Volcano Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,973
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Year Published: 2019

Tradition and science chronicle Pele's unyielding power

No abstract available.

Kauahikaua, James P.
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Field trip guide to Mount St. Helens, Washington—Recent and ancient volcaniclastic processes and deposits

This field guide explores volcanic effusions, sediments, and landforms at Mount St. Helens in Washington. A detailed synopsis outlines the eruptive history of Mount St. Helens from about 300,000 years ago through 1980 and beyond.The five days in the field include about 28 stops and 12 potential stops. Exposures in valleys surrounding Mount St....

Waitt, Richard B.; Major, Jon J.; Hoblitt, Richard P.; Van Eaton, Alexa R.; Clynne, Michael A.
Attribution: Volcano Hazards
Waitt, R.B., Major, J.J., Hoblitt, R.P., Van Eaton, A.R., and Clynne, M.A., 2019, Field trip guide to Mount St. Helens, Washington—Recent and ancient volcaniclastic processes and deposits: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2017–5022–E, 68 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20175022E.

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Year Published: 2019

Yellowstone Volcano Observatory 2017 annual report

The Yellowstone Volcano Observatory (YVO) monitors volcanic and hydrothermal activity associated with the Yellowstone magmatic system, conducts research into magmatic processes occurring beneath Yellowstone Caldera, and issues timely warnings and guidance related to potential future geologic hazards. This report summarizes the activities and...

Attribution: Volcano Hazards
Yellowstone Volcano Observatory, 2019, Yellowstone Volcano Observatory 2017 annual report: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1456, 37 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/cir1456.

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Year Published: 2019

The lava flow that came to Hilo—The 1880–81 eruption of Mauna Loa volcano, Island of Hawai‘i

The Mauna Loa eruption sequence of 1880–81 consists of two eruptions. The May 1880 eruption in Mokuʻāweoweo at the summit of Mauna Loa lasted just a few days and was followed 6 months later by three lava flows that issued from vents along the Northeast Rift Zone. The November 1880 eruption lasted almost a year and one of its flows nearly reached...

Kauahikaua, James P.; Gaddis, Ben; Kanahele, Ku`ulei; Hon, Ken; Wasser, Valerie
Attribution: Volcano Hazards
Kauahikaua, J., Gaddis, B., Kanahele, K., Hon, K., and Wasser, V., 2019, The lava flow that came to Hilo—The 1880–81 eruption of Mauna Loa volcano, Island of Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5129, 35 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195129.

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Year Published: 2019

Eruption age and duration of the ~9 km3 Burney Mountain dacite dome complex, northern California

At ~9 km3, the six dacite domes of Burney Mountain (db1–db6) constitute the most voluminous Quaternary dome complex in the Cascades volcanic arc. Whole-rock geochemistry, electron microprobe, and petrographic data indicate that the domes are magmatically related, which, when integrated with geomorphology and stratigraphy, indicate early (db1, db2...

Downs, Drew T.; Clynne, Michael A.; Champion, Duane E.; Muffler, L. J. Patrick
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Mechanics of inflationary deformation during Caldera collapse: Evidence from the 2018 Kīlauea Eruption

During the 2018 Kilauea eruption the caldera ffloor dropped 500 meters in 62 nearly periodic events of up to 8 meters. Caldera collapse maintains pressure in the magma reservoir necessary to sustain high-rate eruptions. The 2018 collapses were accompanied by inflationary tilts and displacements, similar to observations at other basaltic calderas....

Paul Segall; Anderson, Kyle R.; Johanson, Ingrid; Miklius, Asta
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

A process-based model of pre-eruption seismicity patterns and its use for eruption forecasting at dormant stratovolcanoes

Using long-term data sets, the eruptive size, timing and style can typically be successfully forecast for dormant volcanoes using current monitoring data and knowledge of precursory eruptive patterns. The USAID-USGS Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (VDAP) utilizes seismic data over multiple eruption cycles and across volcano types to...

White, Randall A.; McCausland, Wendy A.

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Year Published: 2019

3-D seismic tomographic study of Sinabung Volcano, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia, during the inter-eruptive period October 2010-July 2013

We estimated 3D P-wave velocity (Vp), S-wave velocity (Vs), and Vp/Vs tomographic structures in and around the Sinabung Volcano area, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia during the intereruptive period between October 2010 and July 2013 using high-quality P- and S-wave phases from > 600 local volcano tectonic (VT) earthquakes and more than 5000 phase...

Indrastuti, Novianti; Nugraha, Andri Dian; McCausland, Wendy A.; Hendrasto, Mohammad; Gunawan, Hendra; Kusnandar, Ridwan; Kasbani, K.; Kristianto

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Year Published: 2019

Overview of the eruptions of Sinabung Volcano, 2010 and 2013-present, and details of the 2013 phreatomagmatic phase

A small phreatic eruption of Sinabung Volcano, North Sumatra on August 28, 2010, at 18:30 local time marked the first eruption in the past ~1200 years. The eruption took place from two small vents in the south crater area. Explosions and ash emissions from these vents generated multiple ash plumes that reached altitudes of up to 5 km during early...

Gunawan, Hendra; Surono; Budianto, Agus; Kristianto; Prambada, Oktory; McCausland, Wendy A.; Pallister, John S.; Iguchi, Masato

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Year Published: 2019

Using a process-based model of pre-eruptive seismic patterns to forecast evolving eruptive styles at Sinabung Volcano, Indonesia

Most volcanoes worldwide are not monitored in real-time; for those that are, patterns of pre-eruptive earthquakes coupled with conceptual models of magma ascent enable short-term forecasting of eruption onset. Basic event locations, characterization of background seismicity, and recognition of changes in earthquake types and energy release are...

McCausland, Wendy A.; Gunawan, Hendra; White, Randall A.; Indrastuti, Novianti; Patria, Cahya; Suparman, Yasa; Putra, Armen; Triastuty, Hetty; Hendrasto, Mochammad

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Year Published: 2019

Topographic changes during the 2018 Kīlauea eruption from Single-pass Airborne InSAR

The 2018 eruption of Kīlauea volcano, Hawai‘i, was its most effusive in over 200 years. We apply the airborne Glacier and Ice Surface Topography Interferometer (GLISTIN‐A) interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) instrument to measure topographic change associated with the eruption. The GLISTIN‐A radar flew in response to the eruption,...

Lundgren, Paul R; Bagnardi, Marco; Dietterich, Hannah R.
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Catalog of earthquake parameters and description of seismograph and infrasound stations at Alaskan volcanoes—January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2017

Between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2017, the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) located a total of 28,172 earthquakes at volcanoes in Alaska. The annual totals are 3,840, 5,819, 5,297, 6,151, and 7,065 earthquakes for the years 2013 through 2017, respectively. This represents an average of 5,634 earthquakes per year, which is comparable to...

Dixon, James P.; Stihler, Scott D.; Haney, Matthew M.; Lyons, John J.; Ketner, Dane M.; Mulliken, Katherine M.; Parker, Thomas; Power, John A.
Dixon, J.P., Stihler S.D., Haney, M.M., Lyons, J.J., Ketner, D.M., Mulliken, K.M., Parker, T., and Power, J.A., 2019, Catalog of earthquake parameters and description of seismograph and infrasound stations at Alaskan volcanoes—January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1115, 92 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1115.