Climate Research and Development Program

Publications

Listed here are the most recent publications, reports and articles by the Climate R&D program.

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Filter Total Items: 777
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Year Published: 2021

Effects of postfire climate and seed availability on postfire conifer regeneration

Large, severe fires are becoming more frequent in many forest types across the western United States and have resulted in tree mortality across tens of thousands of hectares. Conifer regeneration in these areas is limited because seeds must travel long distances to reach the interior of large burned patches and establishment is jeopardized by...

Stewart, Joseph A E; van Mantgem, Phillip J.; Young, Derek J N; Shive, Kristen L.; Preisler, Haiganoush K.; Das, Adrian; Stephenson, Nathan L.; Keeley, Jon; Safford, Hugh D.; Wright, Micah Charles; Welch, Kevin R; Thorne, James H.

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Year Published: 2021

High elevation ice patch documents Holocene climate variability in the northern Rocky Mountains

Paleoclimate records from ice cores generally are considered to be the most direct indicators of environmental change, but are rare from mid-latitude, continental regions such as the western United States. High-elevation ice patches are known to be important archaeological archives in alpine regions and potentially could provide records important...

Chellman, Nathan J.; Pederson, Gregory T.; Lee, Craig; McWethy, Dave; Pusman, Kathryn; Stone, Jeffery R.; Brown, Sabrina R.; McConnell, Joseph R.

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Year Published: 2021

Expert assessment of future vulnerability of the global peatland carbon sink

The carbon balance of peatlands is predicted to shift from a sink to a source this century. However, peatland ecosystems are still omitted from the main Earth system models that are used for future climate change projections, and they are not considered in integrated assessment models that are used in impact and mitigation studies. By using...

Loisel, Julie; Gallego-Sala, A.V.; Amesbury, M.J.; Magnan, G.; Anshari, G.; Beilman, D. W.; Blewett, J.; Benevides, J. C.; Camill, P.; Charman, D. J.; Chawchai, S.; Hedgpeth, A.; Kleinen, T.; Korhola, A.; Large, D.; Müller, J.; Mansilla, C. A.; van Bellen, S.; West, J. B.; Yu, Z.; Bubier, J. L.; Garneau, M.; Moore, T.; Sannel, A. B. K.; Väliranta, M.; Page, S.; Bechtold, M.; Brovkin, V.; Cole, L. E. S.; Chanton, J. P.; Christensen, T. R.; Davies, M. A.; De Vleeschouwer, F.; Finkelstein, S.A.; Frolking, S.; Galka, M.; Gandois, L.; Girkin, N.; Harris, .L.I.; Heinemeyer, A.; Hoyt, A.M.; Jones, Miriam C.; Joos, F.; Juutinen, S.; Kaiser, K.; Lamentowicz, M.; Larmola, T.; Leifeld, M.; Lohila, A.; Milner, A.M.; Minkkinen, Kari; Moss, P.; Naafs, B.D.A.; Nichols, J.; O'Donnell, J.; Payne, R.; Philben, M.; Pilo, S.; Quillet, A.; Ratnayake, A.S.; Roland, T.P.; Sjogersten, S.; Sonnentag, O.; Swindles, G.T.; Swinnen, W.; Talbott, J.; Treat, C. C.; Valach, A.C.; Wu, J.

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Year Published: 2021

Forest restoration and fuels reduction: Convergent or divergent?

For over 20 years, forest fuel reduction has been the dominant management action in western US forests. These same actions have also been associated with the restoration of highly altered frequent-fire forests. Perhaps the vital element in the compatibility of these treatments is that both need to incorporate the salient characteristics that...

Stephens, Scott L.; Battaglia, Mike A.; Churchill, Derek J.; Collins, Brandon M.; Coppoletta, Michelle; Hoffman, Chad M.; Lydersen, Jamie M.; North, Malcolm P.; Parsons, Russell A.; Ritter, Scott M.; Stevens, Jens

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Year Published: 2021

Climate and Ecological Disturbance Analysis of Engelmann spruce and Douglas fir in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem

The effects of anthropogenic climate change are apparent in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), USA, with forest die-off, insect outbreaks, and wildfires impacting forest ecosystems. A long-term perspective would enable assessment of the historical range of variability in forest ecosystems and better determination of recent forest dynamics...

Rinaldi, Brittany; Maxwell, R. Stockton; Callahan, Thomas; Brice, Rebecca Lynn; Heeter, Karen; Harley, Grant L.

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Year Published: 2021

A comparison of plant communities in restored, old field, and remnant coastal prairies

Temperate grasslands are experiencing worldwide declines due to habitat conversion. Grassland restoration efforts are employed to compensate for these losses. However, there is a need to better understand the ecological effects of grassland restoration and management practices. We investigated the effects of three different grassland management...

Feher, Laura; Allain, Larry; Osland, Michael; Pigott, Elisabeth; Reid, Christopher; Latiolais, Nicholas

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Year Published: 2021

Evaluating natural experiments in ecology: Using synthetic controls in assessments of remotely sensed land treatments

Many important ecological phenomena occur on large spatial scales and/or are unplanned and thus do not easily fit within analytical frameworks that rely on randomization, replication, and interspersed a priori controls for statistical comparison. Analyses of such large‐scale, natural experiments are common in the health and econometrics literature...

Fick, Stephen E.; Nauman, Travis W.; Brungard, Colby C.; Duniway, Michael C.

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Year Published: 2021

Increased burning in a warming climate reduces carbon uptake in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem despite productivity gains

1. The effects of changing climate and disturbance on mountain forest carbon stocks vary with tree species distributions and over elevational gradients. Warming can increase carbon uptake by stimulating productivity at high elevations but also enhance carbon release by increasing respiration and the frequency, intensity, and size of wildfires.2....

Henne, Paul D.; Hawbaker, Todd J.; Scheller, Robert M.; Zhao, Feng S; He, Hong S; Xu, Wenru; Zhu, Zhiliang

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Year Published: 2021

Summer runoff generation in foothill catchments of the Colorado Front Range

Climatic shifts, disturbances, and land-use change can alter hydrologic flowpaths, water quality, and water supply to downstream communities. Prior research investigating streamflow generation processes in mountainous areas has largely focused on high-elevation alpine and subalpine catchments; less is known about these...

Bukoski, Isaac S.; Murphy, Sheila F.; Birch, Andrew L.; Barnard, Holly R.

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Year Published: 2021

Signatures of hydrologic function across the critical zone observatory network

Despite a multitude of small catchment studies, we lack a deep understanding of how variations in critical zone architecture lead to variations in hydrologic states and fluxes. This study characterizes hydrologic dynamics of 15 catchments of the U.S. Critical Zone Observatory (CZO) network where we hypothesized that our understanding of subsurface...

Wlostowski, Adam N.; Molotch, Noah P.; Anderson, Suzanne P.; Brantley, Susan L.; Chorover, Jon; Dralle, David; Kumar, Praveen; Li, Li; Lohse, Kathleen A.; Mallard, John; McIntosh, Jennifer C.; Murphy, Sheila F.; Parrish, Eric; Safeeq, Mohammad; Seyfried, Mark; Shi, Yuning; Harman, Ciaran

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Year Published: 2021

Changes in ecosystem nitrogen and carbon allocation with black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) encroachment into Spartina alterniflora salt marsh

Increases in temperature are expected to facilitate encroachment of tropical mangrove forests into temperate salt marshes, yet the effects on ecosystem services are understudied. Our work was conducted along a mangrove expansion front in Louisiana (USA), an area where coastal wetlands are in rapid decline due to compounding factors, including...

Macy, Aaron; Osland, Michael; Cherry, Julia A; Cebrian, Just

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Year Published: 2021

How plants influence resilience of salt marsh and mangrove wetlands to sea-level rise

This review evaluates the importance of plants and associated biological processes in determining the vulnerability of coastal wetlands to sea-level rise. Coastal wetlands occur across a broad sedimentary continuum from minerogenic to biogenic, providing an opportunity to examine the relative importance of biological processes in wetland...

Cahoon, Donald R.; McKee, Karen L.; James Morris