Volcano Hazards Program Office

Publications

Filter Total Items: 2,376
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Year Published: 2021

Geologic map of the State of Hawaii

This geologic map and its digital databases present the geology of the eight major islands of the State of Hawaiʻi. The map should serve as a useful guide to anyone studying the geologic setting and history of Hawai‘i, including ground- and surface-water resources, economic deposits, and landslide or volcanic hazards. Its presentation in digital...

Sherrod, David R.; Sinton, John M.; Watkins, Sarah E.; Brunt, Kelly M.
Sherrod, D.R., Sinton, J.M., Watkins, S.E., and Brunt, K.M., 2021, Geologic map of the State of Hawaiʻi: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Map 3143, pamphlet 72 p., 5 sheets, scales 1:100,000 and 1:250,000, https://doi.org/10.3133/sim3143.

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Year Published: 2021

Quantifying non-thermal silicate weathering using Ge/Si and Si isotopes in rivers draining the Yellowstone Plateau Volcanic Field, USA

In active volcanic regions, high-temperature chemical reactions in the hydrothermal system consume CO2 sourced from magma or from the deep crust, whereas reactions with silicates at shallow depths mainly consume atmospheric CO2. Numerous studies have quantified the load of dissolved solids in rivers that drain volcanic regions to determine...

Gaspard, François; Opfergelt, Sophie; Hirst, Catherine; Hurwitz, Shaul; McCleskey, R. Blaine; Zahajska, Petra; Conley, Daniel J.; Delmelle, Pierre

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Year Published: 2021

Tracking secondary lahar flow paths and characterizing pulses and surges using infrasound array networks at Volcán de Fuego, Guatemala

Lahars are one of the greatest hazards at many volcanoes, including Volcán de Fuego (Guatemala). On 1 December 2018 at 8:00pm local Guatemala time (2:00:00 UTC), an hour-long lahar event was detected at Volcán de Fuego by two permanent seismo-acoustic stations along the Las Lajas channel on the southeast side. To establish the timing, duration,...

Bosa, Ashley; Johnson, Jeffery; DeAngelis, Silvio; Lyons, John J.; Roca, Amilcar; Anderson, Jacob; Pineda, Armando

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Year Published: 2021

A decade of geodetic change at Kīlauea’s summit—Observations, interpretations, and unanswered questions from studies of the 2008–2018 Halemaʻumaʻu eruption

On March 19, 2008, a small explosion heralded the onset of an extraordinary eruption at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. The following 10 years provided unprecedented access to an actively circulating lava lake located within a region monitored by numerous geodetic tools, including Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), interferometric synthetic...

Poland, Michael P.; Miklius, Asta; Johanson, Ingrid A.; Anderson, Kyle R.
Poland, M.P., Miklius, A., Johanson, I.A., and Anderson, K.R., 2021, A decade of geodetic change at Kīlauea’s summit—Observations, interpretations, and unanswered questions from studies of the 2008–2018 Halemaʻumaʻu eruption, chap. G of Patrick, M., Orr, T., Swanson, D., and Houghton, B., eds., The 2008–2018 summit lava lake at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1867, 29 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1867G.

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Year Published: 2021

Density structure of the island of Hawai’i and the implications for gravity-driven motion of the south flank of Kilauea volcano

The discovery that large landslides dissected the Hawaiian islands, scattering debris over thousands of square kilometers of seafloor, changed our ideas of island growth and evolution. The evidence is consistent with catastrophic flank collapse during volcano growth, and draws our focus to the currently active island of Hawai’i, the volcanoes...

Denlinger, Roger P.; Flinders, Ashton F.

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Year Published: 2021

Influence of permafrost type and site history on losses of permafrost carbon after thaw

We quantified permafrost peat plateau and post-thaw carbon (C) stocks across a chronosequence in Interior Alaska to evaluate the amount of C lost with thaw. Macrofossil reconstructions revealed three stratigraphic layers of peat: (1) a base layer of fen/marsh peat, (2) peat from a forested peat plateau (with permafrost) and, (3) collapse-scar bog...

Manies, Kristen L.; Jones, Miriam C.; Waldrop, Mark; Leewis, Mary-Catherine; Fuller, Christopher C.; Cornman, Robert S.; Hoefke, Kristen

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Year Published: 2021

Fitting jet noise similarity spectra to volcano infrasound data

Infrasound (low-frequency acoustic waves) has proven useful to detect and characterize subaerial volcanic activity, but understanding the infrasonic source during sustained eruptions is still an area of active research. Preliminary comparison between acoustic eruption spectra and the jet noise similarity spectra suggests that volcanoes can produce...

Gestrich, Julia; Fee, David; Matoza, Robin; Lyons, John J.; Ruiz, Mario

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Year Published: 2021

A 40-year story of river sediment at Mount St. Helens

The 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens in Washington State unleashed one of the largest debris avalanches (landslide) in recorded history. The debris avalanche deposited 3.3 billion cubic yards of material into the upper North Fork Toutle River watershed and obstructed the Columbia River shipping channel downstream. From the eruption on May 18,...

Uhrich, Mark A.; Spicer, Kurt R.; Mosbrucker, Adam R.; Saunders, Dennis R.; Christianson, Tami S.
Uhrich, M.A., Spicer, K.R., Mosbrucker, A.R., Saunders, D.R., and Christianson, T.S., 2021, A 40-year story of river sediment at Mount St. Helens: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2021–3004, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20213004.

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Year Published: 2021

Five-year management plan for establishing and operating NVEWS—The National Volcano Early Warning System

On March 12, 2019, Congress passed the John D. Dingell, Jr., Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act (Public Law 116–9; 133 Stat. 580), in which Title V, §5001 (43 U.S.C. 31k) authorized the establishment of the National Volcano Early Warning and Monitoring System (NVEWS) within the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). Conceived by the USGS Volcano...

Cervelli, Peter F.; Mandeville, Charles W.; Avery, Victoria F.; Wilkins, Aleeza M.
Cervelli, P.F., Mandeville, C.W., Avery, V.F., and Wilkins, A.M., 2021, Five-year management plan for establishing and operating NVEWS—The National Volcano Early Warning System: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1092, 11 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211092.

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Year Published: 2021

Evaluating lava flow propagation models with a case study from the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai'i

The 2018 lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption of Kīlauea, Hawai’i, provides an excellent natural laboratory with which to test models of lava flow propagation. During early stages of eruption crises, the most useful lava flow propagation equations utilize readily determined parameters and require fewer a priori assumptions about future behavior of...

deGraffenried, Rebecca; Hammer, Julia E.; Dietterich, Hannah R.; Perroy, Ryan L. ; Patrick, Matthew R.; Shea, Thomas

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Year Published: 2021

High-speed lava flow infrasound from Kīlauea’s fissure 8 and its utility in monitoring effusion rate

The 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano produced large and destructive lava flows from the fissure 8 (Ahu ‘aila ‘au) vent with flow velocities up to 17 m s−1, highly variable effusion rates over both short (minutes) and long (hours) time scales, and a proximal channel or spillway that displayed flow features similar to open channel flow in...

Lyons, John J.; Dietterich, Hannah R.; Patrick, Matthew R.; Fee, David