Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center

Publications

Below is a list of of the most recent EROS peer-reviewed scientific papers, reports, fact sheets, and other publications. You can search all our publication holdings by type, topic, year, and order. After selecting any set of these criteria, click "Apply Filter" to view the search results.

Filter Total Items: 1,756
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Year Published: 2018

Anthropogenic enhancement of moderate-to-strong El Niño events likely contributed to drought and poor harvests in southern Africa during 2016

In December–February (DJF) of 2015/16, a strong El Niño (Niño‑3.4 SST >29°C) contributed to a severe drought over southern Africa (SA; Funk et al. 2016). A 9-million ton cereal deficit resulted in 26 mil‑ lion people in need of humanitarian assistance (SADC 2016). While SA rainfall has a well-documented nega‑ tive teleconnection with Niño‑3.4...

Funk, Chris; Davenport, Frank; Harrison, Laura; Magadzire, Tamuka; Galu, Gideon; Artan, Guleid A.; Shukla, Shraddhanand; Korecha, Diriba; Indeje, Matayo; Pomposi, Catherine; Macharia, Denis; Husak, Gregory; Dieudonne Nsadisa, Faka

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Year Published: 2018

Integrating future scenario‐based crop expansion and crop conditions to map switchgrass biofuel potential in eastern Nebraska, USA

Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) has been evaluated as one potential source for cellulosic biofuel feedstocks. Planting switchgrass in marginal croplands and waterway buffers can reduce soil erosion, improve water quality, and improve regional ecosystem services (i.e. it serves as a potential carbon sink). In previous studies, we mapped high risk...

Gu, Yingxin; Wylie, Bruce K.
Gu, Y. and Wylie, B. K. (2017), Integrating future scenario-based crop expansion and crop conditions to map switchgrass biofuel potential in eastern Nebraska, USA. GCB Bioenergy. doi:10.1111/gcbb.12468

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Year Published: 2018

Monitoring algal blooms in drinking water reservoirs using the Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager

In this study, we demonstrated that the Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) sensor is a powerful tool that can provide periodic and system-wide information on the condition of drinking water reservoirs. The OLI is a multispectral radiometer (30 m spatial resolution) that allows ecosystem observations at spatial and temporal scales that...

Keith, Darryl; Rover, Jennifer; Green, Jason; Zalewsky, Brian; Charpentier, Mike; Hursby, Glen; Bishop, Joseph
Darryl Keith, Jennifer Rover, Jason Green, Brian Zalewsky, Mike Charpentier, Glen Thursby & Joseph Bishop (2018) Monitoring algal blooms in drinking water reservoirs using the Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 39:9, 2818-2846, DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2018.1430912

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Year Published: 2018

Historical cover trends in a sagebrush steppe ecosystem from 1985 to 2013: Links with climate, disturbance, and management

Understanding the causes and consequences of component change in sagebrush steppe is crucial for evaluating ecosystem sustainability. The sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) steppe ecosystem of the northwest USA has been impacted by the invasion of exotic grasses, increasing fire return intervals, changing land management practices, and fragmentation...

Shi, Hua; Rigge, Matthew B.; Homer, Collin G.; Xian, George Z.; Meyer, Debbie; Bunde, Brett

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Year Published: 2018

Estimating carbon and showing impacts of drought using satellite data in regression-tree models

Integrating spatially explicit biogeophysical and remotely sensed data into regression-tree models enables the spatial extrapolation of training data over large geographic spaces, allowing a better understanding of broad-scale ecosystem processes. The current study presents annual gross primary production (GPP) and annual ecosystem respiration (RE...

Boyte, Stephen P.; Wylie, Bruce K.; Howard, Danny; Dahal, Devendra; Gilmanov, Tagir G.
Boyte, S.P., B.K. Wylie, D.M. Howard, D.Dahal, T. Gilmanov. 2018. Estimating carbon and showing impacts of drought using satellite data in regression-tree models. International Journal of Remote Sensing 39:374-398.

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Year Published: 2017

U.S. Geological Survey shrub/grass products provide new approach to shrubland monitoring

In the Western United States, shrubland ecosystems provide vital ecological, hydrological, biological, agricultural, and recreational services. However, disturbances such as livestock grazing, exotic species invasion, conversion to agriculture, climate change, urban expansion, and energy development are altering these ecosystems.Improving our...

Young, Steven M.
Young, S.M., 2017, U.S. Geological Survey shrub/grass products provide new approach to shrubland monitoring: U.S. Geological Fact Sheet 2017–3084, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20173084.

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Year Published: 2017

Simulating the effects of management practices on cropland soil organic carbon changes in the Temperate Prairies Ecoregion of the United States from 1980 to 2012

Understanding the effects of management practices on soil organic carbon (SOC) is important for designing effective policies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture. In the Midwest United States, management practices in the croplands have been improved to increase crop production and reduce SOC loss since the 1980s. Many studies of SOC...

Li, Zhengpeng; Liu, Shuguang; Tan, Zhengxi; Sohl, Terry L.; Wu, Yiping

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Year Published: 2017

Radiometric characterization of Landsat Collection 1 products

Landsat data in the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) archive are being reprocessed to generate a tiered collection of consistently geolocated and radiometrically calibrated products that are suitable for time series analyses. With the implementation of the collection management, no major updates will be made to calibration of the Landsat sensors...

Micijevic, Esad; Haque, Md. Obaidul; Mishra, Nischal

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Year Published: 2017

Examining the value of global seasonal reference evapotranspiration forecasts to support FEWS NET’s food insecurity outlooks

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) team provides food insecurity outlooks for several developing countries in Africa, Central Asia, and Central America. This study describes development of a new global reference evapotranspiration (ETo) seasonal reforecast and skill evaluation with a particular emphasis on the potential use of...

Shukla, Shraddhanand; McEvoy, Daniel; Hobbins, Michael; Husak, Gregory; Huntington, Justin; Funk, Chris; Macharia, Denis; Verdin, James P.
Shukla S., McEvoy D., Hobbins M., Husak G., Huntington, J., Funk C. and Verdin J. (2017) Examining the value of seasonal reference evapotranspiration forecasts to support FEWS NET's food security outlooks,

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Year Published: 2017

Methods for converting continuous shrubland ecosystem component values to thematic National Land Cover Database classes

The National Land Cover Database (NLCD) provides thematic land cover and land cover change data at 30-meter spatial resolution for the United States. Although the NLCD is considered to be the leading thematic land cover/land use product and overall classification accuracy across the NLCD is high, performance and consistency in the vast shrub and...

Rigge, Matthew B.; Gass, Leila; Homer, Collin G.; Xian, George Z.
Rigge, M.B., Gass, Leila, Homer, C.G., and Xian, G.Z., 2017, Methods for converting continuous shrubland ecosystem component values to thematic National Land Cover Database classes: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2017–1119, 10 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20171119.

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Year Published: 2017

Productivity and CO2 exchange of Great Plains ecoregions. I. Shortgrass steppe: Flux tower estimates

The shortgrass steppe (SGS) occupies the southwestern part of the Great Plains. Half of the land is cultivated, but significant areas remain under natural vegetation. Despite previous studies of the SGS carbon cycle, not all aspects have been completely addressed, including gross productivity, ecosystem respiration, and ecophysiological parameters...

Gilmanov, Tagir G.; Morgan, Jack A.; Hanan, Niall P.; Wylie, Bruce K.; Rajan, Nithya; Smith, David P.; Howard, Daniel M.

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Year Published: 2017

The evolution, approval and implementation of the U.S. Geological Survey Science Data Lifecycle Model

This paper details how the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Community for Data Integration (CDI) Data Management Working Group developed a Science Data Lifecycle Model, and the role the Model plays in shaping agency-wide policies. Starting with an extensive literature review of existing data Lifecycle models, representatives from various...

Faundeen, John L.; Hutchison, Vivian
Faundeen, J.L., Hutchison, V.B., The Evolution, Approval and Implementation of the U.S. Geological Survey Science Data Lifecycle Model, Journal of eScience Librarianship (2017)