Martin Briggs


Although my specialty is in surface water/groundwater exchange processes, here at the Branch of Geophysics we work on a wide range of pressing hydrological issues around the world.  The Branch of Geophysics supports state water science centers when hydro-geophysical tools and training are required, and we collaborate with academic institutions on pioneering water research.  One of our central missions at the Branch is training and method development, so we travel around the country giving workshops and field testing new methods.  So far I have primarily been involved with:

·        2012, 2014 expeditions to the Yukon Flats, Alaska as field team leader to characterize permafrost extent and lake budgets using seismic, electrical, radar, thermal and mechanical methods, and subsequent modeling of unsaturated permafrost dynamics.

·         Innovative characterization of endangered shellfish habitat in the Delaware River using electrical and thermal methods including modified fiber-optic Distributed Temperature Sensing (FO-DTS) and infrared technology.

·         Modeling dual-domain mass transfer of uranium contaminated groundwater in Colorado involving the novel use of combined electrical and chemical methods to inform parameter estimation; investigation of uranium contaminated groundwater discharge points in Wyoming

·         Installation of sea water intrusion monitoring network on a remote Pacific atoll to monitor the effects of climate change and sea level rise on atoll fresh water resources

·         Refining and applying various infrared, fiber-optic, and discrete-sensor heat tracing field methods and modeling approaches for the study of preferential fish habitat in PA, MA, and VA

·         Study of exchange with less-mobile porosity in streambed materials and the subsequent effects on N cycling

·         Planning and creating teaching materials for USGS training workshops (n=5) on the topics of hydrogeopohysics and surface water/groundwater exchange


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Briggs, M.A., F.D. Day-Lewis, J.P. Zarnetske, and J.W. Harvey (2015), A physical explanation for the development of redox microzones in hyporheic flow, Geophysical Research Lettersdoi:10.1002/2015GL064200 [Link]

Koch, F., E.B. Voytek, F.D. Day-Lewis, R. Healy, Briggs, M.A., J.W. Lane and D. Werkema (2015), 1DTempPro V.2: New Features for Parameter Estimation, Heterogeneity, and Time-Varying Exchange,Groundwater, doi:10.1111/gwat.12369. [Link]

Briggs, M.A., L.K. Lautz and D.H. Hare (2014), Residence time control on hot moments of net nitrate production and uptake in the hyporheic zone, Hydrological Processes, doi: 10.1002/hyp.9921 [Link]

Briggs, M.A., Walvoord, M.A., Mckenzie, J.M., Voss, C., Day-Lewis, F.D., and Lane, J.W., (2014), Shrinking Arctic lakes are forming new local permafrost, but will it last? Geophysical Research Letters, doi: 10.1002/2014GL059251. [Link]

Wollheim, M.N., T.K. Harms, B.J. Peterson, K. Morkeski, C.S. Hopkinson, R.J. Stewart, M.N. Gooseff, and M.A. Briggs (2014), Nitrate uptake dynamics of surface transient storage in stream channels and fluvial wetlands, Biogeochemistry, 119, doi:10.1007/s10533-014-9993-y [Link]

Briggs, M.A., L.K. Lautz, S.F. Buckley, and J.W. Lane, (2014), Practical limitations on the use of diurnal temperature signals to quantify groundwater upwelling, Journal of Hydrology, 519, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.09.030 [Link]

Briggs, M.A., F.D. Day-Lewis, J.B. Ong, J.W. Harvey, and J.W. Lane, (2014), Dual-domain mass-transfer parameters from electrical hysteresis: Theory and analytical approach applied to laboratory, synthetic streambed, and groundwater experiments, Water Resources Research, 50(10), doi:10.1002/2014WR015880 [Link]

BriggsM.A., Voytek, E.B., Day-Lewis, F.D, Rosenberry, D.O., and J.W. Lane (2013), Understanding Water Column and Streambed Thermal Refugia for Endangered Mussels in the Delaware River,Environmental Sciences and Technology, 47, doi:10.1021/es4018893 [Link]

Briggs, M.A., F.D. Day-Lewis, J. Ong, G.P. Curtis, and J.W. Lane (2013), The simultaneous estimation of local and flowpath-scale dual domain mass-transfer parameters using geoelectrical monitoring,Water Resour. Res., 49, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20397 [Link]

Briggs, M.A., L.K. Lautz, D.H. Hare, and R. González-Pinzón (2013), Relating hyporheic fluxes, residence times and redox-sensitive biogeochemical processes upstream of beaver dams, Freshwater Science 32(2), doi: 10.1899/12-110.1. [Link]

Gooseff, M.N., M.A. Briggs, K.E. Bencala, B.L. McGlynn, D.T. Scott (2013), Can the transient storage be simply scaled to longer reaches? Length scale dependence of transient storage modeling and interpretations, Journal of Hydrology 48, 16–25, doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.12.046. [Link]

Briggs, M.A., L.K. Lautz, J.M. McKenzie, R.P. Gordon and D.K. Hare (2012), Using high-resolution distributed temperature sensing to quantify spatial and temporal variability in vertical hyporheic flux,Water Resources Research, 48, doi:10.1029/2011WR011227. [Link]

Gordon, R.P., L.K. Lautz, M.A. Briggs, and J.M. McKenzie (2012), Automated calculation of vertical pore-water flux from field temperature time series using the VFLUX method and computer program,Journal of Hydrology, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.11.053. [Link]

Briggs, M.A., L.K. Lautz and J.M. McKenzie (2012), A comparison of Distributed Temperature Sensing to traditional methods of evaluating groundwater inflows to streams, Hydrological Processes, 25, doi:10.1002/hyp.8200. [Link]

Gooseff, M.N., D.A. Benson, M.A. Briggs, M. Weaver, W. Wollheim, B. Peterson and C.S. Hopkinson (2011), Residence time distributions in surface transient storage zones in streams: estimation via signal deconvolution, Water Resources Research, 47, W05509, doi:10.1029/2010WR009959. [Link]

Stewart, R.J., W.M. Wollheim, M.N. Gooseff, M.A. Briggs, J.M. Jacobs, B.J. Peterson and C.S. Hopkinson (2011), Separation of river scale nitrogen removal among main channel and two transient storage compartments, Water Resources Research, 47, W00J10, doi:10.1029/2010WR009896. [Link]

Briggs, M.A., M.N. Gooseff, B.J. Peterson, K. Morkeski, W. Wollheim and C.S. Hopkinson (2010), Surface and Hyporheic Transient Storage Dynamics Throughout A Coastal Stream Network, Water Resources Research, 46, W06516, doi:10.1029/2009WR008222. [Link]

Briggs, M.A., M.N. Gooseff, C.D. Arp and M.A. Baker (2009), A Method for estimating surface transient storage parameters for streams with concurrent hyporheic storage, Water Resources Research, 45, W00D27, doi:10.1029/2008WR006959. [Link]