Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

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February Photo Contest

February Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the February 2020 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

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Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,140
Date published: May 8, 2017

Long Island Outflow from the Groundwater System

The flow of water leaving, or discharging, the groundwater system of Long Island occurs naturally through streams, as base flow, at the coastline as shoreline discharge and sub-sea discharge, and through pumping wells as withdrawals. Estimates of each component of outflow from the groundwater system is presented and summarized in this section using streamflow measurements, and a compilation of...

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: May 7, 2017
Status: Active

Long Island Water Suitability

Groundwater quality may be affected by natural and human factors (Johnston, 1988). Although the vulnerability of groundwater to contamination from the land surface is influenced by many factors, the degree of aquifer confinement, the depth of the well, and the surrounding land use are primary key factors that influence shallow groundwater quality.

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: May 6, 2017
Status: Active

USGS-VDOT Bridge Scour Pilot Study

Cost effective and safe highway bridge designs are required to ensure the long-term sustainability of Virginia’s road systems. The water flows that, over time, scour streambed sediments from bridge piers inherently affect bridge safety and design costs. To ensure safety, bridge designs must anticipate streambed scour at bridge piers over the lifespan of a bridge. Until recently Federal Highway...

Contacts: Samuel H Austin, John H. Matthews, PE
Date published: May 6, 2017
Status: Active

Long Island Water Suitability Case Studies

A collection of studies that focused on the quality of groundwater and surface water, are presented in this section. The reports associated with these areas of water quality concerns are linked as an online source for further reading.

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: May 5, 2017

Long Island Groundwater System Potential Hazards

Hazards which may impact the ground water system adversely are presented in this web page. The impacts of these hazards are only shown here as a topic for further discussion and may need to be investigated with further details.

Contacts: Jack Monti
Date published: May 4, 2017
Status: Archived

Regional RASA

Geohydrology and Simulation of Groundwater Flow in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain Aquifer System

Contacts: Model Request
Date published: May 4, 2017
Status: Archived

RASA - NJ

Groundwater Flow in the New Jersey Coastal Plain

(Model grid rediscretized and updated with 1998 pumpage data--See RASA98)

Contacts: Model Request
Date published: May 4, 2017
Status: Archived

APPL-RASA

Hydrogeology and Groundwater Flow, Fractured Mesozoic Structural-Basin Rocks, Stony Brook, Beden Brook, and Jacobs Creek Drainage Basins, West Central New Jersey

 

Contacts: Model Request
Date published: May 4, 2017
Status: Archived

NJCP Sharp (Coastal Plain optimization)

Simulation of Groundwater Flow and Movement of the Freshwater/Saltwater Interface in the New Jersey Coastal Plain through 1896 and from 1896-1988 and 1988-2040

Contacts: Model Request
Date published: May 4, 2017
Status: Archived

Cape May-SHARP

Analysis of Groundwater Flow and Saltwater Encroachment in the Shallow Aquifer System of Cape May County, New Jersey

Contacts: Model Request
Date published: May 4, 2017
Status: Archived

Cape May 800-foot Sand

Evaluation of Saltwater Intrusion and Travel Time in the Atlantic City 800-Foot Sand

Contacts: Model Request
Date published: May 4, 2017
Status: Archived

Toms River and Metedeconk River

Simulation of Groundwater Flow in the Unconfined Aquifer System of the Toms River, Metedeconk River, and Kettle Creek Basins

Contacts: Model Request
Filter Total Items: 15,667
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Year Published: 2018

Comparative analyses of hydrological responses of two adjacent watersheds to climate variability and change using the SWAT model

Water quality problems in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed (CBW) are expected to be exacerbated by climate variability and change. However, climate impacts on agricultural lands and resultant nutrient loads into surface water resources are largely unknown. This study evaluated the impacts of climate variability and change on two adjacent watersheds in...

Lee, Sangchul; Yeo, In-Young; Sadeghi, Ali M.; McCarty, Gregory W.; Hively, Wells; Lang, Megan W.; Sharifi, Amir
Lee, Sangchul, In-Young Yeo, Ali M. Sadeghi, Gregory W. McCarty, W. D. Hively, Megan W. Lang, and Amir Sharifi. Comparative analyses of hydrological responses of two adjacent watersheds to climate variability and change scenarios using SWAT model. Submitted to HESS.

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Year Published: 2018

Contaminant-associated health effects in fishes from the Ottawa and Ashtabula Rivers, Ohio

The health of resident fishes serves as a biologically relevant barometer of aquatic ecosystem integrity. Here, the health of the Ottawa River and Ashtabula River (both within the Lake Erie Basin) were assessed using morphological and immunological biomarkers in brown bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides)....

Iwanowicz, Luke R.; Blazer, Vicki S.; Walsh, Heather L.; Shaw, Cassidy H.; DeVault, David S.; Banda, Jo A.
Iwanowicz, L.R., V. S. Blazer, H.L. Walsh, C.H. Shaw, D.S. DeVault and J.A. Banda (2018) Contaminant-Associated Health Effects in Fishes from the Ottawa and Ashtabula Rivers, Ohio Journal of Great Lakes Research. 44(1); 184 - 196.

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Year Published: 2018

Dynamic interactions between coastal storms and salt marshes: A review

This manuscript reviews the progresses made in the understanding of the dynamic interactions between coastal storms and salt marshes, including the dissipation of extreme water levels and wind waves across marsh surfaces, the geomorphic impact of storms on salt marshes, the preservation of hurricanes signals and deposits into the sedimentary...

Leonardi, Nicoletta; Carnacina, Iacopo; Donatelli, Carmine; Ganju, Neil K.; Plater, Andrew James; Schuerch, Mark; Temmerman, Stijn
Leonardi, N., Carnacina, I., Donatelli, C., Ganju, N., Plater, A., Schuerch, M., Temmerman, S., 2018, Dynamic interactions between coastal storms and salt marshes: a review: Geomorphology, v. 301, 92-107 p doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.11.001.

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Year Published: 2018

Leaching and sorption of neonicotinoid insecticides and fungicides from seed coatings

Seed coatings are a treatment used on a variety of crops to improve production and offer protection against pests and fungal outbreaks. The leaching of the active ingredients associated with the seed coatings and the sorption to soil was evaluated under laboratory conditions using commercially available corn and soybean seeds to study the fate and...

Smalling, Kelly L.; Hladik, Michelle; Sanders, Corey; Kuivila, Kathryn
Kelly L. Smalling, Michelle L. Hladik, Corey J. Sanders & Kathryn M. Kuivila (2017): Leaching and sorption of neonicotinoid insecticides and fungicides from seed coatings, Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B, DOI: 10.1080/03601234.2017.1405619

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Year Published: 2018

Limited contribution of ancient methane to surface waters of the U.S. Beaufort Sea shelf

In response to warming climate, methane can be released to Arctic Ocean sediment and waters from thawing subsea permafrost and decomposing methane hydrates. However, it is unknown whether methane derived from this sediment storehouse of frozen ancient carbon reaches the atmosphere. We quantified the fraction of methane derived from ancient sources...

Sparrow, Katy J.; Kessler, John D.; Southon, John R.; Garcia-Tigreros, Fenix; Schreiner, Kathryn M.; Ruppel, Carolyn D.; Miller, John B.; Lehman, Scott J.; Xu, Xiaomei
Sparrow, Kessler., Southon, Garcia-Tigeros., Schreiner, Ruppel., Miller, Lehman, Xu., 2018, Limited contribution of ancient methane to surface waters of the U.S. Beaufort Sea shelf: Science Advances, v. 4, no. 1 doi:10.1126/sciadv.aao4842.

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Year Published: 2018

Nanometre-sized pores in coal: Variations between coal basins and coal origin

We have used small angle neutron scattering (SANS) to investigate the differences in methane and hexane penetration in pores in bituminous coal samples from the U.S., Canada, South Africa, and China, and maceral concentrates from Australian coals. This work is an extension of previous work that showed consistent differences between the extent of...

Sakurovs, Richard; Koval, Lukas; Grigore, Mihaela; Sokolava, Anna; Ruppert, Leslie F.; Melnichenko, Yuri B.

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Year Published: 2018

The migratory bird treaty and a century of waterfowl conservation

In the final decades of the nineteenth century, concern was building about the status of migratory bird populations in North America. In this literature review, we describe how that concern led to a landmark conservation agreement in 1916, between the United States and Great Britain (on behalf of Canada) to conserve migratory birds shared by...

Anderson, Michael G.; Alisauskas, Ray T.; Batt, Bruce D. J.; Blohm, Robert J.; Higgins, Kenneth F.; Perry, Matthew; Ringelman, James K.; Sedinger, James S.; Serie, Jerome R.; Sharp, David E.; Trauger, David L.; Williams, Christopher K.
Anderson, M. G., Alisauskas, R. T., Batt, B. D. J., Blohm, R. J., Higgins, K. F., Perry, M. C., Ringelman, J. K., Sedinger, J. S., Serie, J. R., Sharp, D. E., Trauger, D. L., and Williams, C. K., 2018, The migratory bird treaty and a century of waterfowl conservation: Journal of Wildlife Management, v. 82, p. 247-259. https://doi.org/10.1002/jwmg.21326

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Year Published: 2018

“Naturalness” in designated Wilderness: Long-term changes in non-native plant dynamics on campsites, Boundary Waters, Minnesota

Wilderness areas in the United States are preserved for their untrammeled naturalness and opportunities for unconfined recreation. The Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness has these qualities, but long-term recreation visitation pressures on campsites can cause significant ecological changes. This article explores changes on campsites,...

Eagleston, Holly; Marion, Jeffrey L.
Eagleston, H. A. and Marion, J. L., 2018, “Naturalness” in designated wilderness: Long-term changes in non-native plant dynamics on campsites, Boundary Waters, Minnesota: Forest Science, v. 64, no. 1, p. 50-56. https://doi.org/10.5849/FS-2017-078

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Year Published: 2018

Mineral commodity summaries 2018

This report is the earliest Government publication to furnish estimates covering 2017 nonfuel mineral industry data. Data sheets contain information on the domestic industry structure, Government programs, tariffs, and 5-year salient statistics for more than 90 individual minerals and materials.

Ober, Joyce A.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2018, Mineral commodity summaries 2018: U.S. Geological Survey, 200 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/70194932.

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Year Published: 2018

Water stress from high-volume hydraulic fracturing potentially threatens aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem services in Arkansas, United States

Demand for high-volume, short duration water withdrawals could create water stress to aquatic organisms in Fayetteville Shale streams sourced for hydraulic fracturing fluids. We estimated potential water stress using permitted water withdrawal volumes and actual water withdrawals compared to monthly median, low, and high streamflows. Risk for...

Entrekin, Sally; Trainor, Anne; Saiers, James; Patterson, Lauren; Maloney, Kelly O.; Fargione, Joseph; Kiesecker, Joseph M.; Baruch-Mordo, Sharon; Konschnik, Katherine E.; Wiseman, Hannah; Nicot, Jean-Philippe; Ryan, Joseph N.
Entrekin, S., A. Trainor, J. Saiers, L. Patterson, K. Maloney, J. Fargione, J. Kiesecker, S. Baruch-Mordo, K. Konschnik, H. Wiseman, J.-P. Nicot, and J. N. Ryan. 2018. Water Stress from High-Volume Hydraulic Fracturing Potentially Threatens Aquatic Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Arkansas, United States. Environmental Science & Technology 52:2349-2358.

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Year Published: 2018

Sea surface temperature estimates for the mid-Piacenzian Indian Ocean—Ocean Drilling Program sites 709, 716, 722, 754, 757, 758, and 763

Despite the wealth of global paleoclimate data available for the warm period in the middle of the Piacenzian Stage of the Pliocene Epoch (about 3.3 to 3.0 million years ago [Ma]; Dowsett and others, 2013, and references therein), the Indian Ocean has remained a region of sparse geographic coverage in terms of microfossil analysis. In an effort to...

Robinson, Marci M.; Dowsett, Harry J.; Stoll, Danielle K.
Robinson, M.M., Dowsett, H.J., and Stoll, D.K., 2018, Sea surface temperature estimates for the mid-Piacenzian Indian Ocean—Ocean Drilling Program sites 709, 716, 722, 754, 757, 758, and 763: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1158, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171158.

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Year Published: 2018

Greenhouse gas emissions from diverse Arctic Alaskan lakes are dominated by young carbon

Climate-sensitive Arctic lakes have been identified as conduits for ancient permafrost-carbon (C) emissions and as such accelerate warming. However, the environmental factors that control emission pathways and their sources are unclear; this complicates upscaling, forecasting and climate-impact-assessment efforts. Here we show that current whole-...

Elder, Clayton D.; Xu, Xiaomei; Walker, Jennifer; Schnell, Jordan L.; Hinkel, Kenneth M.; Townsend-Small, Amy; Arp, Christopher D.; Pohlman, John; Gaglioti, Benjamin V.; Czimzik, Claudia I.
Clayton D. Elder, Xiaomei Xu, Jennifer Walker, Jordan L. Schnell, Kenneth M. Hinkel, Amy Townsend-Small, Christopher D. Arp, John W. Pohlman, Benjamin V. Gaglioti & Claudia I. Czimczik. 2018, Greenhouse gas emissions from diverse Arctic Alaskan lakes are dominated by young carbon: Nature Climate Change, 166-171 p doi:10.1038/s41558-017-0066-9.

Filter Total Items: 1,585
person in yellow flotation coat in rapidly flowing brown stream under colorful trees
October 17, 2017

Buffalo River - Water-quality sampling

Water-quality sampling on the Buffalo River, NY

Maumee River at Antwerp, OH - downstream
October 17, 2017

Maumee River at Antwerp, OH - downstream

Maumee River at Antwerp, OH - looking downstream of the bridge

Yellow Creek at Knox, IN looking downstream of gage
October 13, 2017

Yellow Creek at Knox, IN - downstream view

Yellow Creek at Knox, IN - looking downstream of gage and bridge

Wayne Baldwin, USGS, deploys a sound velocity profiler off the R/V Stephens in Lake Powell, UT-AZ.
October 11, 2017

Deploying equipment from small boat

Wayne Baldwin, USGS, deploys a sound velocity profiler off the stern of the R/V Stephens in Lake Powell, UT-AZ as part of a collaborative program with the Utah Water Science Center to map the depth and sediments within Lake Powell, UT-AZ.

A boat sits along a dock on Paradox Lake. The autumn colored trees are reflected in the placid lake.
October 10, 2017

Autumn colors reflected on Paradox Lake in the Adirondack Mountains

The Northeast Bedrock Mapping Project consists of scientists conducting geologic mapping and scientific research of complexly deformed crystalline igneous and metamorphic rocks in the Northeastern United States. Current mapping activities are focused in New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, and New York. The Project produces high-quality, multi-purpose digital geologic maps

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