Maryland-Delaware-D.C. Water Science Center

Publications

Below is a list of publications with authors who are based at the Maryland-Delaware-District of Columbia Water Science Center. Please note: some of the publications listed may be from professional journals that require additional subscription to access.

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Filter Total Items: 190
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Year Published: 2020

Sub-annual streamflow responses to rainfall and snowmelt inputs in snow-dominated watersheds of the western U.S.

Streamflow generation in mountain watersheds is strongly influenced by snow accumulation and melt, and multiple studies have found that snow loss leads to earlier snowmelt timing and declines in annual streamflow. However, hydrologic responses to snow loss are heterogeneous, and not all areas experience streamflow declines. This research examines...

Hammond, John; Kampf, Stephanie K.

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Year Published: 2020

Sediment and chemical contaminant loads in tributaries to the Anacostia River, Washington, District of Columbia, 2016–17

A study was conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the Washington, D.C., Department of Energy & Environment to estimate the loads of suspended-sediment-bound chemical compounds in five gaged tributaries and four ungaged tributaries of the Anacostia River (known locally as “Lower Anacostia River”) in Washington, D.C...

Wilson, Timothy P.
Wilson, T.P., 2019, Sediment and chemical contaminant loads in tributaries to the Anacostia River, Washington, District of Columbia, 2016–17: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5092, 146 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195092.

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Year Published: 2020

Changes in event‐based streamflow magnitude and timing after suburban development with infiltration‐based stormwater management

Green stormwater infrastructure implementation in urban watersheds has outpaced our understanding of practice effectiveness on streamflow response to precipitation events. Long‐term monitoring of experimental urban watersheds in Clarksburg, Maryland, USA, provided an opportunity to examine changes in event‐based streamflow metrics in two treatment...

Hopkins, Kristina G.; Bhaskar, Aditi S.; Woznicki, Sean; Fanelli, Rosemary

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Year Published: 2019

Stream corridor sources of suspended sediment and phosphorus from an agricultural tributary to the Great Lakes

Fine-grained sediment and phosphorous are major contaminants in the Great Lakes and their tributaries. Plum Creek, Wisconsin (92 km2), a tributary to the Lower Fox River, has a Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) requiring reductions of suspended sediment and phosphorus loading by 70% and 77%, respectively. In 2016-18, an integrated sediment...

Fitzpatrick, Faith A.; Blount, James; Kammel, Leah; Hoover, David L.; Gellis, Allen; Eikenberry, Barbara C. Scudder

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Year Published: 2019

Response of nitrogen loading to the Chesapeake Bay to source reduction and land use change scenarios: A SPARROW‐informed analysis

In response to concerns regarding the health of streams and receiving waters, the United States Environmental Protection Agency established a total maximum daily load for nitrogen in the Chesapeake Bay watershed for which practices must be in place by 2025 resulting in an expected 25% reduction in load from 2009 levels. The response of total...

Miller, Matthew P.; Capel, Paul D.; Garcia, Ana M.; Ator, Scott W.

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Year Published: 2019

Applying the Watershed Approach to Urban Ecosystems in Baltimore

No abstract available.

Peter Groffman; Laurence Band; Kenneth Belt; Neil Bettez; Aditi Bhaskar; Doheny, Edward; Jonathan Duncan; Sujay Kaushal; Emma Rosi-Marshall; Claire Welty

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Year Published: 2019

Small ponds in headwater catchments are a dominant influence on regional nutrient and sediment budgets

Small ponds—farm ponds, detention ponds, or impoundments below 0.01 km2—serve important human needs throughout most large river basins. Yet the role of small ponds in regional nutrient and sediment budgets is essentially unknown, currently making it impossible to evaluate their management potential to achieve water quality objectives. Here we used...

Schmadel, Noah; Harvey, Judson; Schwarz, Gregory E.; Alexander, Richard; Gomez-Velez, Jesus D.; Scott, Durelle; Ator, Scott W.

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Year Published: 2019

Estimation of base flow by optimal hydrograph separation for the conterminous United States and implications for national-extent hydrologic models

Optimal hydrograph separation (OHS) uses a two-parameter recursive digital filter that applies specific conductance mass-balance constraints to estimate the base flow contribution to total streamflow at stream gages where discharge and specific conductance are measured. OHS was applied to U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) stream gages across the...

Foks, Sydney; Raffensperger, Jeff P.; Penn, Colin A.; Driscoll, Jessica M.

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Year Published: 2019

Effective solubility assessment for organic analytes in liquid samples, BKK class I landfill, West Covina, California, 2014–16

Executive SummaryThe U.S. Geological Survey assessed the effective solubilities of organic analytes at the BKK Class Ⅰ Landfill site, West Covina, California, in cooperation with the California Department of Toxic Substances Control, using available data for liquid samples collected within (in-waste) and below (sub-waste) the landfill in 2014–16....

Lorah, Michelle M.; Majcher, Emily H.; Morel, Carol J.
Lorah, M.M., Majcher, E.H., and Morel, C.J., 2019, Effective solubility assessment for organic analytes in liquid samples, BKK Class Ⅰ Landfill, West Covina, California, 2014–16: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1080, 18 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191080.

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Year Published: 2019

Hydrologic study at Farm Creek Marsh, Dorchester County, Maryland, from April 2015 to April 2016

In 2015, the U.S. Geological Survey began a 1-year hydrologic study to investigate the extent and cause of inundation at Farm Creek Marsh, in Dorchester County, Maryland. In combination with a tide and precipitation gage, a representative section of the marsh was instrumented with surface-water monitors and shallow groundwater piezometers to...

Walker, Charles W.; Lester, Todd R.; Nealen, Christopher W.
Walker, C.W., Lester, T.R., and Nealen, C.W., 2019, Hydrologic study at Farm Creek Marsh, Dorchester County, Maryland, from April 2015 to April 2016: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019–5032, 12 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20195032.

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Year Published: 2019

Toward explaining nitrogen and phosphorus trends in Chesapeake Bay tributaries, 1992-2012

Understanding trends in stream chemistry is critical to watershed management, and often complicated by multiple contaminant sources and landscape conditions changing over varying time scales. We adapted spatially-referenced regression (SPARROW) to infer causes of recent nutrient trends in Chesapeake Bay tributaries by relating observed fluxes...

Ator, Scott; Garcia, Ana M.; Schwarz, Gregory E.; Blomquist, Joel; Sekellick, Andrew

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Year Published: 2019

Drought forecasting for streams and groundwaters in northeastern United States

BackgroundWhen rainfall is lower than normal over an extended period, streamflows decline, groundwater levels fall, and hydrological drought can occur. Droughts can reduce the water available for societal needs, such as public and private drinking-water supplies, farming, and industry, and for ecological health, such as maintenance of water...

Austin, Samuel H.; Dudley, Robert W.
Austin, S.H., and Dudley, R.W., 2019, Drought forecasting for streams and groundwaters in northeastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2019–3015, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20193015.