Volcano Hazards Program Office

Publications

Filter Total Items: 2,356
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Year Published: 2021

Multidisciplinary constraints on magma compressibility, the pre-eruptive exsolved volatile fraction, and the H2O/CO2 molar ratio for the 2006 Augustine eruption, Alaska

Geodetically modeled reservoir volume changes during volcanic eruptions are commonly much smaller than the observed eruptive volumes. This discrepancy is thought to be partially due to the compressibility of magma, which is largely controlled by the presence of exsolved volatiles. The 2006 eruption of Augustine Volcano, Alaska, produced an...

Wasser, Valerie K.; Lopez, Taryn M.; Anderson, Kyle R.; Izbekov, Pavel E.; Freymueller, Jeffrey T.

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Year Published: 2021

Origin of unconsolidated Quaternary deposits at Harriet Point near Redoubt Volcano, Alaska

Unconsolidated boulder-rich diamicton units exposed in sea cliffs at Harriet Point southeast of Redoubt Volcano were evaluated to better understand their provenance relative to the late Quaternary eruptive history of the volcano. A previous study concluded that deposits at Harriet Point were emplaced by a large volcanic landslide originating on...

Waythomas, Christopher F.
Waythomas, C.F., 2021, Origin of unconsolidated Quaternary deposits at Harriet Point near Redoubt Volcano, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2021-5071, 14 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20215071.

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Year Published: 2021

The structure and volume of large geysers in Yellowstone National Park, USA and the mineralogy and chemistry of their silica sinter deposits

Siliceous sinter is formed by biogenic and abiogenic opal deposition around hot springs and geysers. Using Structure-from-Motion photogrammetry we generated three-dimensional models of Giant and Castle Geysers from the Upper Geyser Basin of Yellowstone National Park. We use these models to calculate an approximate mass of sinter for each (~2 and...

Churchill, Dakota; Manga, Michael; Hurwitz, Shaul; Peek, Sara; Damby, David; Conrey, Richard; Wood, John R.; McCleskey, R. Blaine; Keller, William E.; Hosseini, Behnaz; Hungerford, Jefferson D.G.

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Year Published: 2021

Evaluating the state-of-the-art in remote volcanic eruption characterization Part II: Ulawun volcano, Papua New Guinea

Retrospective eruption characterization is valuable for advancing our understanding of volcanic systems and evaluating our observational capabilities, especially with remote technologies (defined here as a space-borne system or non-local, ground-based instrumentation which include regional and remote infrasound sensors). In June 2019,...

McKee, Kathleen; Smith, Cassandra Marie; Reath, Kevin; Snee, Eveanjelene; Maher, Sean; Matoza, Robin S.; Carn, Simon A; Roman, Diana; Mastin, Larry G.; Anderson, Kyle R.; Damby, David; Itikarai, Ima; Mulina, Kila; Saunders, Steve; Assink, Jelle D.; de Negri Levia, Rodrigo; Perttu, Anna

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Year Published: 2021

A geologic field guide to S P Mountain and its lava flow, San Francisco Volcanic Field, Arizona

IntroductionWe created this guide to introduce the user to the San Francisco Volcanic Field as a terrestrial analog site for planetary volcanic processes. For decades, the San Francisco Volcanic Field has been used to teach scientists to recognize the products of common types of volcanic eruptions and associated volcanic features. The volcanic...

Gullikson, Amber L.; Rumpf, M. Elise; Edgar, Lauren A.; Keszthelyi, Laszlo P.; Skinner, James A.; Thompson, Lisa
Gullikson, A.L., Rumpf, M.E., Edgar, L.A., Keszthelyi, L.P., Skinner, J.A., Jr., and Thompson, L., 2021, A geologic field guide to S P Mountain and its lava flow, San Francisco Volcanic Field, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1072, 37 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211072.

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Year Published: 2021

Why study geysers?

Scientific research for more than two centuries has improved our understanding of Earth’s geysers. This knowledge provides insights into volcanic processes, the origin and environmental limits of life on Earth and potentially Mars, and on geysers on icy outer solar system satellites. Continued scientific research will help us understand and...

Hurwitz, Shaul; Manga, Michael; Campbell, Kathleen; Munoz-Saez, Carolina; Eibl, Eva

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Year Published: 2021

Repeating caldera collapse events constrain fault friction at the kilometer scale

Fault friction is central to understanding earthquakes, yet laboratory rock mechanics experiments are restricted to, at most, meter scale. Questions thus remain as to the applicability of measured frictional properties to faulting in situ. In particular, the slip-weakening distance dc">dcdc strongly influences precursory slip during...

Segall, Paul; Anderson, Kyle R.

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Year Published: 2021

Long-term year-round observations of magmatic CO2 emissions on Mammoth Mountain, California, USA

Diffuse emission of magmatic CO2 is one of the main indicators of volcanic unrest at Mammoth Mountain, but the presence of deep seasonal snowpack at the site has hindered year-round CO2 flux observations. A permanent eddy covariance station was established at the largest area of diffuse CO2 degassing on Mammoth...

Lewicki, Jennifer L.

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Year Published: 2021

Preliminary assessment of the wave generating potential from landslides at Barry Arm, Prince William Sound, Alaska

We simulated the concurrent rapid motion of landslides on an unstable slope at Barry Arm, Alaska. Movement of landslides into the adjacent fjord displaced fjord water and generated a tsunami, which propagated out of Barry Arm. Rather than assuming an initial sea surface height, velocity, and location for the tsunami, we generated the tsunami...

Barnhart, Katherine R.; Jones, Ryan P.; George, David L.; Coe, Jeffrey A.; Staley, Dennis M.
Barnhart, K.R., Jones, R.P., George, D.L., Coe, J.A., and Staley, D.M., 2021, Preliminary assessment of the wave generating potential from landslides at Barry Arm, Prince William Sound, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1071, 28 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211071.

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Year Published: 2021

The petrologic and degassing behavior of sulfur and other magmatic volatiles from the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea, Hawaiʻi: Melt concentrations, magma storage depths, and magma recycling

Kīlauea Volcano’s 2018 lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) eruption produced exceptionally high lava effusion rates and record-setting SO2 emissions. The eruption involved a diverse range of magmas, including primitive basalts sourced from Kīlauea’s summit reservoirs. We analyzed LERZ matrix glasses, melt inclusions, and host minerals to identify...

Lerner, Allan; Wallace, Paul J.; Shea, Thomas; Mourey, Adrien; Kelly, Peter J.; Nadeau, Patricia; Elias, Tamar; Kern, Christoph; Clor, Laura E.; Gansecki, Cheryl; Lee, R. Lopaka; Moore, Lowell; Werner, Cynthia A.

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Year Published: 2021

Time-evolving surface and subsurface signatures of Quaternary volcanism in the Cascades Arc: Reply

No abstract available.

O'Hara, Daniel; Karlstrom, Leif; Ramsey, David W.

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Year Published: 2021

The 2011-2019 Long Valley Caldera inflation: New insights from separation of superimposed geodetic signals and 3D modeling

Increasingly accurate, and spatio-temporally dense, measurements of Earth surface movements enable us to identify multiple deformation patterns and highlight the need to properly characterize the related source processes. This is particularly important in tectonically active areas, where deformation measurement is crucial for monitoring ongoing...

Silverii, F.; Pulvirenti, F.; Montgomery-Brown, Emily; Borsa, A.; Neely, W.