Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

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February Photo Contest

February Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the February 2020 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

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Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,142
Date published: December 20, 2018
Status: Active

Borehole Geophysics

Borehole geophysics is the science of recording and analyzing measurements of physical properties made in wells or test holes. Probes that measure different properties are lowered into the borehole to collect continuous or point data that is graphically displayed as a geophysical log. Multiple logs typically are collected to take advantage of their synergistic nature--much more can be learned...

Date published: December 20, 2018
Status: Active

Well-Withdrawal Footprint Mapping

A simple method for mapping groundwater withdrawals at wells provides an intuitive visualization of the magnitudes by displaying an area, the 'footprint', centered on each well to represent its volumetric rate. Footprints for closely spaced wells are combined to equitably display the area corresponding to the combined withdrawals. The size of the footprints on the map are...

Contacts: Daniel J Goode
Date published: December 17, 2018
Status: Completed

The Connecticut Streamflow and Sustainable Water Use Estimator: A Decision-Support Tool to Estimate Streamflow and Water Availability at Ungaged, User-Defined Stream Locations in Connecticut

The Connecticut streamflow and sustainable water use estimator is a decision-support tool that provides estimates of daily unaltered streamflow, water-use adjusted streamflow (for the portions of the state where water-use data are available), and water availability for ungaged, user-defined sites in Connecticut. 

Date published: December 14, 2018
Status: Active

USGS Data Delivery Tools

USGS WaterAlert allows users to set notification thresholds for any USGS real-time data collection station, including stream, tidal, and groundwater gages, water-quality, and weather stations and sends emails or text messages to subscribers whenever the threshold conditions are met, as often as every hour.

...

Date published: December 13, 2018
Status: Completed

Estimation of Daily Streamflow and Water Availability in the Massachusetts Sustainable-Yield Estimator, Version 2.0

The Massachusetts Sustainable-Yield Estimator is a decision-support tool that provides estimates of daily unaltered streamflow, water-use-adjusted streamflow, and water availability for ungaged, user-defined sites in Massachusetts. In this recently completed study, version 2.0 of the original Sustainable-Yield Estimator (Archfield and others, 2010) was developed with minor changes to the...

Date published: December 12, 2018
Status: Active

Life History and Migration of Sturgeons in New England Waters

Sturgeons appear in the fossil record as early as the Triassic, 200 million years ago.  Although most populations could once tolerate harvesting pressures, most populations have collapsed and nearly all of the 28 species alive today are listed as threatened or endangered.  In New England, dams and water regulation challenge population recoveries of the two resident species, the shortnose and...

Contacts: Micah Kieffer
Date published: December 11, 2018
Status: Active

Oil and Gas Waters Project

The primary objective of this project is to provide information on the volume, quality, impacts, and possible uses of water produced during generation and development of energy resources (particularly hydrocarbons) as well as related fluids injected into reservoirs for energy development and associated waste disposal.  The purpose of this work is to address scientific and societal questions...

Date published: December 11, 2018
Status: Active

Economics, Energy Resources, and Future Energy Supply

The members of this project have prepared a number of analyses that constitute the economic components of energy resource assessments. They have also proposed enhancements to geologic assessment data and methods that make results of assessments immediately amenable to economic analysis. In addition, they apply theoretically sound valuation methodologies to assess the commercial value of...

Date published: December 10, 2018
Status: Active

Project eTrout

Welcome to Project eTrout [instructional video]!

Click here to begin.

Click here for a summary of results.

Virtual reality (VR)...

Date published: December 10, 2018
Status: Active

Webcams at streamgages in Pennsylvania

The Pennsylvania Water Science Center hosts webcams at several streamgaging sites.

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Active

The Purge Analyzer Tool (PAT) to Assess Optimal Pumping Parameters in the Collection of Representative Groundwater Samples from Wells

The U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is developing analytical models to assess in-well groundwater flow conditions during the collection of groundwater samples from wells being pumped. This information can be used to inform groundwater samplers on when and how to collect samples that are most reflective of the targeted aquifer or...

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Completed

Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Data for New Jersey

Spatial/GIS data sets for New Jersey are available numerous spatial data clearinghouses. Spatial/GIS data sets for USGS studies that include New Jersey or include parts of New Jersey are also available from USGS.

Filter Total Items: 458
Date published: December 20, 2019

Geospatial Dataset of Wells and Attributes in the New England Groundwater Level Network, 2017 (ver. 1.1, December 2019)

A dataset of well information and geospatial data was developed for 426 U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) observation wells in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. An extensive list of attributes is included about each well, its location, and water-level history to provide the public and water-resources community with comprehensive information

Date published: December 20, 2019

DisOcean: Distance to the ocean: Myrtle Island, VA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

points, transects, beach width: Barrier island geomorphology and shorebird habitat metrics at 50-m alongshore transects and 5-m cross-shore points: Monomoy Island, MA, 2013-2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

DisOcean: Distance to the ocean: Rhode Island National Wildlife Refuge, RI, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

ElevMHW: Elevation adjusted to local mean high water: Monomoy Island, MA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

SupClas, GeoSet, SubType, VegDen, VegType: Categorical landcover rasters of landcover, geomorphic setting, substrate type, vegetation density, and vegetation type: Assawoman Island, VA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

DisOcean: Distance to the ocean: Cape Hatteras, NC, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

points, transects, beach width: Barrier island geomorphology and shorebird habitat metrics at 50-m alongshore transects and 5-m cross-shore points: Parker River, MA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

SupClas, GeoSet, SubType, VegDen, VegType: Categorical landcover rasters of landcover, geomorphic setting, substrate type, vegetation density, and vegetation type: Cape Lookout, NC, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

shoreline, inletLines: Shoreline polygons and tidal inlet delineations: Parker River, MA, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

DisMOSH, Cost, MOSH_Shoreline: Distance to foraging areas for piping plovers including foraging shoreline, cost mask, and least-cost path distance: Cape Lookout, NC, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Date published: December 20, 2019

Development: Development delineation: Cape Lookout, NC, 2014

Understanding how sea-level rise will affect coastal landforms and the species and habitats they support is critical for crafting approaches that balance the needs of humans and native species. Given this increasing need to forecast sea-level rise effects on barrier islands in the near and long terms, we are developing Bayesian networks to evaluate and to forecast the cascading effects of sea-...

Filter Total Items: 15,679
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Year Published: 2019

Hydrodynamic and morphologic response of a back-barrier estuary to an extratropical storm

We investigated the hydrodynamic and morphologic response of Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor, New Jersey, USA to Hurricane Sandy. We implemented a three-dimensional, coupled ocean-wave-sediment transport model of the estuary and explored the role of offshore water levels, offshore waves, local winds and waves by systematically removing forcings...

Defne, Zafer; Ganju, Neil Kamal; Moriarty, Julia M.

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Year Published: 2019

Climatic controls on the distribution of foundation plant species in coastal wetlands of the conterminous United States: Knowledge gaps and emerging research needs

Foundation plant species play a critical role in coastal wetlands, often modifying abiotic conditions that are too stressful for most organisms and providing the primary habitat features that support entire ecological communities. Here, we consider the influence of climatic drivers on the distribution of foundation plant species within coastal...

Osland, Michael; Grace, James; Guntenspergen, Glenn; Thorne, Karen; Carr, Joel; Feher, Laura

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Year Published: 2019

Sediment classification and the characterization, identification, and mapping of geologic substrates for the glaciated Gulf of Maine seabed and other terrains, providing a physical framework for ecological research and seabed management

A geologic substrate is a surface (or volume) of sediment or rock where physical, chemical, and biological processes occur, such as the movement and deposition of sediment, the formation of bedforms, and the attachment, burrowing, feeding, reproduction, and sheltering of organisms. Seabed mapping surveys in the Stellwagen Bank region off Boston,...

Valentine, Page C.
Valentine, P.C., 2019, Sediment classification and the characterization, identification, and mapping of geologic substrates for the glaciated Gulf of Maine seabed and other terrains, providing a physical framework for ecological research and seabed management: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5073, 37 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195073.

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Year Published: 2019

Fossil tabulate corals reveal outcrops of Paleozoic sandstones in the Atlantic Coastal Plain Province, southeastern USA

The geologic history of the Southeastern United States of America is missing nearly 350-million-years of rocks, sediments, and fossils. This gap defines the Fall Line nonconformity where Upper Ordovician consolidated rocks are directly overlain by Upper Cretaceous unconsolidated sediments of the Atlantic Coastal Plain Province. Here we begin to...

Landmeyer, James E.; Tourneur, Francis; Denayer, Julien; Zapalski, Mikolaj K

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Year Published: 2019

Effects of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) exclusion on plant recovery in overwash fans after a severe coastal storm

We documented the impacts of a hyper-abundant deer population on dune vegetation recovering from severe storm surge on a barrier island through use of permanent plots and a repeated measures analysis. Three years after landfall of the storm, vegetation cover was dominated by American beachgrass, Ammophila breviligulata, though we observed twelve...

Kilheffer, Chellby R.; Raphael, Jordan; Ries, Lindsay; Underwood, H. Brian

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Year Published: 2019

Evaluating barrier island characteristics and piping plover (Charadrius melodus) habitat availability along the U.S. Atlantic Coast—Geospatial approaches and methodology

Policy makers, individuals from government agencies, and natural resource managers face increasing demands to manage coastal areas in a way that meets economic, social, and ecological needs as sea levels rise. Scientific knowledge of how coastal processes drive beach and barrier island changes and how those changes affect habitat use can support...

Zeigler, Sara L.; Sturdivant, Emily J.; Gutierrez, Benjamin T.
Zeigler, S.L., Sturdivant, E.J., and Gutierrez, B.T., 2019, Evaluating barrier island characteristics and piping plover (Charadrius melodus) habitat availability along the U.S. Atlantic coast—Geospatial approaches and methodology (ver. 1.1, October 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1071, 34 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191071.

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Year Published: 2019

Comparisons of stereological and other approaches for quantifying macrophage aggregates in piscine spleens

Macrophage aggregates (MA s) are focal accumulations of pigmented macrophages in the spleen and other tissues of fish. A central role of MA s is the clearance and destruction of degenerating cells and recycling of some cellular components. Macrophage aggregates also respond to chemical contaminants and infectious agents and may play a role in the...

Matsche, Mark A; Blazer, Vicki S.; Mazik, Patricia M.

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Year Published: 2019

Characterization of smoltification in the Tasmanian strain of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in recirculation and flowthrough systems

This study examined morphological, physiological and molecular indicators of smoltification in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) juveniles in a flow-through (FT) and recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). Fish were exposed to 24-h light to initiate smoltification, for 5 (FT) and 7 (RAS) weeks prior to transfer from freshwater (FW) to seawater (SW)...

van Rijn, Christian A.; Jones, P.L.; Evans, Brad S.; Huynh, Christine; McCormick, Stephen D.; Afonso, Luis O B

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Year Published: 2019

Spatial and temporal distribution of bacterial indicators and microbial-source tracking within Tumacácori National Historical Park and the upper Santa Cruz River, southern Arizona and northern Mexico, 2015–2016

Tumacácori National Historical Park (TUMA) in southern Arizona protects the culturally important Mission San José de Tumacácori, while also managing a part of the ecologically diverse riparian corridor of the Santa Cruz River. The quality of the water flowing through depends solely on upstream watershed activities, and among the water-quality...

Paretti, Nicholas V.; Kephart, Christopher M.; Porter, Thomas J.; Hermosillo, Edyth; Cederberg, Jay R.; Mayo, Justine P.; Gungle, Bruce W.; Coes, Alissa L.; Tucci, Rachel S.; Norman, Laura M.
Paretti, N.V., Kephart, C.M., Porter, T.J., Hermosillo, E., Cederberg, J.R., Mayo, J.P., Gungle, B., Coes, A.L., Tucci, R.S., and Norman, L.M., 2019, Spatial and temporal distribution of bacterial indicators and microbial-source tracking within Tumacácori National Historical Park and the upper Santa Cruz River, southern Arizona and northern Mexico, 2015–2016: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5108, 102 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195108.

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Year Published: 2019

Baseline environmental monitoring of groundwater, surface water, and soil at the Ammonium Perchlorate Rocket Motor Destruction Facility at the Letterkenny Army Depot, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, 2016

Letterkenny Army Depot in Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, built an Ammonium Perchlorate Rocket Motor Destruction (ARMD) facility in 2016. The ARMD Facility was designed to centralize rocket motor destruction and contain or capture all waste during the destruction process. Ideally, there would be no contaminant transport to air, soil, or water from the...

Galeone, Daniel G.
Galeone, D.G., 2019, Baseline environmental monitoring of groundwater, surface water, and soil at the Ammonium Perchlorate Rocket Motor Destruction Facility at the Letterkenny Army Depot, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, 2016: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1094, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191094.

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Year Published: 2019

Real-time assessments of water quality—A nowcast for Escherichia coli and cyanobacterial toxins

Threats to our recreational and drinking waters include disease-causing (pathogenic) organisms from fecal contamination and toxins produced by some species of cyanobacteria (cyanotoxins) that can cause acute and (or) chronic illnesses. Because traditional laboratory methods for detecting these threats take too long for prompt public health...

Francy, Donna S.; Brady, Amie M.G.; Zimmerman, Tammy M.
Francy, D.S., Brady, A.M., and Zimmerman, T.M., 2019, Real-time assessments of water quality—A nowcast for Escherichia coli and cyanobacterial toxins: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3061, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193061.

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Year Published: 2019

Morphodynamic modeling of the response of two barrier islands to Atlantic hurricane forcing

The accurate prediction of a barrier island response to storms is challenging because of the complex interaction between hydro- and morphodynamic processes that changes at different stages during an event. Assessment of the predictive skill is further complicated because of uncertainty in the hydraulic forcing, initial conditions, and the...

van der Lugt, Marlies; Quataert, Ellen; van Dongeren, Ap; van Ormondt, Maarten; Sherwood, Christopher R.

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Dave Lampe - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Dave Lampe - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Dave Lampe - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting. Dave gave a presentation on the Indiana Groundwater Network: Leveraging citizen science to monitor ctitical resources.

Chris Kephart - OKI Water Microbiology Laboratory
April 18, 2019

Chris Kephart - OKI Water Microbiology Laboratory

Chris Kephart - OKI Water Microbiology Laboratory. Chris gave a presentation at the OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting titled "OKI Water Micorbiology Laboratory: Capabilities and current studies: Learn about the latest technology and science being employed by the OKI WSC. Chris also gave a hand-on demonstration titled "Learn about qPCR and more from the OKI WSC's microbiology lab

...
Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting. Jeremiah gave a presentation on AMDTreat: Science meets modern computing.

Gary Martin - USGS StreamStats Application
April 18, 2019

Gary Martin - USGS StreamStats Application

Gary Martin - USGS StreamStats Application. Gary gave a presontation and hands-on demonstartion on the USGS StreamStats application at the OKI 2019 Coopertor Meeting.

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting. Jeremiah gave a presentation on AMDTreat: Science meets modern computing.

Dave Lampe - How to measure groundwater levels
April 18, 2019

Dave Lampe - How to measure groundwater levels

Dave Lampe - How to measure groundwater levels.  Dave gave a presentation titled "Indiana Groundwater Network: Leveraging citizen science to monitor critical resources and a hands-on demonstation on how to measure groundwater levels.

Gary Martin - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Gary Martin - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Gary Martin - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting - Gary provided a hands-on demonstration on using the StreamStats application.

Tanja Williamson - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Tanja Williamson - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Tanja Williamson - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting. Tanja's presentation was titled "Sediment Source Tracking: Using advanced science to track sediment sources.

Dave Lampe - Indiana Groundwater Network
April 18, 2019

Dave Lampe - Indiana Groundwater Network

Dave Lampe - How to measure groundwater levels.  Dave gave a presentation titled "Indiana Groundwater Network: Leveraging citizen science to monitor critical resources and a hands-on demonstation on how to measure groundwater levels.

Jeff Woods - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Jeff Woods - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Jeff Woods - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting. Jeff's presetntation was titled "Kentucky Hydrologic Network Update: Overview of OKI's streamgaging network and Kentucky's century gages".

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Image: Southeast Missouri Helicopter Survey
February 5, 2014

U.S. Geological Survey scientists will conduct a comprehensive, high-resolution airborne survey to study the rock layers under parts of Washington, Franklin and Crawford counties. Instruments on the helicopter will collect information about the underground geology and mineral deposits of the region.

Flooded gage at Whippany, New Jersey
October 20, 2011

Hurricane Irene moved up the eastern seaboard making landfall for a second time at Little Egg Inlet New Jersey early Sunday morning August 28, 2011. This is the first time a Hurricane made landfall in New Jersey since 1903. 

Getting ready to measure flood waters
October 20, 2011

New Jersey experienced record flooding at 7 USGS gages during August 14-16, 2011.

Flooded neighborhood in Pompton, New Jersey
October 1, 2010

A storm moved north along the Atlantic Coast spreading rain across the State,  from March 12 through March 15, 2010. Light rain began to fall during late morning on Friday March 12. Steady, heavier rain developed on Saturday morning and continued  through the evening. Bands of heavy rain and scattered thunderstorms occurred on Sunday with showers continuing through Monday March 15, 2010. 

Flooded road in Hackensack, New Jersey
April 27, 2007

Flood peaks were the highest ever recorded at ten USGS gaging stations in the Hackensack, Hudson, Raritan, Mullica and lower Delaware River basins 

Delaware River flooding
April 22, 2005

Rainfall totaling as much as 5 inches during April 2-4, 2005, combined with wet antecedent conditions caused by more than 2 inches of rain that fell less than a week earlier, snow cover in the Pocono Mountains, Pennsylvania, and Catskill Mountains, New York, regions, and reservoirs filled to capacity, set the stage for the worst flooding in 50 years along the mainstem of the Delaware River.

Road closed sign in a flooded out road
October 8, 2004

Flood peaks along the main stem of the Delaware River were the highest since the flood of August 19, 1955

Flooded road in Vincentown  New Jersey
August 2, 2004

Flood peaks were the highest ever recorded at six USGS stream gaging stations in Burlington and Camden Counties N.J. 

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