Wildland Fire Science

Publications

Filter Total Items: 274
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Year Published: 2021

Upland burning and grazing as strategies to offset climate-change effects on wetlands

Wetland ecosystems perform a multitude of services valued by society and provide critical habitat for migratory birds and other wildlife. Despite their importance, wetlands have been lost to different local, regional, and global drivers. Remaining wetlands are extremely sensitive to changing temperature and precipitation regimes. Management of...

McKenna, Owen P.; Renton, David A.; Mushet, David M.; Edward S. DeKeyser

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Year Published: 2021

Coding-Complete Genome Sequence of Avian Orthoavulavirus 16, isolated from Emperor Goose (Anser canagica) feces, Alaska, USA

We sequenced the coding-complete genome of an avian orthoavulavirus serotype 16 (AOAV-16) isolate recovered from emperor goose (Anser canagicus) feces collected in Alaska. The detection of AOAV-16 in North America and genomic sequencing of the resultant isolate confirms that the geographic distribution of this virus extends beyond Asia.

Reeves, Andrew B.; Killian, Mary Lea; Tanner, Michael E; Lagassé, Benjamin Joel; Ramey, Andrew M.; Stallknecht, David E.; Poulson, Rebecca L.

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Year Published: 2021

Red imported fire ants reduce invertebrate abundance, richness, and diversity in Gopher Tortoise burrows

Gopher Tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) burrows support diverse commensal invertebrate communities that may be of special conservation interest. We investigated the impact of red imported fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) on the invertebrate burrow community at 10 study sites in southern Mississippi, sampling burrows (1998–2000) before and after bait...

Epperson, Deborah Mardeane; Allen, Craig R.; Hogan, Katharine F.E.

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Year Published: 2021

Fire controls annual bromes in northern great plains grasslands—Up to a point

Concern about the impacts of two invasive annual brome grasses (cheatgrass and Japanese brome, Bromus tectorum L. and B. japonicus Thunb. ex Murray) on the mixed-grass prairie of North America's northern Great Plains (NGP) is growing. Cheatgrass is well known west of the NGP, where replacement of fire-intolerant, native...

Symstad, Amy; Buhl, Deborah A.; Swanson, Daniel J

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Year Published: 2021

Effects of postfire climate and seed availability on postfire conifer regeneration

Large, severe fires are becoming more frequent in many forest types across the western United States and have resulted in tree mortality across tens of thousands of hectares. Conifer regeneration in these areas is limited because seeds must travel long distances to reach the interior of large burned patches and establishment is jeopardized by...

Stewart, Joseph A E; van Mantgem, Phillip J.; Young, Derek J N; Shive, Kristen L.; Preisler, Haiganoush K.; Das, Adrian; Stephenson, Nathan L.; Keeley, Jon; Safford, Hugh D.; Wright, Micah Charles; Welch, Kevin R; Thorne, James H.

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Year Published: 2021

Monitoring network changes during the 2018 Kīlauea Volcano eruption

In the summer of 2018, Kīlauea Volcano underwent one of its most significant eruptions in the past few hundred years. The volcano’s summit and East Rift Zone magma system partially drained, resulting in a series of occasionally explosive partial caldera collapses, and widespread lava flows in the lower East Rift Zone. The Hawaiian Volcano...

Shiro, Brian; Zoeller, Michael H.; Kamibayashi, Kevan; Johanson, Ingrid; Parcheta, Carolyn; Patrick, Matthew R.; Nadeau, Patricia; Lee, R. Lopaka; Miklius, Asta

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Year Published: 2021

Quantifying plant-soil-nutrient dynamics in rangelands: Fusion of UAV hyperspectral-LiDAR, UAV multispectral-photogrammetry, and ground-based LiDAR-digital photography in a shrub-encroached desert grassland

Rangelands cover 70% of the world's land surface, and provide critical ecosystem services of primary production, soil carbon storage, and nutrient cycling. These ecosystem services are governed by very fine-scale spatial patterning of soil carbon, nutrients, and plant species at the centimeter-to-meter scales, a phenomenon known as “islands of...

Sankey, Joel B.; Sankey, Temuulen T.; Li, Junran; Ravi, Sujith; Wang, Guan; Caster, Joshua; Kasprak, Alan

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Year Published: 2021

Forest restoration and fuels reduction: Convergent or divergent?

For over 20 years, forest fuel reduction has been the dominant management action in western US forests. These same actions have also been associated with the restoration of highly altered frequent-fire forests. Perhaps the vital element in the compatibility of these treatments is that both need to incorporate the salient characteristics that...

Stephens, Scott L.; Battaglia, Mike A.; Churchill, Derek J.; Collins, Brandon M.; Coppoletta, Michelle; Hoffman, Chad M.; Lydersen, Jamie M.; North, Malcolm P.; Parsons, Russell A.; Ritter, Scott M.; Stevens, Jens

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Year Published: 2021

Climate and Ecological Disturbance Analysis of Engelmann spruce and Douglas fir in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem

The effects of anthropogenic climate change are apparent in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), USA, with forest die-off, insect outbreaks, and wildfires impacting forest ecosystems. A long-term perspective would enable assessment of the historical range of variability in forest ecosystems and better determination of recent forest dynamics...

Rinaldi, Brittany; Maxwell, R. Stockton; Callahan, Thomas; Brice, Rebecca Lynn; Heeter, Karen; Harley, Grant L.

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Year Published: 2021

A comparison of plant communities in restored, old field, and remnant coastal prairies

Temperate grasslands are experiencing worldwide declines due to habitat conversion. Grassland restoration efforts are employed to compensate for these losses. However, there is a need to better understand the ecological effects of grassland restoration and management practices. We investigated the effects of three different grassland management...

Feher, Laura; Allain, Larry; Osland, Michael; Pigott, Elisabeth; Reid, Christopher; Latiolais, Nicholas

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Year Published: 2021

Increased burning in a warming climate reduces carbon uptake in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem despite productivity gains

1. The effects of changing climate and disturbance on mountain forest carbon stocks vary with tree species distributions and over elevational gradients. Warming can increase carbon uptake by stimulating productivity at high elevations but also enhance carbon release by increasing respiration and the frequency, intensity, and size of wildfires.2....

Henne, Paul D.; Hawbaker, Todd J.; Scheller, Robert M.; Zhao, Feng S; He, Hong S; Xu, Wenru; Zhu, Zhiliang

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Year Published: 2021

The snag’s the limit: Habitat selection modeling for the western purple martin in a managed forest landscape

The western purple martin (Progne subis arboricola), an avian insectivore, is a species of conservation concern throughout the Pacific Northwest. Compared to the well-studied eastern subspecies (Progne subis subis), little is known of the life history and biology of the western subspecies. Availability of breeding habitat is believed to be a major...

Sherman, Lorelle M.; Hagar, Joan