Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

February Photo Contest

February Photo Contest

Check out the winning photographs in the February 2020 Photo Contest! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention

See the photos!

Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 778
red dots on map of Catskill region of New York
Date Published: April 24, 2019
Status: Active

Upper Esopus Creek Tributary Bedload Pilot Study

Problem Sediment transport is a serious concern in the upper Esopus Creek watershed. The creek is a well-documented source of sediment and turbidity to the Ashokan Reservoir, which is part of the New York City water supply system. During the last 2 decades there has been a series of stream stabilization and sediment reduction projects completed in the upper Esopus Creek watershed intended to...

Photo of a typical edge-of-field surface site
Date Published: April 12, 2019
Status: Active

Edge-of-field monitoring

Edge-of-field monitoring focuses on identifying and reducing agricultural sources of excess nutrients which can threaten the health of streams, rivers, and lakes. Edge-of-field monitoring assesses the quantity and quality of agricultural runoff and evaluates the effectiveness of conservation practices that aim to reduce nutrient loss.

Image showing an optical sensor system used to test wastewater.
Date Published: April 6, 2019
Status: Active

Using optical sensors to detect sewage contamination in the Great Lakes

In the Great Lakes, large volumes of sewage never make it to wastewater treatment plants due to illicit discharges and leaking sewer infrastructure, but contamination can be difficult to detect. This study will define the utility and practicality of using optical sensors to identify the sources and timing of sewage contamination in surface water and storm sewers in real-time field settings....

Contacts: Steven R Corsi
Researcher samples sediments on exposed cliff face.
Date Published: March 28, 2019
Status: Active

Sea Level and Storm Hazards: Past and Present

Sea level and Storm Hazards: Past and Present is a multidisciplinary study of past changes in sea level. Prehistoric shorelines can be used as a baseline for current and future sea level changes under warmer-than-present climate. Emphasis is placed on looking at sea levels during warm periods of the last 500,000 years as well as how base level changes increase the risk of coastal inundation...

Micropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)
Date Published: March 26, 2019
Status: Active

Defining Native Ranges of U.S. Inland Fishes

Understanding the native versus non-native range of a species can provide useful information about dispersal, population distribution patterns, and human mediated movement across hydrologic barriers. The USGS Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) Program is working with partners to define native ranges of inland fishes in the United States to help identify which species should be included in the...

Photo of minor street flooding along Niagara Street in Buffalo, New York
Date Published: March 25, 2019
Status: Active

Assessing stormwater reduction using green infrastructure: Niagara River Greenway Project (Buffalo, NY)

The effectiveness of green infrastructure (porous asphalt, planter boxes, rain gardens, and the removal of impervious pavements) at reducing stormwater runoff is being assessed at the Niagara Street redevelopment project in Buffalo, New York. This study will monitor pre- and post-construction storm-sewer flow, groundwater levels, evapotranspiration, precipitation, and soil moisture.

Contacts: Brett Hayhurst, Valerie E Shao, Julie Barrett O'Neill
Photos show change in water clarity in agricultural runoff before and after a grassed waterway was installed
Date Published: March 23, 2019
Status: Active

Edge-of-field monitoring: Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI)

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative edge-of-field monitoring focuses on identifying and reducing agricultural sources of excess nutrients which threaten the health of the Great Lakes. The USGS supports these efforts by utilizing edge-of-field monitoring to assess the quantity and quality of agricultural runoff and evaluate conservation practices that aim to reduce sediment and nutrient loss....

American Black Duck
Date Published: March 19, 2019
Status: Active

Deriving Spatial Waterfowl Inputs for Disease Risk Modeling

This project is an effort to create spatially and temporally explicit models for waterfowl distribution across the United States for use in avian influenza transmission risk modeling.

Stream winding through the snow covered woods
Date Published: March 13, 2019
Status: Active

Streamflow Characteristics and Trends in New Jersey, Water Years 1897 - 2017

Water resource managers regularly utilize streamflow statistics from the USGS for planning and regulation across the state. The impacts of climate, water use, and land use changes can alter streamflow over time. Periodically updated streamflow statistics are essential for the effective management of water resources in New Jersey.

Contacts: Amy McHugh
A technician sits at a microscope to identify macrofossils
Date Published: March 7, 2019
Status: Active

Macrofossil and Sediment Processing Laboratory

In the Macrofossil and sediment processing lab we analyze the physical, biological, and geochemical characteristics of peat and sediment samples collected from lake, wetland, and peat cores as proxies for past changes to these depositional environments on timescales of decades to millennia. We primarily study terrestrial wetland ecosystems from subtropical to arctic regions in order to...

Filter Total Items: 341
Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge, New Jersey Study SIte
March 26, 2018

Recent research shows that sediment budgets of microtidal marsh complexes on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States consistently scale with areal unvegetated/vegetated marsh ratio (UVVR) despite differences in sea-level rise, tidal range, elevation, vegetation, and stressors. This highlights UVVR as a broadly applicable indicator of microtidal marsh stability.

 Barnegat Bay Little Egg Harbor Study Site
March 26, 2018

As part of this data synthesis effort, hydrodynamic and sediment transport modeling of Barnegat Bay Little Egg Harbor (BBLEH) has been used to create the following wetland data layers in Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge (EBFNWR), New Jersey: 1) Hydrodynamic residence time , 2) salinity change and 3) salinity exposure change in wetlands, and 4) sediment supply to wetlands

Location Map of the Study site
March 26, 2018

 The purpose of the multibeam echosounder surveys was to map the bathymetry and backscatter intensity of the sea floor of the valley, providing a framework for geologic, oceanographic, and geochemical studies. The data from the three surveys are combined to produce grids of bathymetry and backscatter intensity at 12-m resolution that cover the entire valley and the head of the Hudson Canyon. 

National water information system map image
March 25, 2018

This mapper provides access to over 1.5 million sites contained in the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS), including sites where surface-water, groundwater, springs, and atmospheric data has been collected.

Techs gathering water quality samples with a bridge crane
February 27, 2018

Routine constituents are collected during sampling cycles at both fixed and probabilistic sites, and presented in tables provided.

Basemap image of the survey locations south of Long Island, NY
February 20, 2018

Surveys of the bathymetry and backscatter intensity of the sea floor south of Long Island, New York, were carried out in November 1998 using a Simrad EM1000 multibeam echosounder mounted on the Canadian Coast Guard ship Frederick G. Creed. 

The area was mapped by the U.S. Geological Survey with support from the Canadian Hydrographic Service and the University of New Brunswick.

Location Map of Sandy Hook, NJ
February 20, 2018

The Sandy Hook artificial reef, located on the sea floor offshore of Sandy Hook, New Jersey was built to create habitat for marine lie. The collected data from this cruise are bathymetry, backscatter intensity, and navigation trackline. 

location map of sample locations from the north and south shores of long island, new york
February 15, 2018

Groundwater data were collected in the spring and fall of 2008 from three sites representing different geological settings and biogeochemical conditions within the surficial glacial aquifer of Long Island, NY. 

Aerial images of Black Beach, Falmouth, MA
February 15, 2018

The U.S. Geological Survey worked in collaboration with members of the Marine Biological Laboratory and Woods Hole Analytics at Black Beach, in Falmouth, Massachusetts to explore scientific research demands on UAS technology for topographic and habitat mapping applications. 

summary of key findings for scenario-based assessment for Nor'easters
February 14, 2018

Key Findings for Scenario-Based Assessment for Nor'easters

Percentage of sandy beaches very likely (probability > 0.9) to experience erosion associated with collision, overwash, and inundation during class 1-3 nor’easter impact.

summary of key findings for scenario-based assessment for hurricanes
February 14, 2018

Key Findings for Scenario-Based Assessment for Hurricanes

Percentage of sandy beaches very likely (probability > 0.9) to experience erosion associated with collision, overwash, and inundation during category 1-5 hurricane landfall.

Map of marsh shoreline change rates for Edwin B Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge
February 12, 2018

This dataset displays shoreline change rates at the Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge (EBFNWR), which spans over Great Bay, Little Egg Harbor, and Barnegat Bay in New Jersey, USA

Filter Total Items: 15,543
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Year Published: 2019

Groundwater recharge estimates for Maine using a Soil-Water-Balance model—25-year average, range, and uncertainty, 1991 to 2015

To address the lack of information on the spatial and temporal variability of recharge to groundwater systems in Maine, a study was initiated in cooperation with the Maine Geological Survey to use the U.S. Geological Survey Soil-Water-Balance model to evaluate annual average potential recharge across the State over a 25-year period from 1991 to...

Nielsen, Martha G.; Westenbroek, Stephen M.
Nielsen, M.G., and Westenbroek, S.M., 2019, Groundwater recharge estimates for Maine using a Soil-Water-Balance model—25-year average, range, and uncertainty, 1991 to 2015: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5125, 58 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195125.

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Year Published: 2019

Limited detection of antibodies to clade 2.3.4.4 A/Goose/Guangdong/1/1996 lineage highly pathogenic H5 avian influenza virus in North American waterfowl

During 2014, highly pathogenic (HP) influenza A viruses (IAVs) of the A/Goose/Guangdong/1/1996 lineage (GsGD-HP-H5), originating from Asia, were detected in domestic poultry and wild birds in Canada and the US. These clade 2.3.4.4 GsGD-HP-H5 viruses included reassortants possessing North American lineage gene segments; were detected in wild birds...

Stallknecht, David E.; Kienzle-Dean, Clara; Davis-Fields, Nick; Jennelle, Christopher S.; Bowman, Andrew S.; Nolting, Jacqueline M.; Boyce, Walter; Crum, James; Santos, Jefferson; Brown, Justin D.; Prosser, Diann; De La Cruz, Susan E. W.; Ackerman, Joshua T.; Casazza, Michael L.; Krauss, Scott; Perez, Daniel; Ramey, Andrew M.; Poulson, Rebecca L.

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Year Published: 2019

The influence of layout on Appalachian Trail soil loss, widening, and muddiness: Implications for sustainable trail design and management

This research investigates the influence of layout and design on the severity of trail degradation. Previous trail studies have been restricted by relatively small study areas which provide a limited range of environmental conditions and therefore produce findings with limited applicability; this research improves on this limitation by analyzing...

Meadema, Fletcher; Marion, Jeffrey L.; Arredondo, Johanna; Wimpey, Jeremy

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Year Published: 2019

Comparative functional skeletal morphology among three genera of shrews: Implications for the evolution of locomotor behavior in the Soricinae (Eulipotyphla: Soricidae)

The clade comprising the soricid tribes Blarinellini (Blarinella) and Blarinini (Blarina and Cryptotis) is notable within the Soricidae (Eulipotyphla) for the large proportion of reportedly semifossorial species. To better define locomotor modes among species in these two tribes, we quantified purported locomotor adaptations by...

Woodman, Neal; Alec T. Wilken

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Year Published: 2019

Understanding tidal marsh trajectories: Evaluation of multiple indicators of marsh persistence

Robust assessments of ecosystem stability are critical for informing conservation and management decisions. Tidal marsh ecosystems provide vital services, yet are globally threatened by anthropogenic alterations to physical and biological processes. A variety of monitoring and modeling approaches have been undertaken to determine which tidal...

Wasson, Kerstin; Ganju, Neil Kamal; Defne, Zafer; Endris, Charlie; Elsey-Quirk, Tracy; Thorne, Karen M.; Freeman, Chase; Guntenspergen, Glenn R.; Nowacki, Daniel J. ; Raposa, Kenneth B.

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Year Published: 2019

Simulated water-table and pond-level responses to proposed public water-supply withdrawals in the Hyannis Ponds Wildlife Management Area, Barnstable, Massachusetts

The glacial kettle ponds in the Hyannis Ponds Wildlife Management Area in Barnstable, Massachusetts, support a community of rare and endangered plants. The ponds are hydraulically connected to the unconfined aquifer that underlies Cape Cod. The plants are adapted to the rise and fall of water levels in the ponds as the water table fluctuates in...

LeBlanc, Denis R.; McCobb, Timothy D.; Barbaro, Jeffrey R.
LeBlanc, D.R., McCobb, T.D., and Barbaro, J.R., 2019, Simulated water-table and pond-level responses to proposed public water-supply withdrawals in the Hyannis Ponds Wildlife Management Area, Barnstable, Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5121, 32 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195121.

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Year Published: 2019

Exposure and potential effects of pesticides and pharmaceuticals in protected streams of the US National Park Service southeast Region

Globally protected areas offer refugia for a broad range of taxa including threatened and endangered species. The United States National Park Service (NPS) manages public lands to preserve biodiversity, but increasing park visitation and development of surrounding landscapes increase exposure to and effects from bioactive contaminants. The risk (...

Bradley, Paul; Romanok, Kristin; Duncan, Jeffrey R.; Battaglin, William; Clark, Jimmy; Hladik, Michelle; Huffman, Bradley; Iwanowicz, Luke; Journey, Celeste A.; Smalling, Kelly

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Year Published: 2019

Evaluating legacy effects of hyperabundant white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in forested stands of Harriman and Bear Mountain State Parks, New York

Executive SummaryWhite-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) are among the most impactful herbivores in the eastern United States. Legacy forest effects, those accrued from intense herbivory over time, manifest as low seedling regeneration, high cover of plant species that are infrequently browsed by deer, presence or expansion of nonnative or...

Kilheffer, Chellby R.; Underwood, H. Brian; Donald J. Leopold; Rachel Guerrieri
Kilheffer, C.R., Underwood, H.B., Leopold, D.J., and Guerrieri, R., 2019, Evaluating legacy effects of hyperabundant white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in forested stands of Harriman and Bear Mountain State Parks, New York: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1116, 36 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191116.

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Year Published: 2019

Three new species of small-eared shrews, genus Cryptotis, from El Salvador and Guatemala (Mammalia: Eulipotyphla: Soricidae)

The Cryptotis goldmani group of small-eared shrews (Eulipotyphla: Soricidae: Cryptotis Pomel, 1848) is a clade of semifossorially adapted species discontinuously distributed in moist highlands from central Mexico to western Panama. Inspection of a recent collection of small mammals resulting from field work in Guatemala provided the impetus for a...

Woodman, Neal

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Year Published: 2019

Survival rates and stopover persistence of American Woodcock using Cape May, New Jersey during fall migration

Cape May, New Jersey is an important stopover area for American woodcock (Scolopax minor, hereafter woodcock) during fall migration along the Atlantic Coast of the United States. Previous research has indicated that many woodcock stop at Cape May prior to crossing Delaware Bay; however, little is known about survival of woodcock while using Cape...

McAuley, Daniel; Zimmerman, Guthrie S.; Allen, B. L.; Dwyer, C.; Cooper, T.R.

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Year Published: 2019

A draft decision framework for the National Park Service Interior Region 5 bison stewardship strategy

The Department of the Interior Bison Conservation Initiative calls for its bureaus to plan and implement collaborative American bison conservation and to ensure involvement by tribal, state, and local governments and the public in that conservation. Four independently managed and geographically separated National Park Service (NPS) units in...

Symstad, Amy; Miller, Brian W.; Shenk, Tanya M; Athearn, Nicole D; Runge, Michael C.
Symstad, A. J., B. W. Miller, T. M. Shenk, N. D. Athearn, and M. C. Runge. 2019. A draft decision framework for the National Park Service Interior Region 5 bison stewardship strategy. Natural Resource Report NPS/MWRO/NRR—2019/2046. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

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Year Published: 2019

Biogeographical patterns of tunicates utilizing eelgrass as substrate in the western North Atlantic between 39o and 47o north latitude (New Jersey to Newfoundland)

Colonization of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) by tunicates can lead to reduced plant growth and survival. Several of the tunicate species that are found on eelgrass in the northwest Atlantic are highly aggressive colonizers, and range expansions are predicted in association with climate-change induced increases in seawater temperature. In 2017...

Carman, Mary R.; Colarusso, Philip D.; Neckles, Hilary A.; Bologna, Paul; Caines, Scott; Davidson, John D. P.; Evans, N. Tay; Fox, Sophia; Grunden, David W.; Hoffman, Sarah; Ma, Kevin C. K.; Matheson, Kyle; McKenzie, Cynthia; Nelson, Eric P.; Plaisted, Holly; Reddington, Emily; Schott, Stephen; Wong, Melisa C.

Filter Total Items: 1,034
Angie Crain - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Angie Crain - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Angie Crain - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting. Angie gave a presentation on Super Gages/Mobile Super Gages: What's coming into Kentucky and what's leaving it - and new ways to answer that question.

Chris Kephart - OKI Water Microbiology Laboratory
April 18, 2019

Chris Kephart - OKI Water Microbiology Laboratory

Chris Kephart - OKI Water Microbiology Laboratory. Chris gave a presentation at the OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting titled "OKI Water Micorbiology Laboratory: Capabilities and current studies: Learn about the latest technology and science being employed by the OKI WSC. Chris also gave a hand-on demonstration titled "Learn about qPCR and more from the OKI WSC's microbiology lab

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Dave Lampe - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Dave Lampe - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Dave Lampe - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting. Dave gave a presentation on the Indiana Groundwater Network: Leveraging citizen science to monitor ctitical resources.

Gary Martin - USGS StreamStats Application
April 18, 2019

Gary Martin - USGS StreamStats Application

Gary Martin - USGS StreamStats Application. Gary gave a presontation and hands-on demonstartion on the USGS StreamStats application at the OKI 2019 Coopertor Meeting.

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting. Jeremiah gave a presentation on AMDTreat: Science meets modern computing.

Dave Lampe - How to measure groundwater levels
April 18, 2019

Dave Lampe - How to measure groundwater levels

Dave Lampe - How to measure groundwater levels.  Dave gave a presentation titled "Indiana Groundwater Network: Leveraging citizen science to monitor critical resources and a hands-on demonstation on how to measure groundwater levels.

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Jeremiah Lant - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting. Jeremiah gave a presentation on AMDTreat: Science meets modern computing.

Dave Lampe - Indiana Groundwater Network
April 18, 2019

Dave Lampe - Indiana Groundwater Network

Dave Lampe - How to measure groundwater levels.  Dave gave a presentation titled "Indiana Groundwater Network: Leveraging citizen science to monitor critical resources and a hands-on demonstation on how to measure groundwater levels.

Gary Martin - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting
April 18, 2019

Gary Martin - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting

Gary Martin - OKI 2019 Cooperator Meeting - Gary provided a hands-on demonstration on using the StreamStats application.

Filter Total Items: 86
USGS science for a changing world logo
March 19, 2014

In a finding authors are coining an "unintentional rewilding," scientists identified a cave dung deposit as belonging to bighorn sheep that became extinct on a desert island sometime between the 6th and the 20th century.

USGS science for a changing world logo
February 12, 2014

Recording bats' echolocation "calls" is the most efficient and least intrusive way of identifying different species of bats in a given area, providing insight into some populations that have been decimated by white-nose syndrome.