Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center

Publications

Below is a list of of the most recent EROS peer-reviewed scientific papers, reports, fact sheets, and other publications. You can search all our publication holdings by type, topic, year, and order. After selecting any set of these criteria, click "Apply Filter" to view the search results.

Filter Total Items: 1,750
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Year Published: 2019

Landsat 9

Landsat 9 is a partnership between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) that will continue the Landsat program’s critical role of repeat global observations for monitoring, understanding, and managing Earth’s natural resources. Since 1972, Landsat data have provided a unique resource for...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2019, Landsat 9 (ver. 1.1, May 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019-3008, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193008.

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Year Published: 2019

Radiometric calibration of a non-imaging airborne spectrometer to measure the Greenland ice sheet surface

Methods to radiometrically calibrate a non-imaging airborne visible-to-shortwave infrared (VSWIR) spectrometer to measure the Greenland ice sheet surface are presented. Airborne VSWIR measurement performance for bright Greenland ice and dark bare rock/soil targets is compared against the MODerate resolution atmospheric TRANsmission (MODTRAN®)...

Crawford, Christopher J.; van den Bosch, Jeannette; Brunt, Kelly M.; Hom, Milton G.; Cooper, John W.; Harding, David J.; Butler, James J.; Dabney, Philip W.; Neumann, Thomas A.; Cleckner, Craig S.; Markus, Thorsten

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Year Published: 2019

Validating a time series of annual grass percent cover in the sagebrush ecosystem

We mapped yearly (2000–2016) estimates of annual grass percent cover for much of the sagebrush ecosystem of the western United States using remotely sensed, climate, and geophysical data in regression-tree models. Annual grasses senesce and cure by early summer and then become beds of fine fuel that easily ignite and spread fire...

Boyte, Stephen P.; Wylie, Bruce K.; Major, Donald J.

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Year Published: 2019

Landsat: The cornerstone of global land imaging

Since 1972, the joint NASA/ U.S. Geological Survey Landsat series of Earth Observation satellites have provided an uninterrupted space-based data record of the Earth’s land surface to help advance scientific research towards the understanding of our planet and the environmental impact of its inhabitants. Early Landsat satellites offered a wealth...

Butcher, Ginger; Barnes, Christopher; Owen, Linda

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Year Published: 2019

Examining the potential contributions of extreme 'Western V' sea surface temperatures to the 2017 MAMJ East African drought

Anthropogenic warming of Western V sea surface temperatures contributed to East African drought. Extremely warm (FAR=1) Western V SST doubled the probability of drought, contributing to widespread food insecurity.

Funk, Chris; Hoell, Andrew; Nicholson, Sharon E.; Korecha, Diriba; Galu, Gideon; Fetene, Teshome; Kinfe, Hailermariam; Harrison, Laura; Zewdu, Segele; Abebe, Tadege; Zachary, Atheru; Pomposi, Catherine; Pedreros, Diego
Funk et al., 2018, Examining the potential contributions of extreme 'Western V' sea surface temperatures to the 2017 MAMJ East African drought, Bull. of the Am. Meteorological Soc.,

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Year Published: 2019

Linking landscapes and people—Projecting the future of the Great Plains

We developed a unique set of landscape projections for the Great Plains that use real land-management parcels to represent landscape patterns at high spatial and thematic resolution.Both anthropogenic land use and natural vegetation respond in the model to projected changes in groundwater availability and climate...

Sohl, Terry L.; Dornbierer, Jordan; Wika, Steve

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Year Published: 2019

Pacific sea surface temperature linkages with Tanzania’s multi-season drying trends

Droughts in Tanzania pose challenges to agriculture, water resources, and hydropower production, all of which impact livelihoods. Tanzania experienced below average precipitation during 1999-2014 during two important seasons: December to February (DJF) in the south and during March to June (MAMJ) in the northeast. We explore DJF and MAMJ...

Harrison, Laura; Funk, Chris; McNally, Amy; Shukla, Shraddhanand; Husak, Gregory

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Year Published: 2019

Spatiotemporal remote sensing of ecosystem change and causation across Alaska

Contemporary climate change in Alaska has resulted in amplified rates of press and pulse disturbances that drive ecosystem change with significant consequences for socio‐environmental systems. Despite the vulnerability of Arctic and boreal landscapes to change, little has been done to characterize landscape change and associated drivers across...

Pastick, Neal J.; Jorgenson, M. Torre; Goetz, Scott J.; Jones, Benjamin M.; Wylie, Bruce K.; Minsley, Burke J.; Genet, Hélène; Knight, Joseph F.; Swanson, David K.; Jorgenson, Janet C.

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Year Published: 2019

Financing agricultural drought risk through ex-ante cash transfers

Despite advances in drought early warning systems, forecast information is rarely used for triggering and financing early actions, such as cash transfer. Scaling up cash transfer pay-outs , and overcoming the barriers to actions based on forecasts, requires an understanding of costs resulting from False Alarms, and the potential benefits...

Nobre, Gabriela Guimarães; Davenport, Frank; Bischiniotis, Konstantinos; Veldcamp, Ted; Jongman, Brenden; Funk, Chris; Husak, Gregory; Ward, Philip J.; Aerts, Jeroen C.J.H.

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Year Published: 2019

Using remote sensing to quantify ecosystem site potential community structure and deviation in the Great Basin, United States

The semi-arid Great Basin region in the Northwest U.S. is impacted by a suite of change agents including fire, grazing, and climate variability to which native vegetation can have low resilience and resistance. Assessing ecosystem condition in relation to these change agents is difficult due to a lack of a consistent and objective Site Potential (...

Rigge, Matthew B.; Homer, Collin G.; Wylie, Bruce K.; Gu, Yingxin; Shi, Hua; Xian, George Z.; Meyer, Debra K.; Bunde, Brett

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Year Published: 2019

Exploring relationships of spring green-up to moisture and temperature across Wyoming, U.S.A

Vegetation green-up signals the timing of available nutritious plants and shrubs providing high-quality forage for ungulates. In this study, we characterized spatial and temporal patterns of spring phenology and explored how they were related to preceding temperature and moisture conditions. We tested correlations between late winter weather and...

Brown, Jesslyn; Ji, Lei; Gallant, Alisa L.; Kauffman, Matthew

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Year Published: 2019

Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center—Popular Websites

This general information product (GIP) lists websites related to the Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center and supersedes GIP 84.

U.S. Geological Survey, 2019, Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center—Popular websites (ver. 1.1, February 2019): U.S. Geological Survey General Information Product 171, 1 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/gip171. [Supersedes USGS General Information Product 84.]