St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
600 4th Street South
St. Petersburg, FL 33701
Applying molecular techniques and microbiology methods to study marine microbes, particularly the microbial ecology of tropical and deep-sea corals.
Dr. Kellogg grew up on a charter boat in the U.S. Virgin Islands with the Caribbean Sea as her backyard, so it was no wonder she pursued a career in marine biology. Chris is an environmental microbiologist who applies molecular techniques to characterize and identify microbial communities. After receiving her bachelors of science degree in biology from Georgetown University, Chris pursued a Ph.D. in marine microbiology from the University of South Florida, working on the genetic diversity of environmental viruses. This was followed by postdoctoral research on an NIH-funded fellowship to identify novel drug targets in pathogenic fungi and an internship at Human Genome Sciences. Dr. Kellogg joined the U.S. Geological Survey as a Mendenhall Fellow, characterizing the microbial communities in aerosolized African desert dust, beach sediments, seagrass beds and coral reefs. Currently, she leads an environmental microbiology laboratory at the U.S. Geological Survey specializing in coral microbial ecology. Her research on tropical corals has taken her to the Florida Keys, Caribbean, Hawaii, and American Samoa, leading her friends to say that she specializes in ‘resort microbiology.’ Chris has been working in deepwater coral ecosystems since 2004 and considers herself extremely lucky to have had the privilege of visiting them personally using the Delta and Johnson-Sea-Link submersibles. She has authored more than 30 peer-reviewed papers as well as a number of book chapters and has given invited keynote talks on both her aerosol microbiology and deep-sea coral microbial work. In 2015, Chris served as a judge for the $2 million dollar Wendy Schmidt Ocean Health XPRIZE competition. She also served on the Council Policy Committee (de facto executive board) of the American Society for Microbiology (2012–2016), playing an active role in revamping the communication and governance structures of the organization. She currently represents DOI on the Federal Microbiome Interagency Working Group, whose purpose is to develop a Federal Strategic Plan for microbiome research.
Microbial diversity, microbial ecology, long-distance transport of microbes, biogeography, bioprospecting, symbiosis
Hawaii Public Radio interview 8/25/16: http://hpr2.org/post/conversation-thursday-august-25th-2016
Kellogg, C.A., S.D. Brooke, and S.W. Ross, 2016. Bacterial community diversity of the deep-sea octocoral Paramuricea placomus. PeerJ 4:e2529. DOI: 10.7717/peerj.2529 [Link]
Baker, E.J. and C.A. Kellogg, 2014. Comparison of three DNA extraction kits to establish maximum yield and quality of coral-associated microbial DNA. USGS Open-File Report 2014-1066, 14 p. http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2014/1066/ DOI: 10.3133/ofr20141066 [Link]
Kellogg, C.A., Y.M. Piceno, L.M. Tom, T.Z. DeSantis, M.A. Gray, and G.L. Andersen, 2014. Comparing bacterial community composition of healthy and dark spot-affected Siderastrea siderea in Florida and the Caribbean. PLOS ONE 9(10): e108767. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108767 [Link]
Gray, M.A., Z.A. Pratte, and C.A. Kellogg, 2013. Comparison of DNA preservation methods for environmental bacterial-community samples. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 83: 468-477 [Link]
Kellogg, C.A., Y.M. Piceno, L.M. Tom, T.Z. DeSantis, M.A. Gray, D.G. Zawada, and G.L. Andersen, 2013. Comparing bacterial community composition between healthy and white plague-like disease states in Orbicella annularis using PhyloChip G3 microarrays. PLOS ONE 8(11): e79801. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079801 [Link]
Kellogg, C.A., Y.M. Piceno, L.M. Tom, T.Z. DeSantis, D.G. Zawada, and G.L. Andersen, 2012. PhyloChip microarray comparison of sampling methods used for coral microbial ecology. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 88: 103-109. [Link]
Galkiewicz, J.P., S.H. Stellick, M.A. Gray, and C.A. Kellogg, 2012. Cultured fungal associates from the deep-sea coral Lophelia pertusa. Deep-Sea Research I, 67: 12-20. [Link]
Kellogg, C. A., 2011. Microbial Ecology of Deep-Water Mid-Atlantic Canyons. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2011-3102, 2 p. [Link]
Galkiewicz, J.P., Z.A. Pratte, M.A. Gray, and C.A. Kellogg, 2011. Characterization of culturable bacteria isolated from the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 77:333-346. [Link]
Gray, M.A., R.P. Stone, M.R. McLaughlin and C.A. Kellogg, 2011. Microbial consortia of gorgonian corals from the Aleutian islands. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 76(1): 109-120. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A., 2010. Enumeration of viruses and prokaryotes in deep-sea sediments and cold seeps of the Gulf of Mexico. Deep-Sea Research II 57: 2002-2007. [Link]
Olson, J.B., and C.A. Kellogg, 2010. Microbial ecology of corals, sponges, and algae in mesophotic coral environments. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 73: 17-30. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A., 2009. Gulf of Mexico Deep-Sea Coral Ecosystem Studies, 2008-2011. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2009-3094, 4 p. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A. and D.G. Zawada, 2009. Applying New Methods to Diagnose Coral Diseases. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2009-3113, 2 p. [Link]
Andersen, G.L., A.S. Frisch, C.A. Kellogg, E. Levetin, B. Lighthart, and D. Patemo, 2009. Aeromicrobiology/Air Quality, IN Encyclopedia of Microbiology (M. Schaechter, Ed.), Elsevier, Oxford, pp. 11-26.[Link]
Kellogg, C.A., J.T. Lisle and J.P. Galkiewicz, 2009. Culture-independent characterization of bacterial communities associated with the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa in the northeastern Gulf of Mexico.Applied and Environmental Microbiology 75 (8): 2294-2303. [Link]
Galkiewicz, J.P. and C.A. Kellogg, 2008. Cross-kingdom amplification using bacterial-specific primers: complications for coral microbial ecology. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 74 (24): 7828-7831. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A., 2007. Phage Therapy for Florida Corals?. Fact Sheet 2007-3065, 2 p. [Link]
Rosenberg, E., C.A. Kellogg, and F. Rohwer, 2007. Coral microbiology. Oceanography 20(2): 114-122. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A. and J.T. Lisle, 2006. Microbiology and public beach safety: integrated science for the protection of public health. Fact Sheet 2006-3045, 2 p. [Link]
Garrison, V.H., W.T. Foreman, S. Genualdi, D.W. Griffin, C.A. Kellogg, M.S. Majewski, A. Mohammed, A. Ramsubhag, E.A. Shinn, S.L. Simonich and G.W. Smith, 2006. Saharan dust—a carrier of persistent organic pollutants, metals and microbes to the Caribbean? Revista Biologia Tropical 54(Suppl. 3): 9-21. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A. and D.W. Griffin, 2006. Aerobiology and the global transport of desert dust. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21(11): 638-644. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A., 2005. Coral microbial ecology. Fact Sheet 2005-3039, 4 p. [Link]
Griffin, D.W. and C.A. Kellogg, 2004. Dust storms and their impact on ocean and human health: Dust in Earth’s atmosphere. EcoHealth 1: 284-295. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A., D.W. Griffin, V.H. Garrison, K.K. Peak, N. Royall, R.R. Smith, and E.A. Shinn, 2004. Characterization of aerosolized bacteria and fungi from desert dust events in Mali, West Africa.Aerobiologia 20: 99-110. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A., 2004. Tropical Archaea: diversity associated with the surface microlayer of corals. Marine Ecology Progress Series 273: 81-88. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A. and D.W. Griffin, 2003. African dust carries microbes across the ocean: are they affecting human and ecosystem health?. Open-File Report 2003-28, 4 p. [Link]
Garrison, V.H., E.A. Shinn, W.T. Foreman, D.W. Griffin, C.W. Holmes, C.A. Kellogg, M.S. Majewski, L.L. Richardson, K.B. Ritchie, and G.W. Smith, 2003. African and Asian dust: From desert soils to coral reefs. BioScience 53: 469-480. [Link]
Griffin, D.W., C.A. Kellogg, V.H. Garrison, J.T. Lisle, T.C. Borden, and E.A. Shinn, 2003. Atmospheric microbiology in the northern Caribbean during African dust events. Aerobiologia 19: 143-157. [Link]
Griffin, D.W., C.A. Kellogg, V.H. Garrison, and E.A. Shinn, 2002. The global transport of dust. American Scientist 90: 228-235. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A. and J. H. Paul, 2002. Degree of ultraviolet radiation damage and repair capabilities are related to G+C content in marine vibriophages. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 27: 13-20. [Link]
Griffin, D.W., C.A. Kellogg, K.K. Peak, and E.A. Shinn, 2002. A rapid and efficient assay for extracting DNA from fungi. Letters in Applied Microbiology 34: 1-5. [Link]
Cihlar, R., C. Kellogg, and S. Broedel Jr., 2001. Antifungal drug targets: Discovery and selection, IN Fungal Pathogenesis: Principles and Clinical Applications (R. A. Calderone & R. L. Cihlar, Eds.), Marcel Decker, Inc, pp. 579-600. [Link]
Griffin, D.W., C.A. Kellogg and E.A. Shinn, 2001. Dust in the wind: Long range transport of dust in the atmosphere and its implications for global public and ecosystem health. Global Change & Human Health 2: 2-15. [Link]
Paul, J.H. and C.A. Kellogg, 2000. The ecology of bacteriophages in nature, IN Viral Ecology (C. J. Hurst, Ed.), Academic Press, pp. 211-246. [Link]
Cochran, P.K., C.A. Kellogg, and J.H. Paul, 1998. Prophage induction of indigenous marine lysogenic bacteria by environmental pollutants. Marine Ecology Progress Series 164:125-133. [Link]
Jiang, S.C., C.A. Kellogg, and J.H. Paul, 1998. Characterization of marine temperate phage-host systems isolated from Mamala Bay, Hawaii. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64: 535-542. [Link]
Paul, J.H., J.B. Rose, S.C. Jiang, X. Zhou, P.K. Cochran, C. Kellogg, J.B. Kang, S. Farrah, and G. Lukasik, 1997. Evidence for groundwater and surface marine water contamination by waste disposal wells in the Florida Keys. Water Research. 31: 1448-1454. [Link]
Paul, J.H., J.B. Rose, S.C. Jiang, P. London, X. Zhou, and C. Kellogg, 1997. Coliphage and indigenous phage in Mamala Bay, Oahu, Hawaii. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 63: 133-138. [Link]
Paul, J.H., C.A. Kellogg, and S.C. Jiang, 1996. Viruses and DNA in marine environments, IN Microbial Diversity in Time and Space (R. Colwell, U. Simidu, K. Ohwada, Eds.), Plenum Publishing, p. 115-124.[Link]
Paul, J.H., J.B. Rose, S. Jiang, C. Kellogg, and E.A. Shinn, 1995. Occurrence of fecal indicator bacteria in surface waters and the subsurface aquifer in Key Largo, Florida. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 61: 2235-2241. [Link]
Kellogg, C.A., J.B. Rose, S.C. Jiang, J.M. Thurmond, and J.H. Paul, 1995. Genetic diversity of related Vibriophages isolated from marine environments around Florida and Hawaii. Marine Ecology Progress Series 120: 89-98. [Link]
Boehme, J., M.E. Frischer, S.C. Jiang, C.A. Kellogg, S. Pichard, J.B. Rose, C. Steinway, and J.H. Paul, 1993. Viruses, bacterioplankton, and phytoplankton in the southeastern Gulf of Mexico: distribution and contribution to oceanic DNA pools. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 97: 1-10. [Link]
Paul, J.H., J.B. Rose, S.C. Jiang, C.A. Kellogg, and L. Dickson, 1993. Distribution of viral abundance in the reef environment of Key Largo, Florida. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 59: 718-724.[Link]
Science and Products
Coral-associated bacterial diversity is conserved across two deep-sea Anthothela species
Cold-water corals, similar to tropical corals, contain diverse and complex microbial assemblages. These bacteria provide essential biological functions within coral holobionts, facilitating increased nutrient utilization and production of antimicrobial compounds. To date, few cold-water octocoral species have been analyzed to explore the diversity and abundance of their microbial associates. For...Lawler, Stephanie N.; Kellogg, Christina A.; France, Scott C; Clostio, Rachel W; Brooke, Sandra D.; Ross, Steve W.
Seasonal microbial and environmental parameters at Crocker Reef, Florida Keys, 2014–2015
Crocker Reef, located on the outer reef tract of the Florida Keys (fig. 1), was the site of an integrated “reefscape characterization” effort focused on calcification and related biogeochemical processes as part of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Coral Reef Ecosystem STudies (CREST) project. It is characterized as a senile or dead reef, with only scattered stony coral colonies and areas of sand...Kellogg, Christina A.; Yates, Kimberly K.; Lawler, Stephanie N.; Moore, Christopher S.; Smiley, Nathan A.
Investigación del USGS sobre el ecosistema de arrecifes de coral en el Atlántico
Información General Los arrecifes de coral son estructuras sólidas, biomineralizadas que protegen comunidades costeras actuando como barreras protectoras de peligros tales como los huracanes y los tsunamis. Estos proveen arena a las playas a través de procesos naturales de erosión, fomentan la industria del turismo, las actividades recreacionales y proveen hábitats pesqueros esenciales. La conti-...Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Yates, Kimberly K.; Zawada, David G.; Richey, Julie N.; Kellogg, Christina A.; Toth, Lauren T.; Torres-Garcia, Legna M.
USGS research on Atlantic coral reef ecosystems
Overview Coral reefs are massive, biomineralized structures that protect coastal communities by acting as barriers to hazards such as hurricanes and tsunamis. They provide sand for beaches through the natural process of erosion, support tourism and recreational industries, and provide essential habitat for fisheries. The continuing global degradation of coral reef ecosystems is well documented.Kuffner, Ilsa B.; Yates, Kimberly K.; Zawada, David G.; Richey, Julie N.; Kellogg, Christina A.; Toth, Lauren T.
Comparing bacterial community composition of healthy and dark spot-affected Siderastrea siderea in Florida and the Caribbean
Coral disease is one of the major causes of reef degradation. Dark Spot Syndrome (DSS) was described in the early 1990's as brown or purple amorphous areas of tissue on a coral and has since become one of the most prevalent diseases reported on Caribbean reefs. It has been identified in a number of coral species, but there is debate as to whether it is in fact the same disease in different corals...Kellogg, Christina A.; Piceno, Yvette M.; Tom, Lauren M.; DeSantis, Todd Z.; Gray, Michael A.; Andersen, Gary L.
Sampling from living organisms: section 3 in Sampling and experiments with biofilms in the environment: chapter 6
Living organisms, unlike inanimate surfaces, seem to exert some control over their surface microbiota, in many cases maintaining conserved, species-specific microbial communities. Microbial ecologists seek to characterize and identify these microbes to understand the roles they are playing in the larger organism's biology.Kellogg, Christina A.
Comparison of three DNA extraction kits to establish maximum yield and quality of coral-associated microbial DNABaker, Erin J.; Kellogg, Christina A.
Comparing bacterial community composition between healthy and white plague-like disease states in Orbicella annularis using PhyloChip™ G3 microarrays
Coral disease is a global problem. Diseases are typically named or described based on macroscopic changes, but broad signs of coral distress such as tissue loss or discoloration are unlikely to be specific to a particular pathogen. For example, there appear to be multiple diseases that manifest the rapid tissue loss that characterizes ‘white plague.’ PhyloChip™ G3 microarrays were used to compare...Kellogg, Christina A.; Piceno, Yvette M.; Tom, Lauren M.; DeSantis, Todd Z.; Gray, Michael A.; Zawada, David G.; Andersen, Gary L.