Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center

Publications

Below is a list of of the most recent EROS peer-reviewed scientific papers, reports, fact sheets, and other publications. You can search all our publication holdings by type, topic, year, and order. After selecting any set of these criteria, click "Apply Filter" to view the search results.

Filter Total Items: 1,930
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Year Published: 2020

Changes to Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity Program’s production procedures and data products

The Monitoring Trends in Burn Severity (MTBS) program has been providing the fire science community with large fire perimeter and burn severity data for the past 14 years. As of October 2019, 22 969 fires have been mapped by the MTBS program and are available on the MTBS website (https://www.mtbs.gov). These data have been widely used by...

Picotte, Joshua J.; Bhattarai, Krishna P.; Howard, Daniel; Lecker, Jennifer; Epting, Justin; Quayle, Brad; Benson, Nate; Nelson, Kurtis

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Year Published: 2020

Investigating the effects of land use and land cover on the relationship between moisture and reflectance using Landsat Time Series

To better understand the Earth system, it is important to investigate the interactions between precipitation, land use/land cover (LULC), and the land surface, especially vegetation. An improved understanding of these land-atmosphere interactions can aid understanding of the climate system and modeling of time series satellite data. Here, we...

Tollerud, Heather J.; Brown, Jesslyn F.; Loveland, Thomas

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Year Published: 2020

Drought early warning and forecasting

Drought risk management involves three pillars: drought early warning, drought vulnerability and risk assessment, and drought preparedness, mitigation, and response. This book collects in one place a description of all the key components of the first pillar, and describes strategies for fitting these pieces together. The best modern drought early...

Funk, Chris; Shukla, Shraddhanand

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Year Published: 2020

Departures of rangeland fractional component cover and land cover from landsat-based ecological potential in Wyoming USA

Monitoring rangelands by identifying the departure of contemporary conditions from long-term ecological potential allows for the disentanglement of natural biophysical gradients driving change from changes associated with land uses and other disturbance types. We developed maps of ecological potential (EP) for shrub, sagebrush (Artemisia spp...

Rigge, Matthew B.; Homer, Collin G.; Shi, Hua; Wylie, Bruce

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Year Published: 2020

Land change monitoring, assessment, and projection

There is a pressing need to monitor and understand the rapid land change happening around the world. The U.S. Geological Survey is developing a new capability, called Land Change Monitoring, Assessment, and Projection (LCMAP), to innovate the understanding of land change. This capability is the Earth Resources Observation and Science Center's...

Rover, Jennifer; Brown, Jesslyn F.; Auch, Roger F.; Sayler, Kristi L.; Sohl, Terry L.; Tollerud, Heather J.; Xian, George Z.
Rover, J., Brown, J.F., Auch, R.F., Sayler, K.L., Sohl, T.L., Tollerud, H.J., and Xian, G.Z., 2020, Land change monitoring, assessment, and projection: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3024, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203024.

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Year Published: 2020

Algorithm and data improvements for version 2.1 of the Climate Hazards center’s InfraRed Precipitation with Stations Data Set

To support global drought early warning, the Climate Hazards Center (CHC) at the University of California, Santa Barbara developed the Climate Hazards center InfraRed Precipitation with Stations (CHIRPS) dataset, in collaboration with the US Geological Survey and NASA SERVIR. Specifically designed to support early warning applications, CHIRPS has...

Funk, Chris; Peterson, P.; Landsfeld, Martin; Davenport, Frank; Becker, A; Schneider, U; Pedreros, Diego; McNally, Amy; Arsenault, Kristi; Harrison, Laura; Shukla, S.

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Year Published: 2020

Gap fill of Land surface temperature and reflectance products in Analysis Ready Data

The recently released Landsat Analysis Ready Data (ARD) over the United States provides the opportunity to investigate landscape dynamics using dense time series observations at 30-m resolution. However, the dataset often contains data gaps (or missing data) because of cloud contamination or data acquisition strategy. We present a new algorithm...

Zhou, Qiang; Xian, George Z.; Shi, Hua

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Year Published: 2020

Operational global actual evapotranspiration: Development, evaluation, and dissemination

Satellite-based actual evapotranspiration (ETa) is becoming increasingly reliable and available for various water management and agricultural applications from water budget studies to crop performance monitoring. The Operational Simplified Surface Energy Balance (SSEBop) model is currently used by the US Geological Survey (USGS) Famine Early...

Senay, Gabriel; Kagone, Stefanie; Velpuri, Naga M.

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Year Published: 2020

A spatial analysis of climate gentrification in Orleans Parish, Louisiana post-Hurricane Katrina

BackgroundHurricane Katrina made landfall in New Orleans, Louisiana as a Category 3 storm in August 2005. Storm surges, levee failures, and the low-lying nature of New Orleans led to widespread flooding, damage to over 70% of occupied housing, and evacuation of 80–90% of city residents. Only 57% of the city's black population has returned. Many...

Aune, Kyle T.; Gesch, Dean B.; Smith, Genee S.

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Year Published: 2020

Conterminous United States land cover change patterns 2001–2016 from the 2016 National Land Cover Database

The 2016 National Land Cover Database (NLCD) product suite (available on www.mrlc.gov), includes Landsat-based, 30 m resolution products over the conterminous (CONUS) United States (U.S.) for land cover, urban imperviousness, and tree, shrub, herbaceous and bare ground fractional percentages. The release of NLCD 2016 provides important new...

Homer, Collin G.; Dewitz, Jon; Jin, Suming; Xian, George Z.; Costello, Catherine; Danielson, Patrick; Gass, Leila; Funk, Michelle; Wickham, James; Stehman, Steven; Auch, Roger F.; Riitters, Kurt H.

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Year Published: 2020

Characterizing land surface phenology and exotic annual grasses in dryland ecosystems using Landsat and Sentinel-2 data in harmony

Invasive annual grasses, such as cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.), have proliferated in dryland ecosystems of the western United States, promoting increased fire activity and reduced biodiversity that can be detrimental to socio-environmental systems. Monitoring exotic annual grass cover and dynamics over large areas requires the use of remote...

Pastick, Neal; Dahal, Devendra; Wylie, Bruce K.; Parajuli, Sujan; Boyte, Stephen P.; Wu, Zhuoting

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Year Published: 2020

The NASA hydrological forecast system for food and water security applications

Many regions in Africa and the Middle East are vulnerable to drought and to water and food insecurity, motivating agency efforts such as the U.S. Agency for International Development’s (USAID) Famine Early Warning System Network (FEWS NET) to provide early warning of drought events in the region. Each year these warnings guide life-saving...

Arsenault, Kristi; Shukla, Shraddhanand; Hazra, Abheera; Getirana, Agusto; McNally, Amy; Kumar, Sujay; Koster, Randal; Peters-Lidard, Christa; Zaitchik, Ben; Badr, Hamada; Jung, Hahn Chul; Narapusetty, Bala; Navari, Mahdi; Wang, Shugong; Mocko, David M.; Funk, Chris; Harrison, Laura; Husak, Gregory J.; Adoum, Alkhalil; Galu, Gideon; Magadzire, Tamuka; Roningen, Jeanne; Shaw, Michael J.; Eylander, John; Bergaoui, Karim; McDonnell, Rachael A.; Verdin, James