Unified Interior Regions

Region 1: North Atlantic-Appalachian

Our Science Centers

Our Science Centers

The NAA Region has 15 Science Centers spanning 14 NE States and Washington, DC. The Centers conduct interdisciplinary biologic, geologic, hydrologic, and energy monitoring and research addressing natural resource issues facing our nation.

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August and September Photo Contests

August and September Photo Contests

Check out the winning photographs in the August and September 2021 Photo Contests! Categories include People, USGS at Work, Where We Work, and Honorable Mention.

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Regions L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 1,126
Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Terrestrial wildlife and legacy oil mining on National Wildlife Refuges

Amphibian surveys are being conducted on select National Wildlife Refuges with active and/or legacy oil mining to determine species relative distribution and their risk to short- and long-term effects from exposure to crude oil and its byproducts.

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Produced water from Marcellus Shale and amphibians

Research biologists at the USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center (PWRC) are conducting a series of scientific studies on the potential effects of wastewater from hydraulic fracturing activities on terrestrial wildlife. Findings will help in assessing proposals for managing recycling and distribution of large volumes of flowback and produced waters generated by methods of oil and gas...

Date published: April 3, 2020
Status: Active

Grand River near Painesville, OH

Water-quality “super” gages (also known as “sentry” gages) provide real-time, continuous measurements of the physical and chemical characteristics of stream water at or near selected U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. A super gage includes streamflow and water-quality instrumentation and representative stream sample collection for laboratory analysis....

Date published: April 2, 2020
Status: Active

Virginia Coast Reserve Long Term Ecological Research VII

The highly protected Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR) is the largest undeveloped region along the Atlantic seaboard.The VCR is managed by the Nature Conservancy, and was designated a Man and the Biosphere Reserve in 1979, providing a unique environment for which to study coastal impacts of climate change on a variety of coastal ecosystems from barrier islands across back barrier lagoons, mudflats...

Date published: April 2, 2020
Status: Active

Assessing Faunal Recovery in a Headwater Stream

A catastrophic fish-kill in a small tributary stream of the Etowah River system (Dawson County, Georgia) has created the opportunity to assess faunal recovery, including recolonization by a federally-listed fish species (the Cherokee darter Etheostoma scotti).  Fishes are expected to recolonize Flat Creek by moving upstream from downstream sources.  In particular, Flat Creek flows...

Date published: April 2, 2020
Status: Active

Evaluating the Design of the Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey

The Waterfowl Breeding Population and Habitat Survey (WBPHS) is a primary source of waterfowl population status and trend information for management of ducks in North America.  The survey has not been reviewed in several decades, and since the last review new analysis approaches and information needs have created a need to reassess the design, scope of inference, and analysis of the survey to...

Contacts: John Sauer, Ph.D., William Link, Ph.D., Emily Silverman, Kathy Fleming
Date published: March 31, 2020
Status: Active

Blue-winged Teal and Cross Continental Avian Influenza Transmission

This project aims to improve our understanding of the migratory ecology of Blue-winged Teal and how this may impact the ability of this species to transmit avian influenza or other pathogens across the wild bird – domestic poultry interface.This project aims to improve our understanding of the migratory ecology of Blue-winged Teal and how this may impact the ability of this species to transmit...

Date published: March 30, 2020
Status: Active

Seagrass Vulnerability to Environmental Conditions Under Changing Temperature Regimes

Seagrasses are among the most productive ecosystems on the planet. Water quality degradation and direct human disturbance have caused loss of nearly a third of the seagrass habitat worldwide. These threats are exacerbated by stresses associated with a changing global climate. Predicting how seagrass distribution, abundance, and species composition will change in response to increased...

Date published: March 26, 2020
Status: Active

Huron River near Milan, OH

Water-quality “super” gages (also known as “sentry” gages) provide real-time, continuous measurements of the physical and chemical characteristics of stream water at or near selected U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgages in Ohio, Kentucky, and Indiana. A super gage includes streamflow and water-quality instrumentation and representative stream sample collection for laboratory analysis....

Date published: March 18, 2020
Status: Active

Response of fish assemblages and habitat to stream restoration in the Ashokan Watershed

Background: Streams are ecologically, culturally, and economically important systems that are subject to impacts from a large array of human activities. There has been a relatively recent increase in efforts to manage, protect, and restore streams that have experienced physical, chemical, and biological degradation. Unfortunately, interest in any single restoration effort tends to be...

Contacts: Scott George
Date published: March 18, 2020
Status: Active

Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Seaduck Challenge Study

This project seeks to improve our understanding of the susceptibility and pathogenesis of pertinent strains of avian influenza viruses in diving duck species.

Date published: March 17, 2020
Status: Active

Avian Influenza Surveillance in Waterfowl in the Atlantic Flyway

This project seeks to quantify the strains and prevalence of avian influenza viruses circulating in wild waterfowl across the Atlantic Flyway, and allow comparison with the nations other flyways.

Filter Total Items: 494
Date published: June 2, 2020

Slope Values Across Marsh-Forest Boundary in Chesapeake Bay Region, USA

The marsh-forest boundary in the Chesapeake Bay was determined by geoprocessing high-resolution (1 square meter) land use and land cover data sets. Perpendicular transects were cast at standard intervals (30 meters) along the boundary within a GIS by repurposing the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) Version 5.0, an ArcGIS extension developed by the U.S. Geological Survey. Ave

Date published: June 2, 2020

Elevation of marsh units in north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Date published: June 2, 2020

Exposure potential of marsh units to environmental health stressors in north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, and mean tidal range, are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical factors that influence

Date published: June 2, 2020

Rate of shoreline change of marsh units in north shore Long Island salt marsh complex, New York

This data release contains coastal wetland synthesis products for the geographic region of north shore Long Island, New York. Metrics for resiliency, including unvegetated to vegetated ratio (UVVR), marsh elevation, mean tidal range, and shoreline change rate are calculated for smaller units delineated from a Digital Elevation Model, providing the spatial variability of physical f

Date published: June 1, 2020

Continuous monitoring data from Great Barnstable Marsh on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2017-19

These USGS datasets can be used to evaluate changes in water levels across ditched and natural salt marsh regions and provide information for any future studies of salt marsh productivity and geomorphic models in Great Barnstable Marsh.

Date published: June 1, 2020

Continuous Monitoring Data From Great Barnstable Marsh on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2017-19

Salt marshes are environmental ecosystems that contribute to coastal landscape resiliency to storms and rising sea level. Ninety percent of mid-Atlantic and New England salt marshes have been impacted by parallel grid ditching that began in the 1920s–40s to control mosquito populations and to provide employment opportunities during the Great Depression (James-Pirri and others, 2009;

Date published: May 28, 2020

GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals—aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten: U.S. Geological Survey data release

Phase 2 focuses on the following minerals: aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements (PGE), rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten. The focus areas are provided as geospatial data supported by tables that summarize what is known about the mineral potential and brief descriptions of data gaps that could be addressed by the Earth MRI program.

Date published: May 28, 2020

GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals—aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten

In response to Executive Order 13817 of December 20, 2017, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) coordinated with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to identify 35 nonfuel minerals or mineral materials considered critical to the economic and national security of the United States (U.S.) (https://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2018/1021/ofr20181021....

Date published: May 27, 2020

Estimated low-flow statistics at ungaged stream locations in New Jersey, water year 2019

Estimates of various low-flow statistics were computed at 53 ungaged stream locations throughout New Jersey during the 2019 water year using methods in the published reports, 1) Streamflow characteristics and trends in New Jersey, water years 1897-2003 (Watson and others, 2005) and 2) Implementation of MOVE.1, censored MOVE.1, and piecewise MOVE.1 low-flow regressions with appli

Date published: May 26, 2020

Inputs and Selected Outputs Used to Assess Spatial and Temporal Patterns in Streamflow, Water-Chemistry, and Aquatic Macroinvertebrates of Selected Streams in Fairfax County, Virginia, 2007-2018

Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and suspended-sediment (SS) loads, in Fairfax County, Virginia streams have been calculated using monitoring data from five intensively monitored watersheds for the period from water year (October - September) 2008-2017. Nutrient and suspended-sediment loads were computed using a surrogate (multiple-linear regression) approach with lab ana

Date published: May 22, 2020

Electron microprobe analyses of feldspars from the Hawkeye and Lyon Mountain Granite Gneisses in the Adirondacks of New York.

Iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits of the Adirondack Mountains of New York locally contain elevated REE concentrations (e.g. Taylor and others, 2019). Critical to evaluating resource potential is understanding the genesis of the IOA deposits that host the REE-rich minerals. As part of this effort, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is conducting bedrock geologic mapping, geochro

Date published: May 21, 2020

Fort Belvoir, Virginia, stream-water, streambed-sediment, and soil data collected in 2019

Field parameters and chemical-analysis results of stream water, streambed sediment, and soil data collected during 2019 at Fort Belvoir, Virginia are presented.

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Year Published: 2021

Associations between private well water and community water supply arsenic concentrations in the conterminous United States

Geogenic arsenic contamination typically occurs in groundwater as opposed to surface water supplies. Groundwater is a major source for many community water systems (CWSs) in the United States (US). Although the US Environmental Protection Agency sets the maximum contaminant level (MCL enforceable since 2006: 10 μg/L) for arsenic in CWSs, private...

Spaur, Maya; Lombard, Melissa; Ayotte, Joseph D.; Harvey, David; Bostick, Benjamin; Chillrud, Steven; Navas-Acien, Ana; Nigra, Anne E

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Year Published: 2021

Activity patterns of anadromous fish below a tide gate: Observations from high‐resolution imaging sonar

The construction of dams and tide gates on waterways has altered the physical structure of many coastal, estuarine, and freshwater systems. These changes have come at a cost to fish populations, most notably diadromous species, which rely on connectivity between marine and freshwater systems. These anthropogenic structures can have direct effects...

Rillahan, Christopher B.; Alcott, Derrick; Castro-Santos, Theodore R.; He, Pingguo

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Year Published: 2021

Weighing the unknowns: Value of information for biological and operational uncertainty in invasion management

The management of biological invasions is a worldwide conservation priority. Unfortunately, decision-making on optimal invasion management can be impeded by lack of information about the biological processes that determine invader success (i.e. biological uncertainty) or by uncertainty about the effectiveness of candidate interventions (i.e....

Li, Shou-Li; Keller, Joseph; Runge, Michael C.; Shea, Katriona

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Year Published: 2021

Relating Tmax and hydrogen index to vitrinite and solid bitumen reflectance in hydrous pyrolysis residues: Comparisons to natural thermal indices

Vitrinite reflectance (VRo; %) generally is considered the most reliable technique to determine the thermal maturity of sedimentary rocks. However, it is a time-consuming process to collect reflectance (Ro; %) measurements and is subjective to the interpretation of each trained technician, who must be able to discern between ...

Lohr, Celeste D.; Hackley, Paul C.

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Year Published: 2021

USGS 2020 critical minerals review

Concerns about the lack of domestic production and availability of essential mineral raw materials were a recurring theme throughout the 20th century, particularly in the periods around armed conflicts (Congressional Research Service, 2019). These concerns resulted in the designation of particular minerals as “strategic” or “critical,” terms that...

Fortier, Steven M.; Nassar, Nedal T.; Kelley, Karen D.; Lederer, Graham W.; Mauk, Jeffrey L.; Hammarstrom, Jane M.; Day, Warren C.; Seal, Robert R.

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Year Published: 2021

Optimal strategies for managing wildlife harvest under climate change

Wildlife populations are experiencing shifting dynamics due to climate and landscape change. Management policies that fail to account for non‐stationary dynamics may fail to achieve management objectives. We establish a framework for understanding optimal strategies for managing a theoretical harvested population under non‐stationarity. Building...

Tucker, Anna Maureen; Runge, Michael C.

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Year Published: 2021

Insights on the characteristics and sources of gas from an underground coal mine using compositional data analysis

Coal mine gas originates from the gas emission zone (GEZ) of the mine, as well as the longwall face and pillars. Gas emissions are controlled directly at the sources using horizontal or vertical boreholes drilled from surface or from the entries in advance of mining, or it is captured from the fractured and caved zones (gob) using...

Karacan, C. Özgen; Martín-Fernández, Josep Antoni; Ruppert, Leslie F.; Olea, Ricardo

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Year Published: 2021

Capturing the transient hydrological response in sandy soils during a rare cloudburst associated with shallow slope failures; A case study in the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, USA

A cloudburst on 7 August 2018 in the coastal bluffs of the Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey, induced flooding, erosion and multiple shallow slope failures that adversely affected the surrounding hillside residential area. Historically, short-duration deluges are rare in the New York Bay region, with only eight cloudbursts of greater magnitude...

Ashland, Francis; Reilly, Pamela A.; Fiore, Alex R.

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Year Published: 2021

Assessment of wave attenuation, current patterns, and sediment deposition and erosion during winter storms by living shoreline structures in Gandys Beach, New Jersey

This study was conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey and Northeastern University in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and The Nature Conservancy. This report summarizes field investigation and analysis of waves, current patterns, and sediment deposition and erosion along the Gandys Beach, New Jersey, salt marsh vegetated...

Wang, Hongqing; Capurso, William D.; Chen, Qin; Zhu, Ling; Niemoczynski, Lukasz; Snedden, Gregg
Wang, H., Capurso, W., Chen, Q., Zhu, L., Niemoczynski, L., and Snedden, G., 2021, Assessment of wave attenuation, current patterns, and sediment deposition and erosion during winter storms by living shoreline structures in Gandys Beach, New Jersey: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1040, 37 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211040.

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Year Published: 2021

A framework for allocating conservation resources among multiple threats and actions

Land managers decide how to allocate resources among multiple threats that can be addressed through multiple possible actions. Additionally, these actions vary in feasibility, effectiveness, and cost. We sought to provide a way to optimize resource allocation to address multiple threats when multiple management options are available, including...

Moore, Joslin L; Camaclang, Abbey E; Moore, Alana L.; Hauser, Cindy E; Runge, Michael C.; Picheny, Victor; Rumpff, Libby

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Year Published: 2021

USGS National Water Quality Monitoring Network

What is the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Monitoring Network?Understanding the water quality of U.S. streams and rivers requires consistent data collection and analysis over decades. The U.S. Geological Survey’s (USGS) National Water Quality Network (NWQN) was established to facilitate national-scale understanding of surface-water...

Riskin, Melissa L.; Lee, Casey J.
Lee, C.J., and Riskin, M.L., 2021, USGS National Water Quality Monitoring Network: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2021–3019, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20213019.

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Year Published: 2021

Geophysical insights into Paleoproterozoic tectonics along the southern margin of the Superior Province, central Upper Peninsula, Michigan, USA

The southern margin of the Archean Superior Province in the central Upper Peninsula of Michigan was a nexus for key Paleoproterozoic tectonic events involved in the ~2.1 Ga rifting of proposed Archean supercraton Superia and subsequent assembly of Laurentia. Interpretations of the region’s tectonic history have historically been hampered by...

Drenth, Benjamin J.; Cannon, William F.; Schulz, Klaus J.; Ayuso, Robert A.

Filter Total Items: 1,772
Jon Cohl ADCP at 01457400 Musconetcong Riegelsville
December 30, 2020

Jon Cohl ADCP at 01457400 Musconetcong Riegelsville

Photo Contest Winner | January 2021 | People
Jon Cohl ADCP at 01457400 Musconetcong Riegelsville

a man on the beach with bags and poles touching a small yellow boat
November 22, 2020

Deploying the Autonomous Surf Vehicle at Pea Island

The USGS will be using an autonomous surf vehicle, built by Peter Traykovski of WHOI, to map the bathymetry of the Pea Island DUNEX Experiment Site. 

Neal Craig teaching new hydro tech
November 19, 2020

Neal Craig teaching new hydro tech Alice Mower at Fisherville, KY gage

Photo Contest Winner | June 2021 | People
Neal Craig teaching new hydro tech Alice Mower at Fisherville, KY gage

Teaching techs how to count clicks
November 19, 2020

Teaching techs how to count clicks

Photo Contest Winner | January 2021 | Honorable Mention 1
Teaching young techs how to count clicks

​​​​​​​Sligo Creek Storm
October 29, 2020

​​​​​​​Sligo Creek Storm

Photo Contest Winner | January 2021 | Honorable Mention 2
Sligo Creek Storm

USGS boat ready to collect water samples
October 14, 2020

USGS boat ready to collect water samples

USGS boat used to collect water samples in a PFAS-impacted lake on Cape Cod.

USGS employee stands in the river with a prism while a point measurement is taken with a station located on the river bank.
October 6, 2020

Taking a channel measurement

Surface-water modeling for Federal Emergency Management Agency flood insurance rate maps. 

​A USGS employees stands in the river channel keeping a prism on a survey rod level while a point measurement is taken with a total station located on the river bank.​

Checking in on a benchmark and taking recovery photos
October 6, 2020

Checking in on a benchmark and taking recovery photos

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps. ​

USGS Hydrologic Technicians Terrence Talbot and Gunther Schletter take field notes and benchmark recovery photos after checking in at the benchmark.

​USGS employee in a canoe hold a prism while survey rod level and the channel point is collected with a total station from shore
October 6, 2020

Taking channel measurements from a canoe

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

​​USGS employee in a canoe hold a prism and survey rod level while the channel point is collected with a total station from shore.

USGS employees check a channel measurement taken with a total station on a river near St. Johnsbury, VT.
October 6, 2020

Checking the channel measurement

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

​USGS employees check a channel measurement taken with a total station on a river near St. Johnsbury, VT.

Hydrologic Technician Gunther Schletter takes a channel measurement using a Total Station on a river near St. Johnsbury, VT.
October 6, 2020

Behind the Total Station

Surface Water Modeling for FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps.

Hydrologic Technician Gunther Schletter takes a channel measurement using a Total Station on a river near St. Johnsbury, VT.​​

Filter Total Items: 287
TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: Timelapse of City/Town Halls in OH & WV
December 18, 2019

This challenge is now complete!!  Thank you to everyone who contributed!  Here is a time lapse of our volunteer contributions for this challenge:

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
December 5, 2019

Here is the weekly update for this challenge.  West Virginia is nearing completion while Ohio is filling in nicely with more and more counties becoming populated!  However, there's still several villages yet to be added for Ohio.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
November 21, 2019

Here is the weekly update for this challenge - it's exciting to see more counties filling in! Keep an eye out for another article on city / town halls in this month's newsletter.

Large stormwater retention pond compared to a green stormwater infrastructure dry pond with native vegetation.
November 18, 2019

A new study finds that a high density of green stormwater infrastructure can provide enhanced mitigation of peak flows and runoff volumes compared to large, detention-based stormwater control practices.

man on bridge over flooding creek controlling an adcp
November 1, 2019

Summary of Event Impact:
Record and Major flooding in parts of the Southern Adirondacks and northern Mohawk Valley October 31-November 1.

Event Information:
Record and Major flooding occurred in parts of the Southern Adirondacks
and northern Mohawk Valley October 31-November 1 as a result of
3-5+ inches of rainfall last night.

Surveying for the FEMA project
November 1, 2019

U.S. Geological Survey and Federal Emergency Management Agency are seeking feedback and information from towns in the Otter Creek watershed, Vermont, after two Discovery Meetings were held on October 29 and 30.

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
October 31, 2019

This challenge is coming along nice and steady! Ohio is especially starting to look nice; points are coming in county-by-county with close to another 100 points added since last week's update!

TNMCorps Mapping Challenge: City/Town Halls in Ohio and West Virginia
October 24, 2019

City/Town Halls continue to come in for this challenge!  Nice work!

Filter Total Items: 594