Volcano Hazards

Publications

Filter Total Items: 1,897
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Year Published: 2019

A process-based model of pre-eruption seismicity patterns and its use for eruption forecasting at dormant stratovolcanoes

Using long-term data sets, the eruptive size, timing and style can typically be successfully forecast for dormant volcanoes using current monitoring data and knowledge of precursory eruptive patterns. The USAID-USGS Volcano Disaster Assistance Program (VDAP) utilizes seismic data over multiple eruption cycles and across volcano types to...

White, Randall A.; McCausland, Wendy A.

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Year Published: 2019

3-D seismic tomographic study of Sinabung Volcano, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia, during the inter-eruptive period October 2010-July 2013

We estimated 3D P-wave velocity (Vp), S-wave velocity (Vs), and Vp/Vs tomographic structures in and around the Sinabung Volcano area, Northern Sumatra, Indonesia during the intereruptive period between October 2010 and July 2013 using high-quality P- and S-wave phases from > 600 local volcano tectonic (VT) earthquakes and more than 5000 phase...

Indrastuti, Novianti; Nugraha, Andri Dian; McCausland, Wendy A.; Hendrasto, Mohammad; Gunawan, Hendra; Kusnandar, Ridwan; Kasbani, K.; Kristianto

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Year Published: 2019

Overview of the eruptions of Sinabung Volcano, 2010 and 2013-present, and details of the 2013 phreatomagmatic phase

A small phreatic eruption of Sinabung Volcano, North Sumatra on August 28, 2010, at 18:30 local time marked the first eruption in the past ~1200 years. The eruption took place from two small vents in the south crater area. Explosions and ash emissions from these vents generated multiple ash plumes that reached altitudes of up to 5 km during early...

Gunawan, Hendra; Surono; Budianto, Agus; Kristianto; Prambada, Oktory; McCausland, Wendy A.; Pallister, John S.; Iguchi, Masato

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Year Published: 2019

Using a process-based model of pre-eruptive seismic patterns to forecast evolving eruptive styles at Sinabung Volcano, Indonesia

Most volcanoes worldwide are not monitored in real-time; for those that are, patterns of pre-eruptive earthquakes coupled with conceptual models of magma ascent enable short-term forecasting of eruption onset. Basic event locations, characterization of background seismicity, and recognition of changes in earthquake types and energy release are...

McCausland, Wendy A.; Gunawan, Hendra; White, Randall A.; Indrastuti, Novianti; Patria, Cahya; Suparman, Yasa; Putra, Armen; Triastuty, Hetty; Hendrasto, Mochammad

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Year Published: 2019

Topographic changes during the 2018 Kīlauea eruption from Single-pass Airborne InSAR

The 2018 eruption of Kīlauea volcano, Hawai‘i, was its most effusive in over 200 years. We apply the airborne Glacier and Ice Surface Topography Interferometer (GLISTIN‐A) interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) instrument to measure topographic change associated with the eruption. The GLISTIN‐A radar flew in response to the eruption,...

Lundgren, Paul R; Bagnardi, Marco; Dietterich, Hannah R.
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Catalog of earthquake parameters and description of seismograph and infrasound stations at Alaskan volcanoes—January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2017

Between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2017, the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) located a total of 28,172 earthquakes at volcanoes in Alaska. The annual totals are 3,840, 5,819, 5,297, 6,151, and 7,065 earthquakes for the years 2013 through 2017, respectively. This represents an average of 5,634 earthquakes per year, which is comparable to...

Dixon, James P.; Stihler, Scott D.; Haney, Matthew M.; Lyons, John J.; Ketner, Dane M.; Mulliken, Katherine M.; Parker, Thomas; Power, John A.
Dixon, J.P., Stihler S.D., Haney, M.M., Lyons, J.J., Ketner, D.M., Mulliken, K.M., Parker, T., and Power, J.A., 2019, Catalog of earthquake parameters and description of seismograph and infrasound stations at Alaskan volcanoes—January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2017: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1115, 92 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ds1115.

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Year Published: 2019

Interseismic quiescence and triggered slip of active normal faults of Kīlauea Volcano’s south flank during 2001-2018

The mobile south flank of Kīlauea Volcano hosts two normal fault systems, the Koa'e fault system (KFS) and the Hilina fault system (HFS). In historical time, at least three M>6.5 earthquakes have occurred on the basal detachment of the Kīlauea Volcano's south flank, with the most recent being the 4 May 2018 M6.9 earthquake. Here we analyze...

Wang, Kang; MacArthur, Hayden; Johanson, Ingrid; Montgomery-brown, Emily; Poland, Michael P.; Cannon, Eric; d'Alessio, Matthew; Bürgmann, Roland
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Physicochemical models of effusive rhyolitic eruptions constrained with InSAR and DEM data: A case study of the 2011-2012 Cordon Caulle eruption

The 9 month long 2011-2012 eruption of Cordon Caulle (Southern Andes, Chile) is the best instrumentally recorded rhyolitic eruption to date and the first time that the effusion of a rhyolitic flow has been observed in detail. We use Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR), with time-lapse DEMs and numerical models to study the dynamics of...

Francisco Delgado; Julia Kubanek; Anderson, Kyle R.; Paul Lundgren; Matthew Pritchard
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Temperature-dependent variations in mineralogy, major element chemistry and the stable isotopes of boron, lithium and chlorine resulting from hydration of rhyolite glass: Constraints from hydrothermal experiments at 150 to 350°C and 25 MPa

Rhyolite-hosted hydrothermal systems in the continental crust contain valuable energy and mineral resources that make them of special interest across several scientific disciplines. Despite extensive research on these systems, the temperature-dependence of chemical reactions between host rocks and aqueous-rich fluids and the mineralogical...

Jeffery T. Cullen; Hurwitz, Shaul; Jaime D. Barnes; John C. Lassiter; Sarah Penniston-Dorland; Simone Kasemann; Thordsen, James

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Year Published: 2019

Coexisting discrete bodies of rhyolite and punctuated volcanism characterize Yellowstone's post‐Lava Creek Tuff caldera evolution

Ion‐microprobe 206Pb/238U geochronology and trace element geochemistry of the unpolished rims and sectioned interiors of zircons from Yellowstone caldera's oldest post‐caldera lavas provide insight into the magmatic system during the prelude and aftermath of the caldera‐forming Lava Creek supereruption. The post‐caldera lavas compose the...

Till, Christy B; Vazquez, Jorge A.; Stelten, Mark E.; Shamloo, Hannah I; Shaffer, Jamie S
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Locating shallow seismic sources with waves scattered by surface topography: Validation of the method at the Nevada Test Site

Accurate and robust source location is fundamental in seismology. Previously, we proposed a new full waveform location method using waves scattered by topography near the source, and we demonstrated its potential in obtaining accurate source location using synthetic data. In the work presented here, we validate this method with observed seismic...

Nian Wang; Yang Shen; Xueyang Bao; Flinders, Ashton
Attribution: Volcano Hazards

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Year Published: 2019

Hydroacoustic, seismic, and bathymetric observations of the 2014 submarine eruption at Ahyi Seamount, Mariana Arc

Ahyi seamount, a shallow submarine volcano in the Northern Mariana Islands, began erupting on April 23, 2014. Hydroacoustic eruption signals were observed on the regional Mariana seismic network and on distant hydrophones, and NOAA scuba divers working in the area soon after the eruption began heard and felt underwater explosion sounds. The NOAA...

Tepp, Gabrielle; Chadwick, William W.; Haney, Matthew M.; Lyons, John J.; Robert Dziak; Merle, Susan; Butterfield, Dave; Young, Charles W.
Attribution: Volcano Hazards