Nevada Water Science Center

Publications

Publications produced by the Nevada Water Science Center are listed below. Older publications may not be available in electronic form yet. If a Nevada Water Science Center publication that you would like to view isn't listed below, please send email to  GS-W-NVpublic-info@ usgs.gov.

Filter Total Items: 321
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Year Published: 2018

Conceptual framework and trend analysis of water-level responses to hydrologic stresses, Pahute Mesa–Oasis Valley groundwater basin, Nevada, 1966-2016

This report identifies water-level trends in wells and provides a conceptual framework that explains the hydrologic stresses and factors causing the trends in the Pahute Mesa–Oasis Valley (PMOV) groundwater basin, southern Nevada. Water levels in 79 wells were analyzed for trends between 1966 and 2016. The magnitude and duration of water-level...

Jackson, Tracie R.; Fenelon, Joseph M.
Jackson, T.R., and Fenelon, J.M., 2018, Conceptual framework and trend analysis of water-level responses to hydrologic stresses, Pahute Mesa–Oasis Valley groundwater basin, Nevada, 1966-2016: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5064, 89 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185064.

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Year Published: 2018

Discharge, sediment, and water chemistry in Clear Creek, western Nevada, water years 2013–16

Clear Creek is a small stream that drains the eastern Carson Range near Lake Tahoe, flows roughly parallel to the Highway 50 corridor, and discharges to the Carson River near Carson City, Nevada. Historical and ongoing development in the drainage basin is thought to be affecting Clear Creek and its sediment-transport characteristics. Previous...

Huntington, Jena M.; Riddle, Daniel J.; Paul, Angela P.
Huntington, J.M., Riddle, D.J., and Paul, A.P., 2018, Discharge, sediment, and water chemistry in Clear Creek, western Nevada, water years 2013–16: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific-Investigations Report 2018–5050, 55 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185050.

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Year Published: 2018

Simulating selenium and nitrogen fate and transport in coupled stream-aquifer systems of irrigated regions

Elevated levels of selenium (Se) in aqueous environments can harm aquatic life and endanger livestock and human health. Although Se occurs naturally in the rocks and soils of many alluvial aquifers, mining and agricultural activities can increase its rate of mobilization and transport to surface waters. Attention is given here to regions where...

Shultz, Christopher D.; Bailey, Ryan T. ; Gates, Timothy K.; Heesemann, Brent E.; Morway, Eric D.

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Year Published: 2018

Evaluating micrometeorological estimates of groundwater discharge from Great Basin desert playas

Groundwater availability studies in the arid southwestern United States traditionally have assumed that groundwater discharge by evapotranspiration (ETg) from desert playas is a significant component of the groundwater budget. However, desert playa ETg rates are poorly constrained by Bowen Ratio energy budget (BREB) and eddy-covariance (EC)...

Jackson, Tracie; Halford, Keith J.; Gardner, Philip M.; Garcia, Amanda

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Year Published: 2018

Hydrogeologic applications for historical records and images from rock samples collected at the Nevada National Security Site and vicinity, Nye County, Nevada - A supplement to Data Series 297

Rock samples have been collected, analyzed, and interpreted from drilling and mining operations at the Nevada National Security Site for over one-half of a century. Records containing geologic and hydrologic analyses and interpretations have been compiled into a series of databases. Rock samples have been photographed and thin sections scanned....

Wood, David B.
Wood, D.B., 2018, Hydrogeologic applications for historical records and images from rock samples collected at the Nevada National Security Site and vicinity, Nye County, Nevada—A supplement to Data Series 297: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018–1011, 13 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181011.

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Year Published: 2018

Shrubland carbon sink depends upon winter water availability in the warm deserts of North America

Global-scale studies suggest that dryland ecosystems dominate an increasing trend in the magnitude and interannual variability of the land CO2 sink. However, such model-based analyses are poorly constrained by measured CO2 exchange in open shrublands, which is the most common global land cover type, covering ∼14% of Earth’s surface. Here...

Biederman, Joel A. ; Scott, Russell L.; John A. Arnone; Jasoni, Richard L. ; Litvak, Marcy E.; Moreo, Michael T.; Papuga, Shirley A.; Ponce-Campos, Guillermo E.; Schreiner-McGraw, Adam P. ; Vivoni, Enrique R.
Biederman, J.A., Scott, R.L., Arnone III, J.A., Jasoni, R.L., Litvak, M.E., Moreo, M.T., Papuga, S.A., Ponce-Campos, G.E., Schreiner-McGraw, A.P., Vivoni, E.R., 2018, Shrubland carbon sink depends upon winter water availability in the warm deserts of North America: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, v. 249, p. 407-419, url: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168192317303787.

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Year Published: 2018

Evaluation of bias associated with capture maps derived from nonlinear groundwater flow models

The impact of groundwater withdrawal on surface water is a concern of water users and water managers, particularly in the arid western United States. Capture maps are useful tools to spatially assess the impact of groundwater pumping on water sources (e.g., streamflow depletion) and are being used more frequently for conjunctive management of...

Nadler, Cara; Allander, Kip K.; Pohll, Greg; Morway, Eric D.; Naranjo, Ramon C.; Huntington, Justin

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Year Published: 2017

Chemical quality of water and bottom sediment, Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge, Lahontan Valley, Nevada

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service collected data on water and bottom-sediment chemistry to be used to evaluate a new water rights acquisition program designed to enhance wetland habitat in Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge and in Lahontan Valley, Churchill County, Nevada. The area supports habitat...

Thodal, Carl E.
Thodal, C.E., 2017, Chemical quality of water and bottom sediment, Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge, Lahontan Valley, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series Report 1072, 38 p., plus supplemental data, https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1072.

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Year Published: 2017

Long-term trends of surface-water mercury and methylmercury concentrations downstream of historic mining within the Carson River watershed

The Carson River is a vital water resource for local municipalities and migratory birds travelling the Pacific Flyway. Historic mining practices that used mercury (Hg) to extract gold from Comstock Lode ore has left much of the river system heavily contaminated with Hg, a practice that continues in many parts of the world today. Between 1998 and...

Morway, Eric D.; Thodal, Carl E.; Marvin-DiPasquale, Mark C.
Morway, E.D., Thodal, C.E., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., 2017. Long-term trends of surface-water mercury and methylmercury concentrations downstream of historic mining within the Carson River watershed. Environmental Pollution 229 1006-1018

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Year Published: 2017

A process to estimate net infiltration using a site-scale water-budget approach, Rainier Mesa, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, 2002–05

This report documents a process used to estimate net infiltration from precipitation, evapotranspiration (ET), and soil data acquired at two sites on Rainier Mesa. Rainier Mesa is a groundwater recharge area within the Nevada National Security Site where recharged water flows through bedrock fractures to a deep (450 meters) water table. The U.S....

Smith, David W.; Moreo, Michael T.; Garcia, C. Amanda; Halford, Keith J.; Fenelon, Joseph M.
Smith, D.W., Moreo, M.T., Garcia, C.A., Halford, K.J., and Fenelon, J.M., 2017, A process to estimate net infiltration using a site-scale water-budget approach, Rainier Mesa, Nevada National Security Site, Nevada, 2002–05: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017-5078, 22 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175078.

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Year Published: 2017

Groundwater discharge by evapotranspiration, flow of water in unsaturated soil, and stable isotope water sourcing in areas of sparse vegetation, Amargosa Desert, Nye County, Nevada

This report documents methodology and results of a study to evaluate groundwater discharge by evapotranspiration (GWET) in sparsely vegetated areas of Amargosa Desert and improve understanding of hydrologic-continuum processes controlling groundwater discharge. Evapotranspiration and GWET rates were computed and characterized at three sites over 2...

Moreo, Michael T.; Andraski, Brian J.; Garcia, C. Amanda
Moreo, M.T., Andraski, B.J., and Garcia, C.A., 2017, Groundwater discharge by evapotranspiration, flow of water in unsaturated soil, and stable isotope water sourcing in areas of sparse vegetation, Amargosa Desert, Nye County, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5079, 55 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175079.

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Year Published: 2017

Knowing requires data

Groundwater-flow models are often calibrated using a limited number of observations relative to the unknown inputs required for the model. This is especially true for models that simulate groundwater surface-water interactions. In this case, subsurface temperature sensors can be an efficient means for collecting long-term data that capture the...

Naranjo, Ramon C.
Naranjo, R. C. (2017), Knowing Requires Data. Groundwater. doi:10.1111/gwat.12553