Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

Learn More

February Photo Contest

February Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the February 2020 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

See Photos

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,140
Date published: February 19, 2020
Status: Active

Kankakee River at Davis, IN

Water-quality “super” gages (also known as “sentry” gages) provide real-time, continuous measurements of the physical and chemical characteristics of stream water at or near selected U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. A super gage includes streamflow and water-quality instrumentation and representative stream sample collection for laboratory analysis....

Contacts: Jeffrey Woods
Date published: February 19, 2020
Status: Active

Arsenic variability in water-supply wells

The USGS, in cooperation with the Town of Seabrook, New Hampshire and a private well owner, is assessing the variability of arsenic over multiple time scales. A network of three wells is being used to monitor changes in arsenic, arsenic species, a host of other chemical constituents, and the distribution of ages of groundwater entering the wells. The wells—one domestic bedrock aquifer well,...

Date published: February 18, 2020
Status: Active

Yellow River near Oak Grove, IN

"Super" gages provide real-time, continuous water-quality information for rivers and streams at selected Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages. By combining discrete and continuous data in statistical models, USGS scientists can continuously estimate constituents that are difficult to measure in real-time. For example, in-stream turbidity sensors are often used...

Date published: February 14, 2020
Status: Archived

Groundwater Recharge - Pennsylvania

Recharge is the process of adding water to the saturated zone.  Because it is almost impossible to measure directly, recharge is usually estimated by indirect means.  

Date published: February 14, 2020
Status: Active

Coastal Change at Fire Island, a geonarrative

Approximately 60 miles from the skyscrapers and fast-pace of New York City, Fire Island stretches 31 miles along the south shore of Long Island. The sandy beaches and pristine wilderness areas of Fire Island National Seashore are dotted with secluded residential communities. The island is fronted by the Atlantic Ocean, so in addition to its natural and recreational value, Fire Island is also...

Date published: February 14, 2020
Status: Active

USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center: Science & News

USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center produces a quarterly newsletter. Each newsletter includes center news, upcoming events, awards, key products and publications. If you are interested in receiving our newsletter, please contact pwrceditors@usgs.gov.

Date published: February 11, 2020
Status: Active

Yellow River at Knox, IN

"Super" gages provide real-time, continuous water-quality information for rivers and streams at selected Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages. By combining discrete and continuous data in statistical models, USGS scientists can continuously estimate constituents that are difficult to measure in real-time. For example, in-stream turbidity sensors are often used...

Contacts: Jeffrey Woods
Date published: February 11, 2020
Status: Active

Maumee River at Antwerp, OH

Water-quality “super” gages (also known as “sentry” gages) provide real-time, continuous measurements of the physical and chemical characteristics of stream water at or near selected U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. A super gage includes streamflow and water-quality instrumentation and representative stream sample collection for laboratory analysis....

Date published: February 10, 2020
Status: Active

Indiana Harbor Canal at East Chicago, IN

Water-quality “super” gages (also known as “sentry” gages) provide real-time, continuous measurements of the physical and chemical characteristics of stream water at or near selected U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. A super gage includes streamflow and water-quality instrumentation and representative stream sample collection for laboratory analysis....

Date published: February 7, 2020
Status: Active

Dysbiosis, immunomodulation, and health effects of agricultural pesticides in wild prairie grouse

Agrochemical pollution poses a severe threat to biodiversity.  Agrochemicals can detrimentally affect wildlife growth, development, survival, reproduction, and immune responses, which facilitates emergence and spread of infectious diseases that may cause unusually high mortality.  Animal microbiota plays a fundamental role in host’s food detoxification and defense against pathogens, regulates...

Date published: February 6, 2020
Status: Active

Assessment of fecal contamination sources to Alley Creek, Queens County, New York

PROBLEM Alley Creek, a tributary to Little Neck Bay (Queens County, New York; figure 1) has been designated as impaired by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYS DEC) for primary and secondary contact and included on the 303(d) Impaired Waterways for pathogens related to combined sewer overflow contributions. The New York City Department of Environmental Protection...

Filter Total Items: 458
Date published: April 13, 2020

Concentrations of metals and other water-quality data for the Assabet and Concord Rivers, Massachusetts, 2008

This dataset contains water-quality data for stream samples collected by the U.S. Geological Survey at 12 sites on the Assabet and Concord Rivers in eastern Massachusetts in 2008. The samples were collected monthly from June to October, 2008. The water-quality parameters and constituents include field parameters (water temperature, specific conductance, pH, and dissolved oxygen), co

Date published: April 10, 2020

Discrete water-quality data supporting Herring River restoration project, Cape Cod National Seashore, 1984-2017

Staff from the Cape Cod National Seashore, National Park Service (CACO NPS) began limited water-quality data collection in the Herring River Estuary as early as 1984. In 2006 a monthly sampling program was established for 14 sites to monitor nutrient concentrations, dissolved oxygen, and other constituents. This monitoring program is ongoing and has been supplemented with data from othe

Date published: April 9, 2020

Marine Geophysical Data Collected to Support Methane Seep Research Along the U.S. Atlantic Continental Shelf Break and Upper Continental Slope Between the Baltimore and Keller Canyons During U.S. Geological Survey Field Activities 2017-001-FA and 2017-002

In spring and summer 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey’s Gas Hydrates Project conducted two cruises aboard the research vessel Hugh R. Sharp to explore the geology, chemistry, ecology, physics, and oceanography of sea-floor methane seeps and water column gas plumes on the northern U.S. Atlantic margin between the Baltimore and Keller Canyons. 

Date published: April 9, 2020

Multibeam echo sounder - navigation tracklines for Reson 7160 data collected during USGS field activities 2017-001-FA and 2017-002-FA.

In spring and summer 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey’s Gas Hydrates Project conducted two cruises aboard the research vessel Hugh R. Sharp to explore the geology, chemistry, ecology, physics, and oceanography of sea-floor methane seeps and water column gas plumes on the northern U.S. Atlantic margin between the Baltimore and Keller Canyons. Split-beam and multibeam echo sounder

Date published: April 9, 2020

Topobathymetric Digital Elevation Model (TBDEM) of the Eastern Shore Peninsula of Virginia and adjacent parts of Maryland with a horizontal resolution of 1 meter and vertical resolution of 1 centimeter

This topobathymetric digital elevation model (TBDEM) represents topography and bathymetry for the Eastern Shore peninsula of Virginia, including Accomack and Northampton counties, and extending into Worcester and Somerset counties in Maryland. The TBDEM has a horizontal grid spacing of 1 meter and vertical units of 1 (integer) centimeter. This dataset combines U.S. Geological Survey %

Date published: April 9, 2020

Ultra-short baseline - navigation points and tracklines for Applied Acoustics EasyTrack Nexus 2 USBL data collected for ROV Global Explorer during USGS field activity 2017-001-FA.

In spring and summer 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey’s Gas Hydrates Project conducted two cruises aboard the research vessel Hugh R. Sharp to explore the geology, chemistry, ecology, physics, and oceanography of sea-floor methane seeps and water column gas plumes on the northern U.S. Atlantic margin between the Baltimore and Keller Canyons. Split-beam and multibeam echo sounder

Date published: April 9, 2020

Chirp seismic reflection - shotpoints, tracklines, profile images, and SEG-Y traces for EdgeTech SB-512i chirp data collected during USGS field activity 2017-002-FA.

In spring and summer 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey’s Gas Hydrates Project conducted two cruises aboard the research vessel Hugh R. Sharp to explore the geology, chemistry, ecology, physics, and oceanography of sea-floor methane seeps and water column gas plumes on the northern U.S. Atlantic margin between the Baltimore and Keller Canyons. Split-beam and multibeam echo sounder

Date published: April 9, 2020

Multibeam echo sounder - GeoTIFF images for processed Reson 7160 seafloor backscatter data collected during USGS field activities 2017-001-FA and 2017-002-FA.

In spring and summer 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey’s Gas Hydrates Project conducted two cruises aboard the research vessel Hugh R. Sharp to explore the geology, chemistry, ecology, physics, and oceanography of sea-floor methane seeps and water column gas plumes on the northern U.S. Atlantic margin between the Baltimore and Keller Canyons. Split-beam and multibeam echo sounder

Date published: April 9, 2020

Multibeam echo sounder - GeoTIFF grids for processed Reson 7160 seafloor bathymetry data collected during USGS field activities 2017-001-FA and 2017-002-FA.

In spring and summer 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey’s Gas Hydrates Project conducted two cruises aboard the research vessel Hugh R. Sharp to explore the geology, chemistry, ecology, physics, and oceanography of sea-floor methane seeps and water column gas plumes on the northern U.S. Atlantic margin between the Baltimore and Keller Canyons. Split-beam and multibeam echo sounder

Date published: April 6, 2020

Fluorescence spectroscopy of ancient sedimentary organic matter via confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM)

Fluorescence spectroscopy via confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) was used to analyze ancient sedimentary organic matter, including Tasmanites microfossils in Devonian shale and Gloecapsomorpha prisca (G. prisca) in Ordovician kukersite from North American basins. We examined fluorescence emission as a function of excitation laser wavelength, sample orientation, and with respe

Date published: April 1, 2020

Statistical summaries of simulated groundwater residence times for the 10 regional aquifers of the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifer system, at a 1 square-mile grid resolution

Groundwater residence times were simulated for the major regional aquifers of the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifer system from New York to North Carolina using particle tracking in a regional groundwater flow model. Millions of particles were distributed throughout the aquifers of the North Atlantic Coastal Plain in a MODFLOW model with a volume-weighted algorithm, then tracked...

Date published: April 1, 2020

Adirondack New York soil chemistry data, 1992-2017

This dataset contains measurements of chemical concentrations of soil samples representing 28 headwater drainage basins completely within the Adirondack Park of New York State (ADK Park), one basin partially in the ADK Park, and one watershed 2 kilometers from the ADK Park boundary. Seven of these watersheds have been sampled 2 or 3 times over periods of 12 to 22 years. Soil samples wer

Filter Total Items: 15,671
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

A revised classification of the Xolmiini (Aves: Tyrannidae: Fluvicolinae), including a new genus for Muscisaxicola fluviatilis

Recent studies using molecular phylogenetics have provided new insight into the composition of and relationships among species in the avian tribe Xolmiini. Key findings include the paraphyly of Xolmis, including the exclusion of X. dominicanus from the Xolmiini, and the apparent paraphyly of Muscisaxicola. We provide a revised...

Chesser, R. Terry; Harvey, Michael G; Brumfield, Robb T; Derryberry, Elizabeth P

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Regional hydrostratigraphic framework of Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst and vicinity, New Jersey, in the context of perfluoroalkyl substances contamination of groundwater and surface water

A study was conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Air Force, to describe the regional hydrostratigraphy of shallow aquifers and confining units underlying Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst (JBMDL) and vicinity, New Jersey, in the context of contamination of groundwater and surface water by per- and polyfluoroalkyl...

Fiore, Alex R.
Fiore, A.R., 2020, Regional hydrostratigraphic framework of Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst and vicinity, New Jersey, in the context of perfluoroalkyl substances contamination of groundwater and surface water: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1134, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191134.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Capture of environmental DNA (eDNA) from water samples by flocculation

The analysis of environmental DNA (eDNA) has become a widely used approach to problem solving in species management. The detection of cryptic species including invasive and (or) species at risk is the goal, typically accomplished by testing water and sediment for the presence of characteristic DNA signatures. Reliable and efficient procedures for...

Schill, W. Bane

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Methods of collection and quality assessment of arsenic data in well-water supplies in Maine, 2001–2 and 2006–7

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention, assessed the chemical characteristics and the occurrence, distribution, and oxidation state of inorganic arsenic in drinking water from selected domestic well-water supplies in Maine in 2001–2...

Culbertson, Charles W.; Caldwell, James M.; Schalk, Luther F.; Manassaram, Deana; Backer, Lorraine C.; Smith, Andrew E.
Culbertson, C.W., Caldwell, J.M., Schalk, L.F., Manassaram, D., Backer, L.C., and Smith, A.E., 2020, Methods of collection and quality assessment of arsenic data in well-water supplies in Maine, 2001–2 and 2006–7: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1125, 11 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1125.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Rethinking foundation species in a changing world: The case for Rhododendron maximum as an emerging foundation species in shifting ecosystems of the southern Appalachians

“Foundation species” are widespread, abundant species that play critical roles in structuring ecosystem characteristics and processes. Ecosystem change in response to human activities, climate change, disease introduction, or other environmental conditions may promote the emergence of new foundation species or the decline of previously important...

Dudley, Maura P.; Freeman, Mary; Wenger, Seth J.; Jackson, Rhett; Pringle, Catherine M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Subaqueous mass movements in the context of observations of contemporary slope failure

The consequences of subaqueous landslides have been at the forefront of societal conscience more than ever in the last few years, with devastating and fatal events in the Indonesian Archipelago making global news. The new research presented in this volume demonstrates the breadth of ongoing investigation into subaqueous landslides, and shows that...

Mountjoy, J.J.; Georgiopoulou, Aggeliki; Chaytor, Jason; Clare, M.A.; Gamboa, D.; Moernaut, J.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Freshwater crabs (Decapoda: Pseudothelphusidae) increase rates of leaf breakdown in a neotropical headwater stream

Freshwater crabs are the largest macroconsumers in many neotropical headwater streams, but few studies have examined their roles in ecosystem processes such as leaf litter breakdown. As omnivorous macroconsumers, freshwater crabs affect multiple trophic levels. They may directly increase leaf breakdown through fragmentation and consumption or...

Yang, Carol; Wenger, Seth J.; Rugenski, Amanda; Wehrtmann, Ingo S.; Connelly, Scott; Freeman, Mary

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Sediments and the sea floor of the continental shelves and coastal waters of the United States—About the usSEABED integrated sea-floor-characterization database, built with the dbSEABED processing system

Since the second half of the 20th century, there has been an increase in scientific interest, research effort, and information gathered on the geologic sedimentary character of the continental margins of the United States. Data and information from thousands of sources have increased our scientific understanding of the character of the margin...

Buczkowski, Brian J.; Reid, Jane A.; Jenkins, Chris J.
Buczkowski, B.J., Reid, J.A., and Jenkins, C.J., 2020, Sediments and the sea floor of the continental shelves and coastal waters of the United States—About the usSEABED integrated sea-floor-characterization database, built with the dbSEABED processing system: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1046, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201046.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Decision analysis for managing public natural resources

Examples like the Grand Canyon story are becoming more common—agencies and stakeholders are increasingly using decision tools to help navigate complex decisions regarding natural resources. Several books and many papers have made the case for the use of decision analysis in natural resource management settings and have described the tools...

Runge, Michael C.; Bean, Ellen A

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Red Knot (Calidris canutus) research—Preliminary results and future opportunities

The Red Knot, Calidris canutus, is a highly migratory shorebird with a cosmopolitan distribution. Six subspecies have been identified, two of which occur regularly in North America (C.c. rufa and C.c. roselaari). Given their long-distance migrations through many jurisdictions and conservation status, tools are needed to reliably distinguish the...

Kazyak, David; Aunins, Aaron; Johnson, Robin
Kazyak, D., Aunins, A., and Johnson, R., 2020, Red Knot (Calidris canutus) research—Preliminary results and future opportunities: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1050, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201050.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

Spatiotemporal variability of light attenuation and net ecosystem metabolism in a back-barrier estuary

Quantifying system-wide biogeochemical dynamics and ecosystem metabolism in estuaries is often attempted using a long-term continuous record at a single site or short-term records at multiple sites due to sampling limitations that preclude long-term monitoring. However, differences in the dominant primary producer at a given location (e.g.,...

Ganju, Neil Kamal; Testa, Jeremy; Suttles, Steven; Aretxabaleta, Alfredo

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

A multi-model approach toward understanding iron fouling at rock-fill drainage sites along roadways in New Hampshire, USA

Factors affecting iron fouling in wet areas adjacent to roadways were investigated by collecting field rock cut and aqueous physicochemical data; developing exploratory predictive models; and developing geochemical models. Basic data included the identification of iron fouling from aerial imagery and field visits at 374 New Hampshire rock cut...

Lombard, Melissa; Lombard, Pamela J.; Brown, Craig J.; Degnan, James

Filter Total Items: 1,585
2 people working with equipment next to snow covered area at the side of a bridge over a river
December 11, 2019

USGS gage 01354230 MOHAWK RIVER AT LOCK 9 AT ROTTERDAM JUNCTION NY

Installing USGS gage 01354230 MOHAWK RIVER AT LOCK 9 AT ROTTERDAM JUNCTION NY Photo by Kevin Reisig (Public Domain)

Oil, gas, and water separation vessels at a carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery operation
December 10, 2019

Oil, gas, and water separation vessels

Oil, gas, and water separation vessels at a carbon dioxide enhanced oil recovery operation, Horseshoe Atoll, Upper Pennsylvanian Wolfcampian play in the Permian Basin Province in Texas.

Satellite imagery of eastern berm of Jim Foot Key in Florida Bay before Hurricane Irma and after
November 30, 2019

Impacts to island in Florida Bay following Hurricane Irma

Scientists from the Florence Bascom Geoscience Center first sampled four islands in Florida Bay, Everglades National Park, in April 2014 to collect cores to study sea level rise and storm history in the region.  In September 2017, Hurricane Irma (a category 4 storm at landfall in the Florida Keys) passed just to the west of our field sites.  The western-most of the four

...
two people in a boat on icy water with leafless trees on banks in background
November 15, 2019

Retrieving a water quality monitoring buoy from Washington Park Lake

John Byrnes and Josh Rosen prepare to retrieve a water quality monitoring buoy from Washington Park Lake, Albany, New York.

man on bridge over flooding creek controlling an adcp
November 1, 2019

Fish Creek at Beck's Grove, NY 04242640

Making a discharge measurement at Fish Creek at Beck's Grove, New York, November 1, 2019.

Georgia mineral commodity producing areas map from 2014 Minerals Yearbook
October 28, 2019

Mineral commodity producing areas of Georgia in 2014

The Georgia chapter of the Minerals Yearbook Volume II - Area Reports, Domestic - contains data and information on the nonfuel mineral commodities produced in Georgia including a generalized map of principal mineral commodity producing areas. The map is included in the PDF version; both PDF and XLS versions of text and data are available.

large white machine with plastic tubing in a laboratory
October 21, 2019

Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrophotometer for cation analyses

Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectrophotometer for cation analyses (ICP-OES)

a white machine with a clear blue front and white swirled light inside
October 21, 2019

Dissolved organic/inorganic carbon analyzer (DOC/DIC)

Dissolved organic/inorganic carbon analyzer (DOC/DIC)

October 14, 2019

Introduction to the FEMA Project Team: Surveying

The USGS assists FEMA with updating flood insurance rate maps throughout New England. This is in response to recent major flooding events and because of the need to update the 30 year-old effective flood insurance rate maps. This video gives a brief overview of the FEMA project team with a focus on the surveying component of the project.
 

man in boat hauling up a water sample from a large river
October 9, 2019

Niagara River Water Quality Sample 2019

USGS staffer Matthew Jennings collecting water quality samples on the lower Niagara River for the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) project. Photo by John Wernly (Public domain)

Filter Total Items: 243
The audience listens in as Chris Swezey talks about his current project
May 20, 2019

This year, the Florence Bascom Geoscience Center is proud to announce it's first annual Big Science Blowout. Team members will have the opportunity to share abstacts they have presented at various conferences over the past year. 

When: 23 May 2019, 9:00AM - 3:00PM EST

Where: Doug Rankin Memorial Map Compilation Room and Presentation Center (Room 3C129)

Map of New York state at Lake Ontario with markers for elevation gages
May 6, 2019

Extreme flooding on Lake Ontario can result in millions of dollars in damages to shoreline properties. Currently, USGS Lake Ontario gages report elevations around 247.8 ft above International Great Lakes Datum of 1985; a foot below record flood elevations observed in 2017. During 2017, wind-driven waves pounded the shoreline, causing widespread damage to infrastructure, homes, and businesses.

Neal Craig Technology demonstration at the OKI 2019 cooperator meeting
May 1, 2019

The USGS Kentucky office hosted their third annual cooperator meeting on April 18, 2019 and the Indiana office hosted their second cooperator meeting on April 23, 2019.  OKI Staff gave presentations and technolgy demonstrations for an audience of local, state, and federal cooperators and USGS staff.

The USGS Ohio office will host their first cooperator meeting in 2020.

Photo of two of the partners involved in the Africa Groundwater Study
April 23, 2019

USGS International study promotes groundwater sustainability using innovative science and technology transfer

map of northeastern U.S. with clusters of 3 colored dots and a smaller bar graph
April 9, 2019

Maximum likelihood logistic regression (MLLR) is used to estimate drought probabilities for selected Northeast rivers and streams. Winter streamflows are used to estimate the chance of hydrologic drought during summer months. This application allows the display and query of these drought streamflow probabilities for Northeastern streams.

Bald eagle flying over water
April 5, 2019

Since the ban of DDT, bald eagle populations have rebounded to near-historic levels and aircraft strikes have increased since 1998. Wildlife-aircraft strikes are expensive and the large body size of the bald eagle increases the likelihood of aircraft damage and human injury when a collision occurs.

Filter Total Items: 588