Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center

Publications

Below is a list of of the most recent EROS peer-reviewed scientific papers, reports, fact sheets, and other publications. You can search all our publication holdings by type, topic, year, and order. After selecting any set of these criteria, click "Apply Filter" to view the search results.

Filter Total Items: 1,930
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Year Published: 2021

Earth Resources Observation and Science Center hosting services

The Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center has a long history of leveraging technology in support of Earth science and business applications including data management, processing, and virtualization and complex solutions to visualize and distribute data. It is the aim of EROS to offer operational excellence and service as a key...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2021, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center hosting services: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2021–3018, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20213018.

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Year Published: 2021

Trends in rangeland fractional components across the western U.S. from 1985-2018

Monitoring temporal dynamics of rangelands to detect and understand change in vegetation cover and composition provides a wealth of information to improve management and sustainability. Remote sensing allows the evaluation of both abrupt and gradual rangeland change at unprecedented spatial and temporal extents. Here, we describe the production of...

Rigge, Matthew B.; Homer, Collin; Shi, Hua; Meyer, Debbie; Bunde, Brett; Granneman, Brian J.; Postma, Kory; Danielson, Patrick; Case, Adam; Xian, George Z.

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Year Published: 2021

Rangeland fractional components across the western United States from 1985 to 2018

Monitoring temporal dynamics of rangelands to detect and understand change in vegetation cover and composition provides a wealth of information to improve management and sustainability. Remote sensing allows the evaluation of both abrupt and gradual rangeland change at unprecedented spatial and temporal extents. Here, we describe the production of...

Rigge, Matthew B.; Homer, Collin G.; Shi, Hua; Meyer, Debra K.; Bunde, Brett; Granneman, Brian J.; Postma, Kory; Danielson, Patrick; Case, Adam; Xian, George Z.

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Year Published: 2021

Decadal-scale hotspot methane ebullition within lakes following abrupt permafrost thaw

Thermokarst lakes accelerate deep permafrost thaw and the mobilization of previously frozen soil organic carbon. This leads to microbial decomposition and large releases of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) that enhance climate warming. However, the time scale of permafrost-carbon emissions following thaw is not well known but is important...

Anthony, K.W.; Lindgren, P.; Hanke, P.; Engram, M.; Anthony, P.; Daanen, R.; Bondurant, A.; Liljedahl, A.K.; Lenz, J.; Grosse, G.; Jones, B.M.; Brosius, L. S.; James, Stephanie R.; Minsley, Burke J; Pastick, Neal; Munk, J.; Chanton, J. P.; Miller, C.E.; Meyer, F.J.

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Year Published: 2021

Syntrophotalea acetylenivorans sp. nov., a diazotrophic, acetylenotrophic anaerobe isolated from intertidal sediments

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly anaerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium, designated SFB93T, was isolated from the intertidal sediments of South San Francisco Bay, located near Palo Alto, CA, USA. SFB93T was capable of acetylenotrophic and diazotrophic growth, grew at 22–37 °C, pH 6.3–8.5 and in the presence of 10–45 g l−1 NaCl....

Baesman, Shaun; Sutton, John M.; Fierst, Janna L.; Akob, Denise M.; Oremland, Ronald S.

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Year Published: 2021

Landsat 8 thermal infrared sensor scene select mechanism open loop operations

The Landsat 8 (L8) spacecraft and its two instruments, the operational land imager (OLI) and thermal infrared sensor (TIRS), have been consistently characterized and calibrated since its launch in February 2013. These performance metrics and calibration updates are determined through the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Landsat image...

Choate, Michael; Rengarajan, R.; Storey, James C.; Beckmann, Tim

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Year Published: 2021

Vegetation monitoring optimization with normalized difference vegetation index and evapotranspiration using remote sensing measurements and land surface models over East Africa

The majority of people in East Africa rely on the agro-pastoral system for their livelihood, which is highly vulnerable to droughts and flooding. Agro-pastoral droughts are endemic to the region and are considered the main natural hazard that contributes to food insecurity. Drought begins with rainfall deficit, gradually leading to soil moisture...

Pervez, Shahriar; McNally, Amy; Arsenault, Kristi; Budde, Michael; Rowland, James

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Year Published: 2021

USGS permafrost research determines the risks of permafrost thaw to biologic and hydrologic resources

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in collaboration with university, Federal, Tribal, and independent partners, conducts fundamental research on the distribution, vulnerability, and importance of permafrost in arctic and boreal ecosystems. Scientists, land managers, and policy makers use USGS data to help make decisions for development, wildlife...

Waldrop, Mark P.; Anderson, Lesleigh; Dornblaser, Mark; Erikson, Li H.; Gibbs, Ann E.; Herman-Mercer, Nicole M.; James, Stephanie R.; Jones, Miriam C.; Koch, Joshua C.; Leewis, Mary-Cathrine; Manies, Kristen L.; Minsley, Burke J.; Pastick, Neal J.; Patil, Vijay; Urban, Frank; Walvoord, Michelle A.; Wickland, Kimberly P.; Zimmerman, Christian
Waldrop, M.P., Anderson, L., Dornblaser, M., Erikson, L.H., Gibbs, A.E., Herman-Mercer, N.M., James, S.R., Jones, M.C., Koch, J.C., Leewis, M.-C., Manies, K.L., Minsley, B.J., Pastick, N.J., Patil, V., Urban, F., Walvoord, M.A., Wickland, K.P., and Zimmerman, C., 2021, USGS permafrost research determines the risks of permafrost thaw to biologic and hydrologic resources: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020-3058, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203058.

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Year Published: 2021

Landsat collection 2

Landsat Collections ensure that all Landsat Level-1 data are consistently calibrated and processed and retain traceability of data quality provenance. Landsat Collection 2 introduces improvements that harness recent advancements in data processing, algorithm development, data access, and distribution capabilities. Collection 2 includes Landsat...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2021, Landsat Collection 2 (ver. 1.1, January 15, 2021): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2021–3002, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20213002.

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Year Published: 2021

Comparison of simple averaging and latent class modeling to estimate the area of land cover in the presence of reference data variability

Estimates of the area or percent area of the land cover classes within a study region are often based on the reference land cover class labels assigned by analysts interpreting satellite imagery and other ancillary spatial data. Different analysts interpreting the same spatial unit will not always agree on the land cover class label that should be...

Xing, Dingfan; Stehman, Stephen V; Foody, Giles M; Pengra, Bruce

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Year Published: 2021

Investigation of land surface phenology detections in shrublands using multiple scale satellite data

Shrublands occupy about 13% of the global land surface, contain about one-third of the biodiversity, store about half of the global terrestrial carbon, and provide many ecosystem services to a large amount of world's human population and livestock. Because phenology is a sensitive indicator of the response of shrubland ecosystems to climate change...

Peng, Dailiang; Wang, Yan; Xian, George Z.; Huete, Alfredo R; Huang, Wenjiang; Shen, Miaogen; Wang, Fumin; Yu, Le; Liu, Liangyun; Xie, Qiaoyun; Liu, Lingling; Zhang, Xiaoyang

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Year Published: 2021

Landsat 9 mission update and status

Landsat 9 is currently undergoing testing at the integrated observatory level in preparation for launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base in 2021. Landsat 9 will replace Landsat 7 in orbit, 8 days out of phase with Landsat 8. Landsat 9 is largely a copy of Landsat 8 in terms of instrumentation, with an Operational Land Imager (OLI), model #2 and a...

Markham, Brian; Jenstrom, Del; Pszcolka, Steven; Dulski, Vicki; Hair, Jason; Joel McCorkel; Kvaran, Geir; Thome, Kurtis; Montanaro, Matthew; Pedelty, Jeffery; Anderson, Cody; Choate, Michael J; Barsi, Julia; Kaita, Edward; Miller, Jeffery