National Wildlife Health Center

Publications

View citations of publications by National Wildlife Health Center scientists since our founding in 1975.  Access to full-text is provided where possible.

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Wildlife Health Bulletins are distributed to natural resource/conservation agencies to provide and promote information exchange about significant wildlife health threats.

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Wildlife Disease Fact Sheets

Wildlife Disease Fact Sheets

Learn more about wildlife disease topics.

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Filter Total Items: 1,441
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Year Published: 2021

Sea turtles across the North Pacific are exposed to perfluoroalkyl substances

Perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFASs) are global, persistent, and toxic contaminants. We assessed PFAS concentrations in green (Chelonia mydas) and hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata) turtles from the North Pacific. Fifteen compounds were quantified via liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry from 62 green turtle and 6 hawksbill...

Wood, Cathryn; Balazs, George H.; Rice, Marc; Work, Thierry M.; Jones, T. Todd; Sterling, Eleanor J.; Summers, Tammy M.; Brooker, John; Kurpita, Lauren; King, Cheryl S.; Lynch, Jennifer M.

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Year Published: 2021

Emergence and molecular characterization of pigeon Paramyxovirus-1 in non-native Eurasian collared doves (Streptopelia decaocto) in California, USA

Eurasian collared doves (Streptopelia decaocto) were introduced into Florida in the 1980s and have since established populations throughout the continental United States. Pigeon paramyxovirus-1 (PPMV-1), a species-adapted genotype VI Avian orthoavulavirus 1, has caused periodic outbreaks among collared doves in the U.S. since 2001 with...

Rogers, Krysta; Mete, Ash; Ip, Hon S.; Torchetti, Mia K.; Killian, Mary L.; Crossley, Beate

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Year Published: 2021

Animal reservoirs and hosts for emerging alphacoronaviruses and betacoronaviruses

The ongoing global pandemic caused by coronavirus disease has once again demonstrated the role of the family Coronaviridae in causing human disease outbreaks. Because severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 was first detected in December 2019, information on its tropism, host range, and clinical manifestations in animals is...

Ghai, Ria R.; Carpenter, Ann; Liew, Amanda Y.; Martin, Krystalyn B.; Herring, Meghan K.; Gerber, Susan I.; Hall, Aron J.; Sleeman, Jonathan M.; VonDobschuetz, Sophie; Barton Behravesh, Casey

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Year Published: 2021

Analysis of archival specimens confirms White-nose syndrome in little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus) from New York, USA, in spring 2007

White-nose syndrome (WNS), an emerging fungal disease of North American bats, was first diagnosed in January 2008, although mortality and photo-documentation suggest the disease may have been present earlier. Using archived samples, we describe a definitive case of WNS in little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus) from New York, USA, in spring 2007.

Keller, Saskia; Lorch, Jeffrey M.; Berlowski-Zier, Brenda M.; Ballmann, Anne; Blehert, David S.

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Year Published: 2021

SARS-CoV-2 exposure in escaped mink, Utah, USA

In August 2020, outbreaks of coronavirus disease were confirmed on mink farms in Utah, USA. We surveyed mammals captured on and around farms for evidence of infection or exposure. Free-ranging mink, presumed domestic escapees, exhibited high antibody titers, suggesting a potential severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 transmission...

Shriner, Susan A.; Ellis, Jeremeny E.; Root, J. Jeffrey; Roug, Annette; Stopak, Scott R.; Wiscomb, Gerald W.; Zierenberg, Jared R.; Ip, Hon S.; Torchetti, Mia K.; DeLiberto, Thomas J.

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Year Published: 2021

Laboratory maintenance and culture of Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the fungus that causes bat white-nose syndrome

Pseudogymnoascus destructans is a fungal pathogen that causes white‐nose syndrome, an emerging and fatal disease of North American bats that has led to unprecedented population declines. As a psychrophile, P. destructans is adapted to infect bats during winter hibernation, when host metabolic activity and core body temperature are...

Blehert, David S.; Lorch, Jeffrey M.

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Year Published: 2021

Space matters: Host spatial structure and the dynamics of plague transmission

The development of models to elucidate the transmission pathways and dynamics of wildlife diseases remains challenging. Sylvatic plague, caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis (Yp), is an infectious zoonotic disease that primarily affects wild rodents, including prairie dogs (Cynomys spp.) in North America. Proposed transmission...

Russell, Robin E.; Walsh, Daniel P.; Samuel, Michael D.; Grunnill, Martin S.; Rocke, Tonie E.

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Year Published: 2021

User Guide: Creating a WHISPers morbidity/mortality event

A step-by-step guide to “put a dot on the WHISPers map” by creating an event. Available to users assigned Partner User, Partner Manager, and Partner Administrator roles.

Miller, Kimberli J.

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Year Published: 2021

Pathology of mouse (Mus musculus) predation on Laysan albatross (Phoebastria immutabilis) on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge

Invasive rodents on islands have adverse effects on native birds in island ecosystems, and rats are the most common culprits. Recently, house mice (Mus musculus) in the South Atlantic were found preying on three species of albatross chicks. Here, we show that house mice can also prey on nesting adult Laysan Albatross (Phoebastria immutabilis) on...

Work, Thierry M.; Duhr, Meg; Flint, Beth

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Year Published: 2021

Sentinel coyote pathogen survey to assess declining black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes) population in South Dakota, USA

As part of the national recovery effort, endangered black-footed ferrets (Mustela nigripes) were reintroduced to the Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation in South Dakota, USA in 2000. Despite an encouraging start, numbers of ferrets at the site have declined. In an effort to determine possible causes of the population decline, we undertook a pathogen...

Schuler, Krysten L.; Claymore, Michael; Schnitzler, Hannah; Dubovi, Edward; Rocke, Tonie E.; Perry, Michael J.; Bowman, Dwight; Abbott, Rachel

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Year Published: 2021

Experimental challenge of a North American bat species, big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus), with SARS-CoV-2

The recently emerged novel coronavirus, SARS‐CoV‐2, is phylogenetically related to bat coronaviruses (CoVs), specifically SARS‐related CoVs from the Eurasian bat family Rhinolophidae. As this human pandemic virus has spread across the world, the potential impacts of SARS‐CoV‐2 on native North American bat populations are unknown, as is the ability...

Hall, Jeffrey S.; Knowles, Susan; Nashold, Sean; Ip, Hon S.; Leon, Ariel Elizabeth; Rocke, Tonie E.; Keller, Saskia Annatina; Carossino, Mariano; Balasuriya, Udeni B.R.; Hofmeister, Erik K.

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Year Published: 2021

Skin fungal assemblages of bats vary based on susceptibility to white-nose syndrome

Microbial skin assemblages, including fungal communities, can influence host resistance to infectious diseases. The diversity-invasibility hypothesis predicts that high-diversity communities are less easily invaded than species-poor communities, and thus diverse microbial communities may prevent pathogens from colonizing a host. To explore the...

Vanderwolf, Karen J; Campbell, Lewis; Goldberg, Tony L; Blehert, David S.; Lorch, Jeffrey M.