Landsat Missions

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Since 1972, the joint NASA/ U.S. Geological Survey Landsat series of Earth Observation satellites have continuously acquired images of the Earth’s land surface, providing uninterrupted data to help land managers and policymakers make informed decisions about natural resources and the environment.

Landsat is a part of the USGS National Land Imaging (NLI) Program. Landsat data is processed and hosted at the USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center.

Latest Landsat Headlines

Landsat Science Products

Landsat Science Products

Landsat Level-2 and Level-3 Science Products contain higher-level data to allow scientists to better document changes to Earth's terrestrial environment.

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U.S. Landsat ARD

U.S. Landsat ARD

Landsat data that have been processed to allow analysis with a minimum of additional user effort.

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Landsat Collections

Landsat Collections

Collections ensures all Landsat Level-1 products provide a consistent archive of known data quality while controlling continuous improvement of the archive and access to all data as they are acquired.

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News

Date published: April 23, 2021

New Report Explains Landsat’s Role as ‘Gold Standard’ for Calibration

Landsat data have long been recognized for the quality and reliability of their calibration. A recent report puts a spotlight on that commitment to accuracy.

Date published: April 22, 2021

Celebrating Earth Day from Above

Happy Earth Day! As we celebrate our wonderful planet and the fascinating things we learn about it every year, we wanted to share a unique view of the Earth, provided by the longest continuously running Earth-observing satellite program: Landsat.

Date published: April 15, 2021

USGS Landsat Satellites Enable Google to Portray Global Change

USGS Landsat satellite data and imagery are the key foundation for the newly released Google Earth 3D Timelapse tool. The upgraded Timelapse presents a global, zoomable time-lapse video of the planet from 1984 to 2020.

Publications

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Year Published: 2021

Landsat 8 thermal infrared sensor scene select mechanism open loop operations

The Landsat 8 (L8) spacecraft and its two instruments, the operational land imager (OLI) and thermal infrared sensor (TIRS), have been consistently characterized and calibrated since its launch in February 2013. These performance metrics and calibration updates are determined through the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Landsat image...

Choate, Michael; Rengarajan, R.; Storey, James C.; Beckmann, Tim

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Year Published: 2021

Landsat collection 2

Landsat Collections ensure that all Landsat Level-1 data are consistently calibrated and processed and retain traceability of data quality provenance. Landsat Collection 2 introduces improvements that harness recent advancements in data processing, algorithm development, data access, and distribution capabilities. Collection 2 includes Landsat...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2021, Landsat Collection 2 (ver. 1.1, January 15, 2021): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2021–3002, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20213002.

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Year Published: 2020

Maine and Landsat

Maine is a place of rocky coastlines, of rich maritime history symbolized by lighthouses dotting the ocean bluffs, and of wondrous nature areas like the granite and spruce islands of Acadia National Park. But Maine is a place of changes, too. Climate variability has brought the state heavier and more frequent rainstorms. Summers are hotter and...

U.S. Geological Survey, 2020, Maine and Landsat: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2020–3066, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20203066.