Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center

Publications

Below is a list of of the most recent EROS peer-reviewed scientific papers, reports, fact sheets, and other publications. You can search all our publication holdings by type, topic, year, and order. After selecting any set of these criteria, click "Apply Filter" to view the search results.

Filter Total Items: 1,782
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Year Published: 2019

Airborne waveform lidar simulator using the radiative transfer of a laser pulse

An airborne lidar simulator creates a lidar point cloud from a simulated lidar system, flight parameters, and the terrain digital elevation model (DEM). At the basic level, the lidar simulator computes the range from a lidar system to the surface of a terrain using the geomatics lidar equation. The simple computation effectively assumes that the...

Kim, Minsu (Contractor)

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Year Published: 2019

Quality control and assessment of interpreter consistency of annual land cover reference data in an operational national monitoring program

The U.S. Geological Survey Land Change Monitoring, Assessment and Projection (USGS LCMAP) initiative is working toward a comprehensive capability to characterize land cover and land cover change using dense Landsat time series data. A suite of products including annual land cover maps and annual land cover change maps will be produced using the...

Pengra, Bruce; Stehman, Stephen V; Horton, Josephine (Contractor); Dockter, Daryn (Contractor); Schroeder, Todd A.; Yang, Zhiqiang; Cohen, Warren B; Healey, Sean P.; Loveland, Thomas

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Year Published: 2019

GRACE storage change characteristics (2003–2016) over major surface basins and principal aquifers in the Conterminous United States

In this research, we characterized the changes in Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment’s (GRACE) monthly total water storage anomaly (TWSA) in 18 surface basins and 12 principal aquifers in the Conterminous United States (CONUS) over 2003–2016. Regions with high variability in storage were identified. Ten basins and 4 aquifers showed...

Velpuri, Naga Manohar; Senay, Gabriel; Driscoll, Jessica M.; Saxe, Samuel; Hay, Lauren E.; Farmer, William H.; Kiang, Julie E.

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Year Published: 2019

Landsat 9

Landsat 9 is a partnership between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) that will continue the Landsat program’s critical role of repeat global observations for monitoring, understanding, and managing Earth’s natural resources. Since 1972, Landsat data have provided a unique resource for...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2019, Landsat 9 (ver. 1.1, May 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019-3008, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193008.

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Year Published: 2019

Radiometric calibration of a non-imaging airborne spectrometer to measure the Greenland ice sheet surface

Methods to radiometrically calibrate a non-imaging airborne visible-to-shortwave infrared (VSWIR) spectrometer to measure the Greenland ice sheet surface are presented. Airborne VSWIR measurement performance for bright Greenland ice and dark bare rock/soil targets is compared against the MODerate resolution atmospheric TRANsmission (MODTRAN®)...

Crawford, Christopher J.; van den Bosch, Jeannette; Brunt, Kelly M.; Hom, Milton G.; Cooper, John W.; Harding, David J.; Butler, James J.; Dabney, Philip W.; Neumann, Thomas A.; Cleckner, Craig S.; Markus, Thorsten

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Year Published: 2019

Validating a time series of annual grass percent cover in the sagebrush ecosystem

We mapped yearly (2000–2016) estimates of annual grass percent cover for much of the sagebrush ecosystem of the western United States using remotely sensed, climate, and geophysical data in regression-tree models. Annual grasses senesce and cure by early summer and then become beds of fine fuel that easily ignite and spread fire...

Boyte, Stephen P.; Wylie, Bruce K.; Major, Donald J.

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Year Published: 2019

Landsat: The cornerstone of global land imaging

Since 1972, the joint NASA/ U.S. Geological Survey Landsat series of Earth Observation satellites have provided an uninterrupted space-based data record of the Earth’s land surface to help advance scientific research towards the understanding of our planet and the environmental impact of its inhabitants. Early Landsat satellites offered a wealth...

Butcher, Ginger; Barnes, Christopher; Owen, Linda

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Year Published: 2019

Examining the potential contributions of extreme 'Western V' sea surface temperatures to the 2017 MAMJ East African drought

Anthropogenic warming of Western V sea surface temperatures contributed to East African drought. Extremely warm (FAR=1) Western V SST doubled the probability of drought, contributing to widespread food insecurity.

Funk, Chris; Hoell, Andrew; Nicholson, Sharon E.; Korecha, Diriba; Galu, Gideon; Fetene, Teshome; Kinfe, Hailermariam; Harrison, Laura; Zewdu, Segele; Abebe, Tadege; Zachary, Atheru; Pomposi, Catherine; Pedreros, Diego
Funk et al., 2018, Examining the potential contributions of extreme 'Western V' sea surface temperatures to the 2017 MAMJ East African drought, Bull. of the Am. Meteorological Soc.,

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Year Published: 2019

Linking landscapes and people—Projecting the future of the Great Plains

We developed a unique set of landscape projections for the Great Plains that use real land-management parcels to represent landscape patterns at high spatial and thematic resolution.Both anthropogenic land use and natural vegetation respond in the model to projected changes in groundwater availability and climate...

Sohl, Terry L.; Dornbierer, Jordan; Wika, Steve

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Year Published: 2019

Pacific sea surface temperature linkages with Tanzania’s multi-season drying trends

Droughts in Tanzania pose challenges to agriculture, water resources, and hydropower production, all of which impact livelihoods. Tanzania experienced below average precipitation during 1999-2014 during two important seasons: December to February (DJF) in the south and during March to June (MAMJ) in the northeast. We explore DJF and MAMJ...

Harrison, Laura; Funk, Chris; McNally, Amy; Shukla, Shraddhanand; Husak, Gregory

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Year Published: 2019

Spatiotemporal remote sensing of ecosystem change and causation across Alaska

Contemporary climate change in Alaska has resulted in amplified rates of press and pulse disturbances that drive ecosystem change with significant consequences for socio‐environmental systems. Despite the vulnerability of Arctic and boreal landscapes to change, little has been done to characterize landscape change and associated drivers across...

Pastick, Neal J.; Jorgenson, M. Torre; Goetz, Scott J.; Jones, Benjamin M.; Wylie, Bruce K.; Minsley, Burke J.; Genet, Hélène; Knight, Joseph F.; Swanson, David K.; Jorgenson, Janet C.

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Year Published: 2019

Financing agricultural drought risk through ex-ante cash transfers

Despite advances in drought early warning systems, forecast information is rarely used for triggering and financing early actions, such as cash transfer. Scaling up cash transfer pay-outs , and overcoming the barriers to actions based on forecasts, requires an understanding of costs resulting from False Alarms, and the potential benefits...

Nobre, Gabriela Guimarães; Davenport, Frank; Bischiniotis, Konstantinos; Veldcamp, Ted; Jongman, Brenden; Funk, Chris; Husak, Gregory; Ward, Philip J.; Aerts, Jeroen C.J.H.