Volcano Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,879
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Year Published: 2019

Locating shallow seismic sources with waves scattered by surface topography: Validation of the method at the Nevada Test Site

Accurate and robust source location is fundamental in seismology. Previously, we proposed a new full waveform location method using waves scattered by topography near the source, and we demonstrated its potential in obtaining accurate source location using synthetic data. In the work presented here, we validate this method with observed seismic...

Nian Wang; Yang Shen; Xueyang Bao; Flinders, Ashton
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Hydroacoustic, seismic, and bathymetric observations of the 2014 submarine eruption at Ahyi Seamount, Mariana Arc

Ahyi seamount, a shallow submarine volcano in the Northern Mariana Islands, began erupting on April 23, 2014. Hydroacoustic eruption signals were observed on the regional Mariana seismic network and on distant hydrophones, and NOAA scuba divers working in the area soon after the eruption began heard and felt underwater explosion sounds. The NOAA...

Tepp, Gabrielle; Chadwick, William W.; Haney, Matthew M.; Lyons, John; Robert Dziak; Merle, Susan; Butterfield, Dave; Young, Charles W.
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

The 2017-19 activity at Mount Agung in Bali (Indonesia): Intense unrest, monitoring, crisis response, evacuation, and eruption

After 53 years of quiescence, Mount Agung awoke in August 2017, with intense seismicity, measurable ground deformation, and thermal anomalies in the summit crater. Although the seismic unrest peaked in late September and early October, the volcano did not start erupting until 21 November. The most intense explosive eruptions with accompanying...

Syahbana, D.K.; Kasbani, K.; Suantika, G.; Prambada, O.; Andreas, A.; Saing, U.; Kunrat, S.; Andreastuti, S.L.; Martanto, S.; Kriswati, E.; Suparman, Y.; Humaida, H.; Ogburn, Sarah E.; Kelly, Peter J.; Wellik, John; Wright, Heather; Pesicek, Jeremy D.; Wessels, Rick; Kern, Christoph; Lisowski, Michael; Diefenbach, Angela K.; Poland, Michael P.; Francois Beauducel; Vaughan, R. Greg; Pallister, John S.; Lowenstern, Jacob B.
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Modulation of seismic activity in Kīlauea’s Upper East Rift Zone by summit pressurization

Kīlauea Volcano is underlain by a complex, laterally-extensive magmatic plumbing system. Although in recent decades it has mainly erupted through vents along the middle East Rift Zone and summit caldera, eruptions can occur anywhere along its two laterally extensive rift zones, as demonstrated by the dramatic eruptive activity of 2018. Forecasting...

Wauthier, Christelle; Roman, Diana C.; Poland, Michael P.
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Real-time monitoring of debris-flow velocity and mass deformation from field experiments with high sample rate lidar and video

Debris flows evolve in both time and space in complex ways, commonly starting as coherent failures but then quickly developing structures such as roll waves and surges. This process is readily observed, but difficult to study or quantify because of the speed at which it occurs. Many methods for studying debris flows consist of point measurements (...

Rengers, Francis K.; Rapstine, Thomas; Allstadt, Kate E.; Olsen, Michael; Bunn, Michael; Iverson, Richard M.; Kean, Jason W.; Leshchinsky, Ben; Logan, Matthew; Sharifi-Mood, Mahyar; Obryk, Maciej; Smith, Joel B.

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Year Published: 2019

Monitoring volcanic deformation

Whereas research in volcano geodesy seeks to push the boundaries of our knowledge of the physics of volcanoes, monitoring looks at changes in volcano behavior to predict when a volcanic crisis might develop. To be effective, geodetic monitoring must be done before, during, and after eruptions and must be integrated with other monitoring...

Battaglia, Maurizio; Alpala, Jorge; Alpala, Rosa; Angarita, Mario; Arcos, Dario; Eullides, Leonardo; Euillades, Pablo; Mueller, Cyrill; Narvaez, Lourdes
Attribution: , Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Volcano deformation: Insights into magmatic systems

Volcano geodesy is the branch of geodetic science that deals with the changing shapes of volcanoes, whether large or small, deep-seated or surficial. Together with seismicity and volcanic gas flux, deformation of the ground surface can be a key indicator of subsurface conditions and processes at volcanoes—information that not only improves...

Dzurisin, Daniel
Attribution: Volcano Hazards
Volcano deformation: insights into magmatic systems, in Meyers R. (eds) Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27737-5_635-1.

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Year Published: 2019

A unified catalog of earthquake hypocenters and magnitudes at volcanoes in Alaska—1989 to 2018

The Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) has maintained an earthquake catalog since 1989 that now contains over 120,000 hypocenters and magnitudes that occurred near Alaskan volcanoes. Since 1989 the seismic instrumentation and data acquisition and processing techniques have undergone numerous changes as computer systems and seismic processing...

Power, John A.; Friberg, Paul A.; Haney, Matthew M.; Parker, Thomas; Stihler, Scott D.; Dixon, James P.
Attribution: , Volcano Hazards
Power, J.A., Friberg, P.A., Haney, M.M., Parker, T., Stihler, S.D., and Dixon, J.P., 2019, A unified catalog of earthquake hypocenters and magnitudes at volcanoes in Alaska—1989 to 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5037, 17 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195037.

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Year Published: 2019

When volcanoes fall down—Catastrophic collapse and debris avalanches

Despite their seeming permanence, volcanoes are prone to catastrophic collapse that can affect vast areas in a matter of minutes. Large collapses begin as gigantic landslides that quickly transform to debris avalanches—chaotically tumbling masses of rock debris that can sweep downslope at extremely high velocities, inundating areas far beyond the...

Siebert, Lee; Reid, Mark E.; Vallance, James W.; Pierson, Thomas C.
Attribution: , Volcano Hazards
Siebert, L., Reid, M.E., Vallance, J.W., and Pierson, T.C., 2019, When volcanoes fall down—Catastrophic collapse and debris avalanches (ver. 1.2, August 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019-3023, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193023.

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Year Published: 2019

Multidecadal geomorphic evolution of a profoundly disturbed gravel-bed river system—a complex, nonlinear response and its impact on sediment delivery

A 2.5-km3 debris avalanche during the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens reset the fluvial landscape of upper North Fork Toutle River valley. Since then, a new drainage network has formed and evolved. Cross-section surveys repeated over nearly 40 years at 16 locations along a 20-km reach of river valley document channel evolution, geomorphic...

Major, Jon J.; Zheng, Shan; Mosbrucker, Adam; Spicer, Kurt R.; Christianson, Tami; Thorne, Colin R.
Attribution: , Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

A high carbon content of the Hawaiian mantle from olivine-hosted melt inclusions

The deep mantle carbon content and flux are fundamental quantities in understanding global volatile cycles and distributions. Here, we present CO2 concentrations measured in 407 olivine-hosted melt inclusions from Hualalai, Kilauea, Koolau, Loihi, and Mauna Loa to constrain the Hawaiian mantle CO2 content and flux. Quantification of melt inclusion...

Tucker, Jonathan M.; Hauri, Erik H.; Marske, Jared P.; Pietruszka, Aaron; Garcia, Michael O; Trusdell, Frank

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Year Published: 2019

Living with volcano hazards

Volcanic eruptions are among Earth’s most dramatic and powerful agents of change. Ash, mudflows, and lava flows can devastate communities near volcanoes and cause havoc in areas far downwind, downstream, and downslope. Even when a volcano is quiet, steep volcanic slopes can collapse to become landslides, and large rocks can be hurled by powerful...

Stovall, Wendy K.; Driedger, Carolyn L.; Westby, Elizabeth G.; Faust, Lisa M.
Attribution: , Volcano Hazards
Stovall, W.K., Driedger, C.L., Westby, E.G., and Faust, L.M., 2019, Living with volcano hazards: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3075, 6 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183075.