Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center

Publications

Below is a list of of the most recent EROS peer-reviewed scientific papers, reports, fact sheets, and other publications. You can search all our publication holdings by type, topic, year, and order. After selecting any set of these criteria, click "Apply Filter" to view the search results.

Filter Total Items: 1,750
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Year Published: 2017

Woody vegetation die off and regeneration in response to rainfall variability in the west African Sahel

The greening in the Senegalese Sahel has been linked to an increase in net primary productivity, with significant long-term trends being closely related to the woody strata. This study investigates woody plant growth and mortality within greening areas in the pastoral areas of Senegal, and how these dynamics are linked to species diversity,...

Brandt, Martin; Tappan, G. Gray; Aziz Diouf, Abdoul; Beye, Gora; Mbow, Cheikh; Fensholt, Rasmus
Brandt, M., G. Tappan, A. Diouf, G. Beye, C. Mbow, R. Fensholt, 2017. "Woody Vegetation Die off and Regeneration in Response to Rainfall Variability in the West African Sahel" Remote Sensing, 9, 39; 21 pp

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Year Published: 2017

Assessment of forest degradation in Vietnam using Landsat time series data

Landsat time series data were used to characterize forest degradation in Lam Dong Province, Vietnam. We conducted three types of image change analyses using Landsat time series data to characterize the land cover changes. Our analyses concentrated on the timeframe of 1973–2014, with much emphasis on the latter part of that range. We conducted a...

Vogelmann, James; Van Khoa, Phung; Xuan Lan, Do; Shermeyer, Jacob S.; Shi, Hua; Wimberly, Michael C.; Tat Duong, Hoang; Van Huong, Le

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Year Published: 2017

Landsat-8 TIRS thermal radiometric calibration status

The Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) instrument is the thermal-band imager on the Landsat-8 platform. The initial onorbit calibration estimates of the two TIRS spectral bands indicated large average radiometric calibration errors, -0.29 and -0.51 W/m2 sr μm or -2.1K and -4.4K at 300K in Bands 10 and 11, respectively, as well as high variability...

Barsi, Julia A.; Markham, Brian L.; Montanaro, Matthew; Gerace, Aaron; Hook, Simon; Schott, John R.; Raqueno, Nina G.; Morfitt, Ron

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Year Published: 2017

Statistical relative gain calculation for Landsat 8

The Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) is an optical multispectral push-broom sensor with a focal plane consisting of over 7000 detectors per spectral band. Each of the individual imaging detectors contributes one column of pixels to an image. Any difference in the response between neighboring detectors may result in a visible stripe or band...

Anderson (CTR), Cody; Helder, Dennis; Jeno (CTR), Drake
Anderson, C., Helder, D., Jeno, D., "Statistical relative gain calculation for Landsat 8," Proc. SPIE 10402, (2017) .

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Year Published: 2017

Celebrating ten years of collaboration

Since the GEOSUR Program launched in 2007, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center has had the honor of collaborating with CAF, PAIGH, and others supporting the Latin America GEOSUR Program. The catalyst for starting the program was the convergence of regional geospatial activities USGS, PAIGH, and...

Cushing, W. Matthew

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Year Published: 2017

Historical and projected trends in landscape drivers affecting carbon dynamics in Alaska

Modern climate change in Alaska has resulted in widespread thawing of permafrost, increased fire activity, and extensive changes in vegetation characteristics that have significant consequences for socioecological systems. Despite observations of the heightened sensitivity of these systems to change, there has not been a comprehensive assessment...

Pastick, Neal J.; Duffy, Paul A.; Genet, Hélène; Rupp, T. Scott; Wylie, Bruce K.; Johnson, Kristofer; Jorgenson, M. Torre; Bliss, Norman B.; McGuire, Anthony D.; Jafarov, Elchin; Knight, Joseph F.

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Year Published: 2017

Effect of NOAA satellite orbital drift on AVHRR-derived phenological metrics

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center routinely produces and distributes a remote sensing phenology (RSP) dataset derived from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) 1-km data compiled from a series of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellites (NOAA-11, −14, −...

Ji, Lei; Brown, Jesslyn
Ji, L., and Brown, J.F., 2017, Effect of NOAA satellite orbital drift on AVHRR-derived phonological metrics. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation

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Year Published: 2017

Recent climate extremes associated with the West Pacific Warming Mode

Here we analyze empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs) of observations and a 30 member ensemble of Community Earth System Model version 1 (CESM1) simulations, and suggest that precipitation declines in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA) and the northern Middle East/Southwestern Asia (NME/SWE: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Syria, Saudi Arabia north of 25°N,...

Funk, Chris; Hoell, Andrew
Funk, C and Hoell A. (2017) Recent Climate Extremes Associated with the West Pacific Warming Mode, AGU Monograph-Climate Extremes: Patterns and Mechanisms. Ed. by Simon Wang, Jin-Ho Yoon, Chris Funk and Robert Gillies, published by Wiley Press (2017): 165. ISBN: 978-1-119-06784-9.

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Year Published: 2017

Parcels versus pixels: modeling agricultural land use across broad geographic regions using parcel-based field boundaries

Land use and land cover (LULC) change occurs at a local level within contiguous ownership and management units (parcels), yet LULC models primarily use pixel-based spatial frameworks. The few parcel-based models being used overwhelmingly focus on small geographic areas, limiting the ability to assess LULC change impacts at regional to national...

Sohl, Terry L.; Dornbierer, Jordan; Wika, Steve; Sayler, Kristi L.; Quenzer, Robert
Sohl, T., Dornbierer, J., Wika, S., Sayler, K., and Quenzer, R., 2017. Parcels versus Pixels: Modelling agricultural land use across broad geographic regions using parcel-based field boundaries. Journal of Land Use Science (IN PRESS).

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Year Published: 2017

How misapplication of the hydrologic unit framework diminishes the meaning of watersheds

Hydrologic units provide a convenient but problematic nationwide set of geographic polygons based on subjectively determined subdivisions of land surface areas at several hierarchical levels. The problem is that it is impossible to map watersheds, basins, or catchments of relatively equal size and cover the whole country. The hydrologic unit...

Omernik, James M.; Griffith, Glenn E.; Hughes, Robert M.; Glover, James B.; Weber, Marc H.
Omernik J.M., Griffith G.E., Hughes R.M., Glover J.B., Weber M.H., 2017, How Misapplication of the Hydrologic Unit Framework Diminishes the Meaning of Watershed: Environmental Management v. 60, no. 1, p. 1-11. doi:10.1007/s00267-017-0854-z

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Year Published: 2017

A land cover change detection and classification protocol for updating Alaska NLCD 2001 to 2011

Monitoring and mapping land cover changes are important ways to support evaluation of the status and transition of ecosystems. The Alaska National Land Cover Database (NLCD) 2001 was the first 30-m resolution baseline land cover product of the entire state derived from circa 2001 Landsat imagery and geospatial ancillary data. We developed a...

Jin, Suming; Yang, Limin; Zhu, Zhe; Homer, Collin G.
Suming Jin, Limin Yang, Zhe Zhu, Collin Homer, A land cover change detection and classification protocol for updating Alaska NLCD 2001 to 2011, Remote Sensing of Environment, Volume 195, 15 June 2017, Pages 44-55

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Year Published: 2017

A physical model for extreme drought over southwest Asia: Chapter 17

The socioeconomic difficulties of southwest Asia, defined as the area bound by the domain 25°N–40°N and 40°E–70°E, are exacerbated by extreme precipitation deficits during the November–April rainy season. The precipitation deficits during many southwest Asia droughts have been examined in terms of the forcing by climate variability originating...

Hoell, Andrew; Funk, Chris; Barlow, Mathew; Cannon, Forrest
Hoell A., Funk C., Barlow M., Cannon F. (2015) The Blueprint for Extreme Drought over Southwest Asia, Chapter X in AGU Monograph – Climate Extrehrmes: Patterns and Mechanisms. Ed. by Simon Wang, Jin-Ho Yoon, Chris Funk and Robert Gillies, published by Wiley Press.