Volcano Hazards Program Office

Publications

Filter Total Items: 2,243
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Groundwater dynamics at Kīlauea Volcano and vicinity, Hawaiʻi

Kīlauea Volcano, on the Island of Hawaiʻi, is surrounded and permeated by active groundwater systems that interact dynamically with the volcanic system. A generalized conceptual model of Hawaiian hydrogeology includes high-level dike-impounded groundwater, very permeable perched and basal aquifers, and a transition (mixing) zone between freshwater...

Patrick, Matthew R.; Orr, Tim R.; Swanson, Don; Houghton, Bruce F.; Hurwitz, Shaul; Peek, Sara E.; Scholl, Martha A.; Bergfeld, Deborah; Evans, William C.; Kauahikaua, James P.; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Hsieh, Paul A.; Lee, R. Lopaka; Younger, Edward F.; Ingebritsen, Steven E.
Hurwitz, S., Peek, S.E., Scholl, M.A., Bergfeld, D., Evans, W.C., Kauahikaua, J.P., Gingerich, S.B., Hsieh, P.A., Lee, R.L., Younger, E.F., and Ingebritsen, S.E., 2021, Groundwater dynamics at Kīlauea Volcano and vicinity, Hawaiʻi, chap. F of Patrick, M., Orr, T., Swanson, D., and Houghton, B., eds., The 2008–2018 summit lava lake at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1867, 28 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1867F.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

The 2008–2018 summit lava lake at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i

The 2008–2018 lava lake at the summit of Kīlauea marked the longest sustained period of lava lake activity at the summit in decades and provided a new opportunity for observing and understanding lava lake behavior. The individual chapters of this Professional Paper volume cover the basic chronology of the eruption, rich historical background,...

Patrick, Matthew R.; Orr, Tim R.; Swanson, Don; Houghton, Bruce F.
Patrick, M., Orr, T., Swanson, D., and Houghton, B., eds., The 2008–2018 summit lava lake at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1867, variously paged, https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1867.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Views of a century of activity at Kīlauea Caldera—A visual essay

The 2018 eruption of Kīlauea Volcano marked the end of the first sustained period of volcanic activity at Halemaʻumaʻu Crater in 94 years. The views of the lava lake (informally named “Overlook,” nestled within Halemaʻumaʻu) lasted for a decade and seemed timeless. But as we were recently reminded, the summit of Kīlauea is part of a dynamic system...

Patrick, Matthew R.; Orr, Tim R.; Swanson, Don; Houghton, Bruce F.; Gaddis, Ben; Kauahikaua, James P.
Gaddis, B., and Kauahikaua, J., 2021, Views of a century of activity at Kīlauea Caldera—A visual essay, chap. B of Patrick, M., Orr, T., Swanson, D., and Houghton, B., eds., The 2008–2018 summit lava lake at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1867, 23 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1867B.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Kīlauea’s 2008–2018 summit lava lake—Chronology and eruption insights

The first eruption at Kīlauea’s summit in 25 years began on March 19, 2008, and persisted for 10 years. The onset of the eruption marked the first explosive activity at the summit since 1924, forming the new “Overlook crater” (as the 2008 summit eruption crater has been informally named) within the existing crater of Halemaʻumaʻu. The first year...

Patrick, Matthew R.; Orr, Tim R.; Swanson, Don; Houghton, Bruce F.; Patrick, Matthew R.; Orr, Tim R.; Swanson, Don; Houghton, Bruce F.; Wooten, Kelly M.; Desmither, Liliana; Parcheta, Carolyn; Fee, David
Patrick, M., Orr, T., Swanson, D., Houghton, B., Wooten, K., Desmither, L., Parcheta, C., and Fee, D., 2021, Kīlauea’s 2008–2018 summit lava lake—Chronology and eruption insights, chap. A of Patrick, M., Orr, T., Swanson, D., and Houghton, B., eds., The 2008–2018 summit lava lake at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1867, 50 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1867A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Correcting the historical record for Kīlauea Volcano's 1832, 1868, and 1877 summit eruptions

Three fissure eruptions are known to have occurred along the northeastern edge of Kīlauea's summit caldera in the 19th century—in the years 1832, 1868, and 1877. Modern portrayal of these eruptions on maps and in written sources indicates that the 1832 eruption was from a fissure on the side of the Poliokeawe scarp south of Byron Ledge, the 1868...

Orr, Tim R.; Hazlett, Richard W.; DeSmither, Liliana G.; Kauahikaua, James P.; Gaddis, Ben

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Monitoring network changes during the 2018 Kīlauea Volcano eruption

In the summer of 2018, Kīlauea Volcano underwent one of its most significant eruptions in the past few hundred years. The volcano’s summit and East Rift Zone magma system partially drained, resulting in a series of occasionally explosive partial caldera collapses, and widespread lava flows in the lower East Rift Zone. The Hawaiian Volcano...

Shiro, Brian; Zoeller, Michael H.; Kamibayashi, Kevan; Johanson, Ingrid; Parcheta, Carolyn; Patrick, Matthew R.; Nadeau, Patricia; Lee, R. Lopaka; Miklius, Asta

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

The birth of a Hawaiian fissure eruption

Most basaltic explosive eruptions intensify abruptly, allowing little time to document processes at the start of eruption. One opportunity came with the initiation of activity from fissure 8 (F8) during the 2018 eruption on the lower East Rift Zone of Kīlauea, Hawaii. F8 erupted in four episodes. We recorded 28 min of high‐definition video...

Houghton, Bruce F.; Tisdale, Caroline M; Llewellin, Ed W; Taddeucci, Jacopo; Orr, Tim R.; Walker, Brett H.; Patrick, Matthew R.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

The 2018 reawakening and eruption dynamics of Steamboat Geyser, the world’s tallest active geyser

Steamboat Geyser in Yellowstone National Park’s Norris Geyser Basin began a prolific sequence of eruptions in March 2018 after 34 y of sporadic activity. We analyze a wide range of datasets to explore triggering mechanisms for Steamboat’s reactivation and controls on eruption intervals and height. Prior to Steamboat’s renewed activity, Norris...

Reed, Mara; Munoz-Saez, Carolina; Hajimirza, Sahand; Wu, Sin-Mei; Barth, Anna; Girona, Tarsilo; Rasht-Behesht, Majid; Karplus, M.S; Hurwitz, Shaul; Manga, Michael

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2021

Material failure and caldera collapse: Insights from the 2018 Kilauea eruption

The Failure Forecast Method (FFM) was introduced as an empirical model for forecasting catastrophic material failures related to natural hazards, such as landslides and volcanic eruptions, with mixed success. During the 2018 eruption of Kilauea volcano, Hawaii, the draining of the summit magma reservoir into the Lower East Rift Zone resulted in...

Tepp, Gabrielle

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

A probabilistic assessment of tephra-fall hazards at Hanford, Washington, from a future eruption of Mount St. Helens

Hanford, Washington (USA) is the construction site of a multi-billion-dollar high-level nuclear waste treatment facility. This site lies 200 kilometers (km) east of Mount St. Helens (MSH), the most active volcano in the contiguous United States. Tephra from a future MSH eruption could pose a hazard to the air intake and filtration systems at this...

Mastin, Larry G.; Van Eaton, Alexa R.; Schwaiger, Hans F.
Mastin, L.G., Van Eaton, A., and Schwaiger, H.F., 2020, A probabilistic assessment of tephra-fall hazards at Hanford, Washington, from a future eruption of Mount St. Helens: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2020–1133, 54 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20201133.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

2017 Volcanic activity in Alaska—Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory

The Alaska Volcano Observatory responded to eruptions, significant and minor volcanic unrest, and seismic events at 16 volcanic centers in Alaska during 2017. The most notable volcanic activity consisted of a major eruption at Bogoslof Island, continuing intermittent dome growth and ash eruptions from Mount Cleveland, the end of the Pavlof Volcano...

Dixon, James P.; Cameron, Cheryl E.; Iezzi, Alexandra M.; Power, John A.; Wallace, Kristi L.; Waythomas, Christopher F.
Dixon, J.P., Cameron, C.E., Iezzi, A.M., Power, J.A., Wallace, K., and Waythomas, C.F., 2020, 2017 Volcanic activity in Alaska—Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5102, 61 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205102.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2020

2016 Volcanic activity in Alaska—Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory

The Alaska Volcano Observatory responded to eruptions, volcanic unrest or suspected unrest, and seismic events at 15 volcanic centers in Alaska during 2016. The most notable volcanic activity consisted of eruptions at Pavlof and Bogoslof volcanoes. Both eruptions produced significant ash clouds that affected regional air travel. Mount Cleveland...

Cameron, Cheryl E.; Dixon, James P.; Waythomas, Christopher F.; Iezzi, Alexandra M.; Wallace, Kristi L.; McGimsey, Robert G.; Bull, Katharine F.
Cameron, C.E., Dixon, J.P., Waythomas, C.F., Iezzi, A.M., Wallace, K.L., McGimsey, R.G., and Bull, K.F., 2020, 2016 Volcanic activity in Alaska—Summary of events and response of the Alaska Volcano Observatory: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2020–5125, 63 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20205125.