10) Summit Elevation: 4836 ft (1474 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO can no longer seismically monitor the following volcanoes because of seismic station outages. As a result, AVO is unable to (1) assess whether these volcanoes may be building towards an eruption and (2) quickly confirm or dismiss reports of activity at these volcanoes.

Ugashik-Peulik
Ukinrek Maars
Little Sitkin

Because these volcanoes are no longer seismically monitored, they will move from volcano alert level Normal and aviation color code Green to "unassigned." As at other volcanoes without real-time seismic networks, AVO will continue to use satellite data, infrasound, and reports from pilots and ground observers to detect signs of eruptive activity.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts:
John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-03-08 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130308/1940Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A4
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The summit lava dome extruded in late January 2013 has remained unchanged since the last color code change on February 6, 2013. Anomalous surface temperatures prevalent in late January through mid-February declined and the last thermal anomaly observed in satellite imagery was reported on February 26. Although satellite viewing conditions at Cleveland are typically cloudy, clear views between March 1 and 5 indicate no change has occurred in the summit dome and thermal anomalies no longer are present. Therefore, the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level for Cleveland is lowered to YELLOW/ADVISORY.


The last confirmed explosion at Cleveland occurred in November, 2012. The presence of a lava dome in the summit crater means that explosions of blocks and ash could occur with little or no warning. Ash clouds, if produced, could exceed 20,000 feet above sea level. If a large ash-producing event occurs, nearby seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should alert AVO staff. However, for some events, a delay of several hours is possible. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mount Cleveland and AVO is unable to track activity in real time.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-02-06 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130206/2118Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A3
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Satellite data obtained on January 30 indicate that a lava dome has grown in the summit crater of Cleveland Volcano warranting a change in aviation color code and volcano alert level to ORANGE/WATCH. As of January 30 the dome was about 100 m in diameter and may have begun forming as early as January 24 when elevated surface temperatures were observed in satellite images. The size and shape of the dome appears to be unchanged through February 2 according to the most recently available satellite data. AVO has received no reports of activity or ash emissions since elevated surface temperatures were first observed around the 24th of January.

The development of a lava dome in the summit crater indicates that sudden explosions of blocks and ash are possible with little or no warning. Ash clouds, if produced, could exceed 20,000 feet above sea level. If a large ash-producing event occurs, nearby seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should alert AVO staff quickly. However, for some events, a delay of several hours is possible. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mount Cleveland and AVO is unable to track activity in real time.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in November 2012.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556



(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-01-09 - Little Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130109/2310Z)
(3) Volcano: Little Sitkin (VNUM #311050)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A2
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 57 min E 178 deg 32 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 3898 ft (1188 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Volcanic unrest at Little Sitkin Volcano has decreased over the past several months, and the Alaska Volcano Observatory now considers it to have reached typical background levels. Thus, the Aviation Color Code has been reduced to Green and the Volcano Alert Level had been reduced to Normal.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2013-01-09 - Iliamna, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20130109/2308Z)
(3) Volcano: Iliamna (VNUM #313020)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2013/A1
(8) Volcano Location: N 60 deg 1 min W 153 deg 5 min
(9) Area: Cook Inlet-South Central
(10) Summit Elevation: 10016 ft (3053 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Volcanic unrest at Iliamna volcano has decreased over the past several months, and the Alaska Volcano Observatory now considers it to have reached typical background levels. Thus, the Aviation Color Code has been reduced to Green and the Volcano Alert Level had been reduced to Normal.

Occasional small earthquakes continue, but at a greatly reduced rate and magnitude relative to the peak of unrest in March 2012. Steam and sulfur gas emissions continue to be observed from sites near the summit during periods of favorable meteorological conditions, but are not unusual at Iliamna.

(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-11-21 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20121121/1650Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A13
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further explosions have been detected at Cleveland since November 10, 2012. There is no evidence of renewed lava-dome growth since that time. Therefore, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Further sudden explosions of blocks and ash remain possible with little or no warning. Ash clouds, if produced, could exceed 20,000 feet above sea level. If a large ash-producing event occurs, nearby seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should alert AVO staff quickly. However, for some events, a delay of several hours is possible. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mount Cleveland and AVO is unable to track activity in real time.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in December 2011.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-11-11 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20121111/0440Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A12
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A small ash cloud from Cleveland Volcano was detected in satellite views beginning today, Nov. 10, at 11:47AM AST (20:47 UTC) drifting slowly toward the ENE from the summit. The ash cloud was last observed about 60 miles south of Dutch Harbor at 18:43 AST, Nov. 10 (03:43 UTC Nov 11). AVO has received no other reports of activity at the volcano.

Sudden explosions of blocks and ash remain possible with little or no warning. The previous confirmed explosion occurred on August 20. Ash clouds, if produced, could exceed 20,000 feet above sea level. If a large ash-producing event occurs, nearby seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should alert AVO staff quickly. However, for some events, a delay of several hours is possible. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mount Cleveland and AVO is unable to track activity in real time.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: 18,000 to 22,000ft based on Puff.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. Before this event, the most recent minor ash emissions were observed in August 2012.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 378-7556
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-09-05 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120905/2014Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A11
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Satellite views of Cleveland since the last explosion on 20 August show no evidence of further eruptive activity. The last confident satellite detection of fresh lava within the summit crater was in early May.

Based on the apparent hiatus in lava effusion and explosions, it is possible that the current episode of eruptive activity has paused. Therefore, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code and Alert Level to Yellow/Advisory.

Despite this downgrade, sudden explosions of blocks and ash remain possible with little or no warning. Associated ash clouds could exceed 20,000 feet above sea level.

If a large ash-producing event occurs, nearby seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should alert AVO staff quickly. However, for some events, a delay of several hours is possible. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mount Cleveland and AVO is unable to track activity in real time.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff.freymueller@gi.alaska.edu (907) 978-5458
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-08-30 - Little Sitkin, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120830/1220Z)
(3) Volcano: Little Sitkin (VNUM #311050)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A10
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 57 min E 178 deg 32 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 3898 ft (1188 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: At approximately 19:15 AKDT (04:15 UTC) last night, a swarm of high-frequency earthquakes began at Little Sitkin Volcano. The continuation of this anomalous seismic activity through the night prompts AVO to raise the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY. No eruptive activity is currently indicated.

AVO is closely monitoring the situation and will issue further updates as conditions changes.

Little Sitkin is monitored by a 4-station seismic network as well as satellite imagery. Little Sitkin Island is located 35 km (21 mi) northwest of Amchitka and 320 km (200 mi) west of Adak in the remote western Aleutian Islands. The last eruption of Little Sitkin is questionable and may have been in the early 1900s.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:






(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jeff Freymueller, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
jeff@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7286
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-06-19 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120619/2306Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A9
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A pilot report, web camera image, and infrasound data indicate an ash producing explosion occurred at Cleveland Volcano today around 22:05 UTC (14:05 AKDT). The pilot report suggests the cloud height is 35,000 feet (10 km) above sea level. Infrasound data indicate the eruption is short in duration.

Additional sudden explosions of blocks and ash are still possible with little warning. It is possible for associated ash clouds to exceed 20,000 feet above sea level. If a large ash-producing event occurs, seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should detect the event and alert AVO staff. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mount Cleveland so AVO is unable to track activity in real time.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Estimated at 35,000 ft
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in December 2011.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-05-30 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120530/1911Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A8
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No explosions or renewed lava-dome growth have been detected at Cleveland since May 9, 2012. There are no indications of heightened activity in any other data streams. Therefore, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Additional sudden explosions of blocks and ash are still possible with little warning. It is possible for associated ash clouds to exceed 20,000 feet above sea level. If a large ash-producing event occurs, seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should detect the event and alert AVO staff. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mount Cleveland so AVO is unable to track activity in real time.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-03-28 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120328/2316Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A7
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Recent satellite views show that a another lava dome has formed in the summit crater over the past week. AVO is raising the volcano color code to ORANGE and volcano alert level to WATCH to reflect this increase in activity. AVO has received no other reports of activity at the volcano.

While the volcano remains active, additional sudden explosions of blocks and ash are likely. It is possible for associated ash clouds to exceed 20,000 feet above sea level. If a larger ash-producing event occurs, seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should detect the event and alert AVO staff. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mount Cleveland so AVO is unable to track activity in real time.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: None observed.
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-03-23 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120323/1800Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A6
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No further explosions have been detected at Cleveland since March 13, and we have no evidence that lava-dome growth has renewed since then. Therefore, we are lowering the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Recent explosions were detected by seismic and infrasound networks, but clouds prevented observation of the resulting plumes in satellite images. Absence of significant deposits on the volcano suggest that the explosions have been relatively ash-poor.

Additional sudden explosions of blocks and ash are still possible with little warning. It is possible for associated ash clouds to exceed 20,000 feet above sea level. If a larger ash-producing event occurs, seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning networks should detect the event and alert AVO staff. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mount Cleveland so AVO is unable to track activity in real time.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-03-09 - Iliamna, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120309/2202Z)
(3) Volcano: Iliamna (VNUM #313020)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A5
(8) Volcano Location: N 60 deg 1 min W 153 deg 5 min
(9) Area: Cook Inlet-South Central
(10) Summit Elevation: 10016 ft (3053 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Over the past three months the earthquake rate at Iliamna Volcano has steadily increased and now exceeds normal background levels. Although it is not certain that this sustained increase in earthquake activity represents the movement of magma at depth, it is a significant change and AVO has increased the Alert Level to Advisory and the Aviation Color Code to Yellow. The current activity does not mean an eruption is imminent or certain. A similarly energetic episode of seismic unrest from September 1996 to February 1997 was likely related to the intrusion of new magma at depth, but an eruption did not occur.

AVO will continue to observe Iliamna closely, will conduct additional investigations and report on them as warranted.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: None
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Iliamna Volcano is located on the western side of lower Cook Inlet in Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. The volcano has a summit altitude of 3053 m (10,016 feet) above sea level and the volcanic edifice supports an extensive cover of snow and glacier ice. An active fumarole field is present on the upper eastern face of the volcano and on calm days, vapor emissions are often visible. There have been no known historical eruptions of Iliamna Volcano, but volcanic deposits preserved on the flanks of the volcano indicate that there have been multiple episodes of explosive eruptive activity in the past 2500 years and the most recent explosive event occurred about 300 years ago. Occasional large ice and rock avalanches, and changes in glacial ice have been observed in the past at Iliamna, but are not directly related to volcanic activity. The volcano is located 210 km (130 miles) southwest of Anchorage and 100 km (60 miles) northwest of Homer.
(15) Contacts:
David Schneider, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
djschneider@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131

(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-03-02 - Kanaga, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120302/2017Z)
(3) Volcano: Kanaga (VNUM #311110)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A4
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min W 177 deg 9 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 4288 ft (1307 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The level of unrest at Kanaga Volcano has declined to background levels and AVO is reducing the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level to Green/Advisory.

A brief period of elevated seismicity and an associated minor ash emission were detected on February 18. A minor increase in seismicity also occurred on February 24, but had no confirmed associated ash emission. Since then the level of unrest has declined to background levels.



(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-02-18 - Kanaga, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120218/2211Z)
(3) Volcano: Kanaga (VNUM #311110)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A3
(8) Volcano Location: N 51 deg 55 min W 177 deg 9 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 4288 ft (1307 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Possible explosive activity and a likely ash cloud indicate new unrest at Kanaga Volcano. AVO is increasing the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

Volcanic tremor was detected from 15:23-15:27 UTC (6:23 AM AKST) followed by numerous small events for about an hour at Kanaga Volcano. A possible weak ash cloud was also detected in AVHRR satellite data from 15:35 UTC about 39 km (24 mi) NE of the volcano.

This new unrest indicates a possibility for sudden explosions of ash to occur at any time, and ash clouds exceeding 20,000 feet above sea level may develop. If a large, explosive, ash-producing event occurs, the local seismic network, satellite ash alarms, infrasound, and volcanic lightning will alert AVO to the new activity.


(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Kanaga Volcano occupies the northern corner of Kanaga Island, one of the most southerly members of the central Aleutian chain. It is a symmetric composite cone 1307 m high and 4.8 km in diameter at sea level, built of interbedded basaltic and andesitic lava flows, scoria layers, and pyroclastic rocks. Kanaga Volcano last erupted 1994-1995 when observed eruptive plumes were relatively dilute, rising to altitudes of less than 3 km (9,840 ft) and dropping ash onto the flanks of the volcano. At least two significant ash plumes were recorded over the course of this eruption: the first, to ~7.5 km (24,600 ft) occurred on February 21, 1995 and the second on August 18,1995, when an eruption cloud reached ~4.5 km (14,760 ft). A light dusting of ash fell on the community of Adak and air traffic was disrupted due to continuing low-level activity and cloudy conditions which prevented visual approaches to the Adak air field.



(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-02-01 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120201/0021Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A2
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Renewed eruptive activity of Cleveland Volcano has been observed in satellite data, and AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to Orange and the Alert Level to Watch. A new lava dome has been observed in the summit crater, and as of 30 January 2012 was approximately 40 meters (130 feet) in diameter. There have been no observations of ash emissions or explosive activity during this current lava eruption.

The lava dome that formed throughout the fall-winter of 2011 was largely removed by the explosive activity on 25 and 29 December, 2011. It remains possible for intermittent, sudden explosions of blocks and ash to occur at any time, and ash clouds exceeding 20,000 feet above sea level may develop. Such explosions and their associated ash clouds may go undetected in satellite imagery for hours. If a large, explosive, ash-producing event occurs, seismic, infrasound, or volcanic lightning may be detected by local and regional monitoring networks. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network on Mount Cleveland.

Additional information on Cleveland Volcano and the current activity may be found at this link:
http://www.avo.alaska.edu/activity/Cleveland.php

Please see http://www.avo.alaska.edu/color_codes.php for complete definitions of Aviation color codes and Volcano alert levels.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: No volcanic cloud observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2012-01-27 - Wrangell, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20120127/2321Z)
(3) Volcano: Wrangell (VNUM #315020)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2012/A1
(8) Volcano Location: N 62 deg W 144 deg 1 min
(9) Area: Wrangell Volcanic Field
(10) Summit Elevation: 14163 ft (4317 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO can no longer seismically monitor Wrangell volcano because of seismic station outages. As a result, AVO is unable to assess seismic activity at this volcano. As at other volcanoes without real-time seismic networks, AVO will continue to use satellite data and reports from pilots and ground observers to detect signs of eruptive activity.

Because Wrangell is no longer seismically monitored, we are changing both the Volcano Alert Level from Normal and Aviation Color Code from Green to "UNASSIGNED". Wrangell will likely remain without real-time seismic monitoring until the summer of 2012, when necessary upgrades to the network will occur.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Mt. Wrangell is a 4317 m (14,163 ft) high, andesitic, shield volcano with an ice-filled summit caldera, located in the Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve. Mt. Wrangell has three small post-caldera craters, named North Crater, East Crater, and Mt. Zanetti. These craters are all geothermally active, and there are frequent historical reports of steam from Mt. Wrangell. There are also several questionable reports of historical eruptive activity. Mt. Wrangell is 330 km (206 mi) northeast of Anchorage.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2011-12-30 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20111230/2257Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2011/A8
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Cleveland Volcano is has been lowered to aviation color code YELLOW and alert level ADVISORY. No new explosive activity has been observed at the volcano since yesterday morning.

A detached drifting ash cloud from the volcano was detected early yesterday morning in satellite imagery. Ground coupled air waves from the explosion were detected at a distant seismic network located on Okmok Volcano that place the time of the explosion from Cleveland at 13:12 UTC, Dec. 29.

Intermittent lava eruption from late July through early October emplaced a dome at the summit. There is a possibility that effusion could resume and send lava over the crater rim and down the steep flanks of the volcano. Such lava flows might collapse and produce avalanches of hot debris that reach the sea and may be accompanied by small ash clouds.

More sudden explosions producing ash or ejecting blocks could also occur with plumes exceeding 20,000 feet above sea level. Such explosions and their associated ash clouds may go undetected in satellite imagery for hours. However, in cooperation with the University of Washington, AVO has implemented a lightning alarm system that may detect significant ash-producing events within minutes of onset. If a large explosive event occurs, seismic signals may be recorded on AVO seismic networks at nearby volcanoes. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network at Cleveland.

Additional information on Cleveland Volcano and the current activity may be found at this link:
http://www.avo.alaska.edu/activity/Cleveland.php

Please see http://www.avo.alaska.edu/color_codes.php for complete definitions of Aviation color codes and Volcano alert levels.

(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Chris Nye, Acting Coordinating Scientist
cnye@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7430
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2011-12-29 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20111229/1655Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2011/A7
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A detached drifting ash cloud to approximately 15,000 ft ASL has been detected at Cleveland Volcano in satellite images from 1402 UTC, Dec 29. As of 1445 UTC the ash cloud was approximately 80 KM/50 miles moving ESE from the volcano.

Based on the presence of an ash cloud, AVO has raised the aviation color code at Cleveland Volcano to ORANGE and alert level WATCH.


Satellite data indicate that this is a single explosion event, however, more sudden explosions producing ash could occur with plumes exceeding 20,000 feet above sea level. Such explosions and their associated ash clouds may go undetected in satellite imagery for hours. However, in cooperation with the University of Washington, AVO has implemented a lightning alarm system that may detect significant ash-producing events within minutes of onset. If a large explosive event occurs, seismic signals may be recorded on AVO seismic networks at nearby volcanoes. There is no real-time seismic monitoring network at Cleveland.

Additional information on Cleveland Volcano and the current activity may be found at this link:
http://www.avo.alaska.edu/activity/Cleveland.php

Please see http://www.avo.alaska.edu/color_codes.php for complete definitions of Aviation color codes and Volcano alert levels.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: 15,000 ft
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: detached plume moving ESE from the volcano
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Chris Nye, Acting Coordinating Scientist
cnye@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7430
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2011-11-03 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20111103/1916Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2011/A6
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Satellite observations of Cleveland Volcano over the past three weeks have consistently indicated that the lava dome in the summit crater has not significantly changed in size indicating that the slow eruption of lava may have paused or stopped. Thermal features also observed in satellite data indicate that the lava dome remains hot. When atmospheric conditions permit, thermal features at the summit will be detected until the lava dome cools. Based on satellite observations indicating no significant change in the size of the lava dome, and no reports of explosive activity or ash emission, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level to YELLOW/ADVISORY.

It is possible for effusion of lava to resume at any time and continued production of lava in the summit crater could result in lava flows that overtop the crater rim and flow down the flanks of the volcano. Such lava flows could collapse and produce avalanches of hot debris that reach the sea and may be accompanied by small ash clouds. A sudden explosion and ash cloud exceeding 20,000 feet above sea level could also occur. Such explosions may go undetected in satellite imagery for hours. However, in cooperation with the University of Washington, AVO has implemented a lightning alarm system that may detect significant ash-producing events within minutes of onset. If a large explosive event occurs, seismic signals may be recorded on AVO seismic networks at nearby volcanoes; however, there is no real-time seismic network on Mt. Cleveland.

Additional information on Cleveland Volcano and the current activity may be found at this link:
http://www.avo.alaska.edu/activity/Cleveland.php

(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2011-10-06 - Pagan, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20111006/2120Z)
(3) Volcano: Pagan (VNUM #284170)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2011/N3
(8) Volcano Location: N 18 deg 7 min E 145 deg 48 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 1870 ft (570 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Clear to partly cloudy satellite images showed a persistent gas and steam plume extending from Pagan Volcano throughout the past week. The plume was similar in character to those observed the previous week. USGS has received no other reports of unrest or activity at the volcano this week.

Pagan Volcano is not monitored with ground-based geophysical instrumentation and the only sources of information are satellite observations and occasional reports from observers who pass by or visit the island. We will continue to evaluate satellite imagery, on-island, and mariner reports when they become available, but because the volcano is not monitored with ground-based instruments, we cannot provide advanced warning of activity.

Access to the island may be restricted by the CNMI government. Contact the EMO for the latest information.

No eruptive activity or significant unrest has been detected at other volcanoes in Northern Mariana Islands this week.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: USGS Northern Marianas Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php

CNMI Emergency Management Office (670) 322-8001
http://www.cnmiemo.gov.mp/

(16) Next Notice:
2011-09-07 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20110907/0008Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2011/A5
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Observations of Cleveland Volcano from Tuesday September 6, 2011 show that the small lava dome in the summit crater has resumed growth and now fills the floor of the crater. In response, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to Orange and the Alert Level to Watch.

A persistent thermal anomaly has been observed since September 3, probably marking the timing of resumed lava dome growth. The size of the dome as of August 30 when it appeared to have stopped growing was approximately 80 meters (262 feet)in diameter. The current dome is approximately 120 meters (394 feet) in diameter. If dome growth continues, lava flows onto the flanks of the volcano may develop but would not be hazardous to aviation. The presence of the lava dome increases the possibility of an explosive eruption, but does not necessarily indicate that one will occur. Short-lived explosions could produce an ash cloud that exceeds 20,000 ft above sea level. These events can occur without warning and may go undetected in satellite imagery for hours.



Without a real-time seismic network on the volcano, AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest, provide forecasts of eruptive activity, or confirmation of explosive, ash-producing events. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano using satellite data as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2011-08-30 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20110830/2102Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2011/A4
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Satellite data obtained over the past two weeks indicates that growth of the lava dome at Cleveland volcano has paused or stopped. The recent period of eruption appears to have been predominantly effusive in character and confined to the summit crater. No significant ash emissions have been detected during the period of dome growth. For these reasons AVO is lowering the aviation color code/alert level from Orange/Watch to Yellow/Advisory. The lava dome could resume growth at any time, and explosive activity and ash emissions remain a possibility.

Without a real-time seismic network on the volcano, AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest, provide forecasts of eruptive activity, or confirmation of explosive, ash-producing events. AVO will continue to monitor the volcano using satellite data as it becomes available.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2011-08-02 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20110802/2343Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2011/A3
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Observations of Cleveland Volcano from Friday July 29, 2011 show a small lava dome about 40 meters (131 feet) in diameter in the summit crater. In response, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to Orange and the Alert Level to Watch.

The lava dome was extruded sometime after July 7 when the last clear view of the summit area was acquired. The formation of a lava dome is consistent with observed thermal anomalies seen since July 19, 2011 suggesting that the dome extruded since that time.

A weak thermal anomaly persists at the summit and may indicate that the lava dome continues to slowly grow or that dome growth has ceased and the dome is slowly cooling. If dome growth continues, lava flows onto the flanks of the volcano may develop but would not be hazardous to aviation. The presence of the lava dome increases the possibility of an explosive eruption, but does not necessarily indicate that one will occur. Short-lived explosions could produce an ash cloud that exceeds 20,000 ft above sea level. These events can occur without warning and may go undetected in satellite imagery for hours.

Without a real-time seismic network at Cleveland, AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest, provide forecasts of potential eruptions, or confirmation of explosive activity. Low-level ash emissions and elevated surface temperatures such as those observed recently do not necessarily mean a larger eruption is imminent. AVO continues to monitor the volcano using satellite imagery.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2011-07-20 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20110720/2248Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2011/A2
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO is raising the volcano alert level/aviation color code at Cleveland Volcano from unassigned to ADVISORY/YELLOW based on the presence of persistent thermal anomalies seen in satellite data yesterday and today.

Without a real-time seismic network at Cleveland, AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest. Short-lived explosions with ash clouds that could exceed 20,000 ft above sea level can occur without warning and may go undetected on satellite imagery for hours. Low-level ash emissions at Cleveland occur frequently and do not necessarily mean a larger eruption is imminent. AVO continues to monitor the volcano using satellite imagery.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No cloud observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Nil
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emission was in September 2010.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2011-04-23 - Pagan, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20110423/0231Z)
(3) Volcano: Pagan (VNUM #284170)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2011/N2
(8) Volcano Location: N 18 deg 7 min E 145 deg 48 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 1870 ft (570 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: A NOAA research vessel in the vicinity of Pagan Volcano has reported night time observations of incandescence at the summit of the volcano. Eruptive activity is considered currently to be at a low level; however with the possibility that the activity may escalate the Aviation Color Code for Pagan has been raised to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY. Recent satellite images have been obscured by clouds.

Pagan is not monitored with ground-based geophysical instrumentation and the only source of information is satellite observation and occasional reports from observers who pass by or visit the island. We will continue to evaluate satellite imagery and on-island reports when they become available, but because the volcano is not monitored with ground-based instruments, we cannot provide advanced warning of activity.

Access to the island may be restricted by the CNMI government. Contact the EMO for the latest information.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: USGS Northern Marianas Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php

CNMI Emergency Management Office (670) 322-8001
http://www.cnmiemo.gov.mp/

(16) Next Notice:
2011-03-31 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20110331/2007Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2011/A1
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Based on a lack of confirmed eruptive activity over the past several months, AVO is downgrading the alert level and aviation color code to UNASSIGNED.

Recent clear satellite views of the Cleveland summit show no significant thermal anomalies or evidence of recent explosive events such as ash deposits on snow. The last ash-producing event at Cleveland was in September 2010, when a small, very short-lived ash plume reached 25,000 feet above sea level. Since then, occasional periods in which thermal anomalies have been observed in satellite imagery suggest that low-level unrest has continued without any eruption of ash. The last weak thermal anomaly at Cleveland was detected early this morning.

Daily reports on the volcano will cease. We wish to emphasize, however, that Cleveland Volcano experiences frequent episodes of low-level unrest; the summit crater at Cleveland often emits visible plumes of water vapor and possibly small quantities of volcanic gas. Heat associated with this process can produce occasional weak thermal anomalies detected by satellite; however, these do not always indicate eruptive activity has occurred or is imminent.

AVO is unable to designate NORMAL/GREEN at Cleveland due to the lack of a seismic network to determine background levels of seismicity. Sudden, short-lived explosive events could occur without warning and send ash above 20,000 ft above sea level. These explosions could go undetected on satellite imagery for hours. AVO relies upon twice-daily satellite analysis of Cleveland, as well as pilot and mariner reports, to look for evidence of increasing activity or ash clouds.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: No cloud observed.
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Nil
(14) Remarks:
Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emission was in September 2010.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2011-02-22 - Pagan, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20110222/2317Z)
(3) Volcano: Pagan (VNUM #284170)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2011/N1
(8) Volcano Location: N 18 deg 7 min E 145 deg 48 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 1870 ft (570 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: With the exception of a faint steam and gas plume observed on 24 January 2011, satellite data have detected no unusual activity at Pagan volcano in the past six weeks. The most recent known ash emission, which rose to 1.5 km above sea level and produced minor local ash fall, occurred on 11 August 2010. Based on these observations, we are lowering the color code at Pagan to unassigned.

Pagan is not monitored with ground-based geophysical instrumentation and the only source of information is satellite observation and occasional reports from observers who visit the island. We will continue to evaluate satellite imagery and on-island reports when they become available, but because the volcano is not monitored with ground-based instruments, we cannot provide advanced warning of activity.

Access to the island may be restricted by the CNMI government. Contact the EMO for the latest information.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Pagan Island consists of two volcanoes: Mount Pagan on the north and South Pagan Volcano on the south. Mount Pagan is a stratovolcano that is growing within a 6-km-diameter caldera formed less than 9,400 years ago. South Pagan volcano is a large young stratovolcano with a summit caldera 2.8 km across. There are no known historical eruptions of South Pagan volcano. Mount Pagan is one of the most historically active volcanoes in the Northern Marianas. Its most recent large (VEI 4) eruption was in 1981. The volcano was intermittently active through 1996, producing mainly light ashfall from a column that would occasionally reach 10,000 feet above sea level. Following the 1981 eruption, destructive rain-triggered (secondary) debris flows buried large tracts of land, including the site of a village that contained a school, dispensary, church, power generating buildings, cisterns and associated infrastructure.

Mount Pagan is possibly the most dangerous volcano in the Northern Marianas. It is frequently active, and a full spectrum of acutely hazardous phenomena such as pyroclastic flows and surges, directed blasts, and secondary lahars (volcanic debris flows) have affected the relatively flat land close to the volcano; areas that are attractive for settlement. All known historical eruptions have originated at the central stratovolcano, but eruptions from flank or satellitic vents are possible. For instance, a large maar, with extensive surge deposits, formed on the west flank of Mount Pagan about 200 years ago.





(15) Contacts: USGS Northern Marianas Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php

CNMI Emergency Management Office (670) 322-8001
http://www.cnmiemo.gov.mp/

(16) Next Notice:
2010-09-12 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100912/1926Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2010/A8
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO is raising the volcano alert level/aviation color code at Cleveland Volcano from unassigned to ADVISORY/YELLOW based on the presence of thermal anomalies in satellite data yesterday and a possible ash plume this morning. Satellite images of Cleveland Volcano this morning have detected a possible ash plume drifting east from the volcano. Estimated plume height is about 25,000 ft above sea level.

Without a real-time seismic network at Cleveland, AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest. Short-lived explosions with ash clouds that could exceed 20,000 ft above sea level can occur without warning and may go undetected on satellite imagery for hours. Low-level ash emissions at Cleveland occur frequently and do not necessarily mean a larger eruption is imminent. AVO continues to monitor the volcano using satellite imagery.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 978-5458
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2010-09-10 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100910/1842Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2010/A7
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Several clear-weather satellite views of Cleveland from September 7 and 8 reveal no thermal anomaly nor recent deposits. The last observed thermal anomaly was on September 1. AVO is therefore moving the volcano alert level/aviation color code from Advisory/Yellow to UNASSIGNED.

Without a real-time seismic network at Cleveland, AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest. Short-lived explosions with ash clouds that could exceed 20,000 ft above sea level can occur without warning and may go undetected on satellite imagery for hours. Low-level ash emissions at Cleveland occur frequently and do not necessarily mean a larger eruption is imminent. AVO continues to monitor the volcano using satellite imagery.

(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 978-5458
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2010-09-10 - Pagan, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100910/0047Z)
(3) Volcano: Pagan (VNUM #284170)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2010/N3
(8) Volcano Location: N 18 deg 7 min E 145 deg 48 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 1870 ft (570 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Volcanic unrest continues at Pagan Volcano. A very weak steam and gas plume was observed during clear periods in satellite imagery this week.

Pagan is not monitored with ground-based geophysical instrumentation and the only source of information is satellite observation and occasional reports from observers who visit the island. We will continue to evaluate satellite imagery and on-island reports when they become available, but because the volcano is not monitored with ground-based instruments, we cannot provide advanced warning of activity.

Access to the island may be restricted by the CNMI government. Contact the EMO for the latest information.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: USGS Northern Marianas Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php

CNMI Emergency Management Office (670) 322-8001
http://www.cnmiemo.gov.mp/

(16) Next Notice:
2010-08-26 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100826/2352Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2010/A6
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Recent clear-weather satellite views of Cleveland volcano detect a persistent thermal anomaly at the summit of Cleveland. The presence such an anomaly increases the probability of an ash emission from Cleveland. AVO is therefore moving the volcano alert level/aviation color code from UNASSIGNED to Advisory/Yellow. AVO continues to monitor the volcano using satellite imagery.

Without a real-time seismic network at Cleveland, AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest. Low-level ash emissions at Cleveland occur frequently and do not necessarily mean a larger eruption is imminent. Short-lived explosions with ash clouds or plumes that could exceed 20,000 ft above sea level can occur without warning and may go undetected on satellite imagery.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2010-06-11 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100611/1928Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2010/A5
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No signs of activity at Cleveland Volcano have been observed since a small low-level ash burst occurred on June 1. Recent clear-weather satellite views of the volcano show no thermal anomaly at the summit nor any evidence for new ash production or debris flows on the upper flanks. Thus we are moving the volcano alert level/aviation color code from Advisory/Yellow to UNASSIGNED.

Without a real-time seismic network at Cleveland, AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest. Low-level ash emissions at Cleveland occur frequently and do not necessarily mean a larger eruption is imminent. Short-lived explosions with ash clouds or plumes that could exceed 20,000 ft above sea level can occur without warning and may go undetected on satellite imagery.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2010-06-09 - Sarigan, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100609/2126Z)
(3) Volcano: Sarigan (VNUM #284192)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2010/N2
(8) Volcano Location: N 16 deg 42 min E 145 deg 46 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 1765 ft (538 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Report prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. All times UTC.

No further volcanic activity has been observed since the explosive eruption from a submarine vent south of Sarigan Island on May 29. Seismicity recorded on the nearest seismometer, located on Sarigan Island, has returned to background levels. Nothing unusual has been observed in satellite data. Therefore we are lowered the aviation color code/volcano alert level from YELLOW/WARNING to Unassigned.

Should submarine volcanic activity in this area resume, it is possible that another eruption will occur and it likely will be similar to the previous event. Given the violent nature of the eruption last week, we would advise mariners to avoid the immediate area around the vent.

The USGS continues to monitor the activity with seismic data from stations located on Sarigan and Anatahan islands, as well as by analysis of satellite images.

Access to the area may be restricted by the CNMI government. Contact the EMO for the latest information regarding access restrictions to Sarigan and Pagan Islands.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: USGS Northern Marianas Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php

CNMI Emergency Management Office (670) 322-8001
http://www.cnmiemo.gov.mp/

(16) Next Notice:
2010-06-01 - Sarigan, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100601/0246Z)
(3) Volcano: Sarigan (VNUM #284192)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2010/N3
(8) Volcano Location: N 16 deg 42 min E 145 deg 46 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 1765 ft (538 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismicity and subaqueous eruptive activity have declined at Sarigan Volcano prompting reduction of the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcanic Activity Level to ADVISORY.

Seismicity at a single nearby station on Sarigan Island declined soon after the eruption of a large steam and ash cloud from a submarine vent 11 km (7 miles) south of Sarigan Volcano early yesterday. Satellite images show no sign of ongoing activity.

An EMO observer aboard an overflight yesterday reported a large area of debris floating in the sea south of the island, and a stationary area of discoloration in the water, presumably above the vent. The crew on Sarigan reported passage of a small wave (less than 0.5 m) following onset of the eruption yesterday.

The USGS continues to monitor the activity with seismic data from stations located on Sarigan and Anatahan, as well as by analysis of satellite images.

Access to the area may be restricted by the CNMI government. Contact the EMO for the latest information, and on status of evacuation of Sarigan and Pagan Islands.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts:
USGS Northern Marianas Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php
CNMI Emergency Management Office (670) 322-8001
http://www.cnmiemo.gov.mp/
(16) Next Notice:
2010-05-30 - Sarigan, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100530/1107Z)
(3) Volcano: Sarigan (VNUM #284192)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code:
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2010/N2
(8) Volcano Location: N 16 deg 42 min E 145 deg 46 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 1765 ft (538 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Washington VAAC reports an eruption cloud to 40,000 feet appeared in satellite images at 1230 UTC. Although the cloud appeared to be over or near Anatahan volcano in the satellite image, current evidence points to the source being an approximately 300-m-deep submarine seamount south of the island of Sarigan. According to the seismic record from an Anatahan station, the event began about 1147 UTC with the strongest phase ending at approximately 1200 UTC . The cloud may contain ash but could be largely water vapor and appears to be shrinking as northerly winds to 25 kts carry it towards CNMI and Guam. No additional volcanic clouds have been detected and it is unknown if submarine activity is continuing. Observers on Sarigan reported hearing a loud explosion from the south, and shortly thereafter receiving ash fall. They also reported the sound of a wave passing by. A SIGMET and Ash Advisory have been issued.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: USGS Northern Marianas Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.phpCNMI Emergency Management Office (670) 322-8001
http://www.cnmiemo.gov.mp/
(16) Next Notice:
2010-05-26 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100526/0117Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2010/A4
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Thermal anomalies observed in satellite data over the past few days suggest that Cleveland Volcano has entered another period of volcanic unrest. In the past, the presence of thermal anomalies at the summit has been followed by moderate ash bursts, sometimes to aircraft flight levels. Therefore, AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY.

The lack of a real-time seismic network at Cleveland means that AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest. Unrest at Cleveland is frequent, and short-lived explosions with ash clouds or plumes that could exceed 20,000 ft above sea level can occur without warning and may go undetected on satellite imagery.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January, June, and October 2009.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
chris@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2010-05-05 - Pagan, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100505/1724Z)
(3) Volcano: Pagan (VNUM #284170)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: U.S. Geological Survey
(7) Notice Number: 2010/N1
(8) Volcano Location: N 18 deg 7 min E 145 deg 48 min
(9) Area: Northern Mariana Islands
(10) Summit Elevation: 1870 ft (570 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Report prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey.

A minor ash emission event was reported from Pagan Volcano at approximately 9 a.m. ChST on the morning of May 3 (May 2, 11 UTC) by a local visitor to the island. Recent observations of steam and gas plumes from Pagan Volcano in MODIS satellite imagery occurred on April 28 (UTC) and in ASTER satellite imagery on May 3. The ASTER image shows no evidence of unusual thermal activity in the summit crater. Based on these reports, we are raising the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Volcano Alert Level to Advisory.

Pagan is not monitored with ground-based geophysical instrumentation and the only source of information is satellite observation and occasional reports from observers who visit the island. We will continue to evaluate satellite imagery and on-island reports when they become available, but because the volcano is not monitored with ground-based instruments, we cannot provide advanced warning of activity.

Access to the island may be restricted by the CNMI government. Contact the Emergency Management Office to get the latest information.
(12) Volcanic cloud height: Unknown
(13) Other volcanic cloud information: Unknown
(14) Remarks: Pagan is the largest of the Northern Islands. Pagan Island consists of two volcanoes: Mount Pagan on the north and South Pagan Volcano on the south. Mount Pagan is a stratovolcano that is growing within a 6-km-diameter caldera formed less than 9,400 years ago. South Pagan volcano is a large young stratovolcano with a summit caldera 2.8 km across. There are no known historical eruptions of South Pagan volcano. Mount Pagan is one of the most historically active volcanoes in the Northern Marianas. Its most recent large (VEI 4) eruption was in 1981. The volcano was intermittently active through 1996, producing mainly light ashfall from a column that would occasionally reach 10,000 feet above sea level. Following the 1981 eruption, destructive rain-triggered (secondary) debris flows buried large tracts of land, including the site of a village that contained a school, dispensary, church, power generating buildings, cisterns and associated infrastructure.

Mount Pagan is possibly the most dangerous volcano in the Northern Marianas. It is frequently active, and a full spectrum of acutely hazardous phenomena such as pyroclastic flows and surges, directed blasts, and secondary lahars (volcanic debris flows) have affected the relatively flat land close to the volcano; areas that are attractive for settlement. All known historical eruptions have originated at the central stratovolcano, but eruptions from flank or satellitic vents are possible. For instance, a large maar, with extensive surge deposits, formed on the west flank of Mount Pagan about 200 years ago.
(15) Contacts: USGS Northern Marianas Duty Scientist (808) 967-8815
http://volcano.wr.usgs.gov/cnmistatus.php

CNMI Emergency Management Office (670) 322-8001
http://www.cnmiemo.gov.mp/

(16) Next Notice:
2010-04-12 - Redoubt, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100412/2110Z)
(3) Volcano: Redoubt (VNUM #313030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2010/A3
(8) Volcano Location: N 60 deg 29 min W 152 deg 44 min
(9) Area: Cook Inlet-South Central
(10) Summit Elevation: 10197 ft (3108 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Seismic activity at Redoubt has diminished significantly from early last week. Based on this decline and the lack of continuing signs of unrest, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level at Redoubt Volcano to GREEN/NORMAL.

The swarm of small, shallow earthquakes that began Monday April 5 has ceased and seismic activity beneath the volcano has returned to background levels. Aerial observations of the new lava dome on April 8 and 9 indicated no significant changes at the surface and no sign of instability. Scattered patches of discolored snow and ice on the south side of the mountain may represent wind-remobilized rockfall debris or ash from the 2009 eruption. Alternatively, periods of more vigorous gas emission may entrain small amounts of tiny dome rock fragments that are carried over the crater rim. Most of the dome surface is snow covered although there are areas of continued high-temperature gas emission. Measured levels of magmatic gas emission on April 8 and 9 are below those measured in December 2009, a trend expected for a slowly cooling and degassing lava dome.

(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: AVO will continue to monitor conditions at Redoubt, but while we have no volcanoes at elevated color codes or alert levels, we will cease our usual daily reporting of activity and instead transmit a weekly summary only.

Heavily ice-mantled Redoubt volcano is located on the western side of Cook Inlet, 170 km (106 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 82 km (51 mi) west of Kenai, within Lake Clark National Park. Redoubt is a stratovolcano which rises to 10,197 feet above sea level. Recent eruptions occurred in 1902, 1966-68, 1989-90, and 2009. The 1989-90 and 2009 eruptions produced mudflows, or lahars, that traveled down the Drift River and partially flooded the Drift River Oil Terminal facility. The ash plumes produced by the 1989-90 and 2009 eruptions significantly disrupted air traffic and resulted in minor or trace amounts of ash in the city of Anchorage and other communities in south-central and interior Alaska.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
cwaythomas@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
faust@gi.alaska.edu (907)322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2010-04-05 - Redoubt, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100405/1959Z)
(3) Volcano: Redoubt (VNUM #313030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2010/A2
(8) Volcano Location: N 60 deg 29 min W 152 deg 44 min
(9) Area: Cook Inlet-South Central
(10) Summit Elevation: 10197 ft (3108 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY at Redoubt volcano. This morning, at roughly 01:44 AKDT (0944 UTC) a series of small repetitive earthquakes began occurring in the vicinity of the volcano's summit. Activity is continuing this morning. See http://www.avo.alaska.edu/webicorders/Redoubt/RSO_EHZ_AV.php

These earthquakes may be precursory to renewed eruptive activity at the volcano and increased instability of the lava dome. Whether this will result in explosive activity or failure of the lava dome is unknown at this time. However, there is a heightened possibility of volcanic activity that would produce a volcanic ash cloud, pyroclastic avalanches, and lahars and flooding down the Drift River.



(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Heavily ice-mantled Redoubt volcano is located on the western side of Cook Inlet, 170 km (106 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 82 km (51 mi) west of Kenai, within Lake Clark National Park. Redoubt is a stratovolcano which rises to 10,197 feet above sea level. Recent eruptions occurred in 1902, 1966-68, 1989-90, and 2009. The 1989-90 and 2009 eruptions produced mudflows, or lahars, that traveled down the Drift River and partially flooded the Drift River Oil Terminal facility. The ash plumes produced by the 1989-90 and 2009 eruptions significantly disrupted air traffic and resulted in minor or trace amounts of ash in the city of Anchorage and other communities in south-central and interior Alaska.
(15) Contacts: Chris Waythomas, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
cwaythomas@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2010-01-06 - Redoubt, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20100106/0032Z)
(3) Volcano: Redoubt (VNUM #313030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2010/A1
(8) Volcano Location: N 60 deg 29 min W 152 deg 44 min
(9) Area: Cook Inlet-South Central
(10) Summit Elevation: 10197 ft (3108 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Based on the low level of seismic activity and lack of any obvious outward signs of progressing unrest, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code and Volcano Alert Level at Redoubt Volcano to GREEN/NORMAL.

The swarm of small, shallow earthquakes that began Sunday, December 27 has ceased and the degree of seismic activity beneath the volcano has returned to background levels. Aerial observations of the new lava dome on December 31 indicated no obvious changes at the surface and no sign of instability. Thermal images also obtained on December 31 indicate that parts of the dome are still hot, although most of the dome surface remains cold and snow covered. Magmatic gas emission from the dome area on December 31 was slightly elevated compared to the last measurement in early November, but not enough to warrant great concern.

It is likely that existing magma within the volcano's shallow plumbing system was temporarily remobilized, causing the increase in seismicity, but this process appears to have ended. It is possible for activity to resume at any time and if it does, we expect to observe a distinct increase in seismicity as well as other outward signs of unrest such as increased melting and steaming in the vicinity of the lava dome or rock fall activity on the slopes of the dome.


(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: AVO will continue to monitor conditions at Redoubt, but while we have no volcanoes at elevated color codes or alert levels, we will cease our usual daily reporting of activity and instead transmit a weekly summary only.

Heavily ice-mantled Redoubt volcano is located on the western side of Cook Inlet, 170 km (106 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 82 km (51 mi) west of Kenai, within Lake Clark National Park. Redoubt is a stratovolcano which rises to 10,197 feet above sea level. Recent eruptions occurred in 1902, 1966-68, 1989-90, and 2009. The 1989-90 and 2009 eruptions produced mudflows, or lahars, that traveled down the Drift River and partially flooded the Drift River Oil Terminal facility. The ash plumes produced by the 1989-90 and 2009 eruptions significantly disrupted air traffic and resulted in minor or trace amounts of ash in the city of Anchorage and other communities in south-central and interior Alaska.
(15) Contacts: Tom Murray, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
tlmurray@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2009-12-28 - Redoubt, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20091228/1853Z)
(3) Volcano: Redoubt (VNUM #313030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2009/A53
(8) Volcano Location: N 60 deg 29 min W 152 deg 44 min
(9) Area: Cook Inlet-South Central
(10) Summit Elevation: 10197 ft (3108 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO is raising the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Volcano Alert Level to ADVISORY at Redoubt volcano. At roughly 16:00 AKDT yesterday Dec. 27 (0100 Dec. 28 UTC) a series of small repetitive earthquakes began occurring in the vicinity of the volcano's summit. Activity is continuing this morning. See http://www.avo.alaska.edu/webicorders/Redoubt/RSO_EHZ_AV.php

These earthquakes may be precursory to renewed eruptive activity at the volcano and increased instability of the lava dome. Whether this will result in explosive activity or failure of the lava dome is unknown at this time. However, there is a heightened possibility of volcanic activity that would produce a volcanic ash cloud, pyroclastic avalanches, and lahars and flooding down the Drift River.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Heavily ice-mantled Redoubt volcano is located on the western side of Cook Inlet, 170 km (106 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 82 km (51 mi) west of Kenai, within Lake Clark National Park. Redoubt is a stratovolcano which rises to 10,197 feet above sea level. Recent eruptions occurred in 1902, 1966-68, 1989-90, and 2009. The 1989-90 and 2009 eruptions produced mudflows, or lahars, that traveled down the Drift River and partially flooded the Drift River Oil Terminal facility. The ash plumes produced by the 1989-90 and 2009 eruptions significantly disrupted air traffic and resulted in minor or trace amounts of ash in the city of Anchorage and other communities in south-central and interior Alaska.
(15) Contacts: Tom Murray, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
tlmurray@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2009-10-19 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20091019/2047Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2009/A48
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No eruptive activity has been observed at Cleveland since the brief eruption at approximately 2330 AKDT October 2 (0730 UTC October 3), and recent clear nighttime satellite views showed no signs of activity. Therefore, AVO is reducing the Aviation Color Code to UNASSIGNED and the Volcano Alert Level to UNASSIGNED.

The lack of a real-time seismic network at Cleveland means that AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest. Unrest at Cleveland is frequent, and short-lived explosions with ash plumes that could exceed 20,000 ft above sea level can occur without warning and may go undetected on satellite imagery.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7403

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2009-10-19 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20091019/2045Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2009/A47
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Recent clear satellite views of Shishaldin show no activity at the volcano, with the last thermal anomaly observed on August 16. While seismicity remains variable, it is still within background levels for this volcano. Shishaldin has had intermittent periods of unrest since January 2009, typically accompanied by thermal anomalies and increased steam emissions. The apparent waning of this activity over the past two months prompts AVO to reduce the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Level to NORMAL.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 10 miles (16 km). A small summit crater typically emits a noticeable steam plume with occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, erupting atleast 28 times since 1775. Most of Shishaldin's eruptions have consisted of small ash and steam plumes, although the most recent eruption in April-May 1999 produced an ash column that reached a height of 45,000 ft above sea level.
(15) Contacts: Michelle Coombs, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
mcoombs@usgs.gov (907) 786-7403

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2009-10-05 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20091005/2320Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2009/A46
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: No additional eruptive activity has been observed at Cleveland since the brief eruption at approximately 2330 AKDT October 2 (0730 UTC October 3). Clear satellite views from this morning show nothing unusual at the volcano. Thus we are lowering the aviation color code and volcano alert level to YELLOW/ADVISORY.

The October 2 eruption produced a small, detached ash cloud at maximum altitudes of 15,000' to 20,000' (4.5 - 6.1 km). Such events are typical of Cleveland activity. While no more events have been detected, further eruptive activity is possible at any time.

The lack of a real-time seismic network at Cleveland means that AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest. Short-lived explosions with ash plumes that could exceed 20,000 ft above sea level can occur without warning and may go undetected on satellite imagery.

Note: In the initial notification of this event and two subsequent status reports, the event's date was incorrectly stated as "0730 UTC (2330 AKDT) 02 October 2009."
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: John Power, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2009-10-03 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: ORANGE (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20091003/1129Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: ORANGE
(5) Previous Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2009/A45
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Satellite data indicate that Cleveland volcano erupted briefly this morning at ~0730 UTC (2330 AKDT) 02 October 2009, producing an ash cloud to maximum altitudes of 15,000' to 20,000' (4.5 - 6.1 km). Thus, the aviation color code is being increased to Orange, and the volcano alert level is being increased to Watch. Further eruptive activity is possible.

The lack of a real-time seismic network at Cleveland means that AVO is unable to track local earthquake activity related to volcanic unrest. Short-lived explosions with ash plumes that could exceed 20,000 ft above sea level can occur without warning and may go undetected on satellite imagery.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Cleveland volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: Stephanie Prejean, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
sprejean@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2009-09-29 - Redoubt, Aviation Color Code: GREEN (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20090929/1944Z)
(3) Volcano: Redoubt (VNUM #313030)
(4) Current Color Code: GREEN
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2009/A44
(8) Volcano Location: N 60 deg 29 min W 152 deg 44 min
(9) Area: Cook Inlet-South Central
(10) Summit Elevation: 10197 ft (3108 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: Over the past several months, seismic activity, volcanic gas output, ground deformation, lava dome temperatures, and outward signs of lava dome instability at Redoubt Volcano have been declining. The volcano appears to have returned to its normal background condition and for now poses no immediate threat of eruptive activity. Accordingly, AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to GREEN and the Volcano Alert Code to NORMAL.

Since it began growing in early April 2009, the lava dome in the summit crater at the top of the Drift glacier canyon has reached a volume of approximately 70 million cubic meters (91 million cubic yards). Lava domes, particularly those built on steep slopes, are typically unstable and subject to sudden collapse. A dome collapse at Redoubt would likely produce ash clouds and falls, hot block-and-ash flows, and downstream flooding and lahars. However, based on the length of time since the cessation of dome growth (more than 60 days), AVO believes the possibility for dome collapse is small and declining toward a background level of danger typical of many active stratovolcanoes with steep unstable rock slopes.

Redoubt's new lava dome remains hot and gas-rich and will continue to pose local hazards for some time. High levels of sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide may occur near the dome, as will rock falls and abundant steaming. Depending on wind and cloud conditions, sulfur smells could reach populated areas and steam plumes will be visible on occasion. Small outbursts of impounded water, not associated with a dome collapse, are possible, but these are unlikely to pose a threat much beyond the upper Drift River. As temperatures in the area begin to decline and winter freeze up occurs, the likelihood of flooding of the valleys of the lower Drift River, Rust Slough, Cannery Creek, and Montana Bill Creek will also decline.

At this time it is not known if the volcano is entering a prolonged period of quiet, as it did after the 1966-68 and 1989-90 eruptions when the volcano exhibited little to no unrest for periods of about 20 years.

A resumption of eruptive activity at Redoubt in the near future is possible, but AVO considers this scenario unlikely. Hours to days of precursory seismicity would likely precede resumed activity, providing AVO ample time to issue prompt forecasts of possible volcanic hazard. AVO continuously monitors Redoubt with an alarm system that alerts on-call staff of potential unrest.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks:
(15) Contacts: John Power, Acting Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
jpower@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Steve McNutt, Coordinating Scientist, UAF
steve@giseis.alaska.edu (907) 474-7131
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2009-07-15 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: UNASSIGNED (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20090715/2311Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: UNASSIGNED
(5) Previous Color Code: YELLOW
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2009/A43
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 5676 ft (1730 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO is lowering the aviation color code and volcano alert level to unassigned at Cleveland Volcano. AVO has observed no further activity at Cleveland since a small eruption occurred on June 25. The volcano has been mostly obscured by clouds since June 28, and there have been no reports of activity from nearby aircraft or boats in the region. It appears that the event on June 25 was brief and and no additional ash emissions have occurred since then.



(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Cleveland Volcano is not monitored with seismic instruments and activity is detected primarily with satellite data. Alert levels are assigned on the basis of review and interpretation of this data. Because Cleveland Volcano is not monitored with seismic instruments, it receives the designation "unassigned" rather than "Green/Normal."

Cleveland Volcano forms the western half of Chuginadak Island, a remote and uninhabited island in the east central Aleutians. It is located about 75 km (45 mi.) west of the community of Nikolski, and 1500 km (940 mi.) southwest of Anchorage. The volcano's most recent significant eruption began in February, 2001 and it produced 3 explosive events that produced ash clouds as high as 12 km (39,000 ft) above sea level. The 2001 eruption also produced a rubbly lava flow and hot avalanche that reached the sea. The most recent minor ash emissions were observed in January and June 2009.
(15) Contacts: Tom Murray, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
tlmurray@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
faust@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2009-07-10 - Shishaldin, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20090710/2314Z)
(3) Volcano: Shishaldin (VNUM #311360)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: GREEN
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2009/A42
(8) Volcano Location: N 54 deg 45 min W 163 deg 58 min
(9) Area: Aleutians
(10) Summit Elevation: 9373 ft (2857 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: The Alaska Volcano Observatory is rasing the Aviation Color Code to YELLOW and the Alert Level to ADVISORY at Shishaldin Volcano based on the presence of a persistent thermal anomaly in the summit crater.

Beginning in January 2009, a distinct thermal feature in the summit crater has been observed intermittently in satellite imagery. Over the past month, the intensity of this thermal feature has increased. AVO has observed this thermal anomaly several times over the past week while satellite viewing conditions were favorable. The increase in thermal emissions at Shishaldin mark a change from the normal background observed since the end of the previous eruption in 1999. Seismicity at the volcano has not changed appreciably over the time interval during which the thermal anomaly has been observed. Tiltmeters operated by UNAVCO with the National Science Foundation's Earthscope Project on the north and west flanks of the volcano show no deformation of the volcano during this time period. Satellite observations show no significant sulfur dioxide gas emissions.

AVO has received a few reports of steaming from the summit crater, which has also been observed in satellite imagery. However, this is not necessarily anomalous activity for this volcano, and the unrest observed over the past several weeks does not indicate that an eruption is imminent. AVO will continue to watch Shishaldin carefully for additional signs of increased unrest.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: Shishaldin volcano, located near the center of Unimak Island in the eastern Aleutian Islands, is a spectacular symmetric cone with a base diameter of approximately 10 miles (16 km). A small summit crater typically emits a noticeable steam plume with occasional small amounts of ash. Shishaldin is one of the most active volcanoes in the Aleutian volcanic arc, erupting atleast 28 times since 1775. Most of Shishaldin's eruptions have consisted of small ash and steam plumes, although the most recent eruption in April-May 1999 produced an ash column that reached a height of 45,000 ft above sea level.
(15) Contacts: Tom Murray, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
tlmurray@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAFGI
faust@gi.alaska.edu (907) 474-7992
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2009-06-30 - Redoubt, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20090630/1920Z)
(3) Volcano: Redoubt (VNUM #313030)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2009/A41
(8) Volcano Location: N 60 deg 29 min W 152 deg 44 min
(9) Area: Cook Inlet-South Central
(10) Summit Elevation: 10197 ft (3108 m)
(11) Volcanic Activity Summary: AVO is lowering the Aviation Color Code to Yellow and the Alert Level to Advisory at Redoubt volcano. Seismic, satellite, gas, and deformation observations over the past few weeks indicate that growth of the lava dome at Redoubt has significantly slowed, if not stopped, and therefore it is possible that the current eruptive activity has ended. However, it is unknown if this represents the end of the 2009 eruption of Redoubt or if the activity has only paused temporarily and might resume in the next months.

The large lava dome located at the north side of the summit crater, and extending down the Drift Glacier Gorge, still presents a hazard. It is possible that this large mass of fresh lava is unstable and could fail with little or no warning, leading to significant ash production and possible lahars in the Drift River valley.

AVO will continue to monitor Redoubt's activity closely, but begin to transition off 24/7 staffing. Later updates will describe operational changes as they occur.
(12) Volcanic cloud height:
(13) Other volcanic cloud information:
(14) Remarks: The 2009 eruption of Redoubt volcano began March 15th, 2009 with a steam explosion. Between March 22nd and April 4th, Redoubt produced multiple significant explosions that sent ash and gas clouds to as high as 65,000 feet (19.8 km) above sea level that significantly disrupted air traffic and resulted in minor or trace amounts of ash in the city of Anchorage and other nearby communities. Voluminous mudflows inundated the Drift River Valley as far as Cook Inlet on March 23 and April 4. After April 4th, the eruption continued with extrusion of a lava dome within the summit crater, eventually producing a blocky lava flow that currently extends ~0.6 miles (1 km) down the north flank of the volcano.

Heavily ice-mantled Redoubt volcano is located on the western side of Cook Inlet, 170 km (106 mi) southwest of Anchorage and 82 km (51 mi) west of Kenai, within Lake Clark National Park. Redoubt is a stratovolcano that rises to 10,197 feet above sea level. Recent eruptions occurred in 1902, 1966-68, 1989-90, and 2009.
(15) Contacts: Tom Murray, Scientist-in-Charge, USGS
tlmurray@usgs.gov (907) 786-7497

Jessica Larsen, Acting Coordinating Scientist, UAF
faust@gi.alaska.edu (907) 322-4085
(16) Next Notice: A new VAN will be issued if conditions change significantly or alert levels are modified. While a VAN is in effect, regularly scheduled updates are posted at
http://www.avo.alaska.edu
2009-06-28 - Cleveland, Aviation Color Code: YELLOW (view)
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(1) VOLCANO OBSERVATORY NOTICE FOR AVIATION (VONA)
(2) Issued: (20090628/0113Z)
(3) Volcano: Cleveland (VNUM #311240)
(4) Current Color Code: YELLOW
(5) Previous Color Code: ORANGE
(6) Source: Alaska Volcano Observatory
(7) Notice Number: 2009/A40
(8) Volcano Location: N 52 deg 49 min W 169 deg 56 min