Geology, Geophysics, and Geochemistry Science Center

Publications

Products (journal articles, reports, fact sheets) authored by current and past scientists are listed below. Please check the USGS Pubs Warehouse for other USGS publications.

USGS Publications Warehouse

Filter Total Items: 1,644
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Year Published: 2019

Isotopic ratios of Saturn's rings and satellites: Implications for the origin of water and Phoebe

Isotopic ratios have long been used to learn about physical processes acting over a wide range of geological environments, and in constraining the origin and/or evolution of planetary bodies. We report the spectroscopic detection of deuterium in Saturn's rings and satellites, and use these measurements to determine the (D/H) ratios in their near-...

Clark, Roger N.; Brown, Robert H.; Cruikshank, D.P.; Swayze, Gregg A.
Ong, C., Carrère, V., Chabrillat, S., Clark, R., Hoefen, T., Kokaly, R., Marion, R., Souza Filho, C.R., Swayze, G., and Thompson, D.R., 2019, Imaging Spectroscopy for the Detection, Assessment and Monitoring of Natural and Anthropogenic Hazards: Surveys in Geophysics, 40(3): 431-470, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10712-019-09523-1.

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Year Published: 2019

Lithospheric signature of late Cenozoic extension in electrical resistivity structure of the Rio Grande rift, New Mexico, USA

We present electrical resistivity models of the crust and upper mantle from two‐dimensional (2‐D) inversion of magnetotelluric (MT) data collected in the Rio Grande rift, New Mexico, USA. Previous geophysical studies of the lithosphere beneath the rift identified a low‐velocity zone several hundred kilometers wide, suggesting that the upper mantle...

Feucht, D. W.; Bedrosian, Paul A.; Sheehan, Anne F

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Year Published: 2019

The Earth Mapping Resources Initiative (Earth MRI): Mapping the Nation’s critical mineral resources

The Earth Mapping Resources Initiative (Earth MRI; formerly known as 3DEEP) is planned as a partnership between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Association of American State Geologists (AASG), and other Federal, State, and private-sector organizations. The goal of the effort is to improve our knowledge of the geologic framework in the...

Day, Warren C.
Day, W.C., 2019, The Earth Mapping Resources Initiative (Earth MRI)—Mapping the Nation’s critical mineral resources (ver. 1.2, September 2019): U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3007, 2 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193007.

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Year Published: 2019

Investigating lake-area dynamics across a permafrost-thaw spectrum using airborne electromagnetic surveys and remote sensing time-series data in Yukon Flats, Alaska

Lakes in boreal lowlands cycle carbon and supply an important source of freshwater for wildlife and migratory waterfowl. The abundance and distribution of these lakes are supported, in part, by permafrost distribution, which is subject to change. Relationships between permafrost thaw and lake dynamics remain poorly known in most boreal regions....

Rey, David; Walvoord, Michelle Ann; Minsley, Burke; Rover, Jennifer; Singha, Kamini

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Year Published: 2019

The ~1.85 Ga carbonatite in north China and its implications on the evolution of the Columbia supercontinent

Mantle-derived carbonatites provide a unique window in the understanding of mantle characteristics and dynamics, as well as insight into the assembly and breakup of supercontinents. As a petrological indicator of extensional tectonic regimes, Archean/Proterozoic carbonatites provide important constraints on the timing of the breakup of ancient...

Xie, Yuling; Qu, Yunwei; Zhong, Richen; Verplanck, Philip L.; Meffre, Sebastien; Xu, Daoxue

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Year Published: 2019

Testing the potential role of brine reflux in the formation of sedimentary exhalative (Sedex) ore deposits

Sedimentary exhalative (sedex) ore deposits are the world’s largest Zn-Pb deposits. While the geologic processes that formed these deposits are generally well understood, the fundamental hydrologic processes that drove these massive hydrothermal systems remain an area of debate. We use numerical modeling to test an emerging hypothesis, supported...

Manning, Andrew H.; Emsbo, Poul

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Year Published: 2019

Monitoring brine contamination using time-lapse airborne electromagnetic surveys, East Poplar Oil Field, Montana

Integrated geophysical and water-quality studies have been used to delineate areas of saline groundwater in shallow unconfined aquifers underlying the East Poplar oil field in northeastern Montana. In 2004, a RESOLVE survey was conducted over the oil field to identify high conductivity areas potentially associated with brine contamination and to...

Ball, Lyndsay; Deszcz-Pan, Maria; Thamke, Joanna; Smith, Bruce

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Year Published: 2019

Mapping protected groundwater adjacent to oil and gas fields, San Joaquin Valley, California

Airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveys are a major component of a regional study of groundwater quality adjacent to oil and gas fields in the San Joaquin Valley of California, USA. AEM resistivity models are being used to delineate groundwater salinity in an effort to locate groundwater adjacent to oil and gas fields that could have future...

Ball, Lyndsay B.; Gillespie, Janice M.; Minsley, Burke; Davis, Tracy; Landon, Matthew K.

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Year Published: 2019

Shear-wave seismic reflection studies of unconsolidated sediments in the near surface

We have successfully applied of SH-wave seismic reflection methods to two different near-surface problems targeting unconsolidated sediments. At the former Fort Ord, where the water table is approximately 30m deep, we imaged aeolian and marine aquifer and aquitard stratigraphy to a depth of approximately 80m. We identified reflections from sand/...

Ellefsen, Karl J.; Haines, Seth S.

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Year Published: 2018

Multi-scale geophysical mapping of deep permafrost change after disturbance in interior Alaska, USA

Disturbance related to fire or hydrologic processes can cause degradation of deep (greater than 1 m) permafrost. These changes in deep permafrost have the potential to impact landscapes and infrastructure, alter the routing and distribution of surface water or groundwater, and may contribute to the flux of carbon to terrestrial and aquatic...

Minsley, Burke J.; Bloss, Benjamin R.; Ebel, Brian A.; Rey, David Matthew; Walvoord, Michelle A.; Brown, Dana R.N.; Daanen, Ronald; Emond, Abraham M.; Kass, M. Andy; Pastick, Neal J.; Wylie, Bruce

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Year Published: 2018

Airborne electromagnetic imaging of permafrost for hydrologic and infrastructure studies

Permafrost is found throughout northern latitudes, and hasfar reaching implications for natural and man-made environments including hydrologic processes, landscape dynamics, ecosystems, and infrastructure. While maps of near-surface permafrost characteristics are available, relatively little is known about permafrost distributions at depth over...

Minsley, Burke J.; Emond, Abraham M.; Rey, David; Daanen, Ronald

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Year Published: 2018

Airborne geophysical characterizationof geologic structure in a mountain headwater system, upper East River, Colorado

Geologic controls on groundwater flow, particularly in tectonically and topographically complex mountainous terrain, can be difficult to quantify without a detailed understanding of the regional subsurface geologic structure. This structure can influence the magnitude of groundwater flow through the mountain block, which in turn impacts...

Minsley, Burke J.; Ball, Lyndsay B.