Due to a lapse in appropriations, the majority of USGS websites may not be up to date and may not reflect current conditions. Websites displaying real-time data, such as Earthquake and Water and information needed for public health and safety will be updated with limited support. Additionally, USGS will not be able to respond to inquiries until appropriations are enacted. For more information, please see www.doi.gov/shutdown
Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center
Below is a list of of the most recent EROS peer-reviewed scientific papers, reports, fact sheets, and other publications. You can search all our publication holdings by type, topic, year, and order. After selecting any set of these criteria, click "Apply Filter" to view the search results.
Land change monitoring, assessment, and projection (LCMAP) revolutionizes land cover and land change research
Using remote sensing to quantify ecosystem site potential community structure and deviation in the Great Basin, United States
The semi-arid Great Basin region in the Northwest U.S. is impacted by a suite of change agents including fire, grazing, and climate variability to which native vegetation can have low resilience and resistance. Assessing ecosystem condition in relation to these change agents is difficult due to a lack of a consistent and objective Site Potential (...Rigge, Matthew B.; Homer, Collin G.; Wylie, Bruce K.; Gu, Yingxin; Shi, Hua; Xian, George Z.; Meyer, Debra K.; Bunde, Brett
Best practices for elevation-based assessments of sea-level rise and coastal flooding exposure
Elevation data are critical for assessments of sea-level rise (SLR) and coastal flooding exposure. Previous research has demonstrated that the quality of data used in elevation-based assessments must be well understood and applied to properly model potential impacts. The cumulative vertical uncertainty of the input elevation data substantially...Gesch, Dean B.
The National Elevation Dataset
The National Elevation Dataset (NED) is a primary elevation data product that has been produced and distributed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Since its inception, the USGS has compiled and published topographic information in many forms, and the NED is a significant development in this long line of products that describe the land surface....Gesch, Dean B.; Evans, Gayla A.; Oimoen, Michael J.; Arundel, Samantha
Spatiotemporal remote sensing of ecosystem change and causation across Alaska
Contemporary climate change in Alaska has resulted in amplified rates of press and pulse disturbances that drive ecosystem change with significant consequences for socio‐environmental systems. Despite the vulnerability of Arctic and boreal landscapes to change, little has been done to characterize landscape change and associated drivers across...Pastick, Neal J.; Jorgenson, M. Torre; Goetz, Scott J.; Jones, Benjamin M.; Wylie, Bruce K.; Minsley, Burke J.; Genet, Hélène; Knight, Joseph F.; Swanson, David K.; Jorgenson, Janet C.
Optimizing a remote sensing production efficiency model for macro-scale GPP and yield estimation in agroecosystems
Earth observation data are increasingly used to provide consistent eco-physiological information over large areas through time. Production efficiency models (PEMs) estimate Gross Primary Production (GPP) as a function of the fraction of photosynthetically active radiation absorbed by the canopy, which is derived from Earth observation....Marshall, Michael; Tu, Kevin; Brown, Jesslyn
Exploring relationships of spring green-up to moisture and temperature across Wyoming, U.S.A
Vegetation green-up signals the timing of available nutritious plants and shrubs providing high-quality forage for ungulates. In this study, we characterized spatial and temporal patterns of spring phenology and explored how they were related to preceding temperature and moisture conditions. We tested correlations between late winter weather and...Brown, Jesslyn; Ji, Lei; Gallant, Alisa L.; Kauffman, Matthew
Geospatial data mining for digital raster mapping
We performed an in-depth literature survey to identify the most popular data mining approaches that have been applied for raster mapping of ecological parameters through the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and remotely sensed data. Popular data mining approaches included decision trees or “data mining” trees which consist of regression...Wylie, Bruce K.; Pastick, Neal J.; Picotte, Joshua J.; Deering, Carol
Earth as art 5
Fanciful Fluorescence. Lurking Madness. Serene Expressions.The titles of the images in this fifth edition of Earth As Art speak to the powerfully artistic qualities of Earth’s natural features when tinged with unnatural colors.Art serves as a great partner in the communication of science, bringing emotion to the pursuit of understanding. The...
Drought and land-cover conditions in the Great Plains
Land–atmosphere interactions play a critical role in the Earth system, and a better understanding of these interactions could improve weather and climate models. The interaction among drought, vegetation productivity, and land cover is of particular significance. In a semiarid environment, such as the U.S. Great Plains, droughts can have a large...Tollerud, Heather; Brown, Jesslyn; Loveland, Thomas; Mahmood, Rezaul; Bliss, Norman B.
U.S. Landsat Analysis Ready Data
U.S. Landsat Analysis Ready Data (ARD) are a revolutionary new U.S. Geological Survey science product that allows the Landsat archive to be more accessible and easier to analyze and reduces the amount of time users spend on data processing for monitoring and assessing landscape change. U.S. Landsat ARD are Level-2 products derived from...
Priority questions in multidisciplinary drought research
Addressing timely and relevant questions across a multitude of spatio-temporal scales, state-of-the-art interdisciplinary drought research will likely increase in importance under projected climate change. Given the complexity of the various direct and indirect causes and consequences of a drier world, scientific tasks need to be coordinated...Trnka, Miroslav; Hayes, Michael; Jurečka, František; Bartošová, Lenka; Anderson, Martha; Brázdil, Rudolf; Brown, Jesslyn; Camarero, Jesus J.; Cudlín, Pavel; Dobrovolný, Petr; Eitzinger, Josef; Feng, Song; Finnessey, Taryn; Gregorič, Gregor; Havlik, Petr; Hain, Christopher; Holman, Ian; Johnson, David; Kersebaum, Kurt Christian; Charpentier Ljungqvist, Fredrik; Luterbacher, Jürg; Micale, Fabio; Hartl-Meier, Claudia; Možný, Martin; Nejedlik, Pavol; Eivind Olesen, Jørgen; Ruiz-Ramos, Margarita; Rötter, Reimund P.; Senay, Gabriel; Vicente-Serrano, Sergio M.; Svoboda, Mark; Susnik, Andreja; Tadesse, Tsegaye; Vizina, Adam; Wardlow, Brian D.; Žalud, Zdeněk; Büntgen, Ulf
In 2016, the U.S. Geological Survey reorganized the Landsat archive into a tiered collection structure, which ensures that Landsat Level-1 products provide a consistent archive of known data quality to support time-series analyses and data “stacking” while controlling continuous improvement of the archive and access to all data as they are...